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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 22-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) and its collision tumors. Methods: Five cases of IVLBCL were collected, including 2 cases of collision tumors, and 1 case complicated with liver cirrhosis. The morphology and immunophenotype were analyzed. The related literature was reviewed. Results: There were 2 females and 3 males, aged from 53 to 73 years, with a median age of 65 years. The tumors were located in the lower extremities, right cerebellar hemisphere, left kidney, bilateral nasal cavity, and liver, respectively. Cases 2 and 3 were incidentally found in meningioma and renal cell carcinoma tissues, respectively. Case 5 had a background of liver cirrhosis. Morphologically, atypical large lymphoid cells were located in small blood vessels and capillary lumen, with little cytoplasm, hyperchromasia, prominent nucleoli, and obvious mitotic figures. Immunohistochemically, the IVLBCL tumor cells expressed CD20 and PAX5; 2 cases were CD5 positive. One of the 5 cases was GCB phenotype, and 4 cases were non-GCB phenotype. All cases expressed C-MYC (positive rate was 10%-40%). PD-L1 was positive in 4 cases (positive rate was 60%-90%). Ki-67 proliferation index was 70%-90%. CKpan, CD3, TDT, and CD34 were negative. In case 2, meningioma cells were positive for PR, EMA, and vimentin, but negative for CKpan and PD-L1. In case 3, renal carcinoma cells were positive for CKpan, PAX8, EMA, vimentin, CAⅨ and CD10, while PD-L1 was negative. No EBER expression (by in situ hybridization) or C-MYC gene translocation (FISH, break-apart probe) was detected in any of the 5 cases. Three patients were followed up, and all died within 1-13 months. Conclusions: IVLBCL is a highly aggressive lymphoma, with occult clinical manifestations and poor prognosis. Collision tumors of IVLBCL are extremely rare. A better understanding of IVLBCL would help pathologists avoid misdiagnoses.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , B7-H1 Antigen , Vimentin , Meningioma , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Meningeal Neoplasms , Liver Cirrhosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006567

