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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 561-564, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819214

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 271 patients with liver cirrhosis who attended the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 2014 to May 2017, and ARFI elastography was performed for all patients to measure the elasticity of the liver and the spleen. According to the presence or absence of esophageal variceal bleeding, the patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group, and related indices were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of ARFI elasticity in the diagnosis of esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsThe bleeding group had a significantly higher ARFI elasticity of the spleen than the non-bleeding group [3.89(349-4.11) m/s vs 3.46(2.93-3.80) m/s, Z=-4.941, P<0.001], and there was no significant difference in the ARFI elasticity of the liver between the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group [2.08 (1.57-2.74) m/s vs 1.98 (1.49-2.70) m/s, Z=-1.025, P=0.305]. The areas under the ROC curve for ARFI elasticity values of the spleen and the liver were 0.714 and 0.544, respectively, in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis (P=0.002 5). At the cut-off value of 3.71 m/s, the ARFI elasticity of the spleen had a sensitivity of 0.68 and a specificity of 0.69 in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding. ConclusionThe ARFI elasticity value of the spleen has a better value than that of the liver in predicting the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding and thus holds promise for clinical application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of the acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) in the quantitative evaluation of fibrosis staging in chronic hepatitis B .Methods A total of 373 patients with chronic hepatitis B were grouped in accordance with the depth of the right anterior lobe and posterior lobe of the liver and underwent ARFI to measure ARFI values .Liver biopsy was performed in all patients to investigate the relationship between liver fibrosis stages and ARFI values in different groups . Results The ARFI values in different pathological grades with the same depth of the right anterior and right posterior lobe of the liver were statistically significant ( P < 0 0.01);the ARFI values between the middle and deep parts of the right anterior lobe and the same location of the right posterior lobe were statistically significant ( P <0 0.1);for the right anterior lobe ,the ARFI value of the shallow part showed statistical significance from that of the middle and the deep part ( P < 0 0.5 ) .Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for different sampling locations showed that the largest area under the ROC curve ,which was 0 8.18 ,existed in the middle part of the right anterior lobe ,indicating that it could be the optimal sampling location for the measurement of ARFI values .Liver stiffness at ARFI imaging was significantly correlated with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis B and spearman coefficient of correlation was 0 5.30 ( P <0 0.01) .The areas under the ROC curves for the chronic hepatitis B patients with severe liver fibrosis (≥ S3) and early cirrhosis (= S4) were 0 8.18 and 0 8.60 ,respectively .Conclusions ARFI imaging was promising for clinical application and could be utilized as a noninvasive method for the quantitative evaluation of fibrosis staging in chronic hepatitis B .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the degree of oxidative stress in the process when Porphyromonas gin-givalis ( P. gingivalis) stimulates human vascular endothelium, And to investigate the effect of peroxi-some proliferator-activated receptor(PPAR)γ on oxidative stress during this process. Methods:Human vascular endothelial cells ( HVECs) line EA. hy926 ( American Type Culture Collection ,United States) was cultured in high glucose Dulbecco' s modified eagle medium ( DMEM) . Four groups were designed:control group, P. gingivalis infected group, PPARγactivated group and PPARγblocked group. In con-trol group HVECs were cultured with only DMEM. In P. gingivalis infected group, HVECs were time-dependently stimulated by P. gingivalis W83 from 0 to 12 h. In PPARγ activated group or PPARγblocked group, PPARγ was pre-activated or blocked by a representative PPARγ agonist(15d-PGJ2 10μmol/L) or antagonist ( GW966210μmol/L) 30 minutes before the cells were stimulated by P. gingiva-lis. At 0, 0. 5, 1, 1. 5, 2, 4, 8, and 12 h, the culture medium was collected individually and centri-fuged, and the supernatant was stored for assay. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and malondialdehyde( MDA) were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cellular reactive oxygen species ( ROS) were detected through 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFA-DA) fluorescent probe at various time points of the different groups. Results:In P. gingivalis infected group, the levels of GSH-PX [(5. 56 ± 0. 97) μmol/L] and MDA [(0. 84 ± 0. 18) nmol/L] were significantly higher than those in control group [GSH-PX(4. 71 ± 0. 64) μmol/L, MDA (0. 59 ± 0. 18) nmol/L)]. The levels of GSH-PX and MDA in PPARγactivated group [GSH-PX (5. 38 ± 0. 84) μmol/L, MDA (0. 84 ± 0. 22) nmol/L] and in PPARγblocked group [GSH-PX (5. 37 ± 0. 76) μmol/L, MDA (0. 85 ± 0. 14) nmol/L] were signi-ficantly higher than those in control group (P <0. 05). In the PPARγ activated group, the levels of GSH-PX at 0 . 5 and 8 h were significantly higher than those from 1 . 5 h to 4 h ( P<0 . 05 ) , while no difference was observed on the MDA levels at different time points. There was no significant difference at various time points for the levels of GSH-PX and MDA in PPARγ blocked group. The level of cellular ROS detected by DCFH-DA in P. gingivalis infected group was significantly higher than that in control group (10 108. 65 ± 1 805. 18 vs. 6 049. 06 ± 1 199. 19,P<0. 05). No difference was observed be-tween PPARγ activated group (7 120. 94 ± 1 447. 30) or PPARγblocked group (6 727. 35 ± 1 483. 68) and control group. Conclusion:Oxidative stress happens when P. gingivalis stimulates human vascular endothelium. PPARγ may involve in modulating oxidative stress during this process.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636533

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the imaging features of hepatic tumors contained lipid by contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and compare with MRI ifndings. Methods From July 2010 to December 2012, 17 patients of hepatocellular carcinoma containing lipid component in the 302nd Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army underwent dual-echo sequence MRI imaging. Fifteen patients were conifrmed by enhanced MRI and contrast-enhanced CT, while the other 2 patients were confirmed by pathology. The features of ultrasonography, CEUS and MRI were analyzed. Kappa analysis test was analyzed for the consistency of CEUS and MRI ifndings. Results In the two-dimensional ultrasound of 17 lesions, 9 were hypoechoic heterogeneous lesions, 5 were hypoechoic lesions;13 lesions with clear boundaries, 4 lesions with unclear boundaries;peripheral blood lfow signal in 5 lesions and rich blood lfow in 1 lesion were observed by color Doppler ultrasound, 11 lesions had no signiifcant blood lfow signal;15 lesions showed fast high enhancement in CEUS arterial phase, 1 lesion with synchronization enhancement, 1 lesion with mild enhancement;10 lesions showed portal clearance, 1 lesion showed an enhanced synchronization, 1 lesion with mild enhancement;16 lesions showed clearance in delay phase, 1 enhanced lesion showed isoenhancement;6 lesions presented intra-lesion or surrounding patchy, irregular non-enhancement areas. CEUS diagnostic accuracy was 82%(14/17), the diagnostic accuracy of MRI was 88%(15/17). The Kappa consistency test was 0.628, while CEUS and MRI results were in good agreement. Conclusions Performance of hepatocellular lipid-containing ultrasound contrast arterial phase shows non-enhancement areas. Contrast enhanced ultrasound features of lipid-containing hepatocellular carcinoma are valuable for the clinical diagnois.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432097

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of the acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technology and AST/PLT ratio index (APRI) for the assessment of the liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients.Methods 107 patients with chronic hepatitis C were included,the subjects were underwent liver biopsy,liver function,blood count,as well as real-time acoustic elastography examination.The APRI was calculated according the following formula,APRI =AST (ULN)/PLT (109/L).ARFI and APRI were compared by correlation with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C.Referring to the histologic fibrosis stage on liver biopsy,all the ARFI and the APRI value were assessed by using ROC curve analysis.The corresponding cut-off values,sensitivity and specificity were also calculated and compared.Results The mean values of ARFI and APRI were (1.26 ± 0.27)m/s and 0.30 ± 0.46 for the patients with S1,(1.45 ± 0.51)m/s and 0.29 ± 0.21 for those with S2,(2.03 ± 0.54) m/s and 0.59 ± 0.56 for those with S3,(2.29 ± 0.82) m/s and 0.63 ± 0.35 for those with S4,respectively.ARFI (r =0.61,P <0.001) had a better correlation with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C than APRI (r =0.49,P <0.001).Cut-off points of ARFI and APRI were 1.529 m/s and 0.170 for S≥2,1.780 m/s and 0.277 for S≥3,1.780 m/s and 0.446 for S =4,respectively.Accordingly,the areas under the ROC curves for ARFI and APRI were 0.779 and 0.724 for S≥2,0.866 and 0.786 for S≥3,0.790 and 0.779 for S=4,respectively.Conclusions As a non-invasive technology,ARFI is more accurate when applied to evaluate liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C than APRI.ARFI technology has potential value for quantitatme evaluation of the liver fibrosis for chronic hepatitis C.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391453

