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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 866-871, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013551

ABSTRACT

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a first-line treatment for chronic hepatitis B. With increasing use worldwide, the adverse events of renal injury caused by this drug have also attracted industry attention. This article reports a 61- year-old patient with liver cancer complicated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The patient started using TDF in mid-March 2022 and developed kidney injury after 2 months of treatment, during which he received 2 courses of donafenib combined with sintilimab chemotherapy and irregular administration of diclofenac for pain relief. In this paper, Naranjo’s assessment scale was used to evaluate the drugs that may be associated with renal injury, including TDF and sintilimab, and the drugs that are suspected to be associated with renal injury are donafenib and diclofenac. The renal injury caused by TDF can be judged according to the changes in the patient’s condition, the incidence of drug-induced renal injury, clinical manifestations, occurrence time, occurrence mechanism, drug combination, and high-risk factors. The changes of serum creatinine in patients with liver cancer complicated with HBV infection after TDF should be dynamically monitored in the clinic, and the dose of antiviral drugs should be adjusted if necessary and other antiviral drugs with less impact on renal function can be selected, to provide individualized medication recommendations for tumor patients, reduce the incidence of TDF-related renal injury.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013500

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare the safety and efficacy of the da Vinci robot and thoracoscopic subxiphoid approach for the treatment of anterior mediastinal tumors. Methods The clinical data of patients who underwent anterior mediastinal tumor resection through the subxiphoid approach admitted to the same medical group in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University between June 2020 and April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the surgery approach, the patients were divided into a robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS) group and a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) group. The perioperative data and the incidence of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results A total of 79 patients were enrolled. There were 41 patients in the RATS group, including 13 males and 28 females, with an average age of 45.61±14.99 years. There were 38 patients in the VATS group, including 14 males and 24 females, with an average age of 47.84±15.05 years. All patients completed the surgery successfully. Hospitalization cost and operative time were higher or longer in the RATS group than those in the VATS group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Intraoperative bleeding, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative water and food intake time, postoperative off-bed activity time, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage and visual analogue scale (VAS) score on the first postoperative day, white blood cell count and neutrophil percentage on the third postoperative day, duration of analgesic pump use, the number of voluntary compressions of the analgesic pump, and mediastinal drainage volume were all superior to those in the VATS group (P<0.05). The differences in VAS scores on the third postoperative day, duration of drainage tube retention and postoperative complication rates were not statistically different between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion RATS subxiphoid anterior mediastinum tumor resection is a safe and feasible surgical method with less injury and higher safety, which is conducive to rapid postoperative recovery and has wide clinical application prospects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 40-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC) in children. Methods: Twenty-five children with ACC diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China from March 2014 to August 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The related literature was reviewed. Results: A total of 25 children with ACC were collected, including 11 males and 14 females, with a male to female ratio of 1.0∶1.3. The patient ages ranged from 8 months to 14 years (median, 4 years). Eighteen cases with clinical data had functional tumors (18/22, 81.8%) presenting with virilization or precocious puberty (15/18), symptoms related to hypercortisolism (8/18) or endocrine symptoms mixed with both (5/18), while 3 cases (3/22, 13.6%) had unknown clinical data. The clinical manifestations of four patients with nonfunctional tumors were an abdominal mass and/or abdominal pain, walking instability and others. Grossly, the average maximum diameter of the tumor was 9.4 cm. Most of the tumors were nodular and partially encapsuled. The cut surfaces were gray or gray brown, soft with hemorrhage. Histologically, the tumor cells were diffusely distributed, separated by a vascular-rich network. The tumor cells were large, with distinct nucleoli, abundant eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm, and round or oval nuclei. The mitotic index was high, and atypical mitoses were common. Necrosis, calcification, capsule invasion or/and venous invasion were present. In some cases, the tumor invaded the surrounding soft tissues or kidneys. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely positive for syn and SF1 and focally positive for α-inhibin, Melan A and Calretinin, but negative for CgA. Ki-67 proliferation index ranged from 2%-90%. TP53 gene status was examined in 7 cases, in which mutations were detected in 4 cases. Follow-up data was obtained in 21 patients, among whom 18 received chemotherapy and 3 received radiotherapy. Distant metastasis occurred in 13 patients. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11.2 months and median overall survival (OS) was 54.7 months. Patients aged less than 5 years had a better prognosis for OS (P<0.05) than the older ones (≥5 years), but a similar PFS (P>0.05). Male patients and Ki-67 proliferation index <15% had a better prognosis tendency for OS, but there was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusions: ACC in children is a rare, often functional tumor associated with Li-Fraumeni genetic syndrome and has a poor prognosis. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis require a combination of morphological, phenotypic and clinical analysis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adrenocortical Carcinoma , Retrospective Studies , Ki-67 Antigen , China , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 426-432, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981957

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the effects of a simulated high-altitude environment on the reproductive system of prepubertal male rats and the reversibility of these effects upon return to a normal environment. Three-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups that were exposed to different conditions: a normal environment for 6 weeks and 12 weeks, respectively, hypobaric hypoxia for 6 weeks, and hypobaric hypoxia for 6 weeks followed by a normal environment for 6 weeks. Multiple pathophysiological parameters were evaluated at the histological, endocrine, and molecular levels. Hypobaric hypoxia exposure for 6 weeks during the prepubertal phase significantly altered physiological parameters, body functions, blood indices, and reproductive potential. Six weeks after returning to a normal environment, the damaged reproductive functions partially recovered due to compensatory mechanisms. However, several changes were not reversed after returning to a normal environment for 6 weeks, including disorders of body development and metabolism, increased red blood cells, increased fasting blood glucose, abnormal blood lipid metabolism, decreased testicular and epididymis weights, abnormal reproductive hormone levels, excessive apoptosis of reproductive cells, and decreased sperm concentration. In summary, a hypobaric hypoxic environment significantly impaired the reproductive function of prepubertal male rats, and a return to normal conditions during the postpubertal phase did not fully recover these impairments.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Wistar , Altitude , Semen/metabolism , Hypoxia/pathology , Genitalia, Male
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 147-154, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981917

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Child head injury under impact scenarios (e.g. falls, vehicle crashes, etc.) is an important topic in the field of injury biomechanics. The head of piglet was commonly used as the surrogate to investigate the biomechanical response and mechanisms of pediatric head injuries because of the similar cellular structures and material properties. However, up to date, piglet head models with accurate geometry and material properties, which have been validated by impact experiments, are seldom. We aim to develop such a model for future research.@*METHODS@#In this study, first, the detailed anatomical structures of the piglet head, including the skull, suture, brain, pia mater, dura mater, cerebrospinal fluid, scalp and soft tissue, were constructed based on CT scans. Then, a structured butterfly method was adopted to mesh the complex geometries of the piglet head to generate high-quality elements and each component was assigned corresponding constitutive material models. Finally, the guided drop tower tests were conducted and the force-time histories were ectracted to validate the piglet head finite element model.@*RESULTS@#Simulations were conducted on the developed finite element model under impact conditions and the simulation results were compared with the experimental data from the guided drop tower tests and the published literature. The average peak force and duration of the guide drop tower test were similar to that of the simulation, with an error below 10%. The inaccuracy was below 20%. The average peak force and duration reported in the literature were comparable to those of the simulation, with the exception of the duration for an impact energy of 11 J. The results showed that the model was capable to capture the response of the pig head.@*CONCLUSION@#This study can provide an effective tool for investigating child head injury mechanisms and protection strategies under impact loading conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Finite Element Analysis , Skull/injuries , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnostic imaging , Brain , Biomechanical Phenomena , Scalp