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the interaction among root fungi of Stellaria dichotoma var. lanceolata, soil factors, and main components of medicinal materials in lithosol habitats. MethodHigh-throughput sequencing technology was employed to determine the fungal community of the root system of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata at different levels (bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, rhizoplane soil, and root interior) and the soil properties of the root system (bulk and rhizosphere), and the relationship among the fungal community, soil properties, and the main components of medicinal materials was analyzed. ResultThe total phosphorus, available phosphorus, alkaline nitrogen, dissolved organic carbon, and soil water content in the rhizosphere soil of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata were slightly higher than those in the rhizosphere, but the difference was not significant. Ascomycota is the dominant phylum of root fungi in S. dichotoma var. lanceolata. In the progressive level of bulk-rhizosphere-rhizoplane-root interior system, although the fungal diversity gradually decreased, the abundance of Hypocreales, a new phylum (unclassified_ k_ Fungi), Helotiales, and Natipusilales gradually increased, among which Hypocreales is the most important fungal group in the root system of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata. The structural equation model (SEM) shows that the physicochemical factors of the root-soil play an important regulatory role in the fungal community and the main components of medicinal herbs, with soil total nitrogen, alkaline nitrogen, soil water content, and pH being the main regulatory factors. Soil nitrogen content is the key to promoting the main components of the medicinal herbs, and Penicillium fungi are the key fungal group to regulate the main components of the medicinal herbs. ConclusionIt highlights that the physicochemical properties of the soil of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata play a crucial role in the fungal community and the components of medicinal materials. Hypocreales fungi in the root of S. dichotoma var. lanceolata were an important group, and Penicillium fungi had a certain role in mediating the components of medicinal materials.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of children with perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease (pfCD).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the children, aged 6-17 years, who were diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD) from April 2015 to April 2023. According to the presence or absence of perianal fistulizing lesions, they were divided into two groups: pfCD (n=60) and non-pfCD (n=82). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of pfCD was 42.3% (60/142). The proportion of males in the pfCD group was higher than that in the non-pfCD group. Compared with the non-pfCD group, the pfCD group had a significantly higher proportion of children with involvement of the colon and small intestine or those with upper gastrointestinal lesions (P<0.05). Compared with the non-pfCD group, the pfCD group had a significantly higher rate of use of infliximab during both induction and maintenance treatment (P<0.05). In the pfCD group, the children with complex anal fistula accounted for 62% (37/60), among whom the children receiving non-cutting suspended line drainage accounted for 62% (23/37), which was significantly higher than the proportion among the children with simple anal fistula patients (4%, 1/23) (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in mucosal healing rate and clinical remission rate at week 54 of treatment (P>0.05). The pfCD group achieved a fistula healing rate of 57% (34/60) at week 54, and the children with simple anal fistula had a significantly higher rate than those with complex anal fistula (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a high incidence rate of pfCD in children with CD, and among the children with pfCD, there is a high proportion of children with the use of biological agents. There is a high proportion of children receiving non-cutting suspended line drainage among the children with complex anal fistula. The occurrence of pfCD should be closely monitored during the follow-up in children with CD.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Humans , Crohn Disease/complications , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of facial filling with autologous fat particles on the facial contour remodeling of patients with facial rejuvenation needs and its influence on the facial skin indicators of patients.Methods:From February 2019 to February 2020, 225 female patients, aged 25-52 years, with an average age of (42.5±5.2) years, received facial rejuvenation treatment in Zhengzhou Mylai Medical Beauty Hospital. They were divided into observation group (PPDO serrated line lifting combined with autologous fat granule filling), control group 1 (PPDO serrated line lifting alone) and control group 2 (simple autologous fat granule filling alone), with 75 cases in each group. After 6 months of follow-up, facial skin indexes, contour remodeling effect and adverse reactions after treatment were compared among the three groups.Results:At the last follow-up, the facial skin elasticity and moisture scores of the observation group (63.45±10.11, 56.71±9.38) were significantly higher than those of control group 1 (51.11±9.23, 43.69±7.65) and control group 2 (52.35±9.51, 42.47±7.53). The facial spots and lipid scores (41.31±7.24, 42.18±7.46) were significantly lower than those in control group 1 (48.67±9.15, 53.49±9.45) and control group 2 (48.26±9.21, 53.55±9.53) ( F=37.39, 68.98, 17.42, 40.91, P<0.001). At the last follow-up, the lower surface width of observation group (11.35±0.63) was lower than that of control group 1 (12.21±0.85) and control group 2 (12.38±0.65). The contour ratio of the lower part of the face (0.63±0.17) was higher than that of control group 1 (0.56±0.15) and control group 2 (0.57±0.15) ( F=44.49, 4.36, P<0.05). The change level of the ratio of lower facial area (0.12±0.03) was higher than that of control group 1 (0.07±0.02) and control group 2 (0.08±0.04) ( F=54.31, P<0.001). Conclusions:For patients who need facial rejuvenation treatment, the use of autologous fat granule facial filling therapy has good clinical effects, which can significantly improve the patient's facial skin elasticity, moisture, spots, and oil. The patient's facial contour reshaping effect is better, and the aesthetic score is significantly improved, and does not increase the risk of adverse reactions.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 738-746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between serum antibody titers, clinical characteristics, and prognosis in patients with encephalitis induced by anti leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibody.Methods:Clinical data of 20 patients diagnosed with encephalitis in the Department of Neurology, First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from February 2015 to February 2021 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on their serum anti LGI1 antibody titers, namely the high titer group (1∶100, 1∶320) and the low titer group (1∶10, 1∶32). The clinical characteristics, laboratory test results, and prognosis of the 2 groups of patients were compared. Relusts The age of the 20 patients with anti LGI1 antibody encephalitis ranged from 27 to 69 (53.5±11.2) years, with a male to female ratio of 1∶1. There were 9 patients in the low titer group and 11 patients in the high titer group. There was no statistically significant difference in the types and quantities of clinical symptoms between the 2 groups. Patients in the high titer group were more prone to abnormal lesions on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (10/11 vs 3/9, P=0.014). There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the presence or absence of cerebrospinal fluid anti LGI1 antibodies (9/11 vs 4/9, P=0.160). During the follow-up, it was found that 1/20 patient died of pulmonary embolism, 7/20 of patients were able to recover to their predisease state, and 9/20 of patients had residual memory impairment. In the high titer group, 3/11 of patients experienced recurrence, while there was no recurrence in the low titer group. There was no statistically significant difference in the neurological prognosis between the 2 groups at 3 months of discharge and follow-up (the number of patients whose modified Rankin Scale score≤2: 10/10 vs 8/9, P=0.474). Conclusions:Patients with high serum anti LGI1 antibody titers are more likely to develop intracerebral lesions. Higher antibody titers may be associated with a higher risk of disease recurrence. There was no significant correlation between serum antibody titers and neurological outcomes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 106-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994807

