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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 594-600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922960

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy without biliary reconstruction. Methods CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library were searched for English and Chinese study reports on the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy without biliary reconstruction published up to April 2021. The method of Cochrane systematic review was used for literature screening and data extraction, and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for quality assessment. RevMan 5.4 software was used to perform a meta-analysis of the extracted data. Results A total of 16 articles (13 in English and 3 in Chinese) were included in this study, with a total of 16036 cases. The meta-analysis showed that sex (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.27, 95% CI : 1.09-1.48, P =0.003), diabetes ( OR =1.23, 95% CI : 1.07-1.41, P =0.003), past history of liver surgery ( OR =2.50, 95% CI : 1.74-3.59, P < 0.001), anatomic hepatectomy ( OR =1.58, 95% CI : 1.09-2.30, P =0.02), segment I hepatectomy ( OR =2.56, 95% CI : 1.50-4.40, P < 0.001), central hepatectomy (S4, S5, S8) ( OR =3.51, 95% CI : 2.80-4.40, P < 0.001), left third hepatectomy ( OR =3.53, 95% CI : 2.32-5.36, P < 0.001), and intraoperative blood transfusion ( OR =2.64, 95% CI : 1.93-3.60, P < 0.001) were the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy. Liver cirrhosis, preoperative liver function grade, preoperative chemotherapy, and left/right hemihepatectomy were not the risk factors for bile leakage. Conclusion There are complex influencing factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy, and in addition to the patient's own factors such as sex, diabetes, and past history of liver surgery, intraoperative factors, such as surgical procedures, extent of hepatectomy, and intraoperative blood transfusion, are also risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy. The surgeon should conduct adequate preoperative assessment and perform careful operation during surgery to reduce the incidence rate of postoperative bile leakage.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of 192Ir three-dimensional brachytherapy combined with intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients with unresectable advanced obstructive extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Methods:A retrospective analysis of the efficacy and safety of 18 patients with unresectable advanced malignant obstructive extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma admitted to the Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Hebei province from January 2014 to January 2018.All patients were pathologically confirmed and received biliary stent implantation, followed by sequential intensity-modulated radiotherapy and 192Ir three-dimensional brachytherapy.The clinical data of all patients were collected, including gender, age, clinical stage, adverse reactions, brachytherapy dose-volume parameters, changes in bilirubin levels before and after treatment, evaluation of efficacy, local control rate and survival rate. Results:All patients successfully completed the treatment.Re-examination was conducted one month after the combined treatment, of the 18 patients, 16 had partial remission (PR) and 2 were stable(SD). Among them, 14 patients had tumor shrinkage after brachytherapy compared with intensity-modulated radiotherapy, and 4 patients showed no significant change.The 6-month local control rate (LC) was 94.4% (17/18). The 1-year survival rate was 55.6% (10/18), and the 2-year survival rate was 38.9% (7/18). Statistical analysis showed that after combined treatment, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin were significantly reduced, and jaundice symptoms were significantly relieved.The adverse reactions of the patient were nausea, vomiting, fever, biliary tract infection, etc.There were no adverse reactions of grade 3 or above.Conclusions:192Ir three-dimensional brachytherapy combined with intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients with inoperable advanced extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has a good local control rate and tolerable adverse reactions, but the impact on long-term survival requires a large sample of controlled studies.