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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 215-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873733

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) combined with stent implantation in the treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) after renal transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 21 patients with TRAS after renal transplantation undergoing PTA combined with stent implantation were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of TRAS in renal transplant recipients was summarized. The changes of relevant indexes in patients with TRAS were statistically compared before and after interventional treatment. Clinical prognosis of patients with TRAS was evaluated. Results The incidence of TRAS in renal transplant recipients was 4.1%(21/507). TRAS was diagnosed at postoperative 5 (4, 7) months, and 67% (14/21) of patients developed TRAS within postoperative 6 months. Compared with the values before interventional therapy, the serum creatinine level, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and peak flow velocity of transplant renal artery of patients with TRAS were significantly decreased, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and interlobar arterial resistance index were significantly increased at 1 week and 1 month after interventional therapy (all P < 0.05). During postoperative follow-up after PTA combined with stent implantation, 1 patient suffered re-stenosis of the transplant renal artery, which was improved after simple balloon dilatation. One patient developed pseudoaneurysm formation at the puncture site of the right femoral artery. One patient presented with renal atrophy and loss of function due to atresia of the transplant renal artery. All the remaining 18 patients were well recovered after surgery. Conclusions PTA combined with stent implantation is the optimal treatment of TRAS after renal transplantation, which can significantly improve the function of transplant kidney and considerably prolong the survival time of transplant kidney.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519180

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the immunologic changes and its immunologic mechanism in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy(HIE).Methods T lymphocyte subpopulation, serum interleukin 2 receptor (SIL 2R), interleukin 6(IL 6), interleukin 8 (IL 8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF ?), nitric oxide (NO), immunioglobin(Ig), complement (C 3), the percentage of RBC C 3b receptor rosette(E C 3b RR), RBC immune complex rosette ( E ICR) and cerebral artery hemodynamics was tested in newborns with HIE and normal controls. The umbilical blood samples and peripheral blood samples were obtained at the time of 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, 12~14 days and 26~28 days after birth. Results Birth asphyxia and HIE were associated with under regulated immune function, which include:(1) T Cell population disorder. In HIE and control group, CD 3 +were(62?8)%vs(65?10)%,CD 4 +(39?7)% vs (46?8)%,CD 8 +(33?6)% vs (19?5)%,CD 4 +/CD 8 + ratio (1.8?0.7) vs (2.5?0.7) on 1 to 3 days after birth. There were no signficant difference in both group on 26 to 28 days after bith ). (2)The IgM and C 3 were decreased.(3)The cytokins were abnormal. (4) RI was negetively correlated with IL 6 ( r=-0.61,P

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519178

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of the blood Platelet activating factor (PAF)levels in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy(HIE),and explore the relationship between PAF levels and severity of brain damage. Method The levels of blood PAF and SOD were measured in neonates with HIE by radio immunoassay and compared with that of normal term neonates. Results Blood PAF levels were much higher in acute stage of HIE,and PAF levels increased with the severity of HIE.Blood SOD and platelets were much lower compared with PAF. PAF is negatively correlated to SOD and PLT.( r=-0.467 and r=-0.359,P

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