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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure the maximum corridor parameters of the infra acetabular screw and evaluate the feasibility of screw insertion through digital analysis of the acetabular structure.@*METHODS@#The pelvic CT data of 100 patients who received plain pelvic CT scan from April 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males, aged 20 to 84 years, with an average age of (48.42±17.48) years, and 50 females, aged 18 to 87 years, with an average age of (55.02±19.54) years. Patients with acetabular fractures, hip dysplasia, and metal implants in the acetabulum were excluded. Import CT data into Mimics software in DICOM format to generate a three-dimensional model, and find the axialprojection of the infra-acetabular corridor in the middle of the pubis ramus in the inlet view. A virtual screw was placed in the infra-acetabular space and measure the parameters including the diameter and the length of the maximum corridor, the distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis, to the anterosuperior iliac spine and to the medial edge of the pelvis. Then import the pelvic model into 3- matic software, establish the pelvic model anterior pelvic plane and median sagittal plane, and measure the angle between the screw axis and the two planes. A minimum corridor diameter of at least 5 mm was defined as a cutoff for placing a 3.5 mm screw, and calculate the screw insertion rate.@*RESULTS@#In 100 cases, 49% of patients had a infra acetabular corridor with a diameter ≥5 mm, and the rate of screw placement in men was significantly higher than that in women. The average diameter of the maximum corridor of infra-acetabular screw was (4.86±1.72) mm, the average length was (94.04±8.29) mm, the average distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis was (60.92±4.84) mm, to the anterosuperior iliac spine was (85.15± 6.85) mm, and to the medial edge of the pelvis was (6.12±3.32) mm. The mean angle between the axis of the screw and the median sagittal plane was (-1.38±4.74)°, and the mean angle between the axis of the screw and the anterior pelvic plane was (56.77±7.93)°. There are significant differences between male and female measured parameters, except for the angle between the screw axis and the anterior pelvic plane. There was no statistically significant difference in the maximum corridor parameters of infra-acetabular screw on both sides of the pelvis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study shows that the insertion rate of infra-acetabular screws is low in local patients, and the feasibility of screw insertion should be fully evaluated before surgery.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Screws , Feasibility Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) exhibits heart protective effect in myocardial infarction (MI) rats and to identify the potential signaling pathways involved.@*METHODS@#MI rats induced by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were assigned to sham coronary artery ligation or coronary artery ligation. Totally 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (distilled water, n=9), MI group (distilled water, n=9), PNS group (PNS, 40 mg/kg daily, n=9) and fosinopril group (FIP, 1.2 mg/kg daily, n=9) according to a random number table. The left ventricular morphology and function were conducted by echocardiography. Histological alterations were evaluated by the stainings of HE and Masson. The serum levels of C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and the ratio of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of MMP-9 (TIMP-1) were determined by ELISA. The levels of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MAP2K3), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β1), collagen I, nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NFκB p65), phosphorylation of NFκB p65 (p-NFκB p65), and phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa Bα (p-Iκ Bα) in hearts were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#PNS improved cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats (P<0.05). The serum levels of CRP, TNF-α, GDF-15 and the ratio of MMP9/TIMP1 were reversed by PNS in MI rats. The expressions of TGF-β1, collagen I, MAP2K3, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, NFκB p65, p-NFκB p65, and p-IκBα were down-regulated, while ATF3 increased with the treatment of PNS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PNS may improve cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats via regulating ATF3/MAP2K3/p38 MAPK and NFκB signaling pathways. These results suggest the potential of PNS in preventing the development of ventricular remodeling in MI rats.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834290