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Xiaojinwan in treating breast cancer bone metastases through cell experiments and bioinformatic analysis. Method:The inhibitory effect of Xiaojinwan on MCF-7 cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The key components and targets responsible for Xiaojinwan in inhibiting breast cancer bone metastases were predicted by network pharmacology and molecular docking. The active components and targets of Xiaojinwan were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCSMP) and SwissTarget Prediction, and the breast cancer bone metastases-related targets from GeneCards and DisGeNET. The results were imported into STRING for constructing a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, followed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis using DAVID. A network of the active components of Xiaojinwan-breast cancer bone metastases-related targets-pathways was constructed using Cytoscape 3.7.2. AutoDock 4 was employed for molecular docking. The protein expression levels of matrix metallopmteinase-9 (MMP-9), hypoxia-inducible factor 1<italic>α </italic>(HIF1A), and androgen receptor (AR) were assayed by Western blot. Result:Xiaojinwan inhibited the viability of MCF-7 cells and acted on breast cancer bone metastases through such processes as redox and protein autophosphorylation. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that HIF-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathways were involved. As verified by molecular docking, the active components such as eucalyptin stably bound to AR and MMP-9. Western blot indicated that Xiaojinwan dose-dependently inhibited the expression of MMP-9 and HIF1A proteins in MCF-7 cells. Conclusion:Xiaojinwan acts on AR and MMP-9 through HIF, VEGF and other related signaling pathways, thereby improving hypoxia in tumor microenvironment, inhibiting angiogenesis, and reducing cell invasion and viability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Local antibiotic delivery system can increase local drug concentration, reduce drug toxicity, and increase drug bioavailability, thereby improving the antibacterial efficacy and providing a new method for the long-term treatment of osteomyelitis. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the application progress of various local drug sustained-release systems in the treatment of osteomyelitis, and analyze the current deficiencies and research directions. METHODS: The authors searched for related articles in PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Wanfang and CNKI databases published from 2007 to 2020. The key words were “osteomyelitis, drug delivery system, antibiotics, PMMA, degradable material” in English; and “osteomyelitis, drug release system, PMMA, degradable materials” in Chinese. There were 221 preliminary inspection articles, and 76 articles were analyzed after screening. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Currently, carrier materials commonly used in local drug release systems include degradable materials such as collagen, bioactive glass, and non-degradable materials such as PMMA bone cement. Non-biodegradable antibiotic carriers have been successfully used clinically, but these carriers need to be removed by a second operation, and their early explosive drug release will have a great impact on their efficacy. Therefore, further research on the improvement of non-degradable materials is needed to better improve their efficacy. The local antibiotic delivery system of biodegradable materials can not only continuously deliver drugs at the infection site, but also act as bone filling materials in the early stage. Some degradation products can even create a good bone conduction environment for blood vessels and new bone formation. However, the precise control of drug release in complex systems requires further research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847134

