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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013374

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of enriched environment (EE) combined with acupuncture at head point (HA) on behavior in rats with autism spectrum disorder. MethodsHealthy female Wistar rats were given peritoneal injection of sodium valproate at 12.5 days of gestation. Twenty-four male offspring rats were randomly selected and then randomly divided into model group (n = 6), EE group (n = 6), HA group (n = 6) and EE combined with HA group (the combined group, n = 6). Six male offspring rats born from female mice injected with the same amount of saline intraperitoneally were as control group. After four weeks of treatment, all the five groups were tested with three-chamber test and marble burying test, and the sociability index, the social novelty index and the number of buried marbles were recorded. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in peripheral blood were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultsAfter treatment, compared with the model group, the sociability index and the social novelty index improved (P < 0.05), the number of buried marbles reduced (P < 0.05), and the levels of IL-6 and IL-1β in peripheral blood decreased in EE group, HA group and the combined group (P < 0.05); while the combined group was the best (P < 0.01). ConclusionBoth EE or acupuncture at HA could improve behavioral symptoms, and reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in rats with autism spectrum disorder. The combination of the two methods showed the best result.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 277-282, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effect and mechanism of the alcoholic extract from Scabiosa comosa against hepatic fibrosis (HF). METHODS Intragastrical administration of carbon tetrachloride was given to induce HF model. By observing the pathological changes in liver tissue, mRNA and protein expressions of HF indexes [α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen type Ⅰ] and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway-related factors were detected, and the improvement effects and possible mechanism of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) of alcoholic extract from S. comosa on HF model rats were investigated. Drug-containing serum was prepared by intragastrical administration of alcoholic extract from S. comosa at a concentration of 1 800 mg/(kg·d) (calculated by the amount of raw material). The effects of drug- containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa on the expression of miRNA-21 were observed through the intervention of HSC-T6 cells with low, medium and high concentrations of drug-containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa (diluted to 10%, 15%, 20%). miRNA-21 mimics or inhibitors were used to transfect HSC-T6 cells, and the mRNA and protein expressions of factors related to the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway were detected. RESULTS The results of in vivo experiments showed that low, medium and high doses of alcoholic extract from S. comosa significantly ameliorated the histopathological changes in liver tissue of HF rats, and the percentage of collagen was significantly reduced (P<0.01); mRNA and protein expressions of the indicators related to HF as well as PI3K and Akt were significantly reduced (P<0.01), and mRNA and protein expressions of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) were increased in liver tissue of rats (P<0.01). The results of in vitro experiments showed that drug-containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa significantly inhibited the expression of miRNA-21 at low, medium and high concentrations (P<0.01); whereas after transfection with miRNA-21 mimics, it was found that miRNA-21 mimics significantly increased mRNA and protein expressions of PI3K and Akt (P<0.01), while significantly decreased mRNA and protein expressions of PTEN (P<0.01); after transfection with miRNA-21 inhibitor, the changes of above indexes were opposite to the above results (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Alcoholic extracts of S. comosa may inhibit the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by affecting the expression of miRNA-21, so as to achieve the effect of anti-hepatic fibrosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk stratification and prognostic significance of loss of chromosome Y (LOY) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:The clinical data of 193 male patients with newly diagnosed MM admitted to Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2018 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively and divided into a normal karyotype group(178) and a LOY karyotype group (15) according to the results of their primary conventional cytogenetics. Rank sum test, 2×2 chi-square test and independent sample t-test were used to compare laboratory findings, such as liver and kidney function, immunohistochemistry and cytogenetics, treatment efficacy and survival prognosis, between the two groups. The clinical prognostic significance of LOY was summarized through survival analysis and Cox regression. Results:Among the newly diagnosed