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#p21, an important member of the Cip/Kip family, is involved in inhibitory effects of RUNX1b overexpression during the early stage of human hematopoiesis. @*Methods@#and Results: We established a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line with inducible expression of p21 (p21/hESCs). Overexpression of p21 did not influence either mesoderm induction or emergence of CD34+ cells, but it significantly decreased the production of CD43+ cells and changed the expression profile of hematopoiesis-related factors, leading to the negative effects of p21 on hematopoiesis. @*Conclusions@#In RUNX1b/hESC co-cultures when RUNX1b was induced from D0, perturbation of the cell cycle caused by upregulation of p21 probably prevented the appearance of CD43+ cells, but not CD34+ cells. The mechanisms via which CD34+ cells are blocked by RUNX1b overexpression remain to be elucidated.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effects of (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , MicroRNAs , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the feasibility of a self-designed laparoscopic magnetic anchoring device for assisting thoracoscopic wedge resection.Methods:Six healthy Beagle dogs were selected as animal models, and underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection after general anesthesia. We replaced the pulmonary forceps with a magnetic anchoring device to complete the traction exposure of the lobes, and recorded the operation time of the operation, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, and the safety and feasibility of the magnetic anchoring device.Results:Six Beagle dogs successfully completed a thoracoscopic wedge resection with the aid of a magnetic anchoring device. During the operation, the magnetic anchoring device can completely replaced the exposure function of the pulmonary forceps, effectively eliminating the " chopstick effect" between the instruments during the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic operation. The magnetic anchoring device provided sufficient traction for the surgery to achieve a clear exposure of the field. Tissue damage and magnetic anchoring pliers slip did not occur during the operation. The operation time was(22.67±3.25)min(range 18-26 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was less than 10 ml. The experimental animals survived well after surgery.Conclusion:Magnetic anchoring device is safe and effective for thoracoscopic wedge resection, which can eliminate mutual interference between operating instruments and has potential for clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility of establishing gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits.Methods:Ten healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected as models for gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique. Daughter and parent magnets suitable for gastrointestinal anastomosis in rabbits were designed and manufactured. A daughter magnet was inserted into the stomach through the purse fistula in the lack of blood vessel area of gastric body, and was pushed into the duodenum along the intestinal tract. And then a parent magnet was inserted through the stomach fistula. The daughter and parent magnets were automatically attracted and pressed the gastric and intestinal walls after they were adjusted in the proper position. The stomach fistula was closed with purse string suture. After ischemia, necrosis, detachment of the tissues between magnets, gastrointestinal anastomosis was established, and the magnets and necrotic tissues were expelled together from the body through the digestive tract. Survival of experimental animals was observed. Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after operation. The blasting pressure of anastomotic stoma was measured, and the healing of anastomotic stoma was observed with naked eyes.Results:According to the pre-designed operative route, 10 New Zealand rabbits all successfully completed the operation and survived one month after surgery. No complications occurred during perioperative period. The operation time was 35.80±4.71 min (range 28.00-43.00 min), and the magnet discharge time was 11.40±1.56 days (range 9.00-14.00 days). Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after the operation. Gross observation showed that the anastomotic stoma of gastrointestinal bypass anastomosis healed well, and the surrounding tissues adhered slightly. The anastomotic bursting pressure was 103.00±7.95 mmHg (range 94.00-113.00 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa).Conclusion:The establishment of gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits is simple and effective.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design magnets to locate colorectal neoplasms based on magnetic tracer technology, and to test its feasibility and safety by animal experiments.Methods:The magnets used for endoscopic localization of colorectal tumors consist of a tracer magnet and a pursuit magnet, both of which are ring-shaped Nd-Fe-B magnets. Eight healthy Beagle dogs were used as animal models. Tumor locations were assumed in the different parts of the colon and rectum under colonoscopy. The tracer magnet was sent to the hypothetical tumors by endoscopic soft tissue clamp and fixed near the tumors. After 24 hours, laparoscopic surgery was performed under general anesthesia. The pursuit magnet was inserted near the resected colon or rectum through the main operating hole. The tracer magnet was absorbed to the pursuit magnet to identify the location of tumors.Results:The tracer magnet and pursuit magnet were successfully designed and processed. The suction force between the tracer magnet and the pursuit magnet at zero distance was 16 N. All the 8 Beagle dogs successfully received indwelling of magnets under colonoscopy, and no magnets fell off after 24 hours. After the placement of pursuit magnet under laparoscopy, the two magnets attracted each other rapidly and accurately, and successfully completed localization of tumor site without any damage during the operation.Conclusion:Colonoscopy combined with laparoscopy for colorectal neoplasms localization based on magnetic tracer technique is simple, accurate, safe and feasible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870414

