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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 586-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of circulating exosomes (EXO) on T cell function in patients with sepsis.@*METHODS@#Plasma EXO were obtained by ultracentrifugation from 10 patients with sepsis admitted to the emergency intensive care unit of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University. Transmission electron microscopy observation, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), and Western blotting were used to detect EXO markers to identify their characteristics. Furthermore, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated from the peripheral blood of 5 healthy volunteers, primary T cells were sorted by magnetic beads and expanded in vitro. After 24 hours of intervention with different doses (0, 1, 2.5, 5, 10 mg/L) of circulating EXO in patients with sepsis, T-cell activity was assessed using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The expression of T cell activation indicators CD69 and CD25 were observed using flow cytometry. Additional evaluations were performed on immunosuppressive indicators including the expression of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) in CD4+ T cells and the proportion of regulatory T cell (Treg).@*RESULTS@#The identification results confirmed that the successful isolation of EXO from the plasma of sepsis patients. The expression level of circulating EXO in sepsis patients was higher than that in healthy control group (mg/L: 48.78±5.14 vs. 22.18±2.25, P < 0.01). After 24 hours of intervention with 5 mg/L of plasma EXO from sepsis patients, T cells activity began to show suppression [(85.84±0.56)% vs. (100.00±0.00)%, P < 0.05]. As the dosage increased, after 24 hours of intervention with 10 mg/L of EXO, T cells activity was significantly suppressed [(72.44±2.36)% vs. (100.00±0.00)%, P < 0.01]. Compared with the healthy control group, after T cells intervention with plasma EXO from sepsis patients, the expression of early activation marker CD69 was significantly reduced [(52.87±1.29)% vs. (67.13±3.56)%, P < 0.05]. Meanwhile, there was an upregulation of PD-1 expression in T cells [(57.73±3.06)% vs. (32.07±0.22)%, P < 0.01] and an increase in the proportion of Treg [(54.67±1.19)% vs. (24.60±3.51)%, P < 0.01]. However, the expression of the late activation marker CD25 remained stable [(84.77±3.44)% vs. (85.93±2.32)%, P > 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Circulating EXO in sepsis patients induce T cell dysfunction, which may be a novel mechanism lead to immunosuppression in sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Exosomes/metabolism , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Sepsis/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981901

ABSTRACT

The concept of "ntigen"is a relative one. The narrow concept of it condenses the process of activation of adaptive immune response and re-recognition of the same antigen, revealing the protective mechanism of vaccines with great significance for research and development of vaccines. However, the narrow concept involves adaptive immune system members: B cells, T cells and their effector products, which is difficult for beginners to understand the inherent meaning. Meanwhile, antigen classification fully summarizes the immune response process, so a variety of classification approach increases the difficulty in learning. Our teaching team analyzes the difficulties of this chapter in depth, and we implements the strategy that takes antibody structure and function as the breakthrough point and simplified adaptive immune response process as the core in teaching. A mind map that includes the main contents of this chapter is made during the process, which promotes the effectiveness of classroom teaching greatly.


Subject(s)
Learning , Vaccines , Antibodies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981884

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between disease courses and severity and monocyte subsets distribution and surface CD31 intensity in patients of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Methods Peripheral blood samples from 29 HFRS patients and 13 normal controls were collected. The dynamic changes of classical monocyte subsets (CD14++CD16-), intermediated monocyte subsets (CD14++CD16+) and non-classical monocyte subsets (CD14+CD16++) and the mean fluorescent intensity (MFI) of CD31 on monocyte subsets were detected by multiple-immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometry. Results In acute phase of HFRS, the ratio of classical monocyte subsets to total monocytes was dramatically decreased compared to convalescent phase and normal control. It was still much lower in convalescent phase compared to normal controls. The ratio of classical monocyte subsets to total monocytes were decreased in HFRS patients compared to that in normal control, whereas there was no difference between severe/critical groups and mild/moderate groups. On the contrary, the ratio of intermediate monocyte subsets to total monocytes in acute phase of HFRS was significantly increased compared to convalescent phase and normal control. The ratio of intermediate monocyte subsets to total monocytes were increased in HFRS patients compared to that in normal control, whereas no difference was found between severe/critical groups and mild/moderate groups. Phases or severity groups had no difference in ratio of non-classical monocyte subsets to total monocytes. Additionally, the ratio of classical monocyte subsets had a tendency to decline and that of intermediate monocyte subsets showed an increase both to total monocytes between the acute and convalescent phases in 11 HFRS patients with paired-samples. Moreover, in acute phase of HFRS, the mean fluorescent intensity (MFI) of CD31 on three monocyte subsets all decreased, specifically classical monocyte subsets showed the highest MFI of CD31 while the normal control reported the highest MFI of CD31 in non-classical monocyte subsets. In convalescent phase, the MFI of CD31 on classical and intermediated monocyte subsets were both lower than that of normal control, while MFI of CD31 was still significantly lower than normal control on non-classical monocyte subsets. Finally, MFI of CD31 on classical and intermediated monocyte subsets in severe/critical group were both lower than those in mild/moderate group, showing no statistical difference in MFI of CD31 on non-classical monocyte subset across groups of different disease severity. Conclusion The ratio of classical and intermediated monocyte subsets to total monocytes are correlated with the course of HFRS, and so are the surface intensity of CD31 on these monocyte subsets with the disease course and severity. The surface intensity of CD31 on non-classical monocyte subsets, however, is correlated only with the course of the disease. Together, the underlying mechanisms for the observed changes in monocyte subsets in HFRS patients should be further investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monocytes , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors , Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome , Receptors, IgG , Disease Progression
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) combined with paracervical block in percutaneous microwave ablation(PMWA) of uterine fibroids.Methods:Twenty-four patients with uterine fibroids who underwent PMWA after ultrasound-guided TAP combined with paracervical block in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from October 2021 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The success rate and adverse reactions of TAP combined with paracervical block were recorded, and the types and doses of rescue analgesics used during and after operation were recorded. The pain degree of patients was recorded by NRS(numeric rating scales) during and 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 12 hours and 24 hours after operation, and the satisfaction of patients was recorded.Results:The success rate of TAP combined with paracervical block was 100%, and there were no adverse reactions during and after operation. During the operation, 5 patients(20.83%) had mild pain, which was tolerable and did not need intervention, 4 patients(16.67%) presented with moderate pain, and the NRS scores were 4, 4, 5 and 6 respectively, the symptoms were relieved after rescue analgesia. All patients completed one ablation, no ablation failure or secondary ablation. Some patients had mild pain after operation, which could be tolerated without intervention, and all were relieved naturally within 6 hours. All patients returned home on the day of ablation and were 100% satisfied with the analgesic effect.Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided TAP combined with paracervical block in PMWA of uterine fibroids is safe and effective, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 328-333, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics and compliance of early-onset gout patients by case-control analysis.Methods:A total of 111 early-onset patients (onset age ≤35 years old) were included as Group A, and 111 non-early-onset patients (onset age >35 years old) with matched disease durationwere included as Group B. The differences ofclinical characteristics, causes of acute gout attack, dairy diet habits, compliance, and misunderstanding of the disease were compared.Results:Compared with the non-early-onsetgoutpatients, the early-onset patients had a higher proportion of obesity (63 cases vs 28 cases), family history (36 cases vs 20 cases) and tophus (39 cases vs 23 cases) and higher level of VAS scores (8.5±1.3 vs 7.6±1.7; χ2=22.988, P<0.01; χ2=5.749, P=0.016; χ2=5.729, P=0.017; t=4.639, P<0.01), lowerproportionof the first metatarsophalangeal joint involvement as the initial joint involvement (45.9%, 51 cases vs 59.4%, 66 cases; χ2=4.066, P=0.044), higher proportion of the ankle involvement as the initial joint involvement (34.2%, 38 cases vs 21.6%, 24 cases; χ2=4.386, P=0.036), higher proportion of alcohol drinkers and high fructose drinkers, which was more likely to relate to alcohol intake, strenuous exercise and high fructose intakeas trigger of the flare ( χ2=6.513, P=0.011; χ2=7.126, P=0.008; χ2=1.978, P=0.160), while the proportion of regular exercisers and on diet in the family was lower ( χ2=22.887, P<0.01; t=-4.917, P<0.01). The proportion of poor diet and medication compliance in Group A was higher than that in Group B(57.7%, 64 cases vs 38.7%, 43 cases; χ2=5.207, P=0.022; χ2=5.867, P=0.015). As for the reason for poor treatment compliance, early-onset gout patients were more worry about the side-effects of drugs than non-early onset patients ( χ2=4.190, P=0.041). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the main misunderstanding of gout. Conclusion:Although early onset gout patients are young, their condition is more serious, and compliance is poorer, this group of patients should be highly valued in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 180-185,c3-2, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of plasma microRNA (miRNA) profiles and bioinformatics in patients with osteoarthritis(OA) in order to search for diseases related biomarkers.Methods:Blood samples from 20 cases of OA patients and 15 cases of normal control (NC) were collected to extracted total RNA in plasma. The plasma miRNA expression profile was tested by using Agilent Human miRNA array. Target gene analysis and clustering analysis were performed on differentially expressed microRNAs. Three differentially expressed miRNAs (miR-134-5p, miR-320c and miR-940) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for further confirmation of microarray data. The differences were tested using t test analysis. Results:① MiRNA microarray showed that compared with NC, there were 74 differential expression genes in plasma of patients in the OA group (FC≥2, P≤0.01), among which 45 were up-regulated and 29 were down-regulated. ② A total of 2 731 potential target genes were predicted in three database, and involved in 462 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEEG) pathways. Target gene ontology (GO) functional clustering found that the main functions of miRNAs were intercellular adhesion, collagen synthesis, intracellular signal transduction, etc. The main KEGG pathways of miRNAs include mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling pathway, osteoclast differentiation signaling pathway, etc. ③ The expression level of miR-20a-5p and miR-320c in OA group were significantly higher than that in controls ( t=-6.142, P<0.05; t=-3.854, P<0.05), while miR-940 was significantly lower than that of controls ( t=2.767, P<0.05) . The trend was consistent with the microarray data. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve analyses showed that they were useful biomarkers for differentiating patients with OA from controls. Conclusion:The study shows that plasma in OA patients has a specific miRNAs expression, and miRNAs play an important role in the pathogenesis of OA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799989