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For skeletal Class III malocclusions, the positional relationship between the upper and lower jaws and abnormal occlusion can impact the shape of the condyle and the glenoid fossa, as well as the movement of the mandible and the function of the masticatory muscles. Maxillary protraction appliances are one of the effective methods for the treatment of skeletal Class III malocclusion in adolescents, which can reconstruct the positional relationship of the jaws and improve the glenoid fossa-disc-protrusion relationship in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the temporomandibular joint changes in adolescents with skeletal Class III malocclusions treated with maxillary protraction. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (11 girls and 18 boys; age range from 12-14, with a mean age of (12.90±0.99) years were treated with maxillary protraction. Lateral cephalograms were taken before and after treatment. A coordinate system was set to quantitatively analyze the changes of temporomandibular joint fossa, condyle and temporomandibular joint spaces in sagittal and vertical directions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After maxillary protraction, no displacement of the gleniod fossa and the condyle in the sagittal direction was observed (P > 0.05). Simultaneously, in the vertical direction, there was no significant displacement of the gleniod fossa as well as no posterior and superior condyle displacement (P > 0.05). However, the anterior condyle moved upward (P 0.05). These findings indicate that maxillary protraction treatment can adaptively remodel the temporomandibular joint in adolescents with skeletal Class III malocclusion will undergo adaptive remodeling, but will not adversely affect the function of the temporomandibular joint due to the unchanged joint space.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 898-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical effect of tampon tamponade combined with wedge resection of the nail folds in the treatment of ingrown toenail-induced paronychia.Methods:A total of 96 patients with ingrown toenail-induced paronychia were collected from Department of Emergency Medicine, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University between August 2017 and April 2019, and randomly and equally divided into 2 groups by using a random number table: control group treated surgically with the Winograd method, and treatment group treated with tampon tamponade combined with wedge resection of the nail folds. All the patients were followed up for 6 - 23 months after surgery.Results:Six months after operation, 47 (97.92%) and 41 (85.42%) cases were cured in the treatment group and control group respectively, and the cure rate significantly differed between the 2 groups ( χ2 = 4.909, P < 0.05) . The visual analogue scale scores for pain were significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group on day 3 and 1 month after operation (both P < 0.05) . The postoperative recurrence rate and infection rate were 0 and 2.08% in the treatment group respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group (6.25%, 12.5%, respectively, both P < 0.05) . Conclusion:Tampon tamponade combined with wedge resection of the nail folds is effective for the treatment of ingrown toenail-induced paronychia with a simple operative procedure and a low postoperative recurrence rate, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1500-1508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910741