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the feasibility and safety of stomach tumor marker localization based on magnetic tracer technique in dogs.Methods Six male Beagle dogs were examined by gastroscopy.Then tracer magnets were sent to the "tumor" locations assumed in advance and fixed near the "tumors" by endoscopic soft tissue clamp.Laparoscopic gastric tumor localization was performed under general anesthesia 24 hours later.The tracer magnet was placed near the tumor on the surface of the stomach through the operating hole after the conventional establishment of laparoscope puncture parallel mirror to explore the tracer magnet.After the two magnets were attracted,the location of the tracer magnet seen under the laparoscope was the location of the gastric tumor,so as to complete the labeling and positioning of the lesion.Results All the 6 Beagle dogs were successfully implanted with tracer magnets under gastroscopy.Twenty-four hours after the gastroscopy,the pursuit magnet was successfully implanted during laparoscopic surgery.The two magnets automatically attracted each other and formed a sandwich structure of "tracer magnet-gastric wall-pursuit magnet ",which completed the location and identification of gastric tumor under the laparoscopy.Conclusion Gastroscopy combined with laparoscopy based on magnetic tracer technique is simple,accurate,safe and feasible.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 197-201,封四, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863302

ABSTRACT

With the development of CT and the popularization of health examination, the detection rate of small pulmonary nodules has been improved. Some small pulmonary nodules could be malignant nodules. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment. Therefore, it is an important task for thoracic surgeons to accurately locate pulmonary nodules during surgery and remove nodules accurately on the premise of maximum protection of lung function. At present, the core of preoperative auxiliary localization of pulmonary nodules is the implantation of markers. The commonly used clinical localization methods include hook wire localization, microcoil localization, methylene blue puncture injection localization and biological glue localization. In this paper, the development status, application scope, advantages and disadvantages of existing localization methods are briefly reviewed, which can provide references for clinical application and follow-up research.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773223

