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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374423


A 41-year-old man was referred to our hospital suffering from pyrexia. Echocardiogram showed diffuse severe hypokinesis of the left ventricle. The patient was treated medically under a diagnosis of acute myocarditis and anticoagulation therapy had been started. However a large mobile thrombus and multiple small thrombi were detected in the left ventricle 2 days after admission. Because of the deterioration of his left ventricular function (LVEF 14%), he was treated medically with careful monitoring of the thrombi by echocardiogram. His left ventricular function started to improve 3 days after admission (LVEF 27%), and then surgical removal of the thrombi was performed through left ventriculotomy. His postoperative course was uneventful. LVEF was improved to 60% at discharge. He is doing well without any signs of embolic event at 2 years postoperatively. Left ventriculotomy is one of the useful methods for removal of left ventricular thrombus associated with acute myocarditis, if the procedure is performed during the recovery phase.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365549


Obstruction of right ventricle-pulmonary artery bioprosthetic valved conduits can result from valvular degeneration and calcification or neointimal peel formation. From 1968 through 1989, 38 patients underwent repair of congenital heart malformation with a porcine xenograft extracardiac valved conduits from right ventricle to pulmonary artery. Of 27 patients who survived after initial repair, 14 patients (8 males and 6 females) were reoperated for conduit obstructions. Ages of patients at the reoperation ranged 5 to 20yr (mean age 11.8±3.6yr) and the interval between initial repair and reoperation ranged 3 to 9yr (mean 6.6±1.7yr). The obstructed conduits were replaced with mechanical valved conduits (4 patients), nonvalved conduits (7 patients) or outflow patches (3 patients). In a half of patients, obstructions occured at multiple levels within the conduits. Obstructions mainly resulted from valvular degeneration, neointimal peel formation and anastomotic narrowings. There was no operative death but one late death due to the infective endocarditis. The systolic pressure ratio of right ventricle to left ventricle (or aorta) decreased from 0.81±0.13 preoperatively to 0.48±0.10 postoperatively. From our experience, it is recommended to use adequate sized bioprosthetic valued conduits for patients' body weight at the initial repair and replace obstructed conduits to the large sized nonvalved conduit at reoperation if possible.