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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 432-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881918


OBJECTIVE: To explore the status and its influencing factors of anxiety symptoms in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). METHODS: A total of 220 ONID patients were selected as the ONID group,and 200 healthy participants without noise exposure were selected as the control group by judge sampling method.The two groups were investigated by the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to evaluate the disability levels of tinnitus, and pure-tone audiometry was used to assess the degree of tinnitus and hearing impairment in the ONID group. RESULTS: The incidence of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder were higher in the ONID group than that in the control group(52.7% vs 9.0%, 55.0% vs 15.0%, 52.3% vs 7.0%, P<0.05). In ONID with anxiety subgroup, the duration of disease was longer(1.0 vs 2.0 years, P<0.01), incidences of tinnitus, depression and sleep disorder were higher than those in ONID without anxiety subgroup(92.3% vs 100.0%, 18.3% vs 87.9%, 19.2% vs 81.9%, P<0.01). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the longer the duration of disease and the more severe of the tinnitus, the higher the risk of anxiety symptoms in patients with ONID [the odds ratio(OR) and its 95% confidence interval(CI) were 1.35(1.10-1.65) and 2.94(1.56-5.54) respectively, P<0.01]. The risk of anxiety in patients with sleep disorders was higher than those without sleep disorders [OR(95%CI) was 12.78(5.90-27.64), P<0.01]. CONCLUSION: The ONID patients are more likely to have anxiety. The duration of disease, severity of tinnitus and sleep disorders are the risk factors causing anxiety in ONID patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384590


Objective To observe the action of Rhodiola Crenulate(RC) oral liquid reproduction function for the male rats. Methods 100 SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups with equal gender number respectively. The male rats were given RC oral liquid (0, 2.48 g/kg, 7.48 g/kg, 24.80 g/kg) and Nanbao (2.00 g/kg)by oral twice a day for 48 d, respectively. Then the male rat was put into the same box in which the female rat whit two-side ovarys were excised for 15 d, respectively. The intercoursing ability,testosterone levels, and the weight of immune organs of the male rats were examined. 40 four-week-old rats were divided into 5 groups. Except for blank control, all rats's testis were excised. The castrated rats were treated with RC oral liquid (2.48 g/kg, 24.8 g/kg)and Methyltestosterone (2.00 mg/kg). The blank control group and model control group were given the same dose NS by oral twice a day for 28 d, respectively. The weight of accessory sex organs in castrated rats was observed. Results The level of testosterone and the organ coefficients of thymus and spleen in RC oral liquid groups were higher than blank control (P<0.05 or P<0.01).The weight of accessory sex organs of castrated rats in RC oral liquid groups were heavier than model control (P<0.05). Conclusion RC oral liquid can improve the reproduction function in male rats.