ABSTRACT

Panax japonicus is a traditional Chinese medicine,and its principle components have shown certain pharmacological activities for cell damage,aging and cell apoptosis. In order to clarify the pharmacological mechanism and involved metabolic pathways of P. japonicas,the gene expression of Tetrahymena thermophila under P. japonicus treatment was analyzed through high-throughput transcriptome sequencing in this study. Based on the transcriptome analysis,3 544 differentially expressed genes were identified in control group,of which 1 945 genes showed up-regulated expression and 1 599 genes showed down-regulated expression. Under P. japonicas treatment in the experiment group,3 312 differentially expressed genes were screened,of which 1 `493 genes showed up-regulated expression and 1 819 genes showed down-regulated expression. GO enrichment analysis indicated that in control group,the genes in the cells in a series of fundamental biological process were down-regulated,such as DNA replication and protein synthesis; while the signal transduction process and fatty acids oxidizing process were enriched. Whereas in the experiment group,down-regulated genes were mainly enriched in oxidation-reduction,cofactor metabolic process and vitamin metabolic process; up-regulated genes were enriched in signal transduction process and protein modification process. In the analysis using KEGG database,cell cycle pathway was enhanced and autophagy pathway was inhibited under the condition of P. japonicas treatment. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction( RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression differences between 6 up-regulated and 4 down-regulated genes in related metabolic pathways. The RT-q PCR results and RNA-Seq data were highly correlated and consistent with each other. This study could provide important direction and basis for further study on the mechanism of cell growth regulation with the treatment of P. japonica.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Panax , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tetrahymena thermophila , Genetics , Transcriptome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcome of arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with short femoral tunnel.@*METHODS@#From May 2013 to June 2017, 128 patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were performed with Transportal technique. Among them, 32 cases had short femoral tunnel were included, including 13 males and 19 females, aged 25.8 (17 to 43) years old, with a mean history of (4.5±1.1) months. The tibial tunnels were drilled in the middle of the footprint of the ACL, and femoral tunnels were drilled by transportal technique. Grafts were fixed with Endobutton at the femoral side and with interference screw at the tibial side. The changes of symptoms and signs were observed and the anterior tibial displacement was measured. The function of knee joint was evaluated by Lysholm score and Tegner score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for over 2 years. At the latest follow-up, 30 patients were negative and 2 patients were positive in knee shift test; 28 patients were negative in Lachman sign, 4 patients were positive in degree I; 30 patients were negative in anterior drawer test, 1 patient was positive in degree I and 1 patient was positive in degree II. The anterior displacement of the tibia increased by (2.6±1.8) mm compared with the healthy side, which was significantly different from that before operation (=19.77, <0.05). Lysholm score of 82.2±6.1 was significantly higher than that before operation (=17.33, =0.001). According to Lysholm score evaluation, 15 cases got an excellent result, 10 were good, 7 were fair, and no bad results, with a significant difference compared with that before operation (=-7.151, <0.05). Tegner motor function score of (7.4±0.6) was significantly different from that before operation (=9.11, =0.000 5). After operation, the knee joint movement ability of the patients improved significantly. Twelve patients could participate in antagonistic sports and 15 patients could participate in non-antagonistic sports. Fifteen patients were very satisfied with the curative effect, 13 patients were satisfied with the curative effect.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of short femoral tunnel in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with transportal technique is 25%. At present, the clinical effect of patients with short tunnel is acceptable. However, due to the lack of comparative study, the effect of short tunnel on the curative effect is still unclear.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , General Surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Female , Femur , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Tibia , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772492

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic surgery based on magnetic anchor technique has great potential for further minimally invasive surgery and good surgical field exposure, in which the internal grasper is the key factor. In this paper, an internal grasper based on magnetic anchor laparoscopic surgery is designed, which consists of three parts:target magnet, connection module and tissue forceps. The magnetic shield shell is used to wrap the magnetic core in the target magnet, which not only can increase the magnetic force in the working area, but also reduce the magnetic interference between the instruments, and the connecting module can flexibly adjust the length of the internal grasper. The special structure of tissue gripper can effectively reduce deputy injury and facilitate the replacement of clamp position. It has many advantages, such as ingenious design, easy processing, simple operation and wide range of application, which greatly increased its clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Laparoscopy , Magnetics , Magnets , Surgical Instruments
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe whether necroptosis was happened in high glucose (HG) - induced primary cardiomyocytes injury and to investigate the likely mechanism.@*METHODS@#The primary cultured cardiomyocytes were divided into 4 groups (n=9): control group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 30 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG + necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) group (the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with necroptosis inhibitor Nec-1 at 100 μmol/L and HG for 48 h) and hypertonic pressure group (HPG, the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose and 24.5 mmol/L mannitol for 48 h). Cell viability was measured by MTT method, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured by DHE staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were tested by ELISA method. The mRNA and protein expressions of necroptosis related genes receptor interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (RIP1), RIP3, mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were tested by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The results showed HG intervention decreased cardiomyocytes viability, increased ROS generation, up-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, increased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels. Nec-1 treatment attenuated HG-induced increased cardiomyocytes viability, reduced ROS generation, down-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, decreased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels.@*CONCLUSION@#Necroptosis was happened in high glucose-induced primary cardiomyocytes injury. Inhibition of necroptosis can reduce high glucose-induced cardiomyocytes damage, may be related to inhibition of oxidative stress and depression of inflammative factors releasing.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Metabolism , Glucose , Humans , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Pathology , Necrosis , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1564-1567,1578, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789898

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive value of CT image texture analysis for early enlargement of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.Methods One hundred and eight patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were divided into enlarged hematoma group (positive group)and non-enlarged hematoma group (negative group),according to whether the volume of hematoma on 24 h follow up CT scan was more than 30% or 6 mL of the baseline CT.Phillis Radiomics Tool V93 software was used to segment the hematoma on CT plain scan images of two groups,four features of first-order and three of gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM),thirteen of gray-level size zone matricx (GLSZM)and eleven of gray-level run-length matricx (GLRLM)were obtained.The differences of thirty-one texture features between the two groups were compared.The ROC curves of the features with statistical differences were analyzed.The independent predictors of early enlargement of intracerebral hemorrhage were screened by Logistic multivariate regression model.Results Among the one hundred and eight patients,twenty-eight were positive group and eighty were negative group.Skewness and long run low gray-level emphasis (LRLGE)in positive group were significantly higher than those in negative group (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the remaining twenty-nine features between the two groups (P>0.05).ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of Skewness,LRLGE and their combined diagnosis were 0.634,0.814 and 0.828,respectively.The independent variables were screened by stepwise regression analysis.The LRLGE (OR=1.238,95%CI=1.009-1.51 9,P<0.05)was selected as the regression model, suggesting that LRLGE was an independent predictor of the early enlargement of intracerebral hemorrhage.Conclusion Texture analysis of CT images is helpful to predict the early enlargement of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage,and LRLGE based on GLRLM algorithm can be used as an independent predictor.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801175

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of magnetic tracer technique for preoperative endoscopic marking in laparoscopic surgery.@*Methods@#In the preliminary study, a total of 8 patients with gastric (n=3) or colorectal (n=5) tumors underwent endoscopic magnetic marking before laparoscopic surgery from April to June in 2019. First, a magnet was attached to the lesion by 2 titanium clips under the endoscope. Second, during the subsequent laparoscopic operations, the other magnet was sent to the vicinity of the lesion through the laparoscopic tunnel. The magnet in the abdominal cavity was quickly attracted to the one in the gastrointestinal tract to successfully locate the lesions. Data of preoperative marking and operations of 8 patients were reviewed.@*Results@#All 8 lesions were marked successfully, rapid and accurate intraoperative positioning was achieved. The mean time of endoscopic marking was 5.75±2.45 minutes, and the mean time of intraoperative localization was 1.94±0.56 minutes. All patients underwent laparoscopic tumor resections with accurate localization. The mean proximal and distal resection margins of colorectal tumors were 105 mm and 74 mm respectively. No complications occurred.@*Conclusion@#Magnetic tracer technique for laparoscopic localization, simple, safe and accurate for gastrointestinal lesions, can be performed without additional equipment or endoscopic procedures involved.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biologic viability and boundary range of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) by the contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and acoustic radiation force impulse elastography (ARFI). Methods Totally 27 HAE patients confirmed by pathology underwent CEUS and ARFI examinations. Results Gray scale sonography of HAE showed unclear boundary, inhomogeneous, and middle hyperechoic nodules, and the maximum area was (6.08 ± 4.47) cm2 in 27 lesions. CEUS of HAE showed non-enhancement in three phases and black hole sign. Circumferential enhancement on the pe riphery of the lesion was synchronized with the liver parenchyma and showed “fast in and slow out”. The maximum area was (8.87 ± 4.83) cm2. The area of ECUS was larger than gray scale sonography in HAE (t = 2.20, P = 0.03). The mean shear wave velocities (SWVs) of the interior, the boundary range, and the surrounding liver tissues of HAE were statistically different by ARFI (F = 84.538, P < 0.001), and the interior had the highest values. Conclusions CEUS and ARFI examinations can detect the biologic viability and boundary range of migrating zone around HAE, which is valuable for guiding treatment, judging curative effect, and predicting prognosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the chemical constituent cluster of classical herbal formulae Baoyinjian systemically by HPLC-Q/TOF-MS. Methods: The seperation was performed on Diamonsil C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column with gradient elution with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid. The column temperature was 30 ℃, the flow rate was 1 mL/min, the injection volume was 10 μL, and the mass spectrometry condition was X500R QTOF mass spectrometer, electrospray ion source, positive and negative mode scanning. Results: A total of 52 chemical constituents were identified by reference confirmation, literature comparison, and high mass spectrometry data analysis. The chemical constituent cluster was composed of 17 flavonoids, six phenolics, 12 iridoid glycosides, eight alkaloids, one phenethyl alcohol glycosides, four monoterpene glycoside, two triterpenes and two other compound. Conclusion: This study can identify various chemical constituents of Baoyinjian systematically, accurately, and rapidly, which provides a basis for the determination of the quality attributes of Baoyinjian.

18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 397-400, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818249

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this article was to investigate the effect of nasal endoscopic surgery (NES) using low-temperature plasma radiofrequency (LTPRF) in the treatment of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 38 cases of JNA treated by NES+LTPRF (n = 26) or conventional surgical resection (control, n = 12) in Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University School of Medicine from January 2012 to December 2018. We compared the operative time, postoperative Lund-Mackay endoscopy scores (LMES), incidence of complications, postoperative recovery, rate of recurrence, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores between the two groups of patients. Results The rates of LMES gradesⅠ and Ⅱ were significantly higher while those of grades Ⅲ and Ⅳ remarkably lower in the NES+LTPRF than in the control group (P < 0.05). Compared with the controls, the patients of the NES+LTPRF group showed markedly shorter time of nasal mucosa epithelialization ([3.5 ± 0.1] vs [2.3 ± 0.1] mo, P < 0.05) and lower rates of postoperative complications (38.5% vs 7.7%, P < 0.05), recurrence (16.7% vs 3.8%, P < 0.05), and VAS scores at 3 days, 2 months, 6 months and 12 months after surgery (P < 0.05). Conclusion NES+LTPRF is an effective strategy for the treatment of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma and worthy of a wide clinical application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745369

ABSTRACT

It is intractable to Complex biliary stricture therapy after liver transplantation and other biliary operations is intractable.The routine therapies are to place stents with ERCP or do choledochojejunostomy.The former,however,is of little effect for patients with complex biliary stricture or completed obstruction.And the latter is more difficult and is with high rate postoperative complications due to the previous operation history.The application of magnetic compression offers a new direction of minimally invasive therapy of complex biliary structure.This article summarizes the current situation of the therapy of complex biliary structure with magnetic compression and the existing obstacles.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC) group, a diabetic control (DC) group, diabetes mellitus (DM)+sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) group and DM+DL-propargylglycine (PAG) group, with 8 rats in each group.Type 1 diabetes was induced in the respective groups by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin.From the fifth week, rats in the DM+NaHS and DM+PAG groups were injected (i.p.) with 56 μmol/kg NaHS and 40 mg/kg PAG once a day, respectively.After treatment for 4 weeks, the levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) were detected.The deposition of renal collagen fibers was observed by Masson staining, and collagen volume fraction (CVF) was calculated.The ultrastructural change of renal tissue was observed by transmission electron microscopy.The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) in renal tissues were detected using the kits.The expression levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, phosphorylated (p)-Smad3 and collagen-IV (col-IV) in renal tissues were detected using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the NC group, the levels of FBG, BUN, SCr, CVF, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and Hyp were increased; the deposition of renal collagen fibers and the ultrastructural damage were aggravated; the levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, p-Smad3, p-Smad3/Smad3 and col-IV were increased in the DC group.Compared with the DC group, excluding FBG, the aforementioned indices were improved in the DM+NaHS group; the aforementioned indices were further aggravated in the DM+PAG group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS attenuated renal fibrosis in diabetic rats, and the mechanism might be associated with the reduction of the release of proinflammatory cytokines, downregulation of the TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway, and inhibition of excessive accumulation of col-IV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Fibrosis , Hydrogen Sulfide , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
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