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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of paralytic ileus (PI) after simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, clinical data were reviewed retrospectively for 115 cases of SPK transplantation. The risk factors of PI after SPK were analyzed. According to the occurrence of PI, they were divided into two groups of occurrence and non-occurrence. One-way analysis of variance was utilized for analyzing such influencing factors as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), diabetic type, duration of diabetes, mode of dialysis, duration of dialysis, diabetic gastroenterology, history of open surgery, bowel preparation, operative duration, hemorrhagic volume, immunosuppressant and hypoproteinemia. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed for screening the suspected risk factors.Results:Among them, 19 patients (16.5%) had PI. Univariate analysis showed that PI was associated with diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration, history of open surgery, no bowel preparation and hypoproteinemia ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of PI after SPK included diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration time, history of open surgery and no bowel preparation ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration, history of open surgery and no bowel preparation are risk factors for PI after SPK. Clinical interventions for the above factors are necessary.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation in patients aged over 60 years.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed for 150 SPK patients from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2019. Based upon age, they were divided into three groups of ≥60 years ( n=21), 50-60 years ( n=44) and <50 years ( n=85). Clinical data of three groups were compared, including postoperative rejection, perioperative graft thrombosis, reoperative frequency, average hospitalization time and readmission ratio. And cardiocerebrovascular complications before/after-SPK, CMV viremia within 1 year post-SPK, fasting blood glucose, fasting C-peptide, fasting insulin level, HbA1c at 1 year post-SPK, glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1 year post-SPK and survival rate of patient/graft were compared. Results:There were 21 cases in ≥60 years group, accounting for 14% of the total number of cases and the maximal age was 67 years. The proportion of preoperative cardiovascular events was 14.3%(3/21) in ≥60 years group, 34.1%(15/44) in 50-60 years group and 7.1%(6/85) in <50 years group. Statistical difference existed among three groups ( P=0.001). A pairwise comparison indicated that preoperative cardiovascular event in 50-60 years group was higher than that in <50-years group ( P=0.0006). The postoperative cardiovascular events in three groups were 4.8%, 4.5% and 2.4% respectively and there was no statistical difference ( P=0.537). The incidence of graft thrombosis in three groups was 2 cases (9.5%) in ≥60 years group, 1 case (2.3%) in 50-60 years group and 7 cases (8.2%) in <50 years group ( P=0.384). The proportion of reoperation in three groups was 14.3%, 18.3% and 18.8% respectively and there was no statistical difference ( P=0.889). The causes of death were cerebral hemorrhage ( n=2), myocardial infarction ( n=2) and tumor ( n=1); ≥ 60 years group ( n=1), 50-60 years group ( n=1) and <50 years group ( n=3). No significant difference existed among three groups ( P=0.842). There was no significant difference in average postoperative hospitalization time, readmission rate, postoperative rejection, postoperative 1-year CMV viremia, postoperative cerebrovascular events, postoperative 1-year fasting blood glucose, fasting C-peptide, fasting insulin level, HbA1c, postoperative 1-year eGFR or patient/graft survival rate among three groups. Conclusions:Through strict preoperative evaluations, SPK for patients aged over 60 years increases no operative risk and achieves the same outcome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 788-789, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869754

ABSTRACT

To summarize the clinical experience regarding a patient with early recurrence of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) after renal transplantation. AHUS is a rare disease with high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. Although the patient was treated with plasma exchange, intravenous gamma globulin, rituximab block B lymphocyte, hormone shock and so on, he still suffered renal transplantation failure. The risk of aHUS recurrence after renal transplantation should be fully evaluated.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755930