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the healthcare and elderly care needs of the elderlies.@*Methods@#From July to December 2018, a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the healthcare and elderly care status and characteristics of the elderly under different modes of combination of medical care and elderly care, and to analyze their objective needs for both cares.@*Results@#There was an outstanding need for daily life care for the elderlies in the healthcare plus elderly care mode. 71.8% of them were senior elderlies, and 61.1% had obvious disabilities. It was found that elderly-adaptive transformation was required for their living environment in the home care mode, as 41.7% of them live in elevator-free buildings, and 48.2% use squat-type toilets. The elderlies need in general cultural services, and widowhood and solitary living were common. The home care mode required disease prevention services, as 43.6% of them had weight problems, and smoking and drinking rates were very high(9.4%, 13.7%). The elderly care in medical mode required medical services, because the proportion of two or more chronic diseases was very high(27.2%).@*Conclusions@#The healthcare and elderly care modes vary in terms of needs, thus it is necessary to adapt to specific conditions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 552-557, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745556

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the metabolic characteristics,body composition and dietary intake in elderly sarcopenia patients with type 2 diabetes(T2DM).Methods A total of 652 T2DM patients(327 males and 325 females)aged over 60 years were selected from endocrinology department of nine different hospitals in Beijing.Body composition was measured by bioimpedance analysis,and the appendicular skeletal mass index(ASMI)was calculated.Sarcopenia was defined as body height-adjusted skeletal muscle mass (ASMI)below the lower quintile of the young reference group.The diagnostic cutoff points for sarcopenia were 7.18 kg/m2 for men and 5.73 kg/m2 for women.All patients were divided into the sarcopenia group versus the control group(below vs.not below 7.18 kg/m2 for men and 5.73 kg/m2 for women).The anthropometric parameters,body composition,biochemical laboratory results and dietary intake were compared between the two groups.The blood glucose target levels were less than 7 mmol/L of fasting plasma glucose(FPG)or less than 7% of haemoglobin A1c(HbA1c).The obesity ratio was calculated according to body fat percentage more than 25% in men and more than 30% in women as obesity.Results There were 116 (17.8%)patients in the sarcopenia group (men/women,82/34),and 536 (82.2 %) patients in the control group (men/women,245/291).Age was higher in the sarcopenia group than in the control group(t =4.385,P =0.000),and body mass index and waist hip ratio(WHR)were lower in the sarcopenia group than in the control group(t =11.724 and 4.173,P=0.000 and 0.000).FPG[(7.5±2.4) mmol/L vs.(8.5±2.5)mmol/L,t =-3.450,P=0.001]and HbA1c[(7.0±1.6) % vs.(8.2± 1.7) %,t =-5.745,P =0.000] were higher in male sarcopenia group than in male control group.The control rate of FPG (127.0% or 51.8% vs.27.0% or 32.9%,x2=8.817,P=0.003)and HbA1c(131.0% or 53.5% vs.23.0% or 28.0%,x2 =15.934,P=0.000)were lower in the sarcopenia group than in the control group.The red blood cell counts,hemoglobin and serum albumin levels,estimated glomerular filtr ationrate(eGFR)were lower in male sarcopenia group than in the male control group(P<0.05).eGFR was lower in female sarcopenia group than in female control group(t =4.090,P =0.000).Both in men and women,ASMI,grip power,fatless circumference on upper arm,bone mineral content and basal metabolic rate were lower in the sarcopenia group than in the control group(P<0.05).The total daily intake of energy,carbohydrate,protein and fat were lower in male sarcopenia group than in male control group(P< 0.05).Conclusions Compared with the control group,sarcopenia patients are older with worse glycemic control and lower levels of BMI,WHR,renal function,muscle mass and muscle strength.Sarcopenia patients are more prone to osteoporosis.Furthermore,they have poorer nutritional status with an imbalance of dietary intake.Appropriate increase of protein especially high quality protein intake should be recommended to sarcopenia patients with T2DM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754812

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics and risk factors of intracranial and extracranial aterial lesions in Chinese patients with ischemic stroke . Methods In this multi‐center study ,2 310 continuously inpatients with ischemic stroke diagnosed in 20 stroke screening and prevention project base hospitals from June 2015 to M ay 2016 were enrolled . Carotid ultrasonography and transcranial color‐coded sonography or transcranial Doppler were performed in all patients to confirm the presence of cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion . According to the distribution of lesions ,the subjects were divided into 2 groups :the simple intracranial artery stenosis group and the simple extracranial artery stenosis group . T he difference of risk factors between the two groups was compared . Results Of the 2 310 patients with ischemic stroke ,1 516 ( 65 .6% ) had simple intracranial artery stenosis and 794 ( 34 .4% ) had simple extracranial artery stenosis . T he incidence of anterior circulation artery stenosis was higher in the group of intracranial artery stenosis than that in the extracranial artery stenosis group ( 68 .1% vs 48 .7% , P <0 .001) . Posterior circulation artery stenosis and combined anterior with posterior circulation artery stenosis were more common in patients with extracranial artery stenosis group than those in intracranial artery stenosis group ( 36 .4% vs 22 .1% ,14 .9% vs 9 .8% ;all P <0 .001) . Univariate analysis of risk factors for stroke showed that patients with intracranial arterial stenosis had a higher prevelence of hypertension , diabetes ,obesity ,and family history of stroke ,and their systolic blood pressure ,diastolic blood pressure , body mass index ( BM I) ,fasting blood‐glucose ,glycosylated hemoglobin ,triacylglycerol ,total cholesterol , and low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly higher than those in the extracranial arterial stenosis group ( all P < 0 .05 ) . T he proportion of elderly ( ≥ 65 years old ) ,male and smokers in the extracranial arterial stenosis group was significantly higher than that in the intracranial arterial stenosis group ( all P <0 .05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that elderly ( ≥65 years old) ,male , and smoking history were independent risk factors for extracranial arterial stenosis ( OR= 2 .012 ,1 .637 , 1 .325 ,respectively ;all P <0 .05) . While hypertension ,diabetes ,less physical activity ,and high BM I levels were independent risk factors for simple intracranial arterial disease ( OR = 1 .301 ,1 .252 ,1 .248 ,1 .030 , respectively ;all P <0 .05) . Conclusions There are significant differences in the distribution characteristics and risk factors of intracranial and extracranial aterial lesions in patients with ischemic stroke in China .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754615

