Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 856-858, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709612

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the advantages,incision designing methods and surgical procedures of spigelius' line incision in retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy.Methods Among the 114 donors,39 were obtained by spigeliu'line incision (13 males and 26 females),with an average age of 35 years,35 left kidneys and 4 right kidneys.Gibson incision was performed in 75 patients (28 males and 47 females),with an average age of 31 years,73 left kidneys and 2 right kidneys.The clinical data of 114 donors undergoing retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy from September 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.The operation was performed by laparoscopic surgery to separate the ureter,renal vessels and perirenal fat.Finally,the renal vessels were removed and the kidneys were removed with hand-assistant.75 cases were taken out of the kidney through the inguinal parallel incision (Gibson incision),while the other 39 cases used the spigelius' line incision (Through the linea pararectalis,the anterior sheath is cut opened at the margin of the rectus sheath (spigelius' line) and the lateral peritoneum is pushed into the midline between the arcuate line and the inferior abdominal vessels to expose the retroperitoneal space).The intraoperative data were collected.Results All the operations were not converted to open surgery.The incision length of the spigelius' line incision group was (6.8 ± 0.6) cm,and the incision length of the Gibson incision group was (7.0 ± 0.4) cm,P =0.02.The blood loss of the operation of the spigelius' line incision group was (59.2 ± 33.4) ml,while the Gibson incision group was (80.7 ± 32.8) ml,P =0.002.The warm ischemia time of the spigelius'line incision group was (2.8 ± 1.1) min,while the Gibson incision group was (3.1 ± 1.7) min,P =0.31.The operation time of the spigelius' line incision group was (160.8 ± 30.7) min,while the Gibson incision group was (162.5 ± 28.1) min,P =0.77.There was no significant difference between the two groups in the warm ischemia time and the operation time.No incisional hernia was found in these two groups.Conclusions Compared with Gibson incision,the spigelius' line incision is safe.It can completely avoid to cut the abdominal muscles,and effectively avoid the abdominal nerves injury.Without damaging the integrity of the peritoneum,it can avoid abdominal organ injury.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 665-668, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478065

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of radical nephrectomy associated with venous thrombectomy and the role of preoperative angioembolization.Methods From Sep 2006 to Dec 2014,the data from 15 cases with renal cell carcinoma and venous tumor thrombus were collected and analyzed retrospectively.The 15 patients included 8 men and 7 women,whose age ranged from 16 to 75 years.Before operation,all patients underwent imaging examinations which demonstrated the renal tumor and venous thrombus.The tumors size ranged from 5.4 to 14.5 cm.The levels of venous thrombus included 0 grade in 4 cases,Ⅰ grade in 2 cases,Ⅱ grade in 6 cases and Ⅲ grade in 3 cases.The 15 patients were divided into angioembolization group (n =5) and non-angioembolization group (n =10) according to the conduction of preoperative angioembolization.Results All cases successful accepted the nephrectomy.The venous thrombectomy were undergone in 14 cases except for one case due to the severe adhesion between renal vein and aorta.The average operative time was 243.3 ± 77.0 min.The mean blood loss was 1 373.3 ± 1 440.9 ml and the volume of blood transfusion was 533.3 ± 521.9 ml.The average time of postoperative hospital stay was 12.7 ± 5.2 days.Symptomatic tumor thrombus embolism didn't occur in all cases,perioperatively.There were no significant difference between these two groups in operative time,blood loss,blood transfusion volume and postoperative hospital stay (P > 0.05).Eight cases were followed up with a period of 6 to 69 months.Four cases had disease-free survival during follow up.Two cases died at 30 and 55 months after surgery,respectively.One had tumor recurrence at 6 months after surgery.One patient accepted a 6-months target therapy (sunitinib) before surgery.However,his thrombus could not be removed during the operation.After the operation,he continued to choose the target drug therapy for 18 months.No progression for thrombosis or metastasis has been found.Conclusions Nephrectomy and venous thrombectomy could be safe and effective for renal cell carcinoma associated with venous thrombosis.Preoperative angioembolization could not reduce the perioperative risk such as blood loss.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 356-359, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731559

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy.Methods Clinical data of 22 donors undergoing retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 201 2 to May 201 4 were analyzed retrospectively.The ureter,renal vessel and perirenal fat were dissected by laparoscopic approach.Then the renal vessels were cut off and the kidney was extracted by hand through superomedial inguinal parallel incision.The surgical process and the postoperative follow-up of the donors were recorded.Results One right kidney and 21 left kidneys were extracted.The operations in 22 cases were performed successfully without conversion to laparotomy.The operation time was (1 23 ±31 )min.The length of kidney extracting incision was (7.2 ±0.5)cm.The intraoperative blood loss was 1 5-80 ml and the warm ischemia time was 60-1 50 s.The length of donor renal arteries was 2.0-3.2 cm.The length of renal veins was 1 .0-3.5 cm.The donors were followed up for 1 -21 months.The serum creatinine (Scr)levels at 1 d,1 week and 1 month after operation were (1 20 ±57),(95 ±25),(90 ±21 )μmol/L respectively.Two cases suffered from renal fossa hematoma and poor wound healing after operation respectively.The pain score of the donors was 0-5 at 1 week after operation and 0-1 at 1 month after operation.No donor had the perception that donating kidney had obvious impacts on the general health,but 1 donor felt it had some influence on physical strength.Conclusions It is safe to perform retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy on the basis of strict donor selection.It has little impacts on the donor's quality of life with small surgical incision and mild postoperative pain.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 380-382, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416785