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical indications for pancreas-kidney surgery and summarize the experiences of ,selecting surgical approaches ,formulating immunosuppressive regimens and preventing complications .Methods A total of 145 donor simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants in uremic patients with T1DM/T2DM between 2002 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed .Based upon surgical approaches and immunosuppressive agents ,they were divided into three eras of 2002-2010 ,2011-2014 and 2015-2018 respectively .Patient profiles ,survival outcomes of patient and graft , surgical techniques ,immunosuppressive agents and incidence of common complications were compared among different groups .Results The overall 1/3/5-year patient and graft survival rates of three groups were above 75% and the survival rates of group Ⅰ were inferior to those of groups Ⅱ and Ⅲ(P<0 .001) .The overall 1/3/5-year pancreas graft survival rates were the highest in group Ⅲ and the lowest in group Ⅱ (P=0 .004) .In the 2015-2018 group ,ipsilateral pancreas-kidney transplantation and SE-ED surgery were more preferred .Regarding the incidence of complications ,graft thrombosis frequently occurred from 2011 to 2014 and intestinal obstruction was more common from 2002 to 2010 .For univariable analysis of graft loss ,anticoagulation programme with argatroban monohydrate were 0 .28 times likely to lose pancreas graft (OR= 0 .28 ,95% CI:0 .09-0 .86) and T1DM patients were 4 times likely to have kidney graft loss (OR=4 .08 ,95% CI:1 .37-12 .15) .Conclusions SPK is an effective treatment for uremic diabetics . Effective perioperative management and preventing complications are crucial for prolonging patient and graft survivals .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745858

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics of recipients of renal transplantation who used tacrolimus extended-release capsules,to optimize the postoperative immunosuppressive regimen,and provide reference for the therapeutic administration of imnmunosuppressive agents after renal transplantation.Methods 156 patients who had renal transplant in our center were divided into three groups according to the time of the change of the extended-release tacrolimus capsules,and the blood glucose and blood lipids of each group were analyzed.Results The longer the postoperative duration was,the higher proportion of new-onset diabetes cases (P =0.025).There was no significant difference among the three groups of immune induction regimens.The immnunosuppressive regimen was changed from MMF (68.8% in G3 group) to MPA (72% in G1 group).With the prolongation of postoperative time,the dosage of tacrolimus decreased gradually.The mean tacrolimus concentration in the 3 groups was significantly different (P<0.001) as time went by.There was no significant change in the average daily dosage before and after the change.The trough value before and after the change in the first two groups was significantly different (P<0.001).Conclusion The extended-release tacrolimus capsules could be used in different stages after renal transplantation.After the conversion of the extended-release tacrolimus capsules,the dosage of adjuvant is reduced,and blood concentration and creatinine level are more stablem which is a more optimized immunosuppressive regimen.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710646

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single bolus high dose (SD group) ATG-Fresenius induction therapy in kidney transplantation vs.multiple low dose (MD group) administration.Methods A multiple center,prospective,randomized and controlled clinical study was performed on 280 de novo renal transplant recipients from 19 centers.Patients were randomized into 2 groups as follows:SD group,a single high dose (7-9 mg/kg) of ATG-F infused as an induction agent before the vessel anastomoses;MD group,2 mg/kg of ATG-F daily administrated in postoperative 4 days.All the patients accepted maintenance immunosuppressive protocol including tacrolimus,mycophenolate and prednisone.Patients were assessed and data were collected at regular schedule clinic visits on the day 1,3,7,14,30,90,180,270 and 365.The primary end point of efficacy was therapeutic failure rate [the number of death,grafts loss and acute rejection (AR)].The event first occurred should be used in the classification of patients.The non-inferiority evaluation of the two treatment regimens was done based on treatment failure rate.The secondary end points of efficacy were the incidence of AR,delayed graft function (DGF),1-year survival rate of patients and grafts,and serum creatinine at each visiting point.The indicators for safety evaluation included hemotologic variation and incidence of adverse events.Results The therapeutic failure rate in SD group was non-inferior to the MD group (17.24% vs.23.08%).AR was the major cause of therapeutic failure and there was similar incidence of AR between SD gronp and MD group (12.07% vs.21.37%).There was no significant difference in the incidence of DGF between SD group and MD group (12.07% vs.6.84%,P =0.1721).The 1-year patient's survival rate and 1-year graft survival rate in SD group and MD group showed no significant difference (96.55% vs.98.29%,P =0.6714;94.83% vs 98.29%,P =0.2750).The serum creatinine level showed no significant differences between two groups at each visit point.There was also no significant difference in total incidence of adverse events between the two groups.In addition,there was also no statistically significant difference in the incidence of concerned and drug-related adverse events between the two groups,including infection,hemotologic abnormality,liver or renal dysfunction,gastrointestinal disorder,etc.After ATG--F administration,peripheral blood lymphocytes in the SD and the MD group immediately decreased but nearly restored to the normal level on the postoperative day 30 and 90 respectively.No severe granulocytopenia,erythropenia or thrombocytopenia occurred in both two groups.Conclusion The efficacy and safety of single high dose of ATG-F induction are non-inferior to multiple low dose ATG-F induction,moreover,single high dose of ATG-F induction is administered more conveniently and economically.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609484

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the indications of simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) combined with end-stage renal disease by comparing the outcome of patients with type 1 and type 2 DM combined with end-stage renal disease after renal transplantation.Methods 109 patients accepting SPK from January 2008 to July 2016 in our center were divided into two groups according to the types of DM:T1DM (n =36),and T2DM (n =73).The basic characteristics of recipients,outcome,and pancreas and kidney functions after operation were compared between two groups.Results There was no significant difference in 5-year survival rate and surgical complications between two groups although recipients of T2DM group were older and had higher BMI than T1DM group.But rejection rate was higher in T1DM group.Conclusion SPK for T2DM recipients will not increase the surgical risk and can get good long-term outcome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468877

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the complications,treatments and prognosis of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation,especially on surgical complications and treatments.Method The causes and outcomes of surgical treatment in 70 cases of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation performed between Dec.1999 and June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed in our center.Result Sixteen patients (22.9%) underwent one or more reoperations.The causes for reoperation were as follows:2 cases of hematuria,4 cases of abdominal hemorrhage,4 cases of abdominal infection,4cases of pancreatic thrombosis,2 cases of renal graft's artery rupture,1 case of renal allograft rupture,1 case of intestinal fistula,and 1 case of pancreatic fistula.Eight pancreas grafts were lost in the first year.Pancreatectomy was performed on the other 5 cases:4 cases of pancreatic thrombosis,1 case of intestinal fistula,accounting for 43.8% of the patients subject to reoperation.The recipients,kidney,pancreas survival rate in reoperation group at 1 year was 87.5%,75%,and 56.3% respectively; and that in control group at 1 year was 98.1%,98.1 %,and 98.1 % respectively.There was significant difference in kidney survival rate (P<0.01,chi-square =6.79),and pancreas survival rate (P<0.01,chi-square =17.47) between two groups.Conclusion Although simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation provides a successful and effective treatment for diabetics with end-stage renal disease,surgical treatment due to complications is still an important factor in short-term survival on the grafts.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 426-428, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426017

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety,feasibility and results of the hand-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy ( HRPLDN ) with a modified technique. Methods Living donors (n =32) were divided into HRPLDN group (n =16) and open group (n =16) according to surgical technique.Operative data and postoperative outcomes including operative time,estimated blood loss,warm ischemia time,length of hospital stay and complication rate,were collected. Results All procedures were completed successfully.In HRPLDN group,the mean operative time was 101.3 ± 21.2 min (range from 70 to 150 min),with an estimated blood loss of 53.8 ±25.5 ml (range from 20 to 100 ml) and warm ischemia time of 2.4 ± 0.6 min ( range from 1.5 to 3.5 min).No living donor needed conversion to open surgery and the urine volume of transplanted kidney after first 24 hours was 5036 ml (range from 3500 -6500 ml).The mean postoperative on bed time were (2.8 ± 0.7 ) d (ranging from 2 -4 d).All parameters of HRPLDN were significantly better than that of open groups. Conclusion Living donor nephrectomy with HRPLDN is a safe and reliable surgical technique.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 38-41, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391368