ABSTRACT

Abdominal internal hernia is relatively rare in clinics, which is easily to be ignored and occur serious complications, mainly the obstruction of gastrointestinal tract, such as gastrointestinal ischemia and necrosis, that could be life-threatening. This article introduced one case with atypical abdominal pain as the first manifestation of the disease, then the main symptom was metabolic acidosis and treatment was carried out, and finally by surgery the diagnosis of abdominal internal hernia was confirmed and proper treatment given.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712555

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application of the family centered escort system in neurosurgical intensive care units (NICU). Methods 416 cases of NICU patients from January 2015 to December 2016 were selected, 197 cases of the patients from January to December 2015 serving as the control group subject to a restrictive visit system. 219 cases of patients from January to December 2016 were used as the study group subject to the family centered escort system. The two groups were compared as to the anxiety state and satisfaction of the family members, the job satisfaction of nurses, the duration and cost of the patients in NICU, the ratio of the patients subject to sedation and restraint bands, and the incidences of adverse events of patients during NICU. Results Scores of anxiety state of the family members showed that the control group (52. 76 ± 5. 21) was significantly higher than that of the study group (34. 61 ± 5. 98). The dimensions of " information acquisition" and " access to patients" as found in the satisfaction survey of the family members showed the study group as higher than the control group, a difference of statistical significance between two groups (both P<0. 01). The dimensions of " state at work" and " interpersonal relationship at work" showed the study group as higher than the control group, a difference of statistical significance between two groups ( P < 0. 05 ) as found in the job satisfaction survey of nurses. The comparison between the two groups in NICU duration and expenses showed no significant statistical difference (P>0. 05). The ratio of sedation treatment and restraint band usage of control group was significantly higher than that of the study group, a difference of statistical significance (P<0. 01). The incidence ratio of lower extremity venous thrombosis showed that the control group (13. 7%, 27/197) was higher than that of the study group (6. 8%, 15/219), a difference of statistical significance (P <0. 01). There was no significant difference as to the incidences of other adverse events of the two groups ( P > 0. 05 ). Conclusions Compared with the restricted visiting system, the family centered escort system in NICU is beneficial to both the nurses and patients, justifying the humanity of the latter system.

12.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 739-741, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611698

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predicative value of midkine (MK) as a cancer biomarker for metastatic lesions in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with positive thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) before the first 131Ⅰ therapy.Methods MK levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 151 recruited DTC patients included in this study according to strict inclusion and exclusion criteria.There were 28 TgAb positive DTC patients with metastases and 123 DTC patients without metastases.The value of pre-131Ⅰ-ablative MK to predict metastasis was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves in these two groups of patients.Results MK levels were significantly higher in TgAb positive DTC patients than those in DTC patients without metastases.MK levels showed good diagnostic value,with an area under the curve of 0.856 (P<0.001),and a diagnostic accuracy of 83% at the optimal cut-off value of 550 ng/L.Conclusion Results show that MK can potentially be used as a surrogate biomarker for predicting DTC metastases when thyroglobulin is not suitable due to TgAb positivity.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 49-53, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619980