ABSTRACT

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune encephalitis mediated by anti-NMDAR antibody. Current studies have found that most patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis have a good prognosis after immunotherapy and tumor therapy, but there are still 4.5%-36.4% patients with relapse. It is important to identify the risk factors for the prevention of relapse. This article aims to review the relapse risk factors of NMDAR encephalitis in order to provide help for the prevention of relapse.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between capacity of general practice team leaders and the team performance in community health service centers.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. A questionnaire survey was conducted between November and December 2022, among general practice team leaders and general practitioners (GPs) from 18 community health service centers in the urban and suburban areas of shanghai selected by stratified sampling method. The personal information questionnaire, leadership of general practice team leader questionnaire,and work performance scale of general team members were used for the survey. The relationship between leadership of general practice team leaders and team performance was analyzed based on structural equation model (SEM).Results:A total of 944 questionnaires were distributed and 856 valid ones were returned with a response rate of 91.0%, including 110 general practice team leaders and 749 were GPs. The SEM analysis showed that some dimensions of the management ability of the general practice team leader had significant effect on the employee organization loyalty (organizational management: β=0.37, teaching and research management: β=-0.29, strategy and cultural construction: β=0.23, personal quality: β=0.11) and work performance (special business management: β=0.95, organizational management: β=0.54) (all P<0.05); and employee organization loyalty played a partial mediator role in relationship between leadership of general practice team leaders and work performance with a mediating effect of 39.50%. Conclusion:The management ability of the general practice team leader directly affect or indirectly affect the work performance of team members through team members′ organizational loyalty.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey on the status quo of the management capabilities of general practice team leaders in community health service centers in Shanghai.Methods:Using stratified sampling method, 18 community health service centers in the urban and suburban areas of Shanghai were selected, then the general practice team leaders and general practitioners (team members) in the centers were selected as the study participants. The questionnaire survey on the management capabilities of general practice team leaders was conducted among selected participants from November to December 2021. The self-assessment by general team leaders and the other-assessment by team members were carried out, and the total scores was calculated according to the weight of self-evaluation score (30%) and other-evaluation score(70%).Results:A total of 110 general practice team leaders and 749 team members participated in the survey. Among the team leaders, 63.64% (70/110) were females, 82.73% (91/110) were bachelor degree holders, 71.82% (79/110) had intermediate professional title, and 50.91% (56/110) worked for more than 9 h per day. The total score of general practice team leaders was (87.15±10.76) points, the other-assessment score was significantly higher than self-assessment score ((88.62±9.34) vs.(83.71±14.08), t=2.22, P<0.05). The average score of the 5 dimensions was 4.41 for special business management, 4.39 for organizational management, 4.38 for personal quality, 4.27 for teaching and research management and 4.22 for strategy and cultural construction, respectively. Conclusion:The overall management capabilities of Shanghai community general practice team leaders are at the upper-middle level, however, the capabilities in scientific research and team planning are relatively weak.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of using bedside ultrasound and serum biomarkers for the prediction of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction(SIMD)and mortality in septic shock patients.Methods:The patients diagnosed as septic shock were enrolled in the study from January 2019 to July 2021 in PICU at Shanghai Children′s Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine.Bedside ultrasound results were recorded at day 1, 2, 3, 7 and 10.Blood samples were collected at the same time, markers of myocardial injury were detected, and prognosis was recorded at 28 days.According to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), children with septic shock were divided into SIMD group and non-SIMD group.Those with LVEF <50% or decreased by ≥10% from baseline level were defined as SIMD.Differences in cardiac ultrasound parameters and biomarkers between two groups were compared.Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent risk factors for SIMD and the independent risk factors for death at 28 days after septic shock.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of different indicators in predicting SIMD and the death outcome of children with septic shock on 28 days.Results:A total of 57 children were enrolled, including 28 cases in SIMD group and 29 cases in non-SIMD group.Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in pediatric critical illness score, N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), LVEF and left ventricular short axis shortening rate between two groups ( P<0.05). Logistic analysis demonstrated that LVEF( OR=0.890, 95% CI 0.818-0.969, P=0.007)and NT-proBNP ( OR=1.000, 95% CI 1.000-1.000, P=0.015)could independently predict SIMD.There were 42 cases in survival group and 15 in non-survival group according to the prognosis on 28 days.Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in pediatric risk mortality score Ⅲ, pediatric sequential organ failure assessment, cardiac troponin I, and mitral annular plane systolic excursion(MAPSE)( P<0.05). Logistic analysis showed that only MAPSE independently predicted mortality( OR=85.670, 95% CI 1.685-4 356.736, P=0.026). Compared with MAPSE(AUC=0.727), MAPSE combined with pediatric risk mortality score Ⅲ, pediatric sequential organ failure assessment, cardiac troponin I(AUC=0.926) could be better to predict the 28 days prognosis of patients with septic shock on 28 days. Conclusion:NT-proBNP increases significantly in the early stage of SIMD.MAPSE shows no difference between SIMD and non-SIMD patients.MAPSE is correlated with the prognosis of patient with septic shock.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status of the dyadic coping in spouses of young and middle-age cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and to explore the influencing factors in bi-directional of patients and their spouses.Methods:With the convenience sampling method, a total of 150 cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy who were hospitalized in the Radiotherapy Department of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from March 2021 to February 2022 and their spouses were selected. A cross-sectional study was conducted by the Dyadic Coping Inventory, the Lock-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, etc. Besides, multiple linear regression was used to identify predictors of the dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Results:The total score of dyadic coping, marital quality, general self-efficacy, anxiety and depression in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy were (121.69 ± 19.67), (97.23 ± 25.05), (25.13 ± 5.19), (9.98 ± 3.46), (8.19 ± 4.06) points. The scores of anxiety and depression of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy were (10.57 ± 3.60), (9.10 ± 4.12) points. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that factors of the patients′ anxiety and depression, spouse′s perception of marital quality, spouse′s general self-efficacy, changes in family relationship, family income, and period of radiotherapy were the main influencing factors ( P<0.01), which accounted for 55.7% of total variation. Conclusions:The level of dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy was medium, the marriage quality remains to be further improved,and its influence factors involved in the bi-directional of patient and spouse, including patients′ anxiety and depression, the changes of the family relationship, period of radiotherapy, spouses perception of marital quality and self-efficacy and family income. Clinical medical staff can improve the level of dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy by improving their cognition of disease, reducing the incongruence of dyadic illness appraisals, and taking multiple measures to reduce the economic burden felt of the spouses.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the injury factors and prognosis of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore the risk factors affecting its severity, so as to provide evidence for the prevention and intervention of TBI in children.Methods:A total of 6 040 children with TBI who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020 were selected. The injury factors and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors affecting the severity of TBI in children.Results:Of the 6 040 children, 3 681 were males and 2 359 were females. The patients aged 1 to 3 years accounted for the highest proportion (34.0%, 2 056/6 040), and most of them were mild injuries (93.2%, 5 631/6 040). The main injury sites of children with TBI were road (35.9%, 2 167/6 040) and home (31.1%, 1 881/6 040), and the main causes of injury were falling from height (34.9%, 2 107/6 040) and falling (34.5%, 2 085/6 040). Children aged 1 to 3 years were most likely to be injured at home(41.9%, 861/2 056), mainly due to falling from height, while children aged 4 to 6 years were most likely to be injured on the road(43.8%, 828/1 891), mainly due to falling. Logistic regression analysis showed that children's residence, the presence of multiple injuries and the location of brain injury were independent influencing factors for the severity of TBI in children ( χ2=6.58, 138.15, 4.25, all P <0.05). Conclusions:TBI in children aged 1 to 3 years mainly occurred at home, and in children aged 4 to 6 years mainly occurred on the road. Falling from height and falling are the main causes of TBI in children. The society, schools and families should take targeted prevention education and intervention measures according to different age groups. Children who live in rural areas, have multiple injuries, and have multiple brain injury sites are more severely injured. In the process of treating children with TBI, the severity can be quickly predicted based on this, and the treatment efficiency of children with TBI can be improved.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989913

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive breast cancer is prone to metastasis and has a poor prognosis. In the context of the booming development of anti-HER2 targeted therapy, HER2-positive breast cancer has reduced recurrence and metastasis and improved prognosis. However, there are still some HER2-positive breast cancer patients who cannot benefit from anti-HER2-targeted therapy and continue to develop recurrent metastasis. Neoadjuvant therapy, surgical treatment, and the full range of adjuvant and palliative therapies enable HER2-positive breast cancer to benefit from them. Scholars from home and abroad have explored the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer and have achieved some results. In this article, we review the current status and development of HER2-positive breast cancer treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988898

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the internet media information of COVID-19 in Shanghai in 2022, to provide evidence for health administration departments to respond to public health emergencies, and to establish a comprehensive public health media surveillance system. MethodsData on internet media information and the local COVID-19 epidemic data in Shanghai from January 1 to June 30, 2022 were collected and analyzed. ResultsA total of 90.197 3 million pieces of internet media information were monitored. The top four sources of the information were Weibo (36.84%), short videos (26.19%), internet media (14.47%), and forums (13.31%). The variation trend of daily internet media surveillance information was identified with the number of newly reported cases per day, and a correlation was found (r=0.770. After the seven-day moving average,r=0.796). Frequent keywords included Shanghai, cheer up, nucleic acid, new cases, local, asymptomatic, prevention and control, gratitude, isolation, epidemic prevention, supplies, pandemic response, patient, seeking help, and clearing the cases. Within the information on Weibo, in addition to netizens in Shanghai (7 823 100) who were highly concerned about the pandemic, netizens from Beijing (2 749 100), Guangdong Province (2 352 300), Jiangsu Province (2 189 100) and Zhejiang Province(1 532 100) also posted a relatively high amount of information related to COVID-19 in Shanghai. ConclusionThe outbreak of major infectious diseases triggers significant online activity, and platforms such as Weibo and short video platforms play crucial roles in disseminating internet media information. Weibo, short videos etc. are important platforms for current internet media information. Strengthening media information monitoring and analysis, paying close attention to hot events, taking timely response measures and actively engaging in risk communication contribute to the response and management of public health emergencies.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted with 613 cases of neonatal asphyxia treated in 20 cooperative hospitals in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from January to December 2019 as the asphyxia group, and 988 randomly selected non-asphyxia neonates born and admitted to the neonatology department of these hospitals during the same period as the control group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors for neonatal asphyxia. R software (4.2.2) was used to establish a nomogram model. Receiver operator characteristic curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis were used to assess the discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that minority (Tujia), male sex, premature birth, congenital malformations, abnormal fetal position, intrauterine distress, maternal occupation as a farmer, education level below high school, fewer than 9 prenatal check-ups, threatened abortion, abnormal umbilical cord, abnormal amniotic fluid, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, emergency caesarean section, and assisted delivery were independent risk factors for neonatal asphyxia (P<0.05). The area under the curve of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia based on these risk factors was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.723-0.772). The calibration curve indicated high accuracy of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia. The decision curve analysis showed that the model could provide a higher net benefit for neonates at risk of asphyxia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture are multifactorial, and the nomogram model based on these factors has good value in predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, which can help clinicians identify neonates at high risk of asphyxia early, and reduce the incidence of neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Female , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Asphyxia Neonatorum/etiology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Clinical characteristics and outcome in COVID-19 with brucellosis patients has not been well demonstrated, we tried to analyze clinical outcome in local and literature COVID-19 cases with brucellosis before and after recovery.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected hospitalization data of comorbid patients and prospectively followed up after discharge in Heilongjiang Infectious Disease Hospital from January 15, 2020 to April 29, 2022. Demographics, epidemiological, clinical symptoms, radiological and laboratory data, treatment medicines and outcomes, and follow up were analyzed, and findings of a systematic review were demonstrated.@*RESULTS@#A total of four COVID-19 with brucellosis patients were included. One patient had active brucellosis before covid and 3 patients had nonactive brucellosis before brucellosis. The median age was 54.5 years, and all were males (100.0%). Two cases (50.0%) were moderate, and one was mild and asymptomatic, respectively. Three cases (75.0%) had at least one comorbidity (brucellosis excluded). All 4 patients were found in COVID-19 nucleic acid screening. Case C and D had only headache and fever on admission, respectively. Four cases were treated with Traditional Chinese medicine, western medicines for three cases, no adverse reaction occurred during hospitalization. All patients were cured and discharged. Moreover, one case (25.0%) had still active brucellosis without re-positive COVID-19, and other three cases (75.0%) have no symptoms of discomfort except one case fell fatigue and anxious during the follow-up period after recovery. Conducting the literature review, two similar cases have been reported in two case reports, and were both recovered, whereas, no data of follow up after recovery.@*CONCLUSION@#These cases indicate that COVID-19 patients with brucellosis had favorable outcome before and after recovery. More clinical studies should be conducted to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brucellosis , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome , Case Reports as Topic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003846

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder with a slow course and is often accompanied by multiple serious complications, having highly consistent pathogenic characteristics with the latent pathogen. By exploreing its pathogenesis and treatment based on the latent pathogen theory in traditional Chinese medicine, it is believed that congenital healthy qi deficiency is the root, while internal latent phlegm and stasis is the branch, and external pathogenic seven emotions are causing factors. In terms of treatment, it is necessary to target at root deficiency and use nourishing medicinals according to depletion degree of lungs, spleen, and kidneys. When protecting the healthy qi, it is important to prevent the generation and inducing of latent pathogen. Simultaneously, it is also critical to put focus on phlegm stasis by clearing existing latent pathogens with medicinals having the function of dissolving phlegm and dispelling stasis, as well as regulating liver and lung qi. All these are expected to provide new ideas and methods for the treatment of OSA patients in clinical practice.

18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 36-48, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970104

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. With the improvement of clinical therapy, the mortality of acute MI has been significantly reduced. However, as for the long-term impact of MI on cardiac remodeling and cardiac function, there is no effective prevention and treatment measures. Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein cytokine essential to hematopoiesis, has anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenetic effects. Studies have shown that EPO plays a protective role in cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac ischemia injury and heart failure. EPO has been demonstrated to protect ischemic myocardium and improve MI repair by promoting the activation of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs). This study aimed to investigate whether EPO can promote MI repair by enhancing the activity of stem cell antigen 1 positive stem cells (Sca-1+ SCs). Darbepoetin alpha (a long-acting EPO analog, EPOanlg) was injected into the border zone of MI in adult mice. Infarct size, cardiac remodeling and performance, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and microvessel density were measured. Lin- Sca-1+ SCs were isolated from neonatal and adult mouse hearts by magnetic sorting technology, and were used to identify the colony forming ability and the effect of EPO, respectively. The results showed that, compared to MI alone, EPOanlg reduced the infarct percentage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis ratio and left ventricular (LV) chamber dilatation, improved cardiac performance, and increased the numbers of coronary microvessels in vivo. In vitro, EPO increased the proliferation, migration and clone formation of Lin- Sca-1+ SCs likely via the EPO receptor and downstream STAT-5/p38 MAPK signaling pathways. These results suggest that EPO participates in the repair process of MI by activating Sca-1+ SCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ventricular Remodeling , Erythropoietin , Myocardial Infarction , Heart , Stem Cells
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965456

