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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 462-466, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of depression and to analyze its determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods:A cross-sectional study on centenarians was conducted in Hainan from June 2014 to December 2016.A total of 910 centenarians, including 166 males and 744 females, were interviewed in their domiciles by trained investigators.A 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS-15)was used to assess depression for centenarians, and general sociodemographic details, sleep quality, cognitive function, activities of daily living, and lifestyles were recorded.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine major related factors for depression in centenarians.Results:Of the 910 centenarians, 292 were regarded as depressed and the prevalence was 32.1%.Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in gender, education, marital status, self-reported health, incontinence, dietary habits, sleep quality, activities of daily living, cognitive function, outdoor activities, watching TV, and social engagement between subjects with and without depression( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that living conditions, self-reported health, activities of daily living, and sleep quality were independent related factors for depression in centenarians( P<0.05). Among the above related factors, living with families( OR=0.50, P=0.026)and good sleep quality( OR=0.67, P=0.010)were protective factors for depression, whereas poor self-reported health( OR=3.34, P<0.001)and disability( OR=2.37, P=0.002)were risk factors for depression in centenarians. Conclusions:Living conditions, self-reported health, activities of daily living, and sleep quality were independently correlated with depression in Hainan centenarians.This study provides empirical evidence for depression interventions and mental health improvement in centenarians.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 610-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825580

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of quantitative parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating the donor liver from donation after brain death (DBD). Methods Clinical data of 25 DBD donor livers and 10 healthy adult livers were retrospectively analyzed. CEUS examinations of DBD donor livers and healthy livers were collected. Quantitative parameters included the area under curve (AUC), maximum intensity (Imax), time to peak (TTP) and mean transit time (mTT), etc. Results Among 25 cases of DBD donor livers, 23 cases showed normal enhancement pattern, and the other 2 cases presented with abnormal enhancement pattern. Compared with the control group, the AUC, Imax and mTT values of DBD donor livers were significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). Conclusions CEUS quantitative parameters can be effective means to evaluate the micro-perfusion of DBD donor livers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1413-1417, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the health status of Hainan centenarians and compare the gender disparity, and to determine whether the'male-female health-survival paradox’is present among them.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted on the health status and gender disparity of individuals aged 100 and over in Hainan province from June 2014 to December 2016.Data of sociodemographics, lifestyles as well as health-related parameters were collected.The multi-dimensional health assessment of centenarians was conducted based on the recognition of standard on Chinese healthy elderly in 2013.@*Results@#A total of 940 centenarians(men 18.6%, women 81.4%)were included.The prevalences of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were 66.1%, 9.8%, and 21.2%, respectively, while no significant gender difference was found.Male centenarians were more independent in activity of daily living than did female centenarians(41.1% vs.25.9%, P<0.001). The prevalences of dementia(7.7% vs.4.0%)and depression(33.6% vs.18.9%)were more dominant in females than in males.Multivariate logistic regression showed that the proportions of functional disability, depression and sleep disorders were higher in female centenarians than in male centenarians(P<0.05)after adjusting for general demographic characteristics, lifestyle and other health indicators.@*Conclusions@#Although the female proportion dominates the centenarian population, female general health states are worse than male centenarians.More attentions on physical and mental health should be paid to the female centenarians.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1413-1417, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824581

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the health status of Hainan centenarians and compare the gender disparity,and to determine whether the‘ male-female health-survival paradox’is present among them.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on the health status and gender disparity of individuals aged 100 and over in Hainan province from June 2014 to December 2016.Data of sociodemographics,lifestyles as well as health-related parameters were collected.The multi dimensional health assessment of centenarians was conducted based on the recognition of standard on Chinese healthy elderly in 2013.Results A total of 940 centenarians(men 18.6%,women 81.4%)were included.The prevalences of hypertension,diabetes and dyslipidemia were 66.1%,9.8%,and 21.2%,respectively,while no significant gender difference was found.Male centenarians were more independent in activity of daily living than did female centenarians(41.1% vs.25.9 %,P <0.001).The prevalences of dementia(7.7% vs.4.0%)and depression(33.6% vs.18.9%)were more dominant in females than in males.Multivariate logistic regression showed that the proportions of functional disability,depression and sleep disorders were higher in female centenarians than in male centenarians (P<0.05)after adjusting for general demographic characteristics,lifestyle and other health indicators.Conclusions Although the female proportion dominates the centenarian population,female general health states are worse than male centenarians.More attentions on physical and mental health should be paid to the female centenarians.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707696

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of establishing an acute pericardial effusion animal model guided by ultrasound. Methods Six experimental pigs were anesthetized. A PTC needle was injected and guided to the right ventricular anterior wall under real-time high frequency ultrasound,40 ml and 80 ml normal saline were respectively infused into the pericardial cavity within 5 minutes. Ultrasonography and pathologic examination were applied to confirm this porcine model. The amount of the fluid was estimated by ultrasound at 1 hour and 8 hours after infusion. Results With ultrasound guidance,the PTC needle smoothly entered the pericardial cavity and the saline was successfully injected. The fluid dispersed from local to the entire pericardial cavity. Pericardial effusion last within 8 hours and no significant change of the fluid amount was found (all P >0.05). This acute pericardial effusion model was successfully established with a rate of 100%. Conclusions It is feasible to establish an animal model of acute pericardial effusion under the guidance of ultrasound. This method is safe,rapid and effective. It can provide a suitable animal model for the study of acute pericardial effusion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806981

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the correlation of lifestyle characteristics with thyroid nodules in a population-based sample of centenarians in Hainan.@*Methods@#The study was based on China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS) conducted in 18 cities and counties in Hainan province from 2014 to 2016. A group of multidisciplinary team interviewed and examined local centenarians with structured questionnaires and ultrasonography procedures. A total of 918 centenarians were analyzed after excluding those who refused ultrasonographic examinations or had relevant missing data. Thyroids of centenarians were examined by 3-year experienced sonographer, details on lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits were collected by standard procedure.@*Results@#Of the 918 centenarians, 683 (74.4%) had thyroid nodules under the ultrasonography procedures. The prevalence of thyroid nodules in different group of areca nut consumption varied significantly (P<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression model, the results showed female and areca nut intake were independently associated with thyroid nodules in centenarians (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The modifiable variables including areca nut intake as well as non-modifiable such as gender are independent determinants of thyroid nodules in centenarians. Further studies are warranted to explore and verify these associations in populations with different ranges of age.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463508

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of quantitative contrast‐enhanced ultrasonography(CEUS) for crush injury in the hind limb muscle of rabbits .Methods A totle of 120 New Zealand white rabbits were randomized to receive compression on the left hind limb for either 2 h( n =56) or 4 h( n = 56) to induce muscle crush injury ,another 8 animals were not injured and served as normal controls .CEUS parameters such as peak intensity(PI) ,area under curve(AUC) ,ascending slop(AS) and descending slop(DS) were measured at 0 5. h ,2 h ,6 h ,24 h ,3 d ,7 d ,14 d after decompression .Results Compared with the uninjured muscle ,reperfusion of the injured muscles showed early and high enhancement in CEUS .The time‐intensity curve showed a trend of rapid lift and gradual drop .The PI and AUC values differed significantly among the three groups and were positively correlated with serum and tissue biomarkers .Rabbits of the 4 h compression group showed significantly higher PI and AUC values compared with the 2 h compression group at each time points .Conclusions CEUS can effectively detect muscle crush injury and monitor dynamic changes of the injured muscle in rabbits .PI and AUC are promising diagnostic parameters for this disease .CEUS might play an important role in the pre‐hospital and bedside settings for the diagnosis of muscle crush injury .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636324

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in the evaluation of liver functional reserve in patients with hepatic focal lesions. Methods Eighty-six patients with hepatic focal lesions in General Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army from September 2011 to August 2012 were studied. According to Child-Pugh score, 54 of them were classified as grade A, 18 patients were classiifed as grade B, and 14 patients were classiifed as grade C. Seventy patients underwent surgery and 16 patients underwent non-surgical treatment. Shear wave velocity (SWV) values were measured using ARFI technique, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance tests were also performed to achieve ICG clearance rate constant (ICGK) and ICG retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG15). Correlation between SWV and ICGK, SWV and ICG15 were studied using Pearson correlation, and correlation between SWV and Child-Pugh score were analyzed using Spearman rank correlation. Difference between SWV values of patients underwent surgery and those of patients underwent non-surgical treatment was compared using t-test for independent samples. Analyses of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were performed to investigate the value of ARFI in the evaluation of surgical feasibility for patients with hepatic focal lesion, with the clinical decisions serving as the golden standard. Results There was correlations between SWV and ICGR15, SWV and ICGK, and SWV and Child-Pugh scores (r=0.764,P <0.001;r=-0.686,P=0.000;r=0.864,P=0.000). The SWV of patients who underwent surgery was (2.46±0.45) m/s, and the SWV of patients who underwent non-surgical treatment was (1.54±0.36) m/s, with a signiifcant difference (t=-0.80, P=0.000). The ROC curve analysis demonstrated a highest Youden′s index of 0.775 when the cut-off was 2.06m/s. The corresponding sensitivity was 87.5% and the specificity was 90.0% for ARFI in the diagnosis liver functional reserve deficiency. Conclusion ARFI can effectively evaluate the liver functional reserve in patients with hepatic focal lesions and thus could be beneifcial in the decision of clinical treatment.

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