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the Elderly Frailty Assessment Scale and test its reliability and validity.Methods The primary item pool was formulated through literature review,compounding existing instruments measuring elderly frailty and group meeting.The items were selected by expert consultation.Totally 420 elderly adults were selected to test the reliability and validity and SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze data.Results The Elderly Frailty Assessment Scale consisted of 35 items;the exploratory factor analysis identified four principal factors which explained 72.685% of the total variance.The item content validity index ranged from 0.824 to 1,and the scale content validity index was 0.932.The Cronbach's α coefficient of the scale was 0.952 and test-retest reliability was 0.937.Conclusion The Elderly Frailty Assessment Scale is reliable and valid,which can be used to evaluate elderly frailty.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619192

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of distribution characteristics and risk factors of large artery lesions in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease in different age groups in order to provide the basis for the prevention and treatment of stroke in different age groups.Methods From June 2015 to May 2016,a total of 10 711 consecutive inpatients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and ischemic stroke from 20 centers nationwide were enrolled.Each 10 years was used as an age group from 40 years.All the patients were divided into 5 age groups.The differences of the different risk factors for cerebrovascular disease among the 5 groups were compared.All patients were separated by gender.The chi square test was used to compare the incidences of large artery stenosis of the intracranial and external and anterior and posterior circulation,and the number of vascular lesions in the same sex in different age groups.Results (1) The risk factors of elderly patients were mainly hypertension,diabetes mellitus,and atrial fibrillation (χ2=61.938,χ2=13.349,and χ2=55.940;all P<0.01).The smoking history,family history of cerebrovascular disease,and obesity were more frequent among the young and middle-aged people (χ2=131.505,χ2=7.298,and χ2=100.911,all P<0.01).(2) The linear trend chi square test results showed that the proportion of multivessel diseases in female and male extracranial arterial lesions increased gradually with the increase of age.(χ2=54.799,χ2=161.370,all P<0.01).The proportion of multivessel diseases in the intracranial artery in female decreased gradually (χ2=5.328,P=0.021),and that in male did not have obvious trend of change (χ2=0.289,P=0.591).(3) The linear trend chi square test results showed that the incidence of simple intracranial arterial stenosis in female and male intracranial arterial stenosis decreased gradually with the increase of age (χ2=20.090,χ2=42.351,all P<0.01),and the incidence of simple extracranial arterial stenosis increased gradually (χ2=40.311,χ2=90.698,all P<0.01).The incidence of both intracranial and extracranial artery stenoses increased gradually (χ2=12.077,χ2=45.887,all P<0.01).The incidence of simple posterior circulation vascular stenosis increased gradually in female (χ2=16.434,P<0.01),but that did not have obvious trend of change in male (χ2=1.701,P=0.192).The incidence of stenosis of both anterior and posterior arteries in female and male increased gradually (χ2=4.587,P=0.032;χ2=35.156,P<0.01).Conclusions The distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in ischemic cerebrovascular disease of the different age groups was different.No matter female or male patients,the majority of the young and middle-aged patients were intracranial artery lesions,and the elderly patients were mainly extracranial artery lesions.The majority of elderly women had posterior circulation artery lesions.Understanding the characteristics in patients with intracranial arterial lesion in different age groups will help to develop individualized stroke prevention and treatment strategies for the population of different age groups.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619191

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of serum lipid level on carotid artery stenosis in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease.Methods Using a multi-center cross-sectional study,10 711 consecutive inpatients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke diagnosed clearly in 20 stroke screening and prevention project base hospitals from June 2015 to May 2016 were enrolled.According to the results of carotid ultrasonography,1 560 patients with extracranial carotid artery stenosis rate≥50% screened were enrolled in the study.They were divided into a severe stenosis group (70%-99%) and a mild-moderate stenosis group (5.80 mmol/L (7.3%[43/586]vs.0.4%[4/974]) and LDL-C>3.12 mmol/L (26.3%[154/586]vs.10.0%[97/974]) in patients of the severe stenosis group were higher than those in the mild-moderate stenosis group (26.3%[154/586]vs.10.0%[97/974]).Conclusion The high LDL-C and TC levels may increase the incidence of severe carotid artery stenosis or occlusion.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619189