ABSTRACT

Objective:Comparison of biomechanical stability of S 2-alar-iliac screw and S 1 pedicle screw fixation (S 2AI-S 1) with conventional sacroiliac screw in the treatment of Denis type II sacral fractures by finite element analysis. Methods:The lumbar spine and pelvis of a male volunteer with normal skeletal structure were scanned by CT, followed by three-dimensional reconstruction. The finite element model of right Denis type II sacral fracture and pubic symphysis injury was constructed using ANSYS 17.0 software. The anterior pelvic ring is fixed with a five-hole steel plate, and the posterior pelvic ring is fixed with four different internal fixation methods, namely, sacroiliac screw (S 1 segment half-thread hollow screw), S 2AI-S 1 and S 2AI screw and contralateral S 1 screw fixation (S 2AI-CS 1). By restraining the bilateral acetabular and applying 500 N vertical stress above the L 4 vertebral body, the maximum displacement, maximum von Mises stress and vertical stiffness of the three groups of internal fixation were compared. Results:In terms of the maximum displacement of the sacrum in the vertical and anteroposterior directions, the S 2AI-S 1 model was the smallest (1.40 mm, 1.40 mm, respectively), while the S 2AI-CS 1 model was the largest (1.60 mm, 1.56 mm, respectively); In terms of the maximum displacement of the sacrum in the horizontal direction, the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (0.19 mm), while the SIS model is the largest (0.37 mm); In terms of the maximum von Mises stress of internal fixation, the stress of the sacroiliac screw model is the largest (216.02 MPa), while the stress of the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (39.82 MPa); In terms of the maximum von Mises stress of the bone around the screw, the stress of the sacroiliac screw model (39.68 MPa) is the largest and that of the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (31.56 MPa); In terms of the vertical displacement of the center point of the upper surface of the S 1 vertebral body, the sacroiliac screw, S 2AI-S 1 and S 2AI-CS 1 groups were 0.83 mm, 0.73 mm and 0.93 mm, respectively. Using the vertical displacement of the center point of the upper surface of the S 1 vertebral body to predict the vertical stiffness of the three groups of models, from large to small, are S 2AI-S 1, sacroiliac screw and S 2AI-CS 1. Conclusion:S 2AI-S 1 fixation has good biomechanical stability in three-dimensional finite element analysis. It can be used as a new type of internal fixation for the treatment of sacral fractures and is worthy of promotion.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effect of polygonatum polysaccharide on zebrafish with Alzheimer disease. METHODS Zebrafish were trained in T maze for 7 d. The 40 zebrafish successfully trained were divided into 4 groups:blank group, model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group. Model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group were put in AlCl3100μg·L-1 for 6 d. The positive group was exposed to Huperzine A solution 4μg·L-1, and the polygonatum polysaccharide group was exposed to polygonatum polysaccharide solution 6 g·L-1 for 6 d. The model group was not treated, and the blank group was not treated. Each stage of zebrafish was recorded by video, and the time of each group in the EC region was analyzed. After administration, the brain tissue was taken out and the expression of N-cadherin, P38 and p-P38 protein factors was determined by Western blotting. RESULTS In behavior, the analysis of the time spent in the EC area, the blank group, the positive group and the polygonatum polysac?charide group were compared with the model group, respectively, there were statistically significant differences (P<0.05). At the protein level, compared with the model group, the P38 and p-P38 proteins in the positive group and the polygonatum polysaccharide group were down-regulated, while the N-cadherin protein was up-regulated, with statistical difference (P<0.05). CONCLUSION Polygonatum polysaccharide can improve the learning and memory ability of zebrafish with Alzheimer disease by up regulating the protein level of N-cadherin and hindering P38 phosphorylation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908177

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism is a common surgical complication. It is highly regarded because of its tendency to cause fatal pulmonary embolism, so its nursing quality is of great significance to the outcome of patients. This paper summarizes the structural, process and outcome indicators of nursing quality evaluation in the precontrol of venous thromboembolism, aiming to provide reference for the formulation of nursing quality evaluation indicators in precontrol of venous thromboembolism suitable for our national conditions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcomes of T?nnis triple osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in older children.Methods:Clinical data of 21 children (22 hips, 12 left and 10 right hips) treated by T?nnis triple osteotomy from October 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 8 males and 13 females with a mean age of operation at 13.5 (8.6-16.8) years.Based on the T?nnis classification, all the cases were in Grade Ⅰ.Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical software.Results:All recruited patients were followed up for 1.5-3.5 years.Compared with preoperative values and those at the last follow-up visit, the mean Sharp acetabular angle of the affected side recovered from 53.5°±5.2° to 40.8°±2.3°.The mean center-edge angle increased from 10.5°±2.9° to 35.4°±5.6°.The mean acetabular roof angle decreased from 38.6°±2.8° to 6.7°±1.3°.The mean acetabular head index enhanced from (54.3±5.2)% to (86.2±2.7)%.The differences between the preoperative and postoperative values were statistically significant ( t=24.3, 17.6, 50.1, 27.5; all P<0.05). According to the Harris classification, there were 17, 3 and 2 hips achieved excellent, good and fair outcomes at the last follow-up visit, respectively, with the percentage of excellent and good outcomes up to 90.9%(20/22 hips). Accor-ding to the Severin radiographic classification, 8, 12 and 2 hips were in grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, respectively, with the percentage of excellent and good hips at 90.9%(20/22 hips). At the last follow-up visit, the bone healing of iliac and pubic bones was well, and the nonunion of ischial bones were reported in 3 cases (13.6%). Conclusion:The outcome of the T?nnis triple osteotomy is satisfactory for DDH in older children.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential target and mechanism of Wumeiwan in the treatment of lung metastasis of breast cancer by network pharmacological analysis and experimental verification. Method:The databases of active ingredients and targets of Wumeiwan were established through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology(TCMSP) Database and Analysis Platform,and the targets of lung metastasis of breast cancer were established through the GeneCards database and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) database,and the data of Chinese medicine targets and disease targets were matched. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to establish the network analysis of traditional Chinese medicine-active ingredients-therapeutic targets,and the interaction relationship between key target proteins was analyzed by STRING database. Target gene ontology(GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signal pathway enrichment analysis were performed by using the Biological Information Annotation Database. Result:A total of 108 possible important targets for Wumeiwan in the treatment of lung metastasis of breast cancer were found,including interleukin 6(IL6),cysteine aspartate-specific protease-3(CASP3),vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA),epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR),mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK8), and others. GO enrichment analysis yielded 29 cell components(CC),1 218 biological processes(BP) and 125 molecular functions(MF) related to lung metastasis of breast cancer,and KEGG enrichment analysis yielded 118 pathways related to lung metastasis of breast cancer(<italic>P<</italic>0.05),including MAPK signaling pathway and apoptosis pathway. <italic>In vitro</italic> experiments showed that cinnamaldehyde, the active ingredient of Wumeiwan, could induce apoptosis,inhibit proliferation and migration of MCF7 cells,partially validating the predicted results of network pharmacology to a certain extent. Conclusion:The therapeutic effect of Wumeiwan on lung metastasis of breast cancer may be multi-target,multi-pathway and multi-mechanism. The results of this study provide more evidence for the clinical application of Wumeiwan.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Yanghe Huayantang in reversing the drug resistance of breast cancer by observing the effect of Yanghe Huayantang on the transplant tumor of tamoxifen (TAM)-resistant breast cancer and its influences on the interaction pathway of estrogen receptor (ER)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian rapamycin target protein (mTOR). Method:Fifty mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: blank group, model group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group, and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group. The model of kidney deficiency was established by bilateral ovariectomy, and the blank group was treated with sham operation. Three days after the establishment of the model, all the five groups of mice were inoculated with breast cancer TAM drug-resistant cells (MCF-7/TAM<sup>-</sup>) to establish breast cancer TAM -resistant transplanted tumor model. After successful modeling, Yanghe Huayantang group received intragastric administration of Yanghe Huayantang (traditional Chinese medicine preparation 20 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>), everolimus group received intraperitoneal injection of everolimus (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Yanghe Huayantang + everolimus group received Yanghe Huayantang by intragastric administration and everolimus by intraperitoneal injection. The blank group and model group received intragastric administration and intraperitoneal injection of phosphate buffer (PBS). Drug administration was lasted for 28 days in all groups, once a day. After administration, the tumor tissue was separated and weighed, and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of tumor tissue. Immunofluorescence and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to detect the expression of PI3K, Akt, mTOR, ER protein and mRNA in tumor tissue. Result:Compared with the model group, the tumor volume and tumor weight of Yanghe Huayantang group decreased significantly on the 12th, 20th and 28th days (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the tumor inhibition rate increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01).Yanghe Huayantang group significantly reduced the density of tumor cells and caused tumor cell necrosis. Compared with the model group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group inhibited the expression of PI3K, Akt, mTOR protein and mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group, Yanghe Huayantang group, everolimus group and Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group all inhibited the protein and mRNA expression of ER, and mRNA expression of ER in Yanghe Huayantang+everolimus group was significantly lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Yanghe Huayantang can inhibit the growth of TAM-resistant breast cancer. The mechanism may be that Yanghe Huayantang can reverse the TAM resistance of breast cancer by down-regulating the expression of key molecules of ER/PI3K/Akt/mTOR cross-signal pathway.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888684

ABSTRACT

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a representative probiotic. As the dominant flora in the human intestinal tract, LAB can regulate the balance of human intestinal flora and improve host health. The purpose of this study was to isolate and screen LAB that are well suited to the intestinal characteristics of the Chinese population, with excellent probiotics and high antibacterial activity. After 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) homology and phylogenetic tree analysis, potential probiotics were tested for their antibacterial activity, resistance to artificial gastrointestinal fluid and drugs, surface hydrophobicity, and safety. Three strains of LAB with acid resistance, bile salt resistance, epithelial cell adhesion, and no multidrug resistance were selected:

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1976-1979, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887021

ABSTRACT

Three diarylheptanoids were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Zingiber officinale peel by MCI Gel CHP-20, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and semipreparative high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were identified by MS and NMR spectroscopy techniques: (2S,2'S,3R,3'R,4R,4'R,6R,6'R)-6,6'-bis((S)-1-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl)-2,2'-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)octahydro-2H,2'H-[3,3'-bipyran]-4,4'-diol (1), (E)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hept-4-en-3-one (2), and alpinin B (3). Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2-3 were obtained from Zingiber officinale peel for the first time.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels to the prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to explore related factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical pathological data of 180 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were collected, and the patients were divided into high and low Hcy groups based on the median Hcy. The survival curves of the patients in the two groups were drawn to compare the differences of the survival; univariate and multivariate survival analysis was used to observe the influence of serum cysteine to the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients; the clinicopathological data of the patients with high and low Hcy in the two groups was compared, Pearson test was used to further analyzes the relationship between Hcy and different factors, and explores the related factors of Hcy affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The median survival times of patients in the high and low Hcy groups were 32 (5-59) and 41 (7-71) months, respectively. The 3-year survival rate of the patients in high Hcy group was significantly lower than those in low Hcy group, and the difference shows statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the OS of newly diagnosed MM patients whom with advanced age, high bone disease grade, high-level bone marrow plasma cell count, LDH, C-reactive protein, Cr, β@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Hcy level has a correlation trend with the survival of newly diagnosed MM, which is affected by factors such as Hb.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Homocysteine , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Risk Factors
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 97-102, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879724

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish nomograms to preoperatively predict the possibility of testicular salvage (TS) in patients with testicular torsion. The clinical data of 204 patients with testicular torsion diagnosed at Xijing Hospital and Tangdu Hospital (Xi'an, China) between August 2008 and November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the independent predictors of TS. Based on multivariate regression coefficients, nomograms to predict possibility of TS were established. The predictive ability of the nomograms was internally validated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration plots. The duration of symptoms ranged from 2 h to 1 month, with a median of 3.5 days. Thirty (14.7%) patients underwent surgical reduction and contralateral orchiopexy, while the remaining 174 (85.3%) underwent orchiectomy and contralateral orchiopexy. Finally, long symptom duration was an independent risk predictor for TS, while visible intratesticular blood flow and homogeneous testicular echotexture under color Doppler ultrasound were independent protective predictors. Internal validation showed that the nomograms, which were established by integrating these three predictive factors, had good discrimination ability in predicting the possibility of TS (areas under the ROC curves were 0.851 and 0.828, respectively). The calibration plots showed good agreement between the nomogram-predicted possibility of TS and the actual situation. In conclusion, this brief preoperative prediction tool will help clinicians to quickly determine the urgency of surgical exploration.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 171-173, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777824

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the therapeutical effects of modified reposition surgery in the treatment of traumatic cyclodialysis, and to explore a better surgical method for traumatic cyclodialysis. <p>METHODS: Totally 33 cases diagnosed of traumatic cyclodialysis were brought into observation. After accurately dialysis location of ciliary body through ultrasonic biological microscope, all cases received modified ciliary body reposition surgery. The period of follow-up was three to six months after surgery. The observation items included ciliary body status, intraocular pressure, visual acuity and complications and so on.<p>RESULTS:Among them, 30 cases were completely reposition during 1wk after surgery, 3 cases were found partial cyclodialysis, and then after half a month the three cases above got desirable outcome. Twenty cases were observed high intraocular pressure after surgery, 17 cases of which had high intraocular pressure returned to normal in 3d, 1 case of which had high intraocular pressure returned to normal in 1wk. 2 cases of which had high intraocular pressure were out of control through medicine, finally received anti-glaucoma surgery in 1 case, and the other one case underwent ciliary body laser photocoagulation and the high intraocular pressure was effectively controlled. Postoperative visual acuity was improved to some extent. There was no anterior segment ischemia or corneal macro astigmatism in all cases. <p>CONCLUSION:The modified reposition surgery in treating traumatic cyclodialysis is a simple, safe, effective, less iatrogenic injuries and fewer complications. It is worthy of clinical application.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 75-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788851

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis is composed of a series of complex biological events, which are regulated by complex factors. There is a phenomenon of delayed translation in spermatogenesis, so the changes of transcription and protein expression are not completely consistent. Thus post-translational modifications (PTMs) play a key role in spermatogenic biological events. In recent years, the development of proteomics has deepened the discovery of PTM. This paper reviews the advances in multiple PTMs proteomic during testicular spermatogenesis. Their effects on sperm function and fertility, as well as their significance for future diagnosis and treatment are discussed.

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