male MM patients, 8%(15/178) were confirmed with LOY cases. The proportion of patients with Revised International Staging System(R-ISS) stage Ⅲ was significantly higher in the LOY group (8/15) than that in the normal karyotype group (40/178)(χ 2=7.052, P<0.01). A higher proportion of 1q21 amplification also occurred in the LOY group (10/13 vs 77/162)(χ 2=4.159, P<0.05). The proportion of complete response(CR)/stringent complete response(sCR) in the normal karyotype group after the fourth chemotherapy (63/171) was significantly higher than that in the LOY group (1/15)(χ 2=5.564, P<0.05). The proportion of progressive disease (PD) was lower in the normal karyotype group (16/171 vs 4/15) (χ 2=4.306, P<0.05). The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) of MM patients for the LOY group was significantly shorter compared to that for the normal karyotype group ( Z=?3.201, P<0.01). Univariate survival analysis showed that PFS was significantly shorter in newly diagnosed MM patients with Creatinine(Cr)≥93 μmol/L, β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG)≥4.0 mg/L, serum free light chain(sFLC)<0.06, bone marrow plasma cells (BMPC)≥30%, R-ISS stage Ⅲ, failure to achieve CR/sCR after the fourth chemotherapy, with LOY, 1q21 amplification, P53 deletion and t(4;14) ( P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that Cr≥93 μmol/L( HR=4.460, 95% CI 1.615-12.314, P=0.004), sFLC<0.06( HR=2.873, 95% CI 1.206-6.849, P=0.017), failure to achieve CR/sCR after the fourth chemotherapy( HR=3.522, 95% CI 1.437-8.634, P=0.006)and with LOY( HR=3.485, 95% CI 1.473-8.249, P=0.006)were independent risk factors for PFS in newly diagnosed MM patients. Conclusions:LOY is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis. It is important for the clinical outcome and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed MM, and may become a novel clinical assessment indicator.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the interaction between obesity and diabetes, obesity and central obesity, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension.Methods:A questionnaire survey on 7 622 residents of Han Chinese ethnicity, aged 35-75 years, of Liangzhou district of Wuwei city were performed using multi-stage random sampling method in September to December 2018. Relative excess risk due to interaction, attributable proportion, synergy index, and 95% CI of the three were used to evaluate the additive interaction. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the multiplicative interaction. Results:Among the 7 622 residents, hypertension was detected in 3 212 residents, with a crude prevalence rate of 42.14% and a standardized incidence of 33.81%. There was a significant difference in incidence of hypertension between residents of different sexes, between residents at different ages, between obese residents and normal weight residents, between residents who had central obesity and those who had no central obesity, between residents who smoked and those who did not, between residents of different family economic situations, between residents who had different occupations, and between residents who had diabetes and those who had no diabetes (all P < 0.05). Getting primary, middle, and high school education was a protective factor against hypertension, while obesity, central obesity, diabetes, male gender, age greater than 45 years were the risk factors for hypertension. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was no additive interaction between obesity and diabetes, obesity and central obesity, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension. There was a multiplicative interaction between obesity and central obesity on hypertension ( P = 0.031, 95% CI: 0.53-0.97) and the interaction was antagonistic, but there were no multiplicative interaction between obesity and diabetes, central obesity and diabetes on hypertension. Conclusion:There was a negative multiplicative interaction between obesity and central obesity on hypertension.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 294-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role of SUMOylation in the process of therapeutic hypothermia on neural stem cells (NSCs) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.Methods:SUMOylation is an essential post-translational modification involving small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs). Primary-cultured NSCs from mice were assigned into four groups: control group, hypoxia group, hypothermia group and hypoxia+hypothermia group. Western Blot was used to detect the protein levels of SUMO2/3, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator factor 1α (PGC-1α) and octamer binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4). The diameters of NSCs were compared. ELISA was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Apoptosis was examined using flow cytometry. Immunofluorescence method was used to measure the differentiation of NSCs into neuronal cells.Results:Compared with the control group, the levels of SUMO2/3, HIF-1αand PGC-1α in NSCs of the hypoxia group increased 33%, 126% and 140%, respectively ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of SUMO2/3 and PGC-1α in NSCs of the hypothermia group increased 52% and 536%, respectively ( P<0.05). Compared with the hypoxia group, the levels of SUMO2/3, HIF-1α, PGC-1α and Oct4 in the hypoxia+hypothermia group increased 44%, 40%, 230% and 59%, respectively ( P<0.05). The diameters of NSCs in hypoxia group, hypothermia group and hypoxia+hypothermia group were smaller than control group, and hypoxia+hypothermia group smaller than hypoxia group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in LDH levels between hypothermia group and control group ( P>0.05). LDH level in hypoxia+hypothermia group were significantly lower than hypoxia group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the cell death rates between hypothermia group and control group ( P>0.05). The cell death rate in hypoxia+hypothermia group was significantly lower than hypoxia group ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions of Nestin in both hypoxia group and hypothermia group were increased, but neuron specific enolase (NSE) were decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with hypoxia group and hypothermia group, the level of Nestin in hypoxia+hypothermia group was further increased, while NSE was further decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Therapeutic hypothermia may increase the tolerance of NSCs to hypoxia by enhancing SUMO modification of proteins, providing theoretical basis for the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy with therapeutic hypothermia.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1351-1357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978790

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of action of Scabiosa atropurea in inhibiting the proliferation of hepatic stellate cells using cell experiment. Methods A total of 20 Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and administration group, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in the control group were given normal saline by gavage, and those in the administration group were given Scabiosa atropurea by gavage to prepare drug-containing serum. HSC-T6 cells were incubated with the serum from the control group (10%) or the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea (10%, 15%, and 20%, respectively). MTT assay was used to observe the effect of different drug concentrations on cells in different periods of time; flow cytometry was used to measure cell apoptosis; qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression levels of fibrosis markers (α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ) and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-related factors in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t - test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had a significant reduction in the OD value of cells (all P < 0.05) and a significant increase in the overall apoptosis rate of cells (all P < 0.05). The results of qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, PI3K, and Akt and a significant increase in the mRNA expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05); Western blot showed that compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had significant reductions in the protein expression levels of α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, PI3K, Akt, and p-Akt and a significant increase in the protein expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05). Conclusion The Mongolian medicine Scabiosa atropurea can inhibit the proliferation of HSC-T6 cells and promote their apoptosis, possibly by regulating fibrosis markers and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to exert an anti-liver fibrosis effect.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role and mechanism of dapagliflozin (Dapa), a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in acute liver injury. 【Methods】 Eight-week-old C57BL6/J mice were given a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 to induce acute liver injury. The mice were preventively given 5 mg/kg Dapa by gavage 24 h and 2 h before CCl4 injection, while those in the control group were given an equal volume of solvent gavage. After 24 h, the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed. H&E staining, plasma biochemistry, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting were used to detect the severity of liver injury and the expressions of macrophage-related genes. 【Results】 In the CCl4 group, hepatic infiltration of inflammatory cells increased, and liver and renal functions significantly deteriorated, which was further aggravated by Dapa. CCl4 could promote the expressions of M1 macrophages and fibrosis-related genes in the liver, but reduce those of M2 and antioxidant-related genes, and the latter was further inhibited by Dapa. In addition, the protein expression of arginase 1 decreased and that of SGLT2 increased after Dapa intervention, while NF-κB pathway did not change significantly, suggesting that Dapa might directly affect the energy metabolism homeostasis in the liver and aggravate acute liver injury induced by CCl4. 【Conclusion】 Dapa can exacerbate hepatic and renal damage in acute stage of liver injury, inhibit macrophages M2 polarization, and aggravate oxidative stress and inflammatory injury induced by CCl4.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 937-940, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934843