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between smoking and occurrence of intracranial artery stenosis.Methods From June 2015 to May 2016,a total of 10 711 inpatients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke from 20 basel hospitals of nationwide were enrolled using a cross-sectional study,76 patients with unknown smoking and smoking cessation years were excluded.Finally,a total of 10 635 patients were enrolled.Transcranial color coded sonography and/or transcranial Doppler were used evaluate the intracranial artery stenosis lesions.The basic risk factors for cerebrovascular disease (age,sex,smoking and smoking years,whether smoking cessation and years,hypertension,diabetes,hyperlipidemia,atrial fibrillation,and family history of stroke) were recorded.According to the different smoking years,the smoking years were divided into five groups:non-smoking,smoking time ≤10-year,11 to 20-year,21 to 30-year,and >30-year groups for trend chi square test.According to the different smoking cessation years in the smokers,the smoking cessation years were divided into four groups:non-cessation,cessation time 1 to 10-year,11 to 20-year,and >20-year groups for trend chi square test.The effects of different smoking years and different smoking cessation years on the occurrence of intracranial arterial stenosis were analyzed.Results The incidence of intracranial artery stenosis in the smokers (40.4%[1 433/3 547]) was significantly higher than that in the non-smoking patients (29.4%[2 085/7 088]).There was significant difference (χ2=128.850,P<0.01),and the incidence of cerebral infarction in the smokers (91.6%[3 250/3 547]) was significantly higher than the non-smokers (85.0%[6 027/7 088]).There was significant difference (χ2=92.328,P<0.01).Smoking was an independent risk factor for intracranial artery stenosis (OR,1.603;95%CI 1.456-1.765;P<0.01).With the increase of smoking years,the detection rate of intracranial arterial stenosis increased gradually (trend χ2=115.437,P<0.01).Whether giving up smoking had no significant effect on the incidence of intracranial artery stenosis in patients with ≥20 years of smoking (trend χ2=1.043,P=0.307).Conclusions Smoking is an independent risk factor for affecting intracranial artery stenosis;the risk of disease increases with the number of smoking years.Long-term smokers (≥20 years) cannot reduce the effect on intracranial artery stenosis,even if they give up smoking.

17.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 782-786, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607379

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of blood glucose and insulin after intake of staple food containing potato,sorghum or wheat in healthy adults. Methods This study had a cross-over design. A total of 12 healthy adults were recruited and randomly averaged into 3 groups. After fasting for 10 hours,all the subjects were treated with steamed buns of potato,sorghum and wheat flours(100 g in raw flour),respectively. Serum glucose,insulin,triglyceride(TG),total cholesterol(TC)and uric acid(SUA) were measured at fasting,0.5 h,1 h,2 h and 3 h. After a wash period for 3 days,subjects crossed over to alternate group at second intervention and third intervention on the 5 th and 9 th day. During each intervention,the entire above index were tested. Results Postprandial insulin levels at 3 h was significantly higher in the potato steamed buns group(4.74 μU/ml)than in the sorghum steamed buns (1.65 μU/ml)group(P =0.028). There were no statistical differences in blood glucose and fasting,0.5 h,1 h,2 h insulin level. Conclusion Postprandial insulin level at 3 h was higher in potato flour steamed buns than in sorghum flour steamed buns.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497677

