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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773138

ABSTRACT

In this study,the protein in different Cordyceps samples,which include fresh sample( S1),22 ℃ drying sample( S2),37 ℃ drying sample( S3) and 60 ℃ drying sample( S4),were analyzed by sodium dodecylsupinate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis( SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis( 2-DE). The total protein contents in Cordyceps samples were from 1. 655-4. 493 mg·g~(-1) and the protein contents in fresh sample was the highest. The results of SDS-PAGE showed that the mainly ranges of protein molecular weight of Cordyces samples were 10-100 kDa and the numbers of protein bands were 28 to 41,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein bands. The 2-DE profiles were analyzed by PDQuest software. The resulted indicated that 488-876 protein spots were detected in different Cordyceps samples and the isoelectric point( pI) was distributed between 4. 5 and 6. 5,the protein molecular weight was distributed in 10-20 kDa and 25-100 kDa,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein spots. Therefore,the drying process could decrease contents and species of protein in Cordyceps,and the different drying conditions had different effects on protein. These results provide a reference for improving the drying process of Cordyceps.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Chemistry , Desiccation , Methods , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fungal Proteins , Molecular Weight
2.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2019; 32 (1): 185-195
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-203051

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the anti-platelet aggregation activity of 14 vegetables and fruits was tested in vitro. The aqueous, 90% ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts, as well as concentrated juices of 14 foods [fruits and vegetables] were prepared, and the anti-platelet aggregation activity of those extracts was analyzed on a platelet aggregation analyzer in vitro with adenosine 5'-diphosphate [ADP], bovine thrombin [THR] and arachidonic acid [AA] as aggregation inducers, respectively. Aspirin [ASP] was used as the positive control. A number of the tested foods had inhibitory effects in concentration-dependent manner on platelet aggregations induced by various agonists. Especially, some foods such as lemon, leek, garlic, scallion, ginger, tomato and grapefruit showed good anti-platelet aggregation effect similar or higher than that of positive control group i.e. aspirin [ASP]. The results of present study provide scientific reference for reasonable selection of daily dietary with supplementary curative effects or prevention of cardiovascular diseases [CVD]

3.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (2): 447-454
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-193431

ABSTRACT

Ganoderma lucidum [Chizhi in Chinese] is one of the most valuable and widely used medicinal fungi in traditional Chinese medicines [TCMs]. Most of previous studies were focused on the triterpenoids and polysaccharides of G. lucidum, whereas less attention had been paid on the protein, which is another bioactive compound in it. In the present study, protein maps of fourteen G. lucidum samples were comprehensively analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [SDS-PAGE] and two-dimensional electrophoresis [2-DE]. The results indicated that there were significant differences in protein profiles of G. lucidum samples from different origins. Furthermore, previous reported bioactive proteins from the fruiting bodies of G. lucidum, were mainly distributed in 4 taxa [A, B, C and D] based on their molecular weights on the 2-DE maps. The proteins should be considered as marker for the quality control of G. lucidum, because the proteomic variation may affect on their pharmacological activities

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690717

ABSTRACT

Nine alkaloids and two phenolic glycosides were isolated from EtOH extract of the whole plants of Corydalis hendersonii by various chromatographic techniques including silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified as groenlandicine (1), berberine (2), protopine (3), cryptopine (4), N-trans-feruloyloctopamine(5), 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-methoxyethyl] acrylamide (6), N-cis-p-coumaroyloctopamine (7), N-trans-p-coumaroylnoradrenline (8),N-cis-feruloyloctopamine (9), apocynin (10), and glucoacetosyringone (11) by the spectroscopic data analysis and comparison with those in the literature. Among them, compounds 10 and 11 were isolated from this genus for the first time, and 1, 2, and 5-9 were isolated from the species for the first time. All isolates were tested for their protection for in vitro PC12 cell line and antiplatelet aggregation activity. The results showed that compounds 5 and 7 displayed protective effects at a concentration of 10 μmol·L⁻¹, and compound 2 showed antiplatelet aggregation activity induced by THR, ADP, and AA, and compound 3 exhibted inhibitory effect induced by THR.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 198-205, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779579

ABSTRACT

It has been an active approach to screen the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) according to the affinity property between small molecule compounds and biomaterials such as cells, bacteria and proteins. On the other hand, the biomaterials can be immobilized on a solid support before the screening procedure. The immobilization method not only can maintain the biological activities of biomaterials, but also have other advantages such as high efficiency, simple operation, easy to be continuous and automatic, etc. Carrier materials (solid supports) for the immobilization including silica gel, magnetic materials, hollow fiber, and the surface plasma resonance sensor chips have been used to immobilize biomaterials and successfully applied in the screening of active ingredients from TCMs. In this paper, applications of immobilization techniques in the screening of active components from TCMs were reviewed to provide a scientific reference to the future applications.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284783

ABSTRACT

As one of the important active components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), plant origin active proteins have many significant pharmacological functions. According to researches on the plant origin active proteins reported in recent years, pharmacological effects include anti-tumor, immune regulation, anti-oxidant, anti-pathogeny microorganism, anti-thrombus, as well as hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic activities of plant origin were reviewed, respectively. On the other hand, the analytical methods including chromatography, spectroscopy, electrophoresis and mass spectrometry for plant origin proteins analysis were also summarized. The main purpose of this paper is providing a reference for future development and application of plant active proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Immunologic Factors , Pharmacology , Plant Proteins , Pharmacology , Research
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327853

ABSTRACT

Thrombotic diseases in different forms become a great threat to human health. Such anti-platelet aggregation drugs as aspirin and clopidogrel are common drugs in clinic. However, along with the appearance of resistance and side effects of western anti-platelet aggregation drugs, anti-platelet aggregation traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis have gradually become an important study orientation. Platelet is one of major participant in thrombosis, and plays an important role as a bioactive material in studies on traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, mainly involving two aspects--the evaluation for the anti-platelet aggregation activity of traditional Chinese medicines and the screening of their active components. This paper summarized the applications of platelets in studies on traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, so as to provide basis for further studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Circulation , Blood Platelets , Physiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1013-1018, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253502

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the fingerprint of Ezhu by GC-MS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>GC-MS analysis was performed for 18 samples of three species of Curcuma used as Ezhu. TIC profiles were evaluated by "Computer Aided Similarity Evaluation System" (MATLAB5.3 based, Ver. 1.240, developed by Research Center for Modernization of Chinese Medicine, Central South University). The characteristic peaks in chromatograms were identified by comparing mass data with literatures. Hierarchical clustering analysis was performed by SPSS based on the relative peak area (RPA) of identified peak to germacrone in 18 samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Resemblance values of 18 samples of Ezhu were pretty low. The mutual mode fingerprint plots of Ezhu were failed to develop. However, 18 samples were divided into two main clusters based on hierarchical clustering analysis, Curcuma wenyujin cluster and Curcuma phaeocaulis cluster, but the samples of Curcuma kwangsiensis were dispersive. Therefore, based on hierarchical clustering analysis, two mutual mode fingerprint plots of Curcuma wenyujin and Curcuma phaeocaulis were developed. But that of Curcuma kwangsiensis was failed because of low resemblance among samples.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mutual mode fingerprint is the basis for quality control of Chinese materia medica from multi-origins. Development of GC-MS fingerprint of Ezhu was failed, which indicates that the chemical components in different species of herbs used as one Chinese materia medica may be significantly different. The relationship of chemical components and pharmacological activities should be further studied so as to elucidate the rationality of Chinese materia medica from multi-origins.</p>


Subject(s)
Cluster Analysis , Curcuma , Chemistry , Classification , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Phylogeny , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes, Germacrane
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