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the establishment of health care institutions and the staffing primary and secondary school health care in Shanghai, and to understand the capacity building needs of health care personnel.@*Methods@#A survey was conducted on all primary and secondary schools in Shanghai from April to August in 2020. The content of the questionnaire covers the establishment of health care institutions, the staffing of school health care centers and the capacity building need of health care personnel. Chi square test was used to compare the difference of the health care institutions setting and staffing by schools and areas.@*Results@#In 2020, there were 1 847 primary and secondary schools in Shanghai (including branches schools). About 51.4% of primary and secondary schools in Shanghai were equipped with school health care personnel in the ratio of the number of students at least 600∶1 , and the staffing compliance rate of urban schools (59.3%) was higher than that of suburban schools (47.3%)( χ 2=24.27, P <0.01). All school health care personnel believed that there are currently few opportunities for capacity buliding services from health facilities.@*Conclusion@#School health care institutions in Shanghai are well equipped, but the staffing shortage is substantial, with strong need for capacity building.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934339

ABSTRACT

The delta checks are one of the patient-based quality control options to identify the errors and the significant changes in patients′ condition. Compared with the traditional internal quality control method, the delta checks have the characteristics of real-time monitoring, with no additional detecting cost, thus the delta checks are widely used in clinical laboratories. In addition, the delta checks are also useful in the auto-verification system to screen out the abnormal results for manual verification. This article reviewed the delta checks′ development history, parameters selection, application values in quality control and auto-verification.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the mechanism of Qiwei Qinggan Powder in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis by animal experiment and network pharmacology.Methods:A total of 50 rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group and low, medium and high dose of Qiwei Qinggan Powder groups with 10 rats in each group. Except the blank group, other groups were gavaged with 50% carbon tetrachloride peanut oil solution to prepare liver fibrosis model. Rats of low, medium and high dose of Qiwei Qinggan Powder groups were gavaged with 135, 270 and 405 mg/kg Qiwei Qinggan Powder 0.5% CMC-Na solution once a day for 10 weeks. The contents of serum GPT and GOT were detected by Wright's method, the content of ALP was detected by visible light colorimetry method, and the liver structure was observed by HE staining and Masson staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of α-SMA and collagen Ⅰ were detected by Q-PCR and Western blot from hepatic stellate cells. Flow Cytometry was used to detect the effect of Qiwei Qinggan Powder on hepatic stellate cells apoptosis. By searching for Traditional Chinese Medicines Integrated Database, Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database as well as literature retrieval, the active chemical components and targets of Qiwei Qinggan Powder were obtained. The targets of hepatic fibrosis were obtainable through OMIM and PubMed. By using Cytoscape 3.7.2, the Medicine-active components-Gene-Disease network was constructed. Obtaining Protein-Protein Interaction Networks screens the central target by using STRING, and using R language to retrieve Bioconductor online GO function enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out on the platform.Results:Compared with the model group, the levels of GFT, GOT and ALP in high, medium and low dose groups were decreased ( P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the mRNA levels of α- SMA (0.24 ± 0.12, 0.25 ± 0.12, 0.41 ± 0.15 vs. 1.00 ± 0.00), collagenⅠ (0.64 ± 0.24, 0.33 ± 0.13, 0.28 ± 0.11 vs. 1.00 ± 0.00)was decreased ( P<0.05 or P<0.01) of serum containing low, medium and high dose groups of Qiwei Qinggan Powder, and α-SMA (0.03 ± 0.01, 0.01 ± 0.00, 0.01 ± 0.00 vs. 0.04 ± 0.00), collagenⅠ (0.08 ± 0.01, 0.10 ± 0.01, 0.13 ± 0.01 vs. 0.18 ± 0.01) mRNA levels was decreased of serum containing low, medium and high dose groups ( P<0.01). A total of 35 active components, 196 targets, 3 740 disease targets and 170 disease common targets were screened out. 159 items were obtained by GO enrichment analysis; 43 signal pathways were obtained by KEGG enrichment analysis. Conclusion:Qiwei Qinggan Powder can promote HSCs apoptosis and treat HF through multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel therapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of clinically isolated fungal strains and their resistance to common antifungal drugs in Shandong province.Methods:Through the Shandong Children’s Bacterial & Fungal Drug Resistance Surveillance and Research Collaborative Network, a total of 1 030 fungi were collected in 46 hospitals of Shandong province from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The source and type of strains were analyzed, and antifungal drug sensitivity tests were performed by using the micro-dilution method. Whonet 5.6 and SPSS 22.0 were applied to analyze the data.Results:The overall main strains were Candida albicans (38.74%, 399/1 030), Candida tropicalis (16.99%, 175/1 030) and Candida parapsilosis (16.41%, 169/1 030); the main fungi strains in child patients were C. albicans (52.50%, 63/120), C. parapsilosis (12.50%, 15/120) and C. tropicalis (9.17%, 11/120); the main fungi strains in adult patients were C. albicans (36.37%, 331/910), C. tropicalis (17.03%, 155/910) and C. parapsilosis (15.27%, 139/910). The isolation rate of main Candida strains from January to March and August to December was much higher than that of other months. The drug resistance rates of C. albicans to fluconazole and voriconazole were 7.14% and 7.43%, respectively, and the drug resistance rates to itraconazole were 50.44%. The resistance rates of C. tropicalis to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 29.05%, 23.29% and 48.65%, respectively. The sensitivity rates of C. parapsilosi to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 93.06%, 93.75% and 94.44%, respectively. Candida glabrata showed a dose-dependent sensitivity rate of 2.33% to fluconazole. Analysis of 244 blood fungi strains showed that non-candida albicans bacteremia accounted for 70.08%. In the pathogen spectrum covering 92.22%, fluconazole was sensitive to 64.65% of the pathogens, voriconazole was 68.88%, and amphotericin B was 88.75%. After quantification, the effective rates of fluconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B in the clinical treatment of fungal bacteremia were 70.10%, 74.69% and 96.23%, respectively. Among them, the sensitivity rate of voriconazole to C. tropicalis was lower than that of fluconazole. Conclusions:Candida is the main clinical fungus isolates in hospitals of Shandong province. The resistance rate of C. tropicalis to azole antifungal drugs is on the rise, and the sensitivity of other Candida species to clinically used antifungal drugs is basically stable.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006785

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the negative emotions among university students during home quarantine under the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) so as to provide scientific basis for psychological counseling. 【Methods】 We conducted an online questionnaire survey to collect 405 undergraduates’ and postgraduates’ DASS-21 scale scores and responses to epidemic prevention knowledge, and analyzed the university students’ negative emotions during the epidemic and influencing factors. 【Results】 Of the 405 students surveyed, 178 individuals (44.0%) had depression, 171(42.2%) felt anxious, and 119(29.4%) felt stressed. Individuals in the DASS21+ group spent much time on entertainment on the cell phone daily than those in the DASS21- group (P<0.001), and the degree of impact by COVID-19 on daily life was significantly higher (P<0.001). Correlation analysis showed that entertainment time on the cell phone, the severity of COVID-19, and the impact of the epidemic were positively related to DASS-21 scores, with correlation coefficients of 0.231, 0.143 and 0.259, respectively (all P<0.01). Binary logistic regression analysis found that mobile entertainment time for over 5 hours per day (OR=3.370, 95% CI: 1.369-8.294, P=0.008) was a risk factor for negative emotions during quarantine at home. 【Conclusion】 During quarantine at home in the epidemic of COVID-19, nearly half of university students are prone to breed negative emotions, like depression, anxiety or stress, which may be related to long-term mobile phone entertainment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of four cancer stem cell (CSC) markers (EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24) in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTC),their value in the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:A total of 50 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and 29 peripheral blood sample from 50 patients with hepatocellular cancer treated in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from October 2013 to September 2014 were collected and analyzed by flow cytometry or qRT-PCR to examine the expression of EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24. The clinical data of patients were collected, including tumor size, tumor number, satellite lesions, vascular invasion, Edmondson stage, BCLC stage and liver cirrhosis, etc. The correlation between the expression of four markers in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and CTC with the clinical data and survival time of patients were compared.Results:The positive expression rates of EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24 in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues were 66% (33/50), 18% (9/50), 60% (30/50) and 56% (28/50); the positive expression rates in CTC were 55% (16/29), 38% (11/29), 31% (9/29) and 59% (17/29). CD90 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue was positively correlated with the occurrence HCC liver cirrhosis ( P<0.05), while CD133 expression was negatively correlated