Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 120
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904093

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High-fat diet-induced obesity is one of the major cause of chronic renal failure. This obesity-related renal failure is mainly caused by inflammatory processes. However, the role of the major anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 has not been researched intensively. @*METHODS@#To evaluate the effect of IL-10 deficiency on obesity-related renal failure, the in vivo study was carried with four animal groups; (1) Low-fat dieted C57BL/6 mice, (2) Low-fat dieted IL-10 knockout (KO) mice, (3) High-fat dieted C57BL/6 mice and (4) High-fat dieted IL-10 KO mice group. The analysis was carried with blood/urine chemistry, H&E, Oil-Red-O, periodic acid-Schiff and Masson’s trichrome staining immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR methods. @*RESULTS@#At week 12, high-fat dieted IL-10 KO mice showed 1) severe lipid accumulation in kidneys, cholesterol elevation (in total, serum kidney) and low-density lipoprotein increasion through the SCAP-SREBP2-LDLr pathway; (2) serious histopathologic alterations showing glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and immune cell infiltration; (3) increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines expression; (4) enhanced renal fibrosis; and (5) serious functional failure with high serum creatinine and BUN and proteinuria excretion compared to other groups. @*CONCLUSION@#IL-10 deficiency aggravates renal inflammation, fibrosis and functional failure in high-fat dieted obese mice, thus IL-10 therapy could be applied to obesity-related chronic renal failure.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896389

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High-fat diet-induced obesity is one of the major cause of chronic renal failure. This obesity-related renal failure is mainly caused by inflammatory processes. However, the role of the major anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 has not been researched intensively. @*METHODS@#To evaluate the effect of IL-10 deficiency on obesity-related renal failure, the in vivo study was carried with four animal groups; (1) Low-fat dieted C57BL/6 mice, (2) Low-fat dieted IL-10 knockout (KO) mice, (3) High-fat dieted C57BL/6 mice and (4) High-fat dieted IL-10 KO mice group. The analysis was carried with blood/urine chemistry, H&E, Oil-Red-O, periodic acid-Schiff and Masson’s trichrome staining immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR methods. @*RESULTS@#At week 12, high-fat dieted IL-10 KO mice showed 1) severe lipid accumulation in kidneys, cholesterol elevation (in total, serum kidney) and low-density lipoprotein increasion through the SCAP-SREBP2-LDLr pathway; (2) serious histopathologic alterations showing glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and immune cell infiltration; (3) increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines expression; (4) enhanced renal fibrosis; and (5) serious functional failure with high serum creatinine and BUN and proteinuria excretion compared to other groups. @*CONCLUSION@#IL-10 deficiency aggravates renal inflammation, fibrosis and functional failure in high-fat dieted obese mice, thus IL-10 therapy could be applied to obesity-related chronic renal failure.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874837

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Internal hernia after gastrectomy is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition without surgical intervention. Clinical risk factors of internal hernia should, hence, be reviewed after gastrectomy.From 2008 to 2018, patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were investigated. @*Methods@#Abdominal computed tomography (CT) was used to screen for internal hernia, and surgical exploration was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Using retrospective statistical analysis, the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors were identified, and the characteristics of the internal hernia group were reviewed. @*Results@#The overall incidence of internal hernia was 0.9%. From statistical analysis, it was found that laparoscopic surgery was almost five times riskier than open gastrectomy (odds ratio [OR], 4.947; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.308–18.710; p = 0.019). Body mass index < 25 kg/m2 (OR, 4.596; 95% CI, 1.056– 20.004; p = 0.042) and proximal gastrectomy (OR, 4.238; 95% CI, 1.072–16.751; p = 0.039) were also associated with internal hernia. Among 20 patients with internal hernia, 12 underwent laparotomy, and five had their bowels removed due to ischemia. All patients with bowel resected had suffered from short bowel syndrome. @*Conclusion@#Suspecting an internal hernia should be an important step when a patient with a history of laparoscopic gastrectomy visits for medical care. When suspected, emergent screening through CT scan and surgical intervention should be considered as soon as possible to prevent lifetime complications accordingly.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835500

ABSTRACT

Anterior neck mass is a common symptom that is seen in otolaryngology surgery centers. Common types include thyroid tumor and thyroglossal duct cyst. In an elderly patient, a differentiated thyroid carcinoma should be suspected especially if it moves when swallowing. We encountered a typical presentation of a solitary thyroid nodule-like mass without pulsation in an 81-year-old female. We presented a rare diagnosis of pulsatile anterior neck swelling in which a high-riding subclavian artery should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Ultrasonography, Doppler scan, and contrast CT scan revealed that the neck mass corresponds to the high-riding subclavian artery. Therefore, ultrasonography is essential to detect any vascular lesion prior to biopsy or fine needle aspiration cytology as to avoid catastrophic hemorrhage.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833485

ABSTRACT

The demineralized bone matrix (DBM) as the bone graft material to increase the fusion rate was widely used in spinal fusion. The current study aimed to compare the fusion rate of DBM to the fusion rate of autograft in lumbar spine fusion via meta-analysis of published literature. After systematic search, comparative studies were selected according to eligibility criteria. Checklist (risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized study) was used to evaluate the risk of bias of the included nonrandomized controlled studies. The corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated. We also used subgroup analysis to analyze the fusion rate of posterolateral lumbar fusion and lumbar interbody fusion. Eight studies were finally included in this meta-analysis. These eight studies included 581 patients. Among them, 337 patients underwent spinal fusion surgery using DBM (DBM group) and 204 patients underwent spinal fusion surgery with mainly autologous bone and without using DBM (control group). There was no significant differences of fusion rate between the two groups in posterolateral fusion analysis (risk ratio [RR], 1.03; 95% CI, 0.90–1.17; p=0.66) and interbody fusion analysis (RR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.91–1.39; p=0.27). Based on the available evidence, the use of DBM with autograft in posterolateral lumbar spine fusion and lumbar interbody fusion showed a slightly higher fusion rate than that of autograft alone; however, there was no statistically different between two groups.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 952-959, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774931

ABSTRACT

The conversion of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP) to the misfolded pathogenic scrapie prion protein (PrP) is the biochemical hallmark of prion replication. So far, various chemical compounds that inhibit this conformational conversion have been identified. Here, we report the novel anti-prion activity of SGI-1027 and its meta/meta analogue (M/M), previously known only as potent inhibitors of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs). These compounds effectively decreased the level of PrP in cultured cells with permanent prion infection, without affecting PrP at the transcriptional or translational levels. Furthermore, SGI-1027 prevented effective prion infection of the cells. In a PrP aggregation assay, both SGI-1027 and M/M blocked the formation of misfolded PrP aggregates, implying that binding of these compounds hinders the PrP conversion process. A series of binding and docking analyses demonstrated that both SGI-1027 and M/M directly interacted with the C-terminal globular domain of PrP, but only SGI-1027 bound to a specific region of PrP with high affinity, which correlates with its potent anti-prion efficacy. Therefore, we report SGI-1027 and related compounds as a novel class of potential anti-prion agents that preferentially function through direct interaction with PrP.

7.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 76-81, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811491

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine (1) the degree of reduction of passive range of motion (PROM) on the affected side compared to that on the unaffected side and (2) the degree of increase in PROM following intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI) in patients with frozen shoulder.METHOD: The medical records of 120 patients with frozen shoulder were retrospectively reviewed. PROM of the unaffected and affected shoulder (flexion, extension, abduction, internal rotation, external rotation) was compared, and changes in PROM of the affected shoulder after a single IACI (triamcinolone 20 mg) were evaluated after 12 weeks.RESULTS: At the time of diagnosis, PROM of the affected shoulder was most limited in external rotation, followed by internal rotation, abduction, extension, and flexion, compared to that of the unaffected shoulder. Compared to before IACI, PROM of external rotation demonstrated the greatest increase compared to all the other movements after IACI.CONCLUSION: Limitation in PROM of the frozen shoulder at the time of diagnosis was greatest for external rotation. Moreover, external rotation experienced the greatest improvement after IACI. Our findings should help to further clarify the clinical characteristics of frozen shoulder, aid in its diagnosis, and allow the prediction of the effects of IACI.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Bursitis , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Medical Records , Methods , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742447

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most important disease screened for upon patient history review during preimmigration medical examinations as performed in South Korea in prospective immigrants to certain Western countries. In 2007, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) changed the TB screening protocol from a smear-based test to the complete Culture and Directly Observed Therapy Tuberculosis Technical Instructions (CDOT TB TI) for reducing the incidence of TB in foreign-born immigrants. METHODS: This study evaluated the effect of the revised (as compared with the old) protocol in South Korea. RESULTS: Of the 40,558 visa applicants, 365 exhibited chest radiographic results suggestive of active or inactive TB, and 351 underwent sputum tests (acid-fast bacilli smear and Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture). To this end, using the CDOT TB TI, 36 subjects (88.8 per 105 of the population) were found to have TB, compared with only seven using the older U.S. CDC technical instruction (TI) (p<0.001). In addition, there were six drug-resistant cases which were identified (16.7 per 105 of the population), two of whom had multidrug-resistance (5.6 per 105 of the population). CONCLUSION: The culture-based 2007 TI identified a great deal of TB cases current to the individuals tested, as compared to older U.S. CDC TI.


Subject(s)
Directly Observed Therapy , Emigrants and Immigrants , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Prospective Studies , Radiography, Thoracic , Republic of Korea , Sputum , Tuberculosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742382

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite major progress in stem cell therapy, our knowledge of the characteristics and tissue regeneration potency of long-term transported cells is insufficient. In a previous in vitro study, we established the optimal cell transport conditions for amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs). In the present study, the target tissue regeneration of long-term transported cells was validated in vivo. METHODS: For renal regeneration, transported AFSCs were seeded on a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffold and implanted in a partially resected kidney. The target tissue regeneration of the transported cells was compared with that of freshly harvested cells in terms of morphological reconstruction, histological microstructure reformation, immune cell infiltration, presence of induced cells, migration into remote organs, expression of inflammation/fibrosis/renal differentiation-related factors, and functional recovery. RESULTS: The kidney implanted with transported cells showed recovery of total kidney volume, regeneration of glomerular/renal tubules, low CD4/CD8 infiltration, and no occurrence of cancer during 40 weeks of observation. The AFSCs gradually disappeared and did not migrate into the liver, lung, or spleen. We observed low expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines and fibrotic factors; enhanced expression of the genes Wnt4, Pax2, Wt1, and Emx2; and significantly reduced blood urea nitrogen and creatinine values. There were no statistical differences between the performance of freshly harvested cells and that of the transported cells. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that long-term transported cells under optimized conditions can be used for cell therapy without adverse effects on stem cell characteristics, in vivo safety, and tissue regeneration potency.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Creatinine , Cytokines , Female , In Vitro Techniques , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Polyglactin 910 , Regeneration , Spleen , Stem Cells
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920028

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#This study examined the expressions of p16 and the programmed cell death 1 ligand (PD-L1) in patients with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) treated with radiotherapy (RT) to identify the correlation between p16 and PD-L1 expression, and to examine the prognostic significance of these markers for OPC patients receiving RT.SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Forty-eight OPC patients diagnosed and treated at a tertiary referral hospital were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Patients were initially treated with RT or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with curative intent and completed the planned schedule. Expression of p16 and PD-L1 by primary tumors was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and results were interpreted separately and dichotomized according to outcome analyses.@*RESULTS@#Of the 48 patients, 25 (52.1%) expressed p16 and 15 (31.3%) expressed PD-L1. Expression of these markers showed a mutual positive correlation (p=0.046). Positive PD-L1 expression was associated with poor complete remission (CR) rates after RT (p=0.040). Positive p16 expression was associated with better recurrence-free survival (RFS) (p=0.004) but not overall survival (OS) (p=0.192). PD-L1 expression showed no independent association with survival (p>0.05); however, PD-L1 expression tended toward poorer RFS, even in p16-positive individuals.@*CONCLUSION@#There was a positive correlation between the expression of p16 and PD-L1 in OPCs. PD-L1 expression was associated with poorer CR rates after RT or CRT. PD-L1 alone did not show an association with RFS or OS, but when combined with p16, it tended toward poorer RFS, even in p16-positive cases.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919430

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tuberculosis (TB) is the most important disease screened for upon patient history review during preimmigration medical examinations as performed in South Korea in prospective immigrants to certain Western countries. In 2007, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) changed the TB screening protocol from a smear-based test to the complete Culture and Directly Observed Therapy Tuberculosis Technical Instructions (CDOT TB TI) for reducing the incidence of TB in foreign-born immigrants.@*METHODS@#This study evaluated the effect of the revised (as compared with the old) protocol in South Korea.@*RESULTS@#Of the 40,558 visa applicants, 365 exhibited chest radiographic results suggestive of active or inactive TB, and 351 underwent sputum tests (acid-fast bacilli smear and Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture). To this end, using the CDOT TB TI, 36 subjects (88.8 per 105 of the population) were found to have TB, compared with only seven using the older U.S. CDC technical instruction (TI) (p<0.001). In addition, there were six drug-resistant cases which were identified (16.7 per 105 of the population), two of whom had multidrug-resistance (5.6 per 105 of the population).@*CONCLUSION@#The culture-based 2007 TI identified a great deal of TB cases current to the individuals tested, as compared to older U.S. CDC TI.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762689

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Postoperative complications (PCs) after gastrectomy are associated with readmission and longer hospital stay. This study aimed to determine the role of CRP as an early predictor of PCs and a reliable discharge indicator after gastrectomy. METHODS: Clinicopathologic data and PCs of 613 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer in 2015–2016 were retrospectively analyzed, including consecutive blood samples for CRP obtained preoperatively, at the operative day, and postoperatively. Following the Clavien-Dindo classification, the patients were divided into a group with major PCs and a group with minor/no PCs. Diagnostic accuracy was determined by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Clinical factors related to major PCs were identified using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: PCs occurred in 89 patients (14.5%). The most significant predictive factor for major PCs was a CRP concentration reduction rate of ≤38.1% (AUC, 0.82; sensitivity, 76.4%; specificity, 76.1%) between postoperative day (POD) 3 and 5 (R5), followed by ≤11.1% (AUC, 0.75; sensitivity, 73%; specificity, 76%) between POD 2 and 3 (R4). When both factors were applied (R4 ≤ 11.1% and R5 ≤ 38.1%), the specificity was 91.6%; when only one condition was satisfied (R4 ≤ 11.1% or R5 ≤ 38.1%), the sensitivity was 91%. CONCLUSION: CRP concentration reduction rates between POD 3 and 5 and between POD 2 and 3 were the best combination factors to predict PCs and indicate a safe discharge after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Classification , Gastrectomy , Humans , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762557