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the awareness,diagnosis and treatment of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) after renal transplantation.Methods A retrospective review was performed in 28 patients who underwent renal transplantation and developed PCP afterwards.The main clinical manifestations were fever(28 cases),nonproductive cough(28 cases),chest distress (12 cases).Occurrences of PCP were described 1.5 to 7 months after the renal transplantation.There were 10 patients treated with tacrolimus (FK506 2-6 rag/d,FK506 concentration 4-10 ng/ml) and 18 patients treated with cyclosporine (CsA 200-500 mg/d,CsA trough level:150-250 ng/ml) based immunosuppressive regimen.Anti-CD_(25)~+ monoclonal antibody (anti-CDCD_(25)~+mAb) was used in 10 cases for immune induction before operation while single steroid in 18 cases.Creatinine of patients with PCP was 70 to 106 μmol/L.CD_4~+ lymphocyte counts of the peripheral blood were 245±32/μl before PCP treatment and 536±25/μl after recovery.The most abnormal chest radiological findings were bilateral patchy ground-glass opacity.All the patients were diagnosed with PCP by bronchoalveolar lavage.Treatment was performed by reducing immunosuppressive agents and giving SMZco.Nineteen patients who had a PaP2 less than 70 mm Hg were given intravenous small-dose steroid.Results All the patients recovered from PCP 2 to 3 weeks after treatment.One patient experienced recurrence half year later.Five patients with higher creatinine after treatment recovered to normal levels after stopping the treatment of SMZco.No significant differences were seen in PCP patients treated with CsA and FK506,P>0.05.The similar results were observed in use of anti-CDCD_(25)~+ mAb and single steroid,P>0.05.Significant differences were observed in PCP patient peripheral blood CD_4~+ lymphocyte counts before and after treatment (P=0.001).Conclusions Patients who have fever,cough and hypoxia,chest imaging showing bilateral lung interstitial inflammation,might be PCP patients in the early post-renal transplantation period.Effective treatment should be performed by reducing immunosuppressive agents and giving SMZco.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 809-812, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392045

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of BKV infection and compare the real-time PCR procedure and urinary sediment smears of patients checked for decoy cells. Methods The peripheral blood samples of 129 renal recipients were collected. According to the result of PCR, 129 patients were divided into 2 groups:①BKV-DNA(+);②BKV-DNA(-). The sex, age, cold ischemia time, hemotodialysis duration, immunosuppressive agent and other clinical parameters were compared between the 2 groups and a Logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of BKV infection. Results There were 20(15. 5%) patients in BKV-DNA(+), 109(84. 5%)patients in BKV-DNA(-)group. Logistic regression found that the cold ischemia time, hematodialysis duration, living donor were significantly related to the BKV-DNA. The results of the real-time PCR procedure and urinary sediment smears of patients checked for decoy cells were related. Conclusion Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and urine decoy cell are good way for detection of BKV infection after renal transplantation. The cold ischemia time and hematodialysis duration and brain death donor were the risk factors of BKV infection post renal transplantation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553216

ABSTRACT

To induce immune tolerance in recipient rats of allogenic heart transplantation with hydrocamptothecin (HCPT) and cyclosporin A (CsA) and to study the mechanisms of the tolerance, inbred SD rats were chosen as heart donors and Wistar rats as recipients. After transplantation, the recipients were treated with HCPT and/or CsA. The level of cytokine expression was assessed using RT-PCR. The results showed 3 of 10 heart grafts in group C (HCPT 2. 0mg) and 5 of 10 in group E (HCPT+CsA) survived longer than 730 days even immunosup-pression agents (HCPT and CsA) were withdrawn on day 60 after transplantation. Immune tolerance was verified by challenge with SD and SHR rat skin. The levels of IL-2 and IFN-? rnRNA expression were significantly lower in the grafts of tolerant rats than in those of rejected rats, The levels of IL-4 and IL-10 mRNA were significantly higer in the grafts of tolerant rats than in those of rejected rats. The level of cytokine mRNA expression in the grafts was similar to that in spleen of recipients. Our conclusions is high or low dosage of HCPT combined with CsA could induce tolerance in allogenic heart transplantation in rat recipients. Cytokine deviation is one of the mechanisms in allogenic heart transplantation immune tolerance induced by hydrocamptothecin.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553215

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism of inhibition and the effective concentration of HCPT in treatment of acute allgraft rejection, we made an in vitro model using mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) with the stimulator lymphocytes from SD rats and the responder ones from Wistar rats. We observed the results of the inhibitory effect of HCPT on the reaction of the lymphocytic proliferation as well as the dose-effect relationship of HCPT. The results showed that HCPT at concentrations of 100?g/ml, 10?g/ml and 2?g/ml inhibited the proliferative reaction significantly, the inhibition index were 0. 734 ? 0. 085, 0. 537?0. 361 and 0. 503 ? 0. 225, respectively. The efficacy of 100?g/ml HCPT was significantly higher that of than that of both 10?g/ml (P

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