with the 5-year survival rate of patients ( P<0.05). The expression of EpCAM and CD24 in peripheral blood CTC were closely related to the patient′s Edmondson stage ( P<0.05). The survival time of patients with CD133 positive expression in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue was lower than those without CD133 expression ( P<0.05); the survival rate of patients with EpCAM expressed in either tissue or peripheral blood CTC was lower than that of patients with EpCAM double negative expression ( P<0.05). The survival rate of patients with CD90 negative in HCC tissue and positive in peripheral blood was lower than that in patients with double negative/double positive in tissue and peripheral blood or patients positive in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue and negative in peripheral blood ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Different expression characteristics of four markers in cancer tissues and peripheral blood CTC might provide useful information about predicting prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The expression of CD133 in tissues can be used as an important survival predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. The differential expression of cancer markers in tissue samples and blood samples can provide more clinical prognostic information.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2832-2838, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906648

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OBJECTIVE:To study the improv ement effects of Mongolian medici ne eligen- 7 on hepatic fibrosis (HF)and its mechanism. METHODS :Taking rat hepatic stellate cells HSC-T 6 as research object ,the cells were divided into model group (blank serum )and low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups of eligen- 7 containing serum (10%,15% and 20% eligen-7 containing serum ). Transforming growth factor β solution(0.2 mg/mL)was added into the cells for 48 h to induce liver fibrosis model,and then added into the corresponding blank or drug-contained serum. The optical density (OD)of cells in each group was measured and inhibition rate of cell proliferation was calculated (after treated for 24,48 and 72 h). The apoptotic rate and cycle distribution of cells were detected ;mRNA and protein expression of type Ⅰ collagen(Collagen Ⅰ),α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA),phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and protein-serine-threonine kinase (PI3K/Akt)signaling pathway related factors (PI3K, Akt,PTEN)were also detected (after treated for 24 h). Wistar rats were further divided into blank group ,model group and low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose groups of eligen- 7(135,270,405 mg/kg),with 10 rats in each group. Blank group and model group were given 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution intragastrically ;other groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically,once a day ,for consecutive 10 weeks. After last intragastric administration ,the pathomorphological changes of liver tissue were observed ;mRNA and protein expression of Collagen Ⅰ,α-SMA,PI3K,Akt and PTEN were detected in liver tissue. RESULTS :Compared with model group ,OD value (except for medium-dose and high-dose groups of eligen- 7 containing serum)and the proportion of cells at S phase in administration groups were decreased significantly (P<0.01);late apoptotic rate , early apoptotic rate (except for low-dose group ),total apoptotic rate and the proportion of cells at G 2/M phase increased significantly(P<0.01);mRNA and protein expression of Collagen Ⅰ,α-SMA,PI3K and Akt in cells and liver tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01),those of PTEN were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS : Eligen-7 shows the effect of anti-hepatic fibrosis , themechanism of which may be related to regulating the activity of PI 3K/Akt signaling pathway and promoting the apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1698-1702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906568

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Objective@#Physical literacy is the breakthrough point and fundamental goal to achieve the integration of sports and education, sports and public health and expand the function of physical education. Studying the children and adolescents physical literacy is a common responsibility for children and adolescents health, sports and health education workers. This article was based on the latest research evidence and expert opinions in China, aiming to develop the core items of physical literacy guidelines for Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#This article systematically combed the dimensions and index system of children and adolescents physical literacy through systematic literature review. After five rounds of Delphi methods, the core items were extracted.@*Results@#The core items included four interrelated dimensions of body, emotion, behavior, and cognition, which were specifically composed of four components: physical ability, emotional experience, physical activity related behaviors, and knowledge understanding and application ability.@*Conclusion@#Children and adolescents are the key periods, sensitive periods, and window periods to cultivate physical literacy. The core items can provide framework recommendations for further refining guidelines. More empirical studies should be carried out in the future, in order to accumulate enough evidences and further to improve Physical Literacy guidelines, better to guide physical literacy promotion.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 82-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To i nvestigate the clini cal ch aracteristics of anaphylactic shock induced by piperacillin and its compound preparation ,and to provide reference for prevention and treatment of the severe ADR. METHODS :A case of anaphylactic shock induced by piperacillin and sulbactam were analyzed in our hospital ,meanwhile ADR literatures about piperacillin alone and its compound preparation-induced anaphylactic shock were collected from Medline ,CNKI,Wanfang database and VIP during the inception to Jul. 2020. Gender and age of patients ,allergic history ,primary disease and treatment ,skin test , administration route and dosage of piperacillin and its compound preparation ,occurrence time and main manifestations of anaphylactic shock ,treatment measure and prognosis were analyzed ,then prevention and treatment suggestions were put forward. RESULTS:The patient in this case was transferred to the ICU after partial hepatectomy. The use of piperacillin and sulbactam to prevent postoperative infection caused anaphylactic shock. A total of 28 literatures about anaphylactic shock induced by piperacillin and its compound preparations were collected from the database (involving 28 patients). Among totally 29 patients,there were 12 male and 17 female;the majority of patients were 50-59 years old (6 cases,20.69%). Three patients had allergic history (food, latex gloves ,etc.),and most of the primary diseases were infectious diseases or the drug used in perioperative period. Skin tests were carried out in 22 patients(75.86%)before medication and the results were negative. The possible allergenic drugs of 27 cases which were administered by intravenous route included piperacillin ,piperacillin sulbactam and piperacillin tazobactam. The dosage was different according to the primary disease and severity. 14 patients(55.56%)developed anaphylactic shock within 5 minutes after drug exposure. The main symptoms were systemic allergic reaction ,mainly involving the circulatory system. Except for two death cases ,the other patients ’symptoms were relieved after treatment. CONCLUSIONS :Allergic history and skin test results may have limitation in predicting anaphylactic shock induced by piperacillin and its compound preparation. Close monitoring needs to be taken in patients during these medications. Rescue therapy should be prepared in advance and countermeasures need to be carried out promptly in case of anaphylactic shock.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct Z-score ranges for normal fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity(MCA-PSV).Methods:From May 2017 to October 2019, 865 normal singleton fetuses of 10th to 40th gestational weeks underwent prenatal ultrasound in the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Using fetal biometric parameters as independent variables, and measurement of MCA-PSV on standard section as dependent variables, the regression analyses of the mean(M) and the standard deviation(SD) for each parameter were calculated separately and then the best fitting equation was selected. A group of diseases which might cause the abnormal MCA-PSV were assessed using these standards.Results:①Strong correlations were found between MCA-PSV and fetal biometric parameters ( r=0.935-0.939, P<0.001). ②Quadratic or cubic regression equations were fitted to the models of the means of the MCA-PSV, whereas linear equations were fitted to the SDs. ③In these case groups, intrauterine growth restriction, severe preeclampsia, intrauterine infection and homozygous α-thalassemia-1 demonstrated Z-score>2 reflective of increased MCA-PSV with varying degrees, especially with the homozygous α-thalassemia-1 fetus being the most significant (17/20, 85%). Conclusions:The calculation of Z-score for MCA-PSV as a function of fetal biometric parameters is intuitive and simple, it can be used as an important indicator especially for homozygous α-thalassemia-1.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of different asparaginase on the incidence of drug-induced diabetes in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) during combined chemotherapy.Methods:A total of 100 ALL children hospitalized in Zhucheng People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected in this study.According to the difference of asparaginase, 67 cases were divided into L-asparaginase group, and 33 cases were divided into pegaspargase group.The demographic, clinical indicators and remission after chemotherapy were compared between the two groups, and logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of diabetes mellitus during treatment.Results:There were statistically significant differences in random blood glucose ( t=2.515, P=0.014), albumin ( t=2.407, P=0.018), serum C-peptide ( t=2.030, P=0.045) and diabetes mellitus ( t=5.380, P=0.002) between the two groups after chemotherapy ( P<0.05). During chemotherapy, drug-induced diabetes mellitus had the highest incidence in induction remission period.The incidence of the L-asparaginase group (31.3%, 21/67) was higher than that of the pegaspargase group (12.1%, 4/33) (χ 2=4.357, P=0.037). Age (χ 2=7.748, P=0.005), risk stratification (χ 2=10.500, P=0.005) and types of chemotherapeutic drugs (χ 2=7.752, P=0.005) were independent influencing factors for the occurrence of drug-induced diabetes in children with ALL during chemotherapy ( P<0.05). The older the age, the greater the risk of diabetes mellitus during chemotherapy.The risk of drug-induced diabetes mellitus in pegaspargase group was 0.107 times higher than that in L-asparaginase group.The risk of drug-induced diabetes in high-risk children was 9.916 times higher than that in low-risk children. Conclusion:Drug-induced diabetes mellitus in ALL children treated with asparaginase combined with chemotherapy mainly occurs in the early stage of chemotherapy.The risk of drug-induced diabetes mellitus in ALL children treated with L-asparaginase combined with chemotherapy is higher than that of pegaspargase.Pegaspargase combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of ALL children can effectively reduce the incidence of drug-induced diabetes during chemotherapy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss how to avoid the occurrence of adverse events and provides basis for improving the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) transport safety management to formulate the corresponding preventive measures through analyzing the causes and characteristics of adverse events in transport of ECMO.Methods:By using a self-designed ECMO transport observation table to collect data, with a retrospective study of adverse events in patients with ECMO transport in ECMO center of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2013 to June 2017, carrying out classification and analysis according to the causes of adverse events and the potential risks of the patients, thus put forward the feasible preventive measures.Results:There were 53 cases of ECMO transport in study period, with 18 cases (33.96%) of adverse events, among which the incidence of adverse events in inner-hospital transport was 34.21% (13/38) and that in inter-hospital transport was 33.33% (5/15). There was no patient died in ECMO transport. In the adverse events of ECMO transport, the main causes were related to transport staff, transport equipment and patient, which accounting for 1/3 of each. Among them, the most prominent was 4 cases (22.22%) of equipment lacking and 3 cases of battery and power supply (16.67%). In classification according to the risk degree of patients, 6 cases (33.33%) of third grade risk were found.Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to carry out ECMO transport in inner-hospital transport and inter-hospital transport based on ECMO transport team and transport process of this hospital. However the unexpected events of high risk or crisis of life is inevitable in ECMO transport. Through standardized training for ECMO team, with full assessment before transport, by the use of ECMO checklist and strict implementation of various transport processes and specifications, the incidence of adverse events in ECMO transport may be reduced.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861049

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences of brain structure volume in normal middle-aged and elder Chinese using automatic brain segmentation technique. Methods MRI was performed in 96 healthy middle-aged and elderly volunteers, and the volume of each brain structure was obtained with automatic brain segmentation technology. The differences of brain structure volumes in different genders, age, left and right side of the brain were analyzed, and the impact of aging was observed. Results Statistical differences of the absolute value of whole brain volume, also of standard volume of brain structures, including right putamen, bilateral caudate nucleus, right globus pallidus, gray matter of right frontal lobe and right parietal lobe were found between different genders. There were statistical differences of bilateral standard volume of cerebral ganglion, putamen, caudate nucleus, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, temporal lobe, insular lobe, gray matter of cingulated gyrus and the third ventricle of cerebrum. The volume of cerebrospinal fluid, right ventricle and the third ventricle of cerebrum were positively correlated with aging (r=0.60, 0.51, 0.57, all P<0.05), whereas of bilateral frontal lobe and left insula lobe, cortical gray matter, gray matter of parietal lobe, temporal lobe and left occipital lobe were negatively correlated with aging (all P<0.05). Conclusion Automatic brain segmentation technology can directly and rapidly display brain structure volume. There are differences of brain structure volume in healthy middle-aged and elderly Chinese people between different genders. The volume of cerebrospinal fluid, lateral ventricle and third ventricle increase, while of cortical gray matter, frontal gray and white matter, parietal, occipital, temporal gray matter and insula lobe decrease with aging.

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