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the feasibility and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for treatment of kidney tuberculosis. Methods From March 2005 to February 2009, 28 patients with kidney tuberculosis underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. The patients′ data were reviewed and analyzed. Results There were 18 men and tencwomen with an average age of 36 (26-51) in the cohort. Sixteen patients had lesions on the left kidney and 12 on right kidney. All patients had a normal renal function on the contra lateral side. The severely impaired renal function of the lesion side was confirmed before operation. Anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy was administered to patients for two weeks to six months in advance of the surgery. No active lesion of tuberculosis was found and ESR level was normal before operation. All the operations were successfully performed without switching to open surgery. The average operative time was 170 (121-258) minutes, blood loss was 110 (70-250) ml and average postoperative hospital stay was 5.7 (5-14) days. Peritoneum injury was seen in three patients and incision infection in two patients. No severe complications were observed. Anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy was continued for three months. Twenty-four patients were followed-up, and the average follow-up time was 12.5 (6-20) months. All patients recovered without any lesion remaining. Conclusions Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy could be a safe and reliable method for the treatment of non-functioning kidney due to tuberculosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 104-106, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391327

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare WHO 2004 and WHO 1973 pathological grading methods of non-muscle invasive urothelial neoplasms. Methods The clinical pathological features of 160 non-muscle invasive urothelial neoplasms patients, treated in our hospital from February, 1998 to Decem-ber, 2008, were re-graded according to WHO 2004 and WHO 1973 classification system. To evaluate recurrence and progression of all the patients during the follow up period, we used statistical method to analyses the differences between two classification system. Results There were 160 patients, ac-cording to WHO 1973 classification methods: 5 cases of papilloma, 52 cases of grade 1 tumors, 83 ca-ses of grade 2 and 20 cases of grade 3;By WHO 2004 classification method: 7 cases of papilloma, 31 cases of low-grade malignant potential of urothelial papilloma, 99 cases of low-grade papillary urotheli-al carcinoma and 23 cases of high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma. There was no difference in re-currence among the grades of WHO 2004 and WHO 1973 pathological grading system (both P>0.05). Regarding the progress of non-muscle invasive papillary urothelial neoplasms, no significant difference was found among grades of WHO 1973 classification system(P>0.05)while difference exis-ted among grades of WHO 2004 pathological grading system (P<0.05), especially between papillary neoplasm of low malignant potential (PNLMP) and high grade papillary urothelial carcinomas(HG-PUC) (P<0.01). Moreover, HGPUC grade had more progression rate (30.4%) than G_3 grade (15.0%). Conclusions Compare to G_3 grade, HGPUC grade was more easily to make progress in pa-tients,due to this grade include more high malignant papillary urothelial carcinomas. Therefore, it is necessary for urologists to use a more rigorously follow up and therapy method in connection with HG-PUC grade of new classification system.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 498-500, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393859

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment outcomes of testieulax endodermal sinus tumor. Methods Twenty-four cases diagnosed with testieular endodermal sinus tumors from November 1996 to April 2007 were retruspeetively reviewed. Eighteen patients presented with stage Ⅰ disease, 4 presented with stage Ⅰ , and 2 presented with stage Ⅲ. Inguinal radical or-chieetomy were performed in all patients. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection was performed in 8 ea-ses. Results The histological structures were rather complicated in 24 tumors. Twenty-three eases (96%) were found with reticular pattern, 22(92%) with hyaline body, 20(83%) with glandlike structure, 16(67%) with Shiller-Dural body, and 13(54%) with solid formation. The former 3 kinds were regarded as the main diagnostic criteria. Twenty-one eases were followed up for 20 months to 12 years. During the follow-up, 2 patients died of the disease. Condesions Early diagnosis and combi-nation therapy, including radical orehieetomy and chemotherapy, are the keys to improve the curative effect of testieular endodermal sinus tumors. Active surveillance of AFP is critical for monitoring the recurrence and metastasis of this tumor.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400785

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of tripterium wilfordii hook f.(T11) used after transplantation on survival of pancreas graft.Methods Male Wistar rats weighing 200-300 g served as donors, while recipients were male SD rats rendered diabetes with strepotozotocin administered intravenously at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight through tail vein.Vascularized heterotopic whole organ panereaticoduodenal transplantation was performed.The graft exocrine secretion was drained into duodenum by side-to-side anastomoses between the duodenum of donor and recipient.The insulin was drained into systemic vena by anastomoses between inferior vena cava and the infrarenal abnominal aorta of recipient and the donor aorta and portal vein.The vascular anastomoses were done by using microsurgical method.The non-fasting serum glucose and urine glucose reaction were detected at an interval of 2 days and the serum insulin Wasdetected at the 4th day post-transplantation.Results All of the recipients had normoglyeemia and negative urine glucose reaction 24 h after transplantation.The survival time of the pancreatic grafts was as follows: (10.4±2.9)days in group 1,(22.0±1.5)days in group 2.Conclusion Administration of T11 after pancreatic transplantation could prolong the pancreatic graft survival.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL