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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884543

ABSTRACT

With the widespread adoption of screening mammography, the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has been dramatically increased. The spectrum of local treatment advances from mastectomy to breast conservation surgery plus whole breast irradiation (WBI), and hypofractionated WBI or accelerated partial breast irradiation. Although the efficacy of WBI on reducing local recurrence is clear, such benefit in the low-risk DCIS is still controversial. Further studies are required to establish a more precise local recurrence risk stratification system for better tailoring local treatment in patients with DCIS. In this review, the latest advances and controversies in surgery, radiation therapy and local recurrence risk stratification system for patients with DCIS were summarized.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 633-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756048

ABSTRACT

Objective To illustrate the semiological characteristics of the three sub-types within the broad bilateral asymmetric tonic seizures (BATS),summarize their predictive values on lateralization and localization of seizure onset zone (SOZ),and analyze the difference between BATS and asymmetrical tonic limb posturing (ATLP).Methods A retrospective review of 385 patients who underwent stereotactic electrode implantation in the Sanbo Brain Hospital,Capital Medical University from September 2011 to May 2018 was performed.As long as there was a clinical epileptic seizure in the presence of BATS or ATLP,the patients were classified into the corresponding groups.Postoperative prognosis was assessed using Engel's grading criteria for a follow-up of no less than six months.Seizure descriptions were based on the classification of epileptic seizures introduced by Lüiders,which used arrows to connect the symptoms in chronological order.Results There was no statistically significant difference between the classic BATS and bilateral proximal tonic seizure in terms of whether it could be an independent seizure,as the onset and end of the seizure,with version and generalized tonic-clonic seizure (P>0.05).Compared with the ATLP,except for whether it could be an independent seizure (P=1.000) and onset before versive seizure (P=0.068),the BATS showed significantly different semiological features (P<0.05).The classic BATS and secondary motor area epilepsy had a 100.0% predictive accuracy on the lateralization of SOZ.In the patients with broad BATS,the SOZ distribution was more extensive,but it was rare in the orbitofrontal gyrus,frontal pole and mesial temporal lobe.Compared with the bilateral proximal tonic seizures from the other regions,those originated from supplementary somatosensory motor area and its adjacent areas were rare and showed no statistically significant difference (0/8 vs 40.0% (18/45),x2=3.226,P=0.072) but a low trend.The predictive value of BATS on lateralization of SOZ was higher than that of ATLP (84.9% (45/53) vs 57.1% (24/42),x2=9.086,P=0.003),and BATS was less originated from temporal lobe than ATLP (3.8% (2/53) vs 23.8% (10/42),x2=8.523,P=0.004).Conclusion Different from ATLP,the broad BATS are characterized by tonic proximal upper limb posturing,and have a higher predictive value on lateralization and localization of SOZ.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754187

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high-definition transcranial direct current stimula-tion on visual spatial working memory in patients with schizophrenia. Methods Sixty-six patients with schizophrenia were enrolled in a randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled study. The subjects were ran-domized into a true stimulation group of 33 patients and a placebo control group of 33 patients,each patient only received one stimulation. After receiving a stimulus,the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe was stimulated by high-precision transcranial direct current. The true stimulation group was stimulated with a current of 1. 5 mA for 20 min. The control group used pseudo-stimulation,and only the current was passed within 30 s of the beginning and the end of the stimulation. Both groups completed the neuropsychological background test and the n-back task before stimulation,and the stimulation was performed after five days. After the stimula-tion,the two groups completed the n-back task again,and compared the Changes in grades to reflect changes in working memory before and after the pseudo-stimulation. Results Before the stimulation,the response rate of the 3-back task was compared with that of the control group ((0. 32±0. 21),(0. 32±0. 22)),the true stimulation group ((0. 28 ± 0. 19), ( 0. 35 ± 0. 21)), and the difference was statistically significant ( F=5. 298,P=0. 025). Conclusion Using high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation to stimulate the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex using can improve the visual memory function of patients. In the future,this technique can be applied to the cognitive promotion of memory impairment in patients with schizophrenia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744787

ABSTRACT

Memory function is the core component of human brain cognition.Memory impairment significantly affects people's daily life and social ability,but existing cognitive training or drug therapy can not effectively improve memory function.In recent years,new techniques and methods have been emerging in brain science research,especially neural regulation techniques,such as transcranial electrical / magnetic stimulation,which can significantly regulate cognitive ability and effectively promote memory function.Transcranial direct current stimulation is a kind of noninvasive and safe technique.It can regulate cerebral cortex activity by changing the cerebral cortex excitability,and play a role in regulating brain function.At present,there have been reports at home and abroad that transcranial direct current stimulation can promote memory function and improve memory effectively.This technique is applied to the diagnosis and treatment of clinical diseases,but its mechanism is not clear.This article reviews the mechanism and application of transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) in promoting different types of memory function in order to provide evidence for early intervention and treatment of memory impairment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701762

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of disposable cervical dilator balloon and dinoprostone suppository on promoting cervical ripening in full-term pregnancy.Methods 92 cases of primipara with labor indications were selected as the research subjects.According to the random number table method,the patients were randomly divided into two groups,46 cases in each group.The observation group of cervical ripening used disposable cervical dilator balloon,the control group used dinoprostone suppository .The cervical Bishop score and cervical ripening effect ,delivery conditions,and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups .The full-term pregnancy cervical ripening in disposable balloon dilator ,the application effect of dinoprostone suppository was evaluated .Results The cervical Bishop score after induction of the observation group was (8.92 ±0.17) points,which was higher than (6.11 ±0.38) points of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (t=45.781,P<0.05).The ineffective rate of cervical ripening in the observation group was 4.35%,which was lower than 26.09%in the control group(χ2 =16.133,P<0.05).The induced to regular uterine contraction time ,the total labor range of the observation group were (6.31 ±1.52)h,(6.35 ±1.59)h,respectively,which were shorter than those of the control group[(11.68 ± 2.24)h,(7.56 ±2.68)h],the differences were statistically significant (t=13.454,2.634,all P<0.05).The vaginal delivery rate of the observation group was 82.61%,which was higher than 63.04%of the control group(χ2 =4.056, P<0.05).The cesarean section rate of the observation group was 17.39%,which was lower than 36.96% of the control group(χ2 =7.407,P<0.05).The neonatal birth weight,neonatal asphyxia,neonatal Apgar score between the two groups had no statistically significant differences(all P>0.05).The incidence rate of adverse reactions in the observation group was 8.70%,which was lower than 28.26%in the control group(χ2 =9.757,P<0.05).Conclusion Dispos-able balloon cervical dilator used in term pregnancy cervical ripening has significant effect , can improve cervical ripening rate,shorten delivery time and labor ,with less adverse reaction ,high safety,it is worthy of reference .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809013

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of hydrogen-rich saline on the CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cells in a guinea pig model of allergic rhinitis (AR) and investigate the underling anti-inflammatory mechanism.@*Methods@#Using random number table, eighteen guinea pigs were divided into three groups (control group/AR group/HRS group, n=6 of each group). AR guinea pig model was built with ovalbumin and aluminum. The guinea pigs were injected with hydrogen-rich saline (HRS group) for ten days after sensitation. And control group was injected with equal normal saline at the same time. Number of sneezes, degree of runny nose and nasal rubbing movements were scored. Peripheral blood eosinophil count was recorded. The content of interleukin 10(IL-10) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in the serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohistochemical method was taken to detect IL-10 and TGF-β in nasal mucosa. The proportion of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T cells in the CD4+ T cells of spleen and peripheral blood were determined with flow cytometry. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#There was significant difference in symptom scores among them. The scores of AR group preceded control group, and HRS could decrease the scores of AR ((6.29±1.79) vs (1.01±0.71), (4.50±0.84) vs (6.29±1.79), F=24.725, all P<0.05). The highest number of eosinophils in the peripheral blood belonged to control group, and the number of eosinophils were dramatically reduced after HRS administration ((0.41±0.05)×109/L vs (0.25±0.03 )×109/L, (0.32±0.03)×109/L vs (0.41±0.05)×109/L, F=70.05, all P<0.05). The content of IL-10 and TGF-β in control group is peak ((86.88±17.17) pg/ml, (598.28±72.70) pg/ml, respectively), and compared with AR group, HRS also increased the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β of peripheral blood ((72.54±11.75) pg/ml vs (53.49±10.07) pg/ml, (530.23±57.15) pg/ml vs (482.69±65.96) pg/ml, F value was 28.357, 14.128, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportion of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cells in controls exceeded HRS group and AR group (1.81%±0.10%, 1.29%±0.74%, respectively), and HRS treatment increased the ratio of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cells than AR group of peripheral blood ((1.50%±0.11%) vs (1.15%±0.11%), F=168.96, P<0.05). But there was no significant diferences in splene tissue ((1.01%±0.08%) vs (0.98%±0.09%), F=97.381, P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Both the number and the cytokine secretion of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cells are decreased in AR group, HRS may inhibit inflammatory response and ameliorate AR via improving the number and the cytokine secretion.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491503

ABSTRACT

Activation of the transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-signaling pathway is an adaptive response to environmental and endogenous stresses and serves to render animals resistant to chemical carcinogenesis and other forms of toxicity. However, overexpression of Nrf2 has been recognized to promote oncogenesis and resistance to chemotherapy. The application of Nrf2 in tumor chemoprevention and treatment has also become a hot topic. This review focuses on the dual roles of Nrf2 in tumorigenesis and the application of Nrf2 in tumor chemoprevention and treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of STOML-2 overexpression on apoptosis of human cervical squamous carcinoma Siha cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Siha cells were transfected with an adenoviral vector carrying STOML-2, and 72 h later STOML-2 expression and the proliferation of the cells were detected by Western blotting and MTT assay. The transfected cells were treated with IC50 Cisplatin for 24 h, and the morphological changes of cells were observed using fluorescence, and the cell apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytomerty; the expression levels of proteins related with mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, including caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax and cytochrome C (Cyt C), were detected by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Western blotting showed a significantly increased STOML-2 expression in the transfected cells. Overexpression of STOML-2 obviously promoted the proliferation of Siha cells. The STOML-2-overexpressing cells exhibited an obvious resistance to IC50 Cisplatin-induced apoptosis as shown by both fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry and presented with decreased expressions of cleaved caspase-3, Bax, and cytosol Cyt C and increased expressions of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and mitochondrial Cyt C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Overexpression of STOML-2 can enhance the proliferation of Siha cells by inhibiting cell apoptosis possibly through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Blood Proteins , Genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1735-1741, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458208

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the effect of Panax quinquefolium saponin (PQS) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in-duced by thapsigargin ( TG) .METHODS:Primary cultured cardiomyocytes from neonatal SD rats were divided into con-trol group, TG group, PQS (40 mg/L, 80 mg/L and 160 mg/L) +TG group, si-PERK+TG group, and mock+TG group.The cells were treated with 1 μmol/L TG for 24 h to induce apoptosis.The PERK gene in the cardiomyocytes was knocked down by RNAi.The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay.Apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry.Wes-tern blotting was used to determine the expression of ERS molecules GRP78, CRT, ATF4 and CHOP, anti-apoptosis pro-tein Bcl-2 and pro-apoptosis protein Bax.RESULTS: Compared with control group, TG significantly and the apoptosis, reduced the cell viability (P<0.05), increased the phosphorylation of PERK and eIF2α, increased the expression of GRP78, CRT, ATF4, CHOP and pro-apoptosis protein Bax, and decreased the expression of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 (P<0.05).Compared with TG group, PQS treatment (160 mg/L) significantly reduced the apoptosis and increased the cell viability (P<0.05).All the 3 different concentrations of PQS significantly increased the expression of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 and reduced the expression of pro-apoptosis protein Bax (P<0.05) in a dose-dependent manner.PQS pre-treatment and knockdown of PERK both reduced the protein levels of GRP78, CRT, PERK, p-PERK, eIF2α, p-eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP and pro-apoptosis protein Bax, and increased the expression of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:PQS at concentration of 160 mg/L attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by TG.PQS had the simi-lar effect as PERK knockdown on cardiomyocyte apoptosis.The mechanism may be associated with inhibiting PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP pathway of ERS-related apoptosis.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1183-1186, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442541

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection rates of mycoplasma penetrans (Mpe),mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) and mycoplasma ferments (Mf) in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN),chronic kideny disease (CKD),and heathy people,to compare the difference of infection rate,and to analyze the association of mycoplasma infection and clinicopathological features in IgAN.Methods Blood samples were collected from 118 patients in IgAN group,90 patients in CKD group,and 89 cases in health control group.DNA of Mpe,Mp and Mf was detected in plasma by PCR.Positive cases were confirmed by Southern blot.According to mycoplasma infection,IgAN patients were divided into two groups,then analyzed the clinicopatholgical features.Results (1)Genus,Mpe,Mp,and Mf positive rates were 33.05%,16.1%,25.45 %,and 8.47% in IgAN group,respectively; 5.56%,2.22%,5.56%,and 2.22% in CKD group,respectively; and 3.33 %,1.11%,2.22%,and 0 in health group,respectively.Compared with CKD and health group,patients in IgAN group had a higher infection rate in Genus,Mpe,and Mp (P < 0.05).In IgAN group,10 patients had three kinds of mycoplasmas infection at the same time,and positive rate was 8.47% much higher than CKD group (positive rate was 2.22%) (P < 0.05).(2) Based on mycoplasm detection results,IgAN patients were divided into two groups,overlapping infection group and mycoplasma negative group.In overlapping infection group,the mean age of onset was much younger than negative group.Compared with negative group,overlapping infection group had higher tonsillitis and urinary tract infection rate,more severe microscopic hematuria and tubulointerstitium lesion (P < 0.05).Conclusions Patients with IgAN had higher infection rate of Genus,Mpe and Mp,compared with CKD patients and health people.Compared with mycoplasma negative group in IgAN patients,more severe microscopic hematuria and tubulointerstitium lesion in overlapping infection group,which suggested that infection of Mpe might have some possible connection with IgAN.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 731-736, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439345

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features of malignancy in end-stage aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) patients undergoing renal replacement therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenhou Medical University.Methods One hundred and two patients diagnosed as end-stage AAN during 2004 to 2013 were enrolled in the study,and separately udergoing hemodialysis,peritoneal dialysis and renal transplantation,to study the features of the malignancy and its risk factors.Results (1) There were totally 42 AAN patients suffering from malignancy,and 39 of them had urinary cancer.Eight cases of urinary cancer had metastasis,and 11 cases of bladder cancer had repeated recurrences.Patients suffering from malignancy had an increased mortality compared to patients without malignancy (13/42 vs 7/60,P =0.022).(2) Thirteen malignacy cases were diagnosed before the end-stage of AAN,the rest cases appeared in 1-13 years[(4.62±3.31) years] after renal replacement.(3) A further logistic regression analysis of the 29 maligancy patients after renal replacement showed that,the dose of aristolochic acid (counted by Mutong) was the only risk factor of malignancy (P =0.091),compared with the dose of Mutong less than 60 g,the patients with an accumulated dose of Mutong more than 200 g had a 4.26 folds (95%CI 1.02,17.83)higher risk of malignancy.There was no statistic difference of the malignancy risk among different renal replacement therapies,which however might influence the pathogenic sites of the urinary cancer.The simple bladder cancer was the most common malignancy among the hemodialysis patients (72.72%),and the upper urinary tract cancer among the peritoneal dialysis patients (66.67%),while the complex of both were dominant among the renal transplantation patients(40.00%).Conclusions Among the end-stage of AAN patients undergoing renal replacement therapy in Wenzhou area,the incidence of urinary cancer is high,with a character of complex,multiple and repeated recurrences.The occurence of malignancy seems to be separated from the renal function,but turns out obviously dose-dependent.There was no statistical difference of cancer risk among hemodialysis,peritoneal dialysis,and renal transplantation,which may induce different pathogenic sites of the urinary cancer.

12.
Virologica Sinica ; (6): 47-53, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382730

ABSTRACT

Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus(SRBSDV)is a novel Fijivirus prevalent in rice in southern and central China, and northern Vietnam. Its genome has 10 segments of double-stranded RNA named S1 to S10according to their size. An isolate of SRBSDV, JNi4, was obtained from naturally infected maize plants from Ji'ning, Shandong province, in the 2008 maize season. Segments S7 to S10 of JNi4 share nucleotide identities of 72.6%-73.1%, 72.3%-73%, 73.9%-74.5% and 77.3%-79%, respectively, with corresponding segments of Rice black-streaked dwarf virus isolates, and identities of 99.7%, 99. 1%-99.7%, 98.9%-99.5%, and 98.6%-99.2% with those of SRBSDV isolates HN and GD. JNi4 forms a separate branch with GD and HN in the phylogenetic trees constructed with genomic sequences of S7 to S10. These results confirm the proposed taxonomic status of SRBSDV as a distinct species of the genus Fijivirus and indicate that JNi4 is an isolate of SRBSDV. Shandong is so far the northernmost region where SRBSDV is found in China.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 484-487, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415716

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the association between Mycoplasma penetrans (Mpe) infection and clinicopathology of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Methods Blood samples of 118 IgAN patients, 90 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 89 healthy people were collected. Mpe DNA in serum was detected by PCR and positive samples were confirmed by Southern blotting. According to Mpe infection, IgAN patients were divided into positive and negative groups. Association between clinicopatholgical features of IgAN and Mpe infection was examined.Results Significantly higher Mpe positive rate was found in IgAN group as compared to CKD and healthy groups (16.0% vs 2.2% and 1.1%, P<0.01). In Mpe positive group, 42.1% patients presented macroscopic hematuria, which was significantly higher than that in Mpe negative group (P<0.01). While Mpe negative group had greater proteinuria, higher serum creatinine level, higher Lee grading of pathology compared to Mpe positive group. There were no differences of tubulointerstitial lesions and arteriole hypertrophy between two groups. Conclusions IgAN patients have higher Mpe infection rate than CKD patients and healthy people. Mpe positive IgAN patients have more macroscopic hematuria. Mpe infection may be associated with the pathogenesis of IgAN.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 554-556,插二, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540193

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations,laboratory findings and renal patho logic changes,as well as their relationships in patients with lupus nephritis (LN).Methods According to the latest classification criteria of lupus nephritis,the clinical manifestations,laboratory findings and renal patho logic changes and their relationships of 281 cases of biopsy proven LN were retrospectively analyzed.Results Totally 281 cases of LN patients were enrolled in total.The ratio of male to female was 1∶9.7.Proteinuria ac companied with hematuria (35.2%) and nephrotie syndrome (33.8%) were the main clinical manifestations. The most common renal pathological change was type Ⅳ LN (35.9%) and type Ⅲ,Ⅳ and Ⅴ accounting for 89.0% totally.The main pathologic changes of nephrotic syndrome were type Ⅳ and Ⅴ,while those who ac companied with renal dysfunction were mainly type Ⅵ and Ⅳ.Most simple hematuria cases showed mild renal injury.However,type Ⅳ and Ⅴ accounted for 40.4% in the 47 cases of LN whose 24 hours urine protein< 1.0 g and with normal renal function.Most severe proteinuria was found in Type Ⅴ and higher serum creatinine and anti-dsDNA antibody level were found in type Ⅵ and Ⅳ.The lowest lever of serum complement 3 (C3) was found in type Ⅳ.The amount of 24 hours urine protein showed negative correlation with semm C3 but positive correlation with serum creatinine.Serum C3 demonstrated negative relationship with serum creatinine and anti-dsDNA antibody,while serum creatinine was positively related to anti-dsDNA antibody level. Conclusion The major renal pathological lesions of LN are type Ⅲ,Ⅳ and Ⅴ.There are associations be tween clinical and pathological changes,but axe not always consistent.Proteinuria,low serum C3 and high an ti-dsDNA antibody level may provide clue to severe and active LN.Renal biopsy is important in the diagnosis and progression evaluation of LN.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 614-618, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferases T1 (GSTrl), M1 (GSTM1) and P1 (GSTP1) with aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) of Chinese people in Wenzhou of China. Methods Fifty-nine patientswith AAN (AAN group) including 29 male and 30 female as well as 157 healthy ethnically matched controls (control group) including 93 male and 64 female were enrolled in this study. The genotypes of GSTT1, GSTMI and GSTP1 were determined by multiple PCR and confronting two-pair primers PCR (CTPP-PCR). Results The genotype frequencies of GSTP1 were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Compared with the healthy controls, the frequency of GSTT1 null genotype was significantly higher in the patients with AAN (66.1% vs 48.4%,P<0.05). Risk of A.AN for individuals with GSTT1 null genotype was 1.747 fold of those without GSTIl null genotype (95% CI=0.818-3.731). The frequency of GSTM1 null genotype, GSTP1 variant genotypes and GSTP1 G allele in the patients and in the controls were 40.7%, 28.8%, 16.1% and 47.8%, 31.8%, 17.5%, respectively, which were not significantly different. No significant differences were found in prevalence of GSTM1 and GSTP1 gene distribution between patients and controls. Conclusion GSTrl gene polymorphism appears to be associated with susceptibility to AAN in Southern China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the morbid risk factors of chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy(CTN)with an unknown origin in Wenzhhou City.Method:810 residents in several big districts were investigated.652 subjects,which had complete data and were coincided with the inclusion standard,were analyzed by an unmatched case-control study.The case group contained 19 cases coincided with the diagnostic criteria for CTN with unknown causes.The controlled group contained 633 cases.Thirteen probable risk factors were selected to be investigated:age,sex,body height,body weight, occupation,education,allergic history,addiction to smoking or wine,family history,the respective exposure to heavy met- als,radioactive ray and poisons.A history of medications,including caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis,antipyretic analge- sic,antibiotics,etc.was also investigated.The odds ratio(OR)of CTN with an unknown origin caused by risk factors were calculated with Logistic regression analysis.The obtained data were investigated,and the risk factors were screened out. All the data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0.Result:The homogeneity test showed there was no significant difference in age, sex,occupation and education between the case and controlled groups.The exposure to heavy metals or caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis was screened as the valid risk factor of CTN with OR 17.50 and 103.594 respoetively(P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530960

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate whether hypoxic preconditioning(HPC)protects cardiomyoblast H9c2 cells against oxidative injury,and to discuss whether calreticulin(CRT)contribute to this protection through p38 MAPK signaling pathway.METHODS:Cardiomyoblast H9c2 cells were randomly divided into eight groups as follows:hydrogen peroxide stress(H2O2);brief hypoxic exposure of 20 min to simulate hypoxic preconditioning(HPC);20 min of hypoxic exposure followed by 24 h of normoxic reoxygenation before hydrogen peroxide stress(HPC+H2O2),SB203580(the specific inhibitors of p38 MAPK)+HPC+H2O2,antisense oligonucleotides transfection of calreticulin(AS),AS+H2O2,AS+HPC+H2O2 and control.Morphological studies,estimation of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)leakage and flow cytometry were employed to assess the cell apoptosis and necrosis.RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis was used to detect calreticulin expression and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK.RESULTS:The results obtained are as follows:(1)HPC relieved cell injury caused by H2O2.Compared with those in H2O2 group,apoptosis rate and LDH leakage in culture medium in HPC + H2O2 group decreased 13.4% and 44.0%,respectively(P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400865

ABSTRACT

To investigate the outcome of renal transplantation in the elderly patients,the sur-vival rate,postoperative complications,rejection incidences and causes of death after renal trans-plantation in the elderly patients were compared to those of the contemporary younger patientsduring a follow-up of 5 years.No significant difference was found in the patients/graft survivaljection incidence was only 16%6 months after renal transplantation.Infection was the most com-mon complication and the main cause of death.The findings suggest that the elderly patients aresuitable for the renal transplantation as younger ones.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594576

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and imaging features of cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy(CARASIL).Methods Clinical data of a Chinese Mongolian patient with CARASIL were analyzed retrospectively and pedigree investigation was carried out in the family.Results The proband's parents were cousin and her brother was a patient with CARASIL too.The patients had onset at 25 and 23 years old,respectively.Clinical manifestations included cerebral stroke,progressive motor and mental deterioration,seizures,alopecia,and ocular fundus arteriosclerosis.No common risk factors of cerebral stroke were found in the family.Brain MRI showed bilateral diffuse cerebral white matter lesion with multiple infarcts and O'Sullivan sign.Cervical vertebral MRI showed multiple protrusion of intervertebral disc and significant retrogression.Conclusions CARASIL is clinically characterized by young-age-onset cerebral stroke,cerebral arteriosclerosis,alopecia,cervical and lumbar spondylopathy.MRI shows multiple cerebral infarcts,leukoencephalopathy and retrogression of intervertebral disc.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527196

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of myofibrillogenesis regulator-1 (MR1) on myocardial hypertrophy. METHODS: Three stem-loop structures of rMR1 mRNA were selected as targets to establish RNA interference carriers. After transient transfection with plasmids, cultured cardiomyocytes of neonatal were used to perform RT-PCR for choosing the first target to carry out RNA interference blocking MR1 gene. In order to observe the effect of MR1 gene silence on myocardial hypertrophy induced by angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ), the radiation intensity of tritium-leucine ([3H]-Leu) was used to label the cardiomyocytes. Morphological observation, protein extraction and Western blotting were also used to investigate protein synthesis rate, cell surface area and expression of rMR1. RESULTS: The radiation intensity of tritium-Leucine in AngⅡ group increased 21.4% (P

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