ABSTRACT

Effect of amantadine dimer adjuvant on humoral immune response induced by SARS-CoV-2 protein vaccine in mice@#Objective To investigate the effect of amantadine dimer adjuvant on humoral immune response induced by SARS-CoV-2 crown protein vaccine in mice.Methods The amantadine dimer was synthesized by substitution reaction ligation,hydrolytic acidification reaction ligation and amide condensation reaction ligation,with which as adjuvant,female BALB/c mice were immunized with the receptor-binding domain(RBD).The mice were randomly divided into five groups,six for each as follows:R6A+RBD group[21 μg(0.033 μmol)amantadine dimer+10 μg RBD],Ada+RBD group[10 μg(0.066 μmol)amantadine+10 μg RBD],Alu+RBD group(35 μg aluminum adjuvant+10 μg RBD),RBD group(10 μg RBD)and Blank group(0.9% normal saline),which were immunized i.m.on day 0,14 and 28 respectively.Serum samples were collected from tail vein of mice 7 d after the second dose and 14 d after the last dose and determined for specific IgG antibody levels by ELISA.Results The amantadine dimer was purified by thin layer chromatography(TLC)and identified by electrospray ionization-MS(ESI-MS)positive/negative ion mode.After two times of immunization,the antibody levels in sera at various dilutions of mice in R6A+RBD group were all higher than those of Ada+RBD group,while lower than those of Alu+RBD group.However,after three times of immunization,the antibody levels in sera at various dilutions of mice in R6A+RBD group were all significantly higher than those of Ada+RBD and Alu+RBD groups(each F > 30,each P < 0.000 1 and each P < 0.01).Conclusion Amantadine dimer adjuvant enhanced humoral immune response induced by SARS-CoV-2 protein vaccine in mice with good adjuvant effect,which may be used as an alternative adjuvant.This strategy based on existing drug transformation provided a new idea for the development of novel adjuvants.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964931

ABSTRACT

Background Previous studies using meta-analysis to explore the relationship between air pollution exposure and ischemic stroke (IS) mostly focus on particulate matter-related themes, few include gaseous pollutants in the study, and subgroup analyses of factors such as different lag days, seasons, and genders are rarely been reported. Objective To quantitatively evaluate the relationships between short-term exposures to 6 common air pollutants, including fine particulate matter (PM2.5), inhalable particulate matter (PM10), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), and the incidence of IS. Methods A systematic search was conducted to collect literature studying the 6 common air pollutants and IS published up to May 1, 2022 in 6 databases (China Journal Full-text Database, China Biology Medicine Disc, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase). Literature quality evaluation was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Stata 16.0 software was used to conduct meta-analysis including heterogeneity test, combined effect size, meta-regression, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias test. Results A total of 33 articles were qualified for inclusion. The total number of samples included in the literature was 7195631. The meta-analysis results showed that short-term exposures to PM2.5 (OR=1.0082, 95%CI: 1.0049−1.0116), PM10 (OR=1.0017, 95%CI: 1.0008−1.0026), CO (OR=1.0328, 95%CI: 1.0231−1.0426), NO2 (OR=1.0150, 95%CI: 1.0079−1.0222), SO2 (OR=1.0158, 95%CI: 1.0078-1.0238), and O3 (OR=1.0017, 95%CI: 1.0003−1.0032) were associated with an increased risk of IS. PM10 and O3 increased the risk of IS in both lag0 and lag1, while PM2.5, CO, NO2, and SO2 all showed an associated increased risk of IS only in lag0. The results of sensitivity analysis showed stable results for all pollutants studied, and there was no publication bias in the literature on the association of the remaining five pollutants with IS incidence except for the PM2.5-related literature. Conclusion Short-term exposures to PM2.5, PM10, CO, NO2, SO2, and O3 may increase the incidence of IS, with this risk showing the most significant level on the day of IS onset.

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