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a gonadotropin secreted by the pituitary gland, is a representative secondary sex hormone and an important indicator of reproductive function. The effects of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury on humans have been studied, but reports on their effects on sex hormone levels are lacking. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between heavy metal exposure and FSH levels in Korean men and postmenopausal women. METHODS: A total of 4,689 adults (2,763 men and 1,926 postmenopausal women aged 50 years or over) who participated in the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014) were included. We compared differences in serum FSH levels by demographic characteristics using the t-test and analysis of variance. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between the blood levels of lead and mercury and the urine cadmium level, and serum FSH levels. RESULTS: On multiple linear regression analysis, lead exposure was positively associated with serum FSH concentrations in postmenopausal women (β = 2.929, p = 0.019). However, we found no significant association between serum FSH concentration and blood lead and mercury levels, or urine cadmium level, in men. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that lead exposure can affect the FSH level in postmenopausal women. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effects of low-dose long-term exposure to heavy metals on sex hormones.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cadmium , Environmental Health , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Gonadotropins , Humans , Linear Models , Male , Metals, Heavy , Pituitary Gland
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol (triclosan) is used as an antiseptic and is a potential endocrine-disrupting chemical that can affect thyroid hormone levels. This study evaluated the relationship between triclosan exposure and thyroid hormones. METHODS: Data from the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014) were analyzed. Triclosan exposure was evaluated using urinary triclosan concentrations and classified into 2 groups: ‘below detection (< limit of detection [LOD])’ vs. ‘detected (≥ LOD).’ Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between triclosan exposure and the serum thyroid hormone concentrations, adjusting for age, body mass index, urinary creatinine, and smoking status. RESULTS: When grouped by sex, triclosan exposure was positively associated with the serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations in females with marginal significance (β = 0.066, p = 0.058). However, no significant association was identified between triclosan exposure and serum total triiodothyronine and thyroxine in both males and females, and TSH in males. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first human study to evaluate the relationship between triclosan exposure and serum thyroid hormone concentrations in the Korean population. There was suggestive positive association between triclosan exposure and the serum TSH in females. Further studies need to evaluate the relationship between long-term exposure to low-dose triclosan and thyroid hormones.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Creatinine , Environmental Health , Female , Humans , Limit of Detection , Linear Models , Male , Smoke , Smoking , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triclosan , Triiodothyronine
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739571

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Isolated iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) is uncommon. It is frequently treated by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). This study was to evaluate treatment results of IIAA and survey aortic diameter after EVAR. METHODS: Patients treated for IIAA in Seoul St. Mary's Hospital and Bundang Seoul National University from 2005 to April 2016 were retrospectively enrolled. The inclusion criteria of IIAA was >30 mm of iliac artery aneurysm without abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was treated by open surgical repair (OSR) or EVAR. Patients' clinical characteristics, treatment results, and mortality were obtained from electronic medical records. Diameters of aorta and iliac arteries were measured periodically with scheduled interval based on CT scans. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients (40 males; mean age, 71.9 ± 11.1 years) were enrolled. Five ruptured IIAAs were treated with EVAR (n = 1) or hybrid methods (n = 4). The diameter of ruptured IIAAs was 65 ± 31.4 mm, which was not significantly different from that of elective (44.3 ± 17.0 mm). Forty-four elective IIAA underwent 9 OSR, 31 EVARs, and 3 hybrid treatments (15 bifurcated and 12 straight stent-grafts). Treatment success rate was 93.8% without hospital mortality. There were 4 type I endoleak, 1 type II endoleak, and 1 type III endoleak without aneurysm-related mortality during follow-up. However, the aortic diameter was increased over time though there was no change or decrease in common iliac artery's diameter. CONCLUSION: Treatment of IIAA included various endovascular modalities as well as open surgery. Regular surveillance is still needed due to aortic dilatation after its treatment.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aorta , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Dilatation , Electronic Health Records , Endoleak , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Iliac Aneurysm , Iliac Artery , Male , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758494

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis of the retropharynx is extremely rare. The diagnosis is frequently delayed because of its anatomical location and atypical symptom. It would be crucial to consider tuberculosis infection as a possible source of abscess and should be mindful about the tests to diagnose it. We experienced a 23-year-old man with retropharyngeal abscess caused by tuberculosis presenting hypernasality and hoarseness in the throat. In this article, we reviewed the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this case, with a review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Diagnosis , Hoarseness , Humans , Pharynx , Retropharyngeal Abscess , Tuberculosis , Young Adult
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742085