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes of vertebral fracture during oblique lateral interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar spondylopathy, summarize the clinical results, and propose preventive measures.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was made on the data of 8 cases of lumbar spondylopathy and vertebral fracture treated by oblique lateral interbody fusion in three medical centers from October 2014 to December 2018. All were female, aged from 50 to 81 years with an average of 66.4 years. Disease types included 1 case of lumbar degenerative disease, 3 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 2 cases of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis and 2 cases of lumbar degenerative scoliosis. Preoperative dual energy X-ray bone mineral density test showed that 2 cases had T-value >-1 SD, 2 cases had T-value -1 to -2.5 SD, and 4 cases had T-value <-2.5 SD. Single segment fusion was in 5 cases, two segment fusion in 1 case and three segment fusion in 2 cases. Four cases were treated with OLIF Stand-alone and 4 cases were treated with OLIF combined with posterior pedicle screw fixation. Postoperative imaging examination showed vertebral fracture, and all of them were single vertebral fracture. There were 2 cases of right lower edge fracture of upper vertebral body at fusion segment, 6 cases of lower vertebral body fracture at fusion segment, and 6 cases with endplate injury and fusion cage partially embedded in vertebral body. Three cases of OLIF Stand-alone were treated with pedicle screw fixation via posterior intermuscular approach, while one case of OLIF Stand-alone and four cases of OLIF combined with posterior pedicle screw fixation were not treated specially.@*RESULTS@#The 5 cases of initial operation and 3 cases of reoperation did not show wound skin necrosis or wound infection. The follow-up time was from 12 to 48 months with an average of 22.8 months. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain was preoperative decreased from 4 to 8 points (averagely 6.3 points) and postoperative 1 to 3 points (averagely 1.7 points) at the final follow-up. Oswestry disability index (ODI) was preoperative 39.7% to 52.4% (averagely 40.2%), and postoperative 7.9% to 11.2% (averagely 9.5%) at the final follow-up. During the follow-up, there was no loosening or fracture of the pedicle screw system, and no lateral displacement of the fusion cage;however, the fusion cage at the vertebral fracture segment had obvious subsidence. The intervertebral space height of vertebral fracture segment was preoperaive 6.7 to 9.2 mm (averagely 8.1 mm), and postoperative 10.5 to 12.8 mm (averagely 11.2 mm). The improvement rate after operation was 37.98% compared to preoperative. The intervertebral space height at final follow-up was 8.4 to 10.9 mm (averagely 9.3 mm), and the loss rate was 16.71% compared with that after operation. At the final follow-up, interbody fusion was achieved in all cases except for one that could not be identified.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of vertebral fracture during oblique lateral interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar spondylopathy is lower, and there are many reasons for fracture, including preoperative bone loss or osteoporosis, endplate injury, irregular shape of endplate, excessive selection of fusion cage, and osteophyte hyperplasia at the affected segment. As long as vertebral fracture is found in time and handled properly, the prognosis is well. However, it still needs to strengthen prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion/methods
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981443

ABSTRACT

A rich diversity of wild medicinal plant resources is distributed in China, but the breeding of new plant varieties of Chinese medicinal plants started late and the breeding level is relatively weak. Chinese medicinal plant resources are the foundation for new varieties breeding, and the plant variety rights(PVP) are of great significance for the protection and development of germplasm resources. However, most Chinese medicinal plants do not have a distinctness, uniformity, and stability(DUS) testing guideline. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has put 191 plant species(genera) on protection lists, of which only 30 are medicinal species(genera). At the same time, only 29 of 293 species(genera) plants in the Protection List of New Plant Varieties of the People's Republic of China(Forest and Grass) belong to Chinese medicinal plants. The number of PVP applications and authorization of Chinese medicinal plants is rare, and the composition of variety is unreasonable. Up to now, 29 species(genera) of DUS test guidelines for Chinese medicinal plants have been developed. Some basic problems in the breeding of new varieties of Chinese medicinal plants have appeared, such as the small number of new varieties and insufficient utilization of Chinese medicinal plant resources. This paper reviewed the current situation of breeding of new varieties of Chinese medicinal plants and the research progress of DUS test guidelines in China and discussed the application of biotechnology in the field of Chinese medicinal plant breeding and the existing problems in DUS testing. This paper guides the further application of DUS to protect and utilize the germplasm resources of Chinese medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Biotechnology , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a three-year risk prediction model for new-onset cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among female patients with breast cancer.@*METHODS@#Based on the data from Inner Mongolia Regional Healthcare Information Platform, female breast cancer patients over 18 years old who had received anti-tumor treatments were included. The candidate predictors were selected by Lasso regression after being included according to the results of the multivariate Fine & Gray model. Cox proportional hazard model, Logistic regression model, Fine & Gray model, random forest model, and XGBoost model were trained on the training set, and the model performance was evaluated on the testing set. The discrimination was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC), and the calibration was evaluated by the calibration curve.@*RESULTS@#A total of 19 325 breast cancer patients were identified, with an average age of (52.76±10.44) years. The median follow-up was 1.18 [interquartile range (IQR): 2.71] years. In the study, 7 856 patients (40.65%) developed CVD within 3 years after the diagnosis of breast cancer. The final selected variables included age at diagnosis of breast cancer, gross domestic product (GDP) of residence, tumor stage, history of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, type of surgery, type of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In terms of model discrimination, when not considering survival time, the AUC of the XGBoost model was significantly higher than that of the random forest model [0.660 (95%CI: 0.644-0.675) vs. 0.608 (95%CI: 0.591-0.624), P < 0.001] and Logistic regression model [0.609 (95%CI: 0.593-0.625), P < 0.001]. The Logistic regression model and the XGBoost model showed better calibration. When considering survival time, Cox proportional hazard model and Fine & Gray model showed no significant difference for AUC [0.600 (95%CI: 0.584-0.616) vs. 0.615 (95%CI: 0.599-0.631), P=0.188], but Fine & Gray model showed better calibration.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to develop a risk prediction model for new-onset CVD of breast cancer based on regional medical data in China. When not considering survival time, the XGBoost model and the Logistic regression model both showed better performance; Fine & Gray model showed better performance in consideration of survival time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Logistic Models , China/epidemiology
9.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 707-715, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and prior stroke history have a high risk of cardiovascular events despite anticoagulation therapy. It is unclear whether catheter ablation (CA) has further benefits in these patients.@*METHODS@#AF patients with a previous history of stroke or systemic embolism (SE) from the prospective Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry study between August 2011 and December 2020 were included in the analysis. Patients were matched in a 1:1 ratio to CA or medical treatment (MT) based on propensity score. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death or ischemic stroke (IS)/SE.@*RESULTS@#During a total of 4.1 ± 2.3 years of follow-up, the primary outcome occurred in 111 patients in the CA group (3.3 per 100 person-years) and in 229 patients in the MT group (5.7 per 100 person-years). The CA group had a lower risk of the primary outcome compared to the MT group [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.47-0.74, P < 0.001]. There was a significant decreasing risk of all-cause mortality (HR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.31-0.61, P < 0.001), IS/SE (HR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.54-0.97, P = 0.033), cardiovascular mortality (HR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.19-0.54, P < 0.001) and AF recurrence (HR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.30-0.37, P < 0.001) in the CA group compared to that in the MT group. Sensitivity analysis generated consistent results when adjusting for time-dependent usage of anticoagulants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In AF patients with a prior stroke history, CA was associated with a lower combined risk of all-cause death or IS/SE. Further clinical trials are warranted to confirm the benefits of CA in these patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 170-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969821

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC) in the real world. Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 28 patients with operable or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy combined with PD-1 inhibitor in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2020 to March 2021. According to the clinical TNM staging system of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer, there were 1, 15, 10, 1 and 1 case of stage Ⅱ, Ⅲ, ⅣA, ⅣB and unknown stage respectively. The treatment was two cycle of dual drug chemotherapy regimen including taxane plus platinum or fluorouracil combined with PD-1 antibody followed by tumor response assessment and surgery if the patient was eligible for resection. Results: Of the 28 patients, 1, 2, 3 and 4 cycles of chemotherapy combined with PD-1 antibody treatment completed in 1, 21, 5, and 1 patient, respectively. Objective response rate (ORR) was 71.4% (20/28), and disease control rate (DCR) was 100% (28/28). The incidence of adverse events exceeding grade 3 levels was 21.4% (6/28), including 3 neutropenia, 1 leukopenia, 1 thrombocytopenia and 1 immune hepatitis. There was no treatment-related death. Of the 23 patients underwent surgery, R0 resection rate was 87.0% (20/23), 13 patients had down staged to the T1-2N0M0 I stage, the pCR rate was 17.3% (4/23), and the pCR rate of primary tumor was 21.7% (5/23). Four patients received definitive chemoradiotherapy. One patient rejected surgery and other treatment after achieved PR response. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined PD-1 inhibitor is safe and has high efficacy in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC, and it is a promising regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Cisplatin , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of perioperative application of hydroxychloroquine on the prognosis of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Methods:All SLE patients in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University who took hydroxychloroquine and glucocorticoid for more than 7 days before operation were enrolled in the observation group(28 cases), including 3 males and 25 females, aged(38.3±8.2)years old. Patients who did not use hydroxychloroquine but only used glucocorticoid before operation were included in the control group(24 cases), including 2 males and 22 females, aged(37.9 ±9.8)years old. There was no significant difference in preoperative clinical data between the two groups in terms of sex, age, BMI, course of systemic lupus erythematosus, hemoglobin, albumin, C-reactive protein, ALT, serum creatinine, ejection fraction, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, alcoholism, preoperative atrial arrhythmia, ventricular arrhythmia, atrioventricular block and so on. The constituent ratio of preoperative operation plan was basically the same between the two groups. The postoperative complications and survival of the two groups were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in early clinical indexes between the two groups, such as cardiopulmonary bypass time( t=0.12, P=0.19), chest drainage volume( t=0.30, P=0.77), second thoracotomy hemostasis( χ2=1.17, P=0.46). There was no significant difference in drug-related complications such as new retinopathy, myocardial concentric hypertrophy, atrial arrhythmia( χ2=1.27, P=0.26), ventricular arrhythmia( χ2=0.98, P=0.32), atrioventricular block( χ2=0.06, P=0.82) and other drug-related complications between the observation group and the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in postoperative acute heart failure( χ2=1.17, P=0.28), acute liver insufficiency( χ2=1.17, P=0.28), sternal infection and IABP use( χ2=0.47, P=0.50). Compared with the control group, the incidence of acute renal insufficiency after operation was lower in the observation group( χ2=4.51, P=0.04). The incidence of new postoperative pneumonia was lower( χ2=8.26, P=0.01). The length of postoperative antibiotic use, the length of postoperative ICU hospital stay, the postoperative hospital stay and the total cost of hospitalization in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group( z=2.71, 2.09, 2.02, 2.02, P=0.01, 0.04, 0.04, 0.04). Compared with the control group, the in-hospital mortality rate of patients in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(3.6% vs. 12.5%, χ2=0.47, P=0.50), and the 6-month and 1-year survival rates of the observation group were higher than those of the control group(92.9% vs.83.3%, 92.9% vs.79.2%; χ2=0.41, 2.17; P=0.53, 0.34), but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:Perioperative administration of hydroxychloroquine can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative acute renal insufficiency and pneumonia, reduce the duration of postoperative antibiotic use, postoperative ICU hospital stay, postoperative hospital stay, and the cost of hospitalization. Hydroxychloroquine may reduce the in-hospital mortality and improve the long-term survival rate after cardiac surgery, but long-term large sample clinical studies are still needed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994369

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of pancreatic glucagonoma, a retrospective analysis of the clinical data and diagnostic algorithm of a patient with pancreatic glucagonoma was conducted, along with literature review. Pancreatic glucagonoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that originates from the pancreatic alpha cells. The main manifestations of glucagonoma syndrome(GS) include necrolytic migratory erythema, diabetes, anemia, and other systemic involvement. Early diagnosis of GS is challenging and crucial. Early identification and recognition of skin lesions contribute to timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Surgical resection is an effective treatment modality for glucagonoma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 794-798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of trimethylamine N-oxide(TMAO)on the development of early neurological deterioration(END)in diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 108 type 2 diabetes patients with acute ischemic stroke treated at the Department of Neurology in the Affiliated Wuxi People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2019 and November 2020 were consecutively recruited.END was defined as an increase in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS)≥ 2 points and exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage or bleeding transformation in cranial imaging evaluation within 5 days of initial deterioration of neurological dysfunction.The patients were divided into 2 groups, an END(n=36)group and a non-END group(n=72). Fasting plasma TMAO was measured using isotope dilution liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.Results:Of the 108 patients, 36(33.3%)were diagnosed with END, and their plasma TMAO levels were significantly higher compared with patients without END( Z=-3.500, P<0.001). For prediction of END, the area under the ROC curve for plasma TMAO levels was 0.707(95% CI: 0.603-0.811, P<0.001). The frequencies of END in subjects grouped via tertiles of TMAO were 22.2%, 19.4% and 58.3%, respectively, with significant differences between the 3 groups( χ2=14.979, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that elevated TMAO( OR=1.160, 95% CI: 1.050-1.282, P=0.004)was associated with END.A multivariate logistic regression model further confirmed the association between TMAO and END( OR=1.145, 95% CI: 1.033-1.269, P=0.010). Conclusions:Increased plasma TMAO levels are associated with END in diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of different scattering correction algorithms in the reconstruction of PET/CT images on image artifacts and the precision of quantitative parameters.Methods:The phantom as described in the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU2 standard was filled with 18F. The background activity was fixed, and the activity of the solution in the spheres was adjusted to obtain several configurations, including the normal ratio group (4.08∶1) and the extreme ratio group (200∶1). The surface contamination group with the same ratio as the extreme ratio group contained a small radioactive source with different doses of 18F (74, 37, 3.7 and 0.37 MBq) placed at the surface of the phantom. PET/CT images of 30 patients (21 males, 9 females, age: (44.5±10.2) years) from Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute between July 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 with normal images ( 18F-FDG) and 20 with abnormal images (10 with dislocation during acquisition, 10 with surface contamination). The images were reconstructed with relative and absolute scattering correction. The phantom was evaluated using the target to background ratio (TBR) and the artifact classification. CV as well as the artifact classification were used to compare the clinical image quality. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:In the normal ratio group and the extreme ratio group, the TBRs of phantom images reconstructed with relative correction were significantly higher than those with absolute correction (normal ratio group: 3.30(1.94, 4.53) vs 2.72(1.56, 3.56); z=-2.20, P=0.028; extreme ratio group: 105.47(45.62, 162.82) vs 101.36(43.96, 155.57); z=-1.99, P=0.046). In the surface contamination group, with the increase of the activity of the small source, the artifact became more obvious, and the artifact classification score of absolute correction was significantly better than that of relative correction (1.5(1.0, 2.0) vs 2.5(2.0, 3.0); z=-2.00, P=0.046). In the 10 normal 18F-FDG PET/CT patients, the CVliver of the relative correction (9.67%(8.00%, 11.00%)) was significantly lower than that of absolute correction (11.00%(9.00%, 12.00%); z=-2.57, P=0.010), indicating the higher image quality of images with relative correction. In abnormal images, the image quality of absolute correction was significantly higher than that of relative correction with fewer and less severe artifacts (dislocation cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019; surface contamination cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019). Conclusions:The relative scattering correction is suitable for normal situations in clinical PET acquisition. However, with dislocation or surface contamination, the absolute scattering correction helps to reduce the artifacts and improve the image quality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of 68Ga-cyclo( L-arginylglycyl- L-α-aspartyl- D-tyrosyl-N6-(((4, 7-bis(carboxymethyl)-1, 4, 7-triazonan-1-yl)acetyl))- L-lysyl) (NODAGA-RGD) PET/CT to evaluate short-term efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in distant metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (dmDTC). Methods:From October 2019 to March 2023, 13 dmDTC patients (5 males, 8 females; age: 68(65, 69) years) from Nanjing First Hospital were retrospectively enrolled, of which 9 were clinically confirmed as radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RAIR-DTC) and 4 were dmDTC without radioactive iodine treatment. All patients underwent 68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT to assess neovascularization of the target lesions (TL), and the SUV max and target background ratio (T/B) were recorded. After 3 months of TKI treatment (anrotinib ( n=9) or apatinib ( n=4)), change rates of the maximum diameter of TL and thyroglobulin (Tg) were measured. The correlation of SUV max, T/B and the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL were analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis. ROC curve analysis was performed for the effectiveness of the T/B and TKI therapy, and the difference of the remission rate of lesions was analyzed by Fisher exact test. Results:In 13 patients, 36 TL were measured by 68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT with SUV max of 5.44(3.43, 7.56) and T/B of 5.25(4.50, 7.23). The change rate of the maximum diameter of TL was -30%(-39%, -21%) and the change rate of Tg was -68%(-96%, -52%). T/B was negatively correlated with the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL after TKI therapy ( rs=-0.46, P=0.005), while SUV max was not correlated with the change rate of the maximum diameter of TL ( rs=0.03, P=0.883). ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off value for T/B was 4.95, with the AUC of 0.698, the sensitivity of 87.5%, and the specificity of 60.0%. Compared to lesions with T/B<4.95, those with T/B≥4.95 showed higher remission rate (2/14 vs 63.6%(14/22); P=0.006). After 3 months of TKI treatment, the disease control rate was 12/13. Conclusion:68Ga-NODAGA-RGD PET/CT can effectively reflect tumor neovascularization, predict efficacy of TKI therapy, and provide powerful imaging evidence for TKI therapy in dmDTC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the clinical value and related risk factors of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) in patients with renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) on CT during parathyroid SPECT/CT imaging.Methods:From January 2014 to May 2021, 136 renal SHPT patients (70 males, 66 females, age (50.1±11.4) years) who underwent parathyroid 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) SPECT/CT in Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Nantong University were retrospectively enrolled. AoAC score was estimated with CT(1-5), and patients were divided into none-light AoAC group (AoAC score<3) and moderate-severe AoAC group (AoAC score≥3). Independent-sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare differences of various indicators between two groups. Univariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of AoAC. Results:Of 136 renal SHPT patients, 111(81.62%) were AoAC detected by CT. There were 84 patients in none-light AoAC group and 52 patients in moderate-severe AoAC group. The age ((46.7±9.8) vs (55.7±11.6) years; t=-4.84, P<0.001), pulse pressure (52(41, 64) vs 60(51, 70) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); z=-3.27, P=0.001), serum corrected calcium (2.41(2.28, 2.53) vs (2.49±0.22) mmol/L; z=-2.50, P=0.013), serum phosphorus ((1.95±0.39) vs (2.14±0.48) mmol/L; t=-2.54, P=0.012), calcium phosphorus product ((4.68±1.07) vs (5.29±1.10) mmol 2/L 2;t=-3.21, P=0.013) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level (106.30(90.15, 127.45) vs 109.90(87.93, 157.63) pmol/L; z=-2.09, P=0.036) between non-light AoAC group and moderate-severe AoAC group were significantly different. Logistic regression analysis showed that serum phosphorus (odds ratio ( OR)=7.261, 95% CI: 2.416-21.819, P<0.001), calcium and phosphorus product ( OR=1.598, 95% CI: 1.073-2.380, P=0.021) and PTH level ( OR=1.018, 95% CI: 1.007-1.029, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of AoAC. Conclusions:Hybrid SPECT/CT can be used for an effective method of evaluating AoAC in patients with renal SHPT. High serum phosphorus, high calcium phosphorus product and high PTH level may be independent risk factors of AoAC.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 438-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the incidence and risk factors related to lumbodorsal fasciitis in acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The clinical data of 1182 acute OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 219 males and 963 females, aged 72.19±9.39 years (range, 45-98 years). The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, and vertebral fracture number of the OVCF with or without lumbodorsal fasciitis were summarized and compared. The independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis were identified by binary logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 532 cases of OVCF complicated with lumbodorsal fasciitis among 1,182 patients, and the incidence was 45.01%. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of males (23.5%, 125/532) than the OVCF without (14.5%, 94/650) fasciitis (χ 2=15.82, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis were aged 74.57±9.21 years and significantly older than the OVCF (aged 70.24±9.60 years) without fasciitis ( t=7.85, P<0.001). The highest proportion of patients with OVCF combined with fasciitis was ≥80 years old (36.1%, 192/532), while most (34.6%, 225/650) of the OVCF without fasciitis were aged 60-70 years (χ 2=56.27, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of no evident spine trauma (37.0%, 197/532) and multiple vertebral fractures involving ≥3 vertebra (10.5%, 56/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [26.3% (171/650), 3.2% (21/650); χ 2=17.67, P<0.001; χ 2=40.63, P<0.001]. The ratio of pre-hospital back pain >4 weeks was higher in the OVCF with (20.7%, 110/532) than without (7.4%, 48/650) fasciitis (χ 2=62.46, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher comorbidity of hypertension (52.8%, 281/532), coronary heart disease (14.7%, 78/532), and cerebral infarction (24.8%, 132/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [42.8% (278/650), 9.9% (64/650), 17.9% (116/650); χ 2=11.85, P<0.001; χ 2=6.42, P=0.011; χ 2=8.56, P=0.003]. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of two comorbidities (23.7%, 126/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis (16.1%, 105/650) (χ 2=21.15, P<0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis showed significantly higher risk of lumbodorsal fasciitis in males than in females ( OR=1.69, P=0.001), in age group 60-<70、70-<80 and ≥80 years than in <60 years ( OR=2.28, P=0.002; OR=2.64, P<0.001; OR=4.90, P<0.001), in back pain for 2-<4 weeks and >4 weeks than in ≤1 week ( OR=1.70, P=0.005; OR=3.81, P<0.001), and in multiple fractures involving 2 and ≥3 vertebra than in single vertebrae ( OR=1.75, P=0.003; OR=3.36, P<0.001). Conclusion:Up to 45% of acute OVCF have concurrent lumbodorsal fasciitis. Male, aged ≥60 years, pre-hospital back pain ≥2 weeks, and fractures in ≥2 vertebra are independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis in OVCF.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the anatomical distribution of and factors related to single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The radiology and clinical data of 944 patients with single-segment OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 175 males and 769 females, aged 72.1±9.6 years (range, 45-97 years). The anatomical distribution of OVCF was quantified. The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, vertebral compression degree, and bone mineral density of the OVCF patients in different anatomical segments were summarized and compared.Results:Of the 944 single-segment OVCF, 864 were located in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine that peaked at L 1 (Modal-1 group), and 80 were located in the middle and upper thoracic spine (Modal-2 group) that peaked at T 7, demonstrating an asymmetric bimodal distribution. The difference in the female/male ratio between the two groups was insignificant (χ 2=0.06, P=0.803). Patients in Modal-2 were aged 75.0±9.8 years and on average older than the patients (aged 71.8±9.6 years) in Modal-1 ( t=2.78, P=0.005). The female patients in Modal-2 (aged 75.0±9.6 years) were significantly older than that (aged 71.2±9.3 years) in Modal-1 ( t=3.17, P=0.002). The ratio of back pain duration for <1 week in Modal-2 (43.8%) was lower than that in Modal-1 (60.2%), and the ratio of back pain for 1-weeks (28.8%) was significantly higher than that (15.5%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=11.50, P=0.009). The most frequently reported spine traumas in Modal-2 (50.0%) were heavy lifting injury, lumbar sprain, and strenuous cough, which were significantly different from and less apparent than the fall on ground or crush injury to the spine (64.1%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=60.71, P<0.001). The anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae in Modal-2 was 0.78±0.13, 0.83±0.14, 0.84±0.13, and 0.78±0.18 in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for <1 week, 1-weeks, 2-weeks, and >4 weeks respectively, showing no significant difference between groups ( F=1.01, P=0.009). In Modal-1, the anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae was lower in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for 2-weeks (0.80±0.15) and >4 weeks (0.77±0.19) than in those with back pain for <1 week (0.85±0.11) and 1-weeks (0.86±0.14), with sinificant differences ( P<0.05). 32.4% (306/944) of the OVCF patients had one of the following geriatric comorbidities: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The OVCF patients in Model-2 had higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease (21.3%) and cerebral infarction (36.3%) than those in Model-1 (11.6% and 20.3%). Bone mineral density information was available from 371 patients (308 females). In the age groups of <70, 70-, and >80 years, no significant difference was detected in the T-score values of the lumbar spine or hip joint between the OVCF patients in Model-1 and Model-2 ( F=0.13, P=0.880; F=0.62, P=0.538). Conclusion:Single-segment OVCF feature an asymmetric bimodal distribution that is demarcated by the T 10 vertebrae. The distribution pattern is not determined by gender or baseline bone mineral density but highlights the risk of mechanical stress and vertebral fragility within a specific segment. OVCF in the middle and upper thoracic spine is less frequent but common in older patients with higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction, which tend to be caused by less apparent spine trauma and maintain vertebral compression but complain of long back pain duration.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of postoperative recurrence of solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (SPN).Methods:Case-control studies on risk factors for postoperative recurrence in patients with SPN were conducted by searching in China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed, Web of Science and Embase database from inception of these databases to November 2022. Two investigators screened the collected literatures independently according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data and evaluated the methodological quality, and then used Review Manager 5.4 for statistical analysis, odds ratio ( OR) was calculated with 95% confidence interval ( CI). Results:A total of 14 articles were included, including 1 409 patients with 67 cases in recurrence group and 1 342 cases in non-recurrence group. Twelve risk factors with predictive value for postoperative recurrence of SPN were extracted from the literatures. The analysis showed that the pooled OR and 95% CI of each risk factor were: gender ( OR=0.75, 95% CI: 0.35-1.59, P=0.450), age( OR=-2.08, 95% CI: -5.24-1.08, P=0.200), tumor diameter( OR=5.29, 95% CI: 4.71-5.87, P<0.001), tumor location( OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.28-1.13, P=0.100), synchronous metastasis( OR=86.84, 95% CI: 22.64-333.05, P<0.001), lymph node metastasis ( OR=7.55, 95% CI: 2.58-22.06, P<0.001), perineural invasion ( OR=2.10, 95% CI: 0.98-4.48, P=0.060), positive margin( OR=7.00, 95% CI: 2.56-19.15, P<0.001), calcification( OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.11-2.23, P=0.360), lymphovascular invasion( OR=11.22, 95% CI: 4.81-26.18, P<0.001), peripancreatic soft tissue invasion( OR=1.38, 95% CI: 0.48-4.00, P=0.550), capsular invasion( OR=1.72, 95% CI: 0.53-5.65, P=0.370). Conclusion:Large tumor diameter, synchronous metastasis, lymph node metastasis, positive margin, lymphovascular invasion increase the risk of recurrence of pancreatic SPN after resection, and patients with these characteristics should receive long-term follow-up.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991126

ABSTRACT

L-theanine has been shown to have a therapeutic effect on depression.However,whether L-theanine has an excellent preventive effect on depression in children and adolescents and what its mechanism is have not been well explained.Given the complexity of the pathogenesis of depression,this study investigated the preventive effect and mechanism of L-theanine on depression in juvenile rats by combining serum and hippocampal metabolomic strategies.Behavioral tests,hippocampal tissue sections,and serum and hippocampal biochemical indexes were studied,and the results confirmed the preventive effect of L-theanine.Untargeted reversed-phase liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spec-trometry and targeted hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spec-trometry were developed to analyze the metabolism changes in the serum and hippocampus to screen for potential biomarkers related to L-theanine treatment.The results suggested that 28 abnormal me-tabolites in the serum and hippocampus that were considered as potential biomarkers returned to near-normal levels after L-theanine administration.These biomarkers were involved in various metabolic pathways,mainly including amino acid metabolism and lipid metabolism.The levels of amino acids and neurotransmitters in the phenylalanine,tryptophan,and glutamic acid pathways were significantly reduced after L-theanine administration compared with chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced rats.In summary,L-theanine had a significant preventive effect on depression and achieved its preventive results on depression by regulating various aspects of the body,such as amino acids,lipids,and inflammation.This research systematically analyzed the mechanism of L-theanine in preventing depression and laid the foundation for applying L-theanine to prevent depression in children and adolescents.

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