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of virtual touch quantification (VTQ) technique in assessing the hepatic fibrosis. Methods A total of 115 inpatients with chronic liver disease receiving liver biopsy were enrolled in this study, all patients liver tissue was checked by VTQ technique, and the results were compared with those of the control group including 80 healthy subjects. Results VTQ value was significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.0000).The VTQ value among different degree of hepatic fibrosis but between S0 and S1 had statistical significances (P = 0.0212, P = 0.0000).ROC curve displayed that VTQ value of 1.4 m/s could be used to diagnose middle-high-grade liver fibrosis, the sensitivity and specificity were 85.4 % and 64.7%, respectively. Conclusions VTQ can be used as a noninvasive and effective means for assessing the degree of hepatic fibrosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401094

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(US)in differential diagnosis of hyperechoic hepatic lesions when compared to conventional US.Methods Eighty-four hyperechoic liver lesions in 66 patients were examined using both conventional and contrast-enhanced US techniques.Results Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed a significant improvement in the discrimination of malignant versus benign hyperechoic hepatic lesions (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve,0.867±0.045 at conventional US,0.997±0.003 with contrast-enhanced US(P<0.0001).For correct diagnoses types of hyperechoic liver lesions,contrast-enhanced US improved from 64.3% to 92.9%,comic)ared with conventional US (P<0.001).Conclusions Contrast-enhanced US showed a significant improvement in characterization and differentiation of hyperechoic hepatic lesions when compared to conventional US.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537026

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide the normal hemodynamic parameters of uterine several arteries in reproductive women.Methods The hemodynamic parameters including peak systolic velocity(PSV),end diastolic velocity(EDV),resistance index(RI),pulsatility index(PI)and systolic/diastolic velocity ratio(S/D) of uterine artery(UTA),arcuate artery(AA),radial artery(RA)and spiral artery (SA) in 66 reproductive women were studied by transvaginal color Doppler(TVCD).The results were analyzed with T test.Results The flow of uterine several arteries in normal reproductive women was all detected well.From UTA to SA,parameters gradually decreased.In the secretory phase of menstrual cycle,the change of SA which EDV value was higher and RI value was lower was the most obviously.Conclusion The uterine hemodynamics in productive period is in close relalionship with menstrual cycle.We can predict the time of menstrual cycle according RI value of SA.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540105

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anatomy and homodynamics of the normal testis vessels in puberty using color Doppler flow imaging to obtain the normal value ranges of each flow parameter and evaluate the waveform characteristics of the testicular and its clinical significances. Methods The anatomy and homodynamic parameters of testicular artery (TA), capsular artery (CA), intratesticular artery (ITA), deferential and cremasteric arteries were studied in 141 normal pubertal volunteers. The following blood flow parameters were included: time average maximum velocity (TAMX), peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI). Results ① The blood flow in TA, CA and ITA was visualized bilaterally in all the subjects; deferential and cremasteric arteries were identified in 98.6% of the subjects. ② The normal ranges of the homodynamic parameters of supratesticular artery, CA and ITA were obtained in puberty. ③ PSV, PI and RI decreased gradually in the following arteries: TA→CA→ITA. Conclusion The testicular arterial anatomy and arterial waveform characteristics of normal pubertal testis can be accurately evaluated by CDFI. It is helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of testicular diseases in pubertal youngsters.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 561-564, 171.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813329

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 271 patients with liver cirrhosis who attended the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 2014 to May 2017, and ARFI elastography was performed for all patients to measure the elasticity of the liver and the spleen. According to the presence or absence of esophageal variceal bleeding, the patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group, and related indices were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of ARFI elasticity in the diagnosis of esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsThe bleeding group had a significantly higher ARFI elasticity of the spleen than the non-bleeding group [3.89(349-4.11) m/s vs 3.46(2.93-3.80) m/s, Z=-4.941, P<0.001], and there was no significant difference in the ARFI elasticity of the liver between the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group [2.08 (1.57-2.74) m/s vs 1.98 (1.49-2.70) m/s, Z=-1.025, P=0.305]. The areas under the ROC curve for ARFI elasticity values of the spleen and the liver were 0.714 and 0.544, respectively, in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis (P=0.002 5). At the cut-off value of 3.71 m/s, the ARFI elasticity of the spleen had a sensitivity of 0.68 and a specificity of 0.69 in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding. ConclusionThe ARFI elasticity value of the spleen has a better value than that of the liver in predicting the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding and thus holds promise for clinical application.

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