ABSTRACT

Recently, digital implant systems are expanding its influence in dental area. Due to technical improvement, they jumped over their limits nowadays. We can use these newest systems to treat edentulous patient, from implant surgery to fabrication of prosthesis. In this case, The patient was a fifty years old female. She had a full edentulous ridge on mandible and wanted to reconstruct occlusion with using implants. We planned to use digital implant system with “all-on-4” concept on mandible and produced surgical guide for flapless implant surgery. After the surgery, we tried to fabricate full arch prosthesis just using a digital devices and confirmed satisfying result.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Mandible , Prostheses and Implants
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762539

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to suggest revised recognition standards for occupational disease due to chromium (VI) by reflecting recent domestic and international research works and considering domestic exposure status with respect to target organs, exposure period, and cumulative exposure dose in relation to the chromium (VI)-induced occupational disease compensation. METHODS: In this study, the reports published by major international institutions such as World Health Organization (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (2012), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (2006), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) (2013), American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) (2004), National Toxicology Program (NTP) (2014), and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ASTDR) (2012) were reviewed and the recent research works searched by PubMed were summarized. RESULTS: Considering the recent research works and the domestic situation, only lung cancer is conserved in the legislative bill in relation to chromium (VI), and the exposure period is not included in the bill. Nasal and paranasal sinus cancer was excluded from the list of cancers that are compensated as the chromium (VI)- induced occupational disease, while lung cancer remains in the list. In the view of legislative unity, considering the fact that only the cancers having sufficient evidence are included in the conventional list of cancers compensated as occupational disease, nasal and paranasal sinus cancer having limited evidence were excluded from the list. The exposure period was also removed from the legislative bill due to the insufficient evidence. Recent advices in connection with cumulative exposure dose were proposed, and other considerable points were provided with respect to individual occupational relevance. CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested that the current recognition standard which is “Lung cancer or nasal and paranasal sinus cancer caused by exposure to chromium (VI) or compounds thereof (exposure for two years or longer), or nickel compounds” should be changed to “Lung cancer caused by exposure to chromium (VI) or compounds thereof, and lung cancer or nasal and paranasal sinus cancer caused by exposure to nickel compounds”.


Subject(s)
Chromium , Compensation and Redress , International Agencies , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Nickel , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms , Toxicology , United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration , World Health Organization
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762525

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) produced by incomplete combustion have negative effects on human health due to their carcinogenicity and teratogenicity. Indoor sources of PAHs include tobacco smoke, heating sources, and cooking. This study evaluated the relationship between human PAH exposure and residence characteristics. METHOD: This study was based on the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014). Non-smoking housewives were included in the analyses (n = 1269). The concentrations of urinary PAH metabolites (2-naphthol, 2-hydroxyfluorene, 1-hydroxyphenanthrene, and 1-hydroxypyrene) were adjusted by urine creatinine level. The geometric mean concentrations of urinary PAH metabolites by residential factors were examined. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between residential variables and PAH exposures. RESULTS: The adjusted geometric mean concentrations of urinary 2-hydroxyfluorene and 1-hydroxyphenanthrene were significantly higher in the group residing within 100 m of a major road (p  100 m from a major road. In logistic regression analyses, the odds ratio (OR) for exceeding the third quartile of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentration was significantly higher in the group using coal or wood fuel for residential heating than in the group using gas (OR = 2.745, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.295–5.819). The detached house group had a significantly higher OR for 1-hydroxyphenanthrene compared with the apartment group (OR = 1.515, 95% CI = 1.023–2.243). CONCLUSION: Our study shows the evidence of associations between some urinary PAH metabolite levels (1-hydroxyphenanthrene and 1-hydroxypyrene) and residence characteristics. Additional studies are needed to clarify these associations.


Subject(s)
Coal , Cooking , Creatinine , Environmental Health , Heating , Hot Temperature , Humans , Logistic Models , Methods , Odds Ratio , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , Residence Characteristics , Smoke , Tobacco , Wood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL