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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of patients with primary bone lymphoma (PBL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with PBL treated in our center from 2005 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the clinical characteristics and the factors affecting prognosis of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of all the 21 newly diagnosed PBL patients was 40(12-71) years old. Ostealgia was the initial symptom in most of the patients (19/21,90.5%). 42.9%(9/21) of the patients showed single bone lesion only. 571% (12/21) of the patients showed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. 28.6% (6/21) of the patients showed anaplastic large cell lymphoma and 9.5% (2/21) of the patients showed T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. All the patients received chemotherapy (CHOP or CHOP like regimen, 33.3% plus rituximab) with or without radiotherapy and/or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). 18 patients achieved clinical remission (including 15 for CR and 3 for PR). The median follow-up time was 48 months. The 5-year overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate of the patients were was 67.5% and 63.7%, respectively. The single factors analysis showed that ASCT was the important prognostic factor of PFS, while the single or multiple bone lesion was the factors affecting OS of the patients. There were no statistical differences with the effects of age, sex, stage, ECOG score, LDH level, B symptoms and radiotherapy for the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common pathological type of PBL. Chemotherapy is the main treatment, which can be combined with radiotherapy and/or ASCT. The ASCT and the number of bone lesion are the factors for long time survival of the patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Vincristine
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897661

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Growth hormone (GH) is the main regulator of somatic growth, metabolism, and gender dimorphism in the liver. GH receptor (GHR) signaling in cancer is derived from a large body of evidence, although the GHR signaling pathway involved in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC, remains unclear. We aimed to explore the expression of GHR and analyze its association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis of patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. @*Methods@#The expression of GHR mRNA was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in paired tumors and adjacent non-tumorous (ANT) liver tissues of 200 patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays using the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model was performed. @*Results@#GHR mRNA was significantly lower in HCV-HCC tissues than in corresponding ANT liver tissues. GHR mRNA and protein levels also decreased in the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model. Notably, lower GHR expression was associated with age of >60 years (P=0.0111) and worse clinicopathologic characteristics, including alpha-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL (P=0.0403), cirrhosis (P=0.0075), vascular invasion (P=0.0052), pathological stage II–IV (P=0.0002), and albumin ≤4.0 g/dL (P=0.0055), which were linked with poor prognosis of HCC. Most importantly, the high incidence of recurrence and poor survival rates in patients with a low ratio of tumor/ANT GHR (≤0.1) were observed, indicating that low expression levels of GHR had great risk for development of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. @*Conclusions@#Our study demonstrates a significant down-regulation of GHR expression as a new unfavorable independent prognostic factor in patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889957

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Growth hormone (GH) is the main regulator of somatic growth, metabolism, and gender dimorphism in the liver. GH receptor (GHR) signaling in cancer is derived from a large body of evidence, although the GHR signaling pathway involved in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC, remains unclear. We aimed to explore the expression of GHR and analyze its association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis of patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. @*Methods@#The expression of GHR mRNA was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in paired tumors and adjacent non-tumorous (ANT) liver tissues of 200 patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays using the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model was performed. @*Results@#GHR mRNA was significantly lower in HCV-HCC tissues than in corresponding ANT liver tissues. GHR mRNA and protein levels also decreased in the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model. Notably, lower GHR expression was associated with age of >60 years (P=0.0111) and worse clinicopathologic characteristics, including alpha-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL (P=0.0403), cirrhosis (P=0.0075), vascular invasion (P=0.0052), pathological stage II–IV (P=0.0002), and albumin ≤4.0 g/dL (P=0.0055), which were linked with poor prognosis of HCC. Most importantly, the high incidence of recurrence and poor survival rates in patients with a low ratio of tumor/ANT GHR (≤0.1) were observed, indicating that low expression levels of GHR had great risk for development of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. @*Conclusions@#Our study demonstrates a significant down-regulation of GHR expression as a new unfavorable independent prognostic factor in patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1148-1155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the types and laboratory characteristics of non-Hodgkin lymphoma(NHL) with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation.@*METHODS@#81 non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation treated in our hospital from January 2010 to July 2019 were selected. The clinical features, blood routine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), EB virus results, bone marrow features, immunophenotyping, gene and genetic characteristics of all patients were analyzed retrospectivel.@*RESULTS@#Among 81 patients, 73 cases(90%) were B-cell lymphoma, 5 cases(6%) were T-cell lymphoma and 3 cases(4%) were NK/T-cell lymphoma, while the mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were the highest, which accounted for 21%(17 cases) and 19.7%(16 cases), and lymphoma accounted for 8.6%(7 cases). There were 44 cases(54.3%) showed B symptoms, 65 cases (80.2%) showed abnormal blood routine. The MYD88 gene was detected in 5 of 17 cases. 25 cases of patients underwent chromosome examination, the result showed that 5 cases were t(8; 14) (q24; q32), 3 cases were complex karyotype and 17 cases were normal karyotype. 23 cases(23.4%) were EB virus positive, 42 cases(51.9%) were LDH increased. The proportion of bone marrow lymphoma cells was 1%-92%. Among them, 32 cases were diagnosed as lymphoma leukemia, and 6 cases of bone marrow lymphoma cells showed mass distribution similar to extramedullary tumor cells with bone marrow metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#B-cell lymphoma is the predominant NHL with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation, while mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are the most common pathological types with blood routine abnormalities. Bone marrow lymphoma cells can also present clusters of bone marrow metastasis, different types of lymphoma cells can make directional diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Humans , Laboratories , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874443

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Obstacles exist in facilitating hepatitis C virus (HCV) care cascade. To increase timely and accurate diagnosis, disease awareness and accessibility, in-hospital HCV reflex testing followed by automatic appointments and a late call-back strategy (R.N.A. model) was applied. We aimed to compare the HCV treatment rate of patients treated with this strategy compared to those without. @*Methods@#One hundred and twenty-five anti-HCV seropositive patients who adopted the R.N.A. model in 2020 and another 1,396 controls treated in 2019 were enrolled to compare the gaps in accurate HCV RNA diagnosis to final treatment allocation. @*Results@#The HCV RNA testing rate was significantly higher in patients who received reflex testing than in those without reflex testing (100% vs. 84.8%, P<0.001). When patients were stratified according to the referring outpatient department, a significant improvement in the HCV RNA testing rate was particularly noted in patients from non-hepatology departments (100% vs. 23.3%, P<0.001). The treatment rate in HCV RNA seropositive patients was 83% (83/100) after the adoption of the R.N.A. model, among whom 96.1% and 73.9% of patients were from the hepatology and non-hepatology departments, respectively. Compared to subjects without R.N.A. model application, a significant improvement in the treatment rate was observed for patients from non-hepatology departments (73.9% vs. 27.8%, P=0.001). The application of the R.N.A. model significantly increased the in-hospital HCV treatment uptake from 6.4% to 73.9% for patients from non-hepatology departments (P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The care cascade increased the treatment uptake and set up a model for enhancing in-hospital HCV elimination.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874441

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Direct‐acting antivirals (DAAs) have been approved for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. Nevertheless, the complicated comedications and their potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with DAAs might limit clinical practice in this special population. @*Methods@#The number, class, and characteristics of comedications and their potential DDIs with five DAA regimens were analyzed among HCV-viremic patients from 23 hemodialysis centers in Taiwan. @*Results@#Of 2,015 hemodialysis patients screened in 2019, 169 patients seropositive for HCV RNA were enrolled (mean age, 65.6 years; median duration of hemodialysis, 5.8 years). All patients received at least one comedication (median number, 6; mean class number, 3.4). The most common comedication classes were ESRD-associated medications (94.1%), cardiovascular drugs (69.8%) and antidiabetic drugs (43.2%). ESRD-associated medications were excluded from DDI analysis. Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the highest frequency of potential contraindicated DDIs (red, 5.6%), followed by glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (4.0%), sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (1.3%), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (1.3%), and elbasvir/grazoprevir (0.3%). For potentially significant DDIs (orange, requiring close monitoring or dose adjustments), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the highest frequency (19.9%), followed by sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (18.2%), glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (12.6%), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (12.6%), and elbasvir/grazoprevir (7.3%). Overall, lipid-lowering agents were the most common comedication class with red-category DDIs to all DAA regimens (n=62), followed by cardiovascular agents (n=15), and central nervous system agents (n=10). @*Conclusions@#HCV-viremic patients on hemodialysis had a very high prevalence of comedications with a broad spectrum, which had varied DDIs with currently available DAA regimens. Elbasvir/grazoprevir had the fewest potential DDIs, and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the most potential DDIs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879468

ABSTRACT

Since the concept of "safe area" put forward by Lewinnek, it has been widely recognized. While in recent years, many scholars have found that even if the acetabular prosthesis was placed on the "safe area", there were still many unexplained dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. And scholars began to question whether the "safe area" is really suitable for all patients. Spinal degeneration, deformity, lumbar fusion, etc. will lead to spine sagittal imbalance and changes in pelvic activity, which could lead to changes in acetabular orientation, and ultimately lead to edge loading, wear, impact, and even dislocation after total hip replacement. From the perspective of wear, impact and dislocation, it is determined by the functional positioning of the acetabular cup, not the anatomical positioning. The anatomical positioning and functional positioning of the neutral pelvic acetabular cup in the standing position can be considered equivalent. For pelvic rotation more than 20°, functional placement needs to be considered. In recent years, as the understanding of the internal relationship between the spine-pelvis-hip joint has become more and more profound, some scholars further classify the hip-spine relationship according to whether the spine is stiff or deformed, and propose corresponding acetabulums according to different types of hip-spine relationships The function of placement, so as to achieve a stable artificial hip joint. Therefore, it is of great significance to fully assess whether the patient's sagittal plane is balanced before surgery to guide artificial hip replacement surgery.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Spine
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of " internal anastomosis" of bile duct , ie intrahepatic duct stricture resection, cholangioplasty and bilioenteric anastomasis, in the treatment of hepatolithiasis with stricture of bile duct orifice.Methods:The clinical data of 74 patients undergoing this procedure from Dec 2017 to Dec 2019 at Hu′nan Provincial Peopole′s Hospital were retrospectively analysed.Results:All 74 patients received intraoperative choledochoscopy lithotomy, and 26 cases had a hepatectomy for atrophic fibrosis. There were 27 cases with orifice stricture of left-lateral bile duct or its major branchs; 22 cases with that of caudate lobe ducts. 3 cases with that of right anterior ducts; 8 cases with that of right posterior bileduct; and 14 cases with that of bilateral multiple bile ducts . The average operation time was (243±31) min (ranging from 180 to 360 min), the average intraoperative blood loss was (150±26) ml (ranging from 100 to 600 ml). The average postoperative hospital stay was (10.0±2.2) d. The occurrence rate of residual stone was 8.1%. 14 cases (18.9%) had postoperative complications , including 2 cases with bleeding, 1 case with bile leakage, 4 cases with wound infection, 13 cases with pleural effusion. All were cured by conservative therapy, and no complications of grading Ⅲa or above happened according to Clavien Dindo grading system. All 74 cases were followed up, the average follow-up time was (10.2±3.6) months (ranging from 6 to 18months) with good result.Conclusion:" internal anastomosis" is an effective method to remove the narrow openings of intrahepatic bile ducts , thus helps to preserve much possible liver parenchyma, while decreasing the rate of residual stone.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 290-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731742

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of serum containing Euonymus fortunei on the rat pancreatic islet cells. Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8 in each group), including the control group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), ischemic preconditioning group (abdominal aorta was blocked first and then re-opened before the pancreas was obtained, and the pancreatic islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), Euonymus fortunei treatment group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with rat serum containing Euonymus fortunei), Euonymus fortunei group and blank group (normal rats were administered orally with Euonymus fortunei extract or distilled water for the preparation of rat serum). Diphenylthiocarbazone (DTZ) staining was utilized to observe and calculate the quantity of islets. Acridine orange (AO)/propidium iodide (PI) staining was adopted to calculate the survival rate of islet cells. The insulin release experiment was performed to calculate the stimulation index (SI) and evaluate islet cell function. The concentration of glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) in islet cells was detected using GSH and NO kits. The expression level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) messenger RNA (mRNA) was quantitatively measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results Islet cells were observed in specifically scarlet color after DTZ staining. The quantity of islet cells did not significantly differ among different groups (all P>0.05). Along with the prolongation of culture time, the activity of islet cells in each group was gradually decreased. At 72 h after isolation and culture, compared with the control group, the survival rate of the cells was significantly higher in the Euonymus fortunei treatment group (P<0.05). The insulin release test results demonstrated that compared with the control group, the SI of the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups was significantly increased (both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the GSH contents of pancreatic islet cells in the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups were considerably enhanced, the NO content was significantly decreased, and the expression level of iNOS mRNA was significantly down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusions Euonymus fortunei can increase the survival rate of islet cells and enhance the function of pancreatic islets by increasing the level of GSH, down-regulating the expression of iNOS and decreasing the NO production.

10.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1094-1097, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662794

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of isoniazid on lymphocyte factor expression and macrophage function of rats.Methods Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups,which was treated for one month,three months and withdrawal for one month after treated for three months,and each group was randomly divided into isoniazid group and control group.The isoniazid groups were ig with isoniazid at dose of 120 mg/kg every other day and control groups were fed on normal saline.At the corresponding time points,the level of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was detected with ELISA method,detected serum lysozyme content by agar plate method,and Comori method was used for the detection of acid phosphatase levels in peritoneal fluid.Results At all the time points,levels of IL-12,IFN-γ and lysozyme in isoniazid group were not significantly different compared with control group.There were statistically significant differences in acid phosphatase between isoniazid group and control group after treated for one month (P < 0.05),but the significant differences disappeared at the next two time points.Conclusion Isoniazid of 120 mg/kg may have no obvious influence on the immune function of rat.We don't detect the immune injury.

11.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1094-1097, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660751

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of isoniazid on lymphocyte factor expression and macrophage function of rats.Methods Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups,which was treated for one month,three months and withdrawal for one month after treated for three months,and each group was randomly divided into isoniazid group and control group.The isoniazid groups were ig with isoniazid at dose of 120 mg/kg every other day and control groups were fed on normal saline.At the corresponding time points,the level of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was detected with ELISA method,detected serum lysozyme content by agar plate method,and Comori method was used for the detection of acid phosphatase levels in peritoneal fluid.Results At all the time points,levels of IL-12,IFN-γ and lysozyme in isoniazid group were not significantly different compared with control group.There were statistically significant differences in acid phosphatase between isoniazid group and control group after treated for one month (P < 0.05),but the significant differences disappeared at the next two time points.Conclusion Isoniazid of 120 mg/kg may have no obvious influence on the immune function of rat.We don't detect the immune injury.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695833

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on urinary retention due to prostatic hyperplasia by ultrasonic measurement of bladder residual urine volume before and after treatment.Methods Seventy patients with urinary retention due to prostatic hyperplasia were randomized to a treatment group (39 cases) and a control group (31 cases).The treatment group received electroacupuncture and the control group,conventional medication.The International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS) score was recorded and prostate volume (PV) and bladder residual urine volume (RUV) were measured in the two groups before and after treatment.The clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.Results There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in the indicators (I-PSS,PV and RUV) in both groups (P<0.05,P<0.01).There were statistically significant post-treatment differences in the indicators between the treatment and control groups (P<0.05).The total efficacy rate was 94.9% in the treatment group and 96.8% in the control group;there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Both electroacupuncture and medication are effective ways to treat urinary retention due to prostatic hyperplasia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect human bocavirus (HBoV) and investigate its genetic and evolutionary characteristics in children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1,259 samples of nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children with a confirmed diagnosis of acute respiratory infection between January and December, 2012. Viral nucleic acid was extracted, HBoV was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, and the gene segments of nucleocapsid protein of HBoV in positive samples were amplified by PCR. Several products were randomly selected and sequenced.The sequence obtained was compared with the known sequence of HBoV, and a phylogenetic analysis was performed. All the samples were examined to detect for other common respiratory tract viruses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1,259 samples, the positive rate of HBoV was 4.53% (57/1,259), and among the 57 samples with positive HBoV, 75% (43/57) were positive in children with an age of 6-36 months. The positive rate of HBoV in children peaked in summer (from June to August), and there was a mixed infection with other viruses. Sequence analysis was performed for the PCR products from 36 positive samples, and the presence of HBoV was confirmed, with a higher homology to the known sequence of HBoV.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In Tianjin, acute respiratory infection in some children may be associated with HBoV infection, which is commonly seen in infants with an age of 6-36 months. The peak of HBoV infection occurs in summer. The phylogenetic analysis shows a high homology to the known sequence of HBoV, with few gene sequence variations.</p>


Subject(s)
Bocavirus , Classification , Child, Hospitalized , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology , Seasons
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 49-53, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the administration of far lateral craniocervical approach in the jugular foramen (JF) tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed in 14 cases of JF tumors (9 neurilemmomas, 3 meningiomas, 1 glomus jugulare tumor, and 1 adenoid cystic carcinoma) surgically treated between January 2009 and January 2012, with focus on the surgical approach. Six patients (6/14) showed hydrocephalus. The tumor type was composed of 5 intracranial and intraforamen tumors with patent or occluded jugular bulb, 1 intracranial tumor with extension into the upper cervical canal, 4 extracranial and intra foramen tumors, 4 intra- and extracranial dumbbell-shaped communicating tumors involving the parapharyngeal space above C2 or extending caudally below C3. Far lateral postcondylar approach (FLPC) was carried out in 2 cases, far lateral tansjugular process approach (FLTJP) in 3 cases, combined FLPC + C1-2 semi-laminectomy approach in 1 case, combined FLTJP + trans-C1 transverse process approach in 7 cases, and combined FLTJP + neck approach with dissection of carotid sheath to the skull base in 1 case. Endovascular embolotherapy prior to surgical resection was performed in 1 glomus jugulare tumor.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total tumor removal was achieved in 12 patients and subtotal removal in 2 patients, with no cerebrospinal fluid leakage or operative mortality. New cranial nerve paresis occurred after surgery in 1 case of facial nerve and 1 case of lower cranial nerve. Transient worsening of preoperative lower cranial nerve deficits was noted in 3 patients. Long-term follow-up study ranging from 5 to 32 months (average 13.7 months) showed 7 patients with lower cranial nerve deficits (6 preexisting and 1 new), with exception of one preoperative lower cranial nerve dysfunction due to the infiltration of an adenoid cystic carcinoma, experienced favorable improvement with recovery of adequate swallowing function, but voice disturbance remained in 4 cases. One patient with new facial nerve deficit presented with partial improvement and the hydrocephalus in 6 patients all spontaneously regressed. There was no tumor recurrence in patients receiving total removal and no tumor progression in patients undergoing subtotal removal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>FLTJP is a basic approach for JF tumors. The combined cranial and cervical approach should be considered in those tumors extending into the upper cervical canal and parapharyngeal space. The associated hydrocephalus seldom requires additional surgical management.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain Neoplasms , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glomus Jugulare Tumor , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Microsurgery , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association between CSPG2 and HSPG2 gene polymorphisms and intracranial aneurysm (IA) in ethnic Han Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was carried out. A total of 537 IA patients and 1071 normal controls with matched age and gender were recruited. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from all subjects. Following extraction, target DNA was amplified with PCR and genotyped with a SNaPshot method. The association between 2 tag SNPs (rs251124 and rs3767137) of CSPG2 and HSPG2 genes and IA was assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotype frequencies of rs251124 and rs3767137 were both in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. No significant difference has been found in the frequencies of rs251124 of CSPG2 between the two groups. Similarly, the frequency of rs3767137 (HSPG2) did not differ between the IA and control groups (P=0.22), albeit with an OR value of greater than 1 (OR=1.12, 95%CI=0.92-1.37). There were no significant difference in genotypic frequencies of the two SNPs between the two groups (P=0.46, 0.53).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>No association has been found between polymorphisms of rs251124 and rs3767137 loci of CSPG2 and HSPG2 genes and IA in the selected population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Ethnology , Female , Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans , Genetics , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Versicans , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 222-225, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257522

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of digestive tract leakage after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-one recipients had digestive tract leakage in early stage after OLT among 1173 cases from January 2000 to December 2010. There were 55 male and 6 female patients, aging from 36 to 61 years, with a median of 45 years. Digestive tract leakage included bile leakage (46 cases), gastric leakage (5 cases), duodenal leakage (1 case), jejunal leakage (4 cases), ileal leakage (1 case) and colon transversum leakage (4 cases). Ten of recipients with gastrointestinal leakage had 1 to 3 times of abdominal surgery before OLT. Abdominal drainage was used in 28 cases with bile leakage, and additionally, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic nasobiliary drainage and stenting were performed for 8 of them, and surgical neoplasty for another 18 patients with bile leakage. Simple surgical neoplasty of perforation was performed for 13 patients with gastrointestinal leakage, and diverticulectomy and neoplasty for 1 case with duodenal leakage, and partial jejunostomy for one severe jejunal leakage. Nutritional support was administered for all of cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence rate of digestive tract leakage in early stage after OLT was 5.20% (61/1173). Intra-operative iatrogenic injury of gastrointestinal tract was occurred in 6 cases with gastrointestinal leakage. After treatment, 11 cases died of multiple organ failure resulted from severe infection, with mortality of 18.0% (11/61), including 4 cases with bile leakage, with the mortality of 8.6% (4/46), and 7 cases with gastrointestinal tract leakage, with the mortality of 46.6% (7/15). The remanent 50 cases through comprehensive treatment with a span of 1 to 3 months recovered and discharged healthily. No digestive tract leakage reoccurred in the follow-up of 6 to 84 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The morbidity of digestive tract leakage in early stage after OLT is low, but its mortality is high, especially for gastrointestinal tract leakage. High dose corticosteroids therapy, history of abdominal operation and intra-operative iatrogenic injury may be high risk factor. Comprehensive treatment is crucial for improving prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Digestive System Fistula , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Drainage , Female , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Therapeutics
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 14-16, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the outcomes of liver transplant recipients who received liver allografts from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive donors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 23 male patients (median age, 42.5 years; range: 29-61) who received HBsAg-(+) liver allografts in our organ transplant center were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had confirmed diagnosis of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) secondary to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, including 13 HBsAg(+)/HBeAg(-)/HBcAb(+) cases and 10 HBsAg(+)/HBeAb(+)/HBcAb(+) cases. After transplantation, all patients were administered oral entecavir and intravenous anti-hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) (2000 IU/d during the first week), along with a steroid-free immune suppression regimen. HBV-related antigen and antibody and HBV DNA were detected on post-transplantation days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 30. The liver allografts were monitored by ultrasound imaging. After discharge, monthly follow-up recorded liver function, renal function, acute rejection, infections, vascular complications, biliary complications, HBV recurrence, cancer recurrence, and patient survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two of the recipients died from severe perioperative pneumonia. The remaining 21 recipients were followed-up for 10 to 38 months, and all 21 patients remained HBsAg(+). One recipient developed biliary ischemia and required a second liver transplantation at five months after the primary transplantation. Three recipients (all primary) died from tumor recurrence at 9, 14, and 18 months post-transplantation, respectively. All other recipients survived and had acceptably low HBV DNA copy levels. Color Doppler imaging showed good graft function and normal texture. The patient and graft survival rates were 78.3% (18/23) and 73.9% (17/23), respectively. The recurrence rate of HBV infection was 100% (23/23). In surviving patients, no liver function abnormality, graft loss, or death was found to be related to the recurrence of HBV infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Liver transplantation using HBsAg(+) liver grafts was safe for patients with ESLD secondary to HBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , End Stage Liver Disease , General Surgery , Virology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426308

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) combined with mesencephalic morphology and the prognosis of coma patients with severe craniocerebral injury.Methods Forty-seven coma patients with severe craniocerebral injury were examined with BAEP and moaitored dynamically in early period of coma,and all these patients got head CT scans and the ratio of anteroposterior diameter and transverse diameter of mesencephalon were measured at the same time.Results There was a significantly negative relationship between the first BAEP classification and GOS score at the end of the follow-up (r =-0.755,P =0.000 ).Among all of the patients,there were 27 patients with the ratio of anteroposterior diameter and tansverse diameter of mesencephalon from 0.9 to 1.1,19 patients (70.4%,19/27) with good prognosis;20 patients with the ratio >1.1 or < 0.9,6 patients (30.0%,6/20 ) with good prognosis.The rate of good prognosis between the two had significant difference ( x2 =7.521,P =0.006).The sensitivity and specificity were 73.7%(14/19),82.6% (19/23) at the first BAEP combined with mesencephalic morphology,88.2% (15/17),100.0% (21/21) at the second BAEP combined with mesencephalic morphology.Conclusion BAEP combined with mesencephalic morphology can evaluate effectively the prognosis of coma patients with severe craniocerebral injury.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4481-4487, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331349

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The elevated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity is an important cause of chronic wound healing failure. Arsenolite, whose main component is arsenic trioxide (As2O3), is a common traditional Chinese medicine wildly used in treating chronic wounds; it can remove necrotic tissue and promote tissue regeneration. This research was designed to evaluate the effects of As2O3 on production and activities of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and on regulation of its signal transduction pathway in human skin fibroblasts (HSFb) and human monocyte line (THP-1 cells) that were in an inflammatory state.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We established three cell models; HSFb activated by TNF-α, THP-1 cells activated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and an HSFb-THP-1 co-culture system. Three cell models was cultured with As2O3 for 24 hours. The levels of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, TNF-α and IL-1β in the cell culture supernatants were assayed by ELISA. The mRNA expressions of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by RT-PCR. The activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were tested by Gelatin zymography assays. The phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and p38MAPK were assayed by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As2O3 inhibited the expression of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA, the secretion and activity of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in HSFb and THP-1 cells in the inflammatory state (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 respectively). It also inhibited the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β in THP-1 cells and in the co-culture system (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). It also decreased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in HSFb and THP-1 cells (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As2O3, as a main component of arsenolite, can inhibit the production of MMPs by HSFb and THP-1 cells in an inflammatory state through inhibiting the release of inflammatory factors and the activation of the MAPK cascade pathway. This may be a possible mechanism for arsenolite healing chronic wounds.</p>


Subject(s)
Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fibroblasts , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Monocytes , Oxides , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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