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the eating problems of outpatient infants,preschool age children(1 to 7 years old) enrolled in the Department of Child Health Care,Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University,and to analyze its correlation with children's physical development,so as to establish strategies for preventing abnormal eating habit in children.Methods A toll of 2458 children met the criteria,and caregivers (mothers) completed the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaires (CEBQ) in Department of Child Health Care,Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were selected and the children's sociodemographic data and the morbidity of children eating problems were investigated.The correlation between children's body mass index(BMI) with children's eating problems was determined by using Chi-square test and multiple regression analysis.Results About 66.2% (1627/2458 cases) had normal weight,and 10.8% (257/2458 cases) and 8.5 % (210/2458 cases) were overweight (BMI > P85-P95) or obese (BMI ≥ P95),respectively.The prevalence of eating behavior problems was detected during 25-36 months.For 1-to-7-year-old children,the highest detection rate of eating problems was inattention and eating at non-permanent locations,occupying 64.7% (1590/2458 cases)and 50.5% (1241/2458 cases),respectively;the prevalence rate of preferring to junk food was the lowest,accounting for 19.3% (474/2458 cases).The children's eating problems had a high association with the children's BMI.Among them,children with eating problems,such as difficultly in accepting the varying food stuff[at the age of 12 month,odds ratio(OR)=11.50,95% confidence interval(CI):1.84-72.16] and eating at non-permanent locations(at 25-36month,OR=1.77,95 % CI:1.11-2.83),were prone to be wasting away;children with eating problems,such as preferring to junk food (at 12 month,OR=5.08,95 % CI:1.43-18.00;13-18 month,OR=2.17,95 % CI:1.06-4.44),rarely eating vegetables or fruit (19-24 month,OR=4.06,95%CI:1.46-11.31) and inattention (12 month,OR=3.85,95 % CI:1.52-9.79),were associated with overweight or obesity (all P<0.01).Conclusions There was a high prevalence of eating problems in children between 12-84 month(1-7 years old) in Nanjing.Improper children's eating behaviors can increase the risks of wasting away or children's overweight/obesity.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514137

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change of immune factor in COPD rats after intravenous injection of regulatory T cells.Methods Twenty-one SPF rats was divided into three groups at random,rat COPD model was built by smoking.We used magnetic bead isolation technic to separate CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells.Regulatory T cells were cultured and injected into rats though rats' caudal vein according to different dose,5 × 104/mL,5 × 105/mL,5 × 106/mL respectively.Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell factors.ELISA was used to analyze IL-6 and CRP.Restlts Adding JJ316 or IL-2 into medium benefited the proliferation of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells.On the 20 th day,regulatory T cells CD4+CD25+ proliferation stopped by adding JJ316 or IL-2 respectively.Regulatory T cells were cultured and injected into rats though rat caudal vein according to different dose.The levels of CRP and IL-6 were decreased when rats were injected by CD4+CD25+regulatory T cell after one week.Conclusions Injection of regulatory T cells is helpful to control inflammation progression of COPD,so the increase of regulatory T cells of patients with COPD may decrease inflammation progression of COPD.

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Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 426-429,433, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603440

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimum time of removal of preoperative double J stent before adjuvant radiotherapy in cervical cancer. Meth?ods A total of 90 patients with cervical cancer who underwent radical surgery between January 2014 and March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. In addition,these recruited patients also underwent preoperative placement of double J stent and had them removed before the adjuvant radiotherapy. The patients were then divided into three groups based on the time of removal of double J stent. Group A(n=21)had the stent removed 2 to 4 weeks after the surgery;group B(n=46)had the stent removed 4 to 5 weeks after the surgery;group C(n=23)had the stent removed greater than or equal to 5 weeks after the surgery. The complications caused by stent placement and their improvement after stent removal were compared among the three groups. Finally,the optimum time of stent removal was determined. Results The overall incidence of complications caused by stent placement in group B(23.91%)was significantly lower(P0.05)among the three groups concerning glomerular filtration rate,serum urea nitrogen,and serum creatinine. Conclusion The incidence of complications caused by preoperative double J stent place?ment increased along with the duration of placement,but the exacerbation of hydronephrosis should be concerned if the stent is removed too early. Therefore,the optimal time of stent removal is 4 to 5 weeks after the surgery.

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