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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the effects of different irradiators on the establishment of osteoradionecrosis of jaw model (ORNJ) to explore an ideal modeling method.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 adult SD rats were included and randomly divided into three groups according to the radiation equipment, namely, the blank control (CN, 3 rats), group A (linear accelerator irradiation, 15 rats), and group B (small-animal irradiator irradiation, 15 rats). Groups A and B were irradiated with daily fractions of 7, 8, and 9 Gy for 5 days and further divided into three subgroups as follows: group A@*RESULTS@#At 3 weeks after dental extractions, complete gingival healing was found in the regions of dental extractions in groups A@*CONCLUSIONS@#Small-animal irradiator irradiation is an ideal device for establishing ORNJ model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mandible , Molar , Osteoradionecrosis/etiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , X-Ray Microtomography
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1326-1331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, laboratorial and bone marrow pathological features of primary thrombocytopenia (ET) patients with different mutations of CALR, JAK2 and MPL genes.@*METHODS@#The chinical data of 120 cases of ET in Jiangsu provincial people's hospital/ The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed, including 76 cases with JAK2 gene mutation, 40 cases with CALR gene mutation, 2 cases with MPL gene mutations, 2 cases without gene mutation.@*RESULTS@#Among the ET patients, compared with the JAK2 gene mutation, CALR gene mutation showed statistically significant deareament of white blood cells and hemoglobin (P=0.001, P=0.01) and the male platelets in CALR group showed significant increament (P=0.04). Fourthermore, the average number of megakaryocytes and its cluster numbers in each hight power field of vision showed statistically significant decreament in CALR group as compared with JAK2 group (P=0.001, P=0.001), and thrombotic events in CALR group were signicantly lower than those in JAK2 group (7.5% vs 18.4%) (P=0.03).@*CONCLUSION@#Mutations of CALR, JAK2 have different clinical characteristics and blood pathological changes of Chinese ET patients, and their clinical significance is worth to explore.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Calreticulin , Genetics , China , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential
3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 462-466, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of depression and to analyze its determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods:A cross-sectional study on centenarians was conducted in Hainan from June 2014 to December 2016.A total of 910 centenarians, including 166 males and 744 females, were interviewed in their domiciles by trained investigators.A 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS-15)was used to assess depression for centenarians, and general sociodemographic details, sleep quality, cognitive function, activities of daily living, and lifestyles were recorded.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine major related factors for depression in centenarians.Results:Of the 910 centenarians, 292 were regarded as depressed and the prevalence was 32.1%.Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in gender, education, marital status, self-reported health, incontinence, dietary habits, sleep quality, activities of daily living, cognitive function, outdoor activities, watching TV, and social engagement between subjects with and without depression( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that living conditions, self-reported health, activities of daily living, and sleep quality were independent related factors for depression in centenarians( P<0.05). Among the above related factors, living with families( OR=0.50, P=0.026)and good sleep quality( OR=0.67, P=0.010)were protective factors for depression, whereas poor self-reported health( OR=3.34, P<0.001)and disability( OR=2.37, P=0.002)were risk factors for depression in centenarians. Conclusions:Living conditions, self-reported health, activities of daily living, and sleep quality were independently correlated with depression in Hainan centenarians.This study provides empirical evidence for depression interventions and mental health improvement in centenarians.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 512-518, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and staging of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important. Currently, there is no research on the differences in several estimated GFR equations for staging CKD in a large sample of centenarians. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the differences in CKD staging with the most commonly used equations and to analyze sources of discrepancy.@*METHODS@#A total of 966 centenarians were enrolled in this study from June 2014 to December 2016 in Hainan province, China. The GFR with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Berlin Initiative Study 1 (BIS1) equations were estimated. Agreement between these equations was investigated with the κ statistic and Bland-Altman plots. Sources of discrepancy were investigated by partial correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The κ values of the MDRD and CKD-EPI equations, MDRD and BIS1 equations, and CKD-EPI and BIS1 equations were 0.610, 0.253, and 0.381, respectively. Serum creatinine (Scr) explained 10.96%, 41.60% and 17.06% of the variability in these three comparisons, respectively. Serum uric acid (SUA) explained 3.65% and 5.43% of the variability in the first 2 comparisons, respectively. Gender was associated with significant differences in these 3 comparisons (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The strengths of agreement between the MDRD and CKD-EPI equations were substantial, but those between the MDRD and BIS1 equations and the CKD-EPI and BIS1 equations were fair. The difference in CKD staging of the first 2 comparisons strongly depended on Scr, SUA and gender, and that of CKD-EPI and BIS1 equations strongly depended on Scr and gender. The incidence at various stages of CKD staging was quite different. Thus, a new equation that is more suitable for the elderly needs to be built in the future.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Asians , Creatinine , Blood , Cystatin C , Blood , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Physiology , Humans , Male , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Blood , Uric Acid , Blood
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1413-1417, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the health status of Hainan centenarians and compare the gender disparity, and to determine whether the'male-female health-survival paradox’is present among them.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted on the health status and gender disparity of individuals aged 100 and over in Hainan province from June 2014 to December 2016.Data of sociodemographics, lifestyles as well as health-related parameters were collected.The multi-dimensional health assessment of centenarians was conducted based on the recognition of standard on Chinese healthy elderly in 2013.@*Results@#A total of 940 centenarians(men 18.6%, women 81.4%)were included.The prevalences of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were 66.1%, 9.8%, and 21.2%, respectively, while no significant gender difference was found.Male centenarians were more independent in activity of daily living than did female centenarians(41.1% vs.25.9%, P<0.001). The prevalences of dementia(7.7% vs.4.0%)and depression(33.6% vs.18.9%)were more dominant in females than in males.Multivariate logistic regression showed that the proportions of functional disability, depression and sleep disorders were higher in female centenarians than in male centenarians(P<0.05)after adjusting for general demographic characteristics, lifestyle and other health indicators.@*Conclusions@#Although the female proportion dominates the centenarian population, female general health states are worse than male centenarians.More attentions on physical and mental health should be paid to the female centenarians.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1413-1417, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824581

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the health status of Hainan centenarians and compare the gender disparity,and to determine whether the‘ male-female health-survival paradox’is present among them.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on the health status and gender disparity of individuals aged 100 and over in Hainan province from June 2014 to December 2016.Data of sociodemographics,lifestyles as well as health-related parameters were collected.The multi dimensional health assessment of centenarians was conducted based on the recognition of standard on Chinese healthy elderly in 2013.Results A total of 940 centenarians(men 18.6%,women 81.4%)were included.The prevalences of hypertension,diabetes and dyslipidemia were 66.1%,9.8%,and 21.2%,respectively,while no significant gender difference was found.Male centenarians were more independent in activity of daily living than did female centenarians(41.1% vs.25.9 %,P <0.001).The prevalences of dementia(7.7% vs.4.0%)and depression(33.6% vs.18.9%)were more dominant in females than in males.Multivariate logistic regression showed that the proportions of functional disability,depression and sleep disorders were higher in female centenarians than in male centenarians (P<0.05)after adjusting for general demographic characteristics,lifestyle and other health indicators.Conclusions Although the female proportion dominates the centenarian population,female general health states are worse than male centenarians.More attentions on physical and mental health should be paid to the female centenarians.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816573

ABSTRACT

Fallopian tube obstruction accounts for30%-50% of female infertility.In patients with com-plete or partial obstruction of the fallopian tube diag-nosed by hysterosalpinography(HSG),after performedby selective salpingography(SSG)and fallopian tuberecanalization(FTR)can not only eliminate the falsepositive results in most of the examinations,but alsodredge the fallopian tube and improve the patency ofthe fallopian tube.This is an important method to treatfallopian tube obstructive infertility.fallopian tube obstructioninfertilityin-

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment response of 100 patients with pure red cell aplasia(PRCA).METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 100 adult patients with acquired PRCA from October2009 to July 2019, and compared the difference in efficacy between idiopathic and secondary patients.RESULTS: 100 patients were evaluated, including 60 idiopathic patients and 40 secondary patients.The most common reasons for secondary PRCA were large granular lymphocytic leukemia(LGLL)(28 cases,70.0%)and thymoma(6 cases, 15.0%). The remission induced regimens included corticosteroids(CS), cyclosporine A(CsA), or other agents, and the response rate were 66.7%,71.4% and 50%, respectively(P=0.336). Secondary PRCA was less effective than idiopathic PRCA(52.5%,78.3%,P=0.007). PRCA related to large granular lymphocytic leukemia was also less effective compared to idiopathic PRCA(46.4%,79.3%,P=0.003). When treated by CsA, idiopathic PRCA was more effective than secondary PRCA and LGLL related PRCA(P=0.001, P=0.000). Logistic regression analysis showed that lower response rate was related to secondary PRCA and LGLL related PRCA.CONCLUSION: The response rate were similar by different induced regimens. Idiopathic PRCA could acquired better response to CsA than secondary, LGLL related PRCA was less effective to treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of eltrombopag in the treatment of refractory acquired pure red cell aplasia(PRCA). METHODS: Three patients with refractory acquired PRCA treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University/Jiangsu Province Hospital from March 2018 to May 2019 were treated with eltrombopag(75 mg/d). The clinical data were collected for evaluating efficacy and tolerance. RESULTS: The erythrocyte count(P=0.039), hemoglobin concentration(P=0.018) and reticulocyte percentage(P=0.046) in 3 patients were significantly higher than those before treatment. The platelet count was higher than that before treatment(P=0.024). The leukocyte count and absolute neutrophil count increased in 2 patients, and decreased in 1 patient, but still remained in the normal range(P=0.924; P =0.565). Total bilirubin(TBIL) and direct bilirubin(DBIL) increased in 1 case; alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and serum creatinine(Scr) increased in 1 case; palpitation occurred in 1 case. All the side effects were alleviated after symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: Eltrombopag has certain efficacy and good tolerance in the treatment of refractory acquired PRCA, which is worthy of further exploration.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777973

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the water quality of self-supply wells in four provinces of northern China (Heilongjiang, Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Tibet), so as to provide a reference for supervision and management of self-supply wells. Methods Water were sampled from 233 self-supply wells in four northern provinces of China according to standard examination methods for drinking water (GB/T 5750-2006). In total, The samples were tested for 27 kinds of water quality parameters involving sensory properties, chemistry, bacteriology and toxicology, and then evaluated. Results The total unqualified rate of water quality in self-supply well water in four northern provinces of China was 52.36%. The water quality varied greatly among provinces. As for Heilongjiang, the main unqualified indicators of self-supply wells water involved turbidity, visible to the naked eye, manganese, arsenic and nitrate. In relation to Beijing, these referred to the nitrate and microorganism. In case of Inner Mongolia province, these included sulfate and fluoride. With reference to Tibet, these were zinc and chloride. Conclusions To ensure the safety of drinking water for residents, the management, disinfection and purifying measures of self-supply wells should be strengthened basing on their regional differences and water quality characteristics.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic effects of single locking plates and locking plates with suture anchors in treating type Neer IIb distal clavicle fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to January 2015, 40 distal clavicle fractures patients with Neer IIb were treated by retrospectively analyzed and divided into single locking plates (control group) and locking plates with suture anchors(observation group) according to methods of operation. There were 20 patients in control group treated by single locking plates, including 16 males and 4 females aged from 26 to 64 years old with an average of(40.60±12.64) years old; while there were 20 patients in observation group treated by locking plates with suture anchors, including 15 males and 5 females aged from 20 to 57 years old with an average of(37.30±10.56) years old. Length of incisions, operation time, blood loss, hospital stays, fracture healing observed by X-ray, position of internal fixation, and changes of coracoclavicular distance were compared, Constant-Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 22 to 42 months with an average of (30.08±6.72) months. There was no statistical significance in length of incisions, operation time, blood loss, hospital stays and fracture healing time (>0.05). Constant-Murley score in control group was 83.10±5.81, and lower than that of observation group (92.30±6.05)(<0.05) at final following-up. Coracoclavicular distance in control group (11.22±3.85) mm, was longer than that of observation group (8.71±2.14) mm(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with locking plates, locking plates with suture anchors for type Neer IIb distal clavicle fractures has better shoulder joint, shorter coracoclavicular distance. It showed coracoclavicular ligament is an effectiveness method for treating Neer IIb distal clavicle fractures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Clavicle , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761736

ABSTRACT

Spargana were collected from human and frogs in Liaoning and Hubei Provinces, China. PCR amplification and direct sequencing of A cox1 fragment was PCR-amplified from genomic DNA extracted from 7 specimens (5 from humans and 2 from frogs). The cox1 fragment (390 bp) showed 97–100% similarity to the reference sequence of S. erinaceieuropaei and 88–89% to the reference sequence of S. decipiens. There were 1–12 bases different between these worms, but no obvious genetic variation (0–3.3%) to the references. There was little difference of cox1 gene between sparganum samples of humans and frogs (1–3%). This study is the first report on S. erinaceieuropaei spargana from humans in Liaoning and Hubei Provinces.


Subject(s)
China , DNA , Genetic Variation , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sparganum , Spirometra
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-injury and anti-inflammation protective effects of metformin in acute-liver-injury SD rat model induced by D-galactosamine and Pam3CSK4 .Methods Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with the mixture of D-galactosamine (350 mg/kg ) and Pam3CSK4 (50 μg/kg ) by intraperitoneal injection (i .p .) to construct acute liver injury model .The rats in intervention group were given PBS and metformin ,respectively .The liver and body weight were measured and the ratio of liver weight to body weight was calculated .HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the liver .Fasting serum was collected for detection of serological parameters .ELISA and RT-qPCR were used to determine the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-α.Finally , activation of MAPK signal pathway in rat liver was detected by Western blot .Results Compared with those in control group , the ratio of body weight to liver weight , serum transaminase and proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-a were all significantly increased in the two intervention groups .Meanwhile , hepatic degeneration and hepatic interstitial exudation indicated that D -galactosamine combined with Pam3CSK4 successfully constructed acute liver injury model in the SD rats.Compared with PBS group, the ratio of body weight to liver weight , hepatic damage , serum transaminase levels.and the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-a were significantly decreased in metformin-treated group.Meanwhile,the expressions of p-ERKl/2,p-SAPK/JNK and p-P38 MAPK decreased in liver tissues by metformin pretreatment,suggesting that metformin may play an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing MAPK signaling pathway.Conclusion Metformin attenuated inflammatory reactions in SD rats with acute liver injury induced by D -galactosamine and Pam3CSK4.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664886

ABSTRACT

A method has been developed by solid phase extraction-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detector for simultaneous determination of 10 kinds of cyanotoxins in lake water, including microcystin-RR (MC-RR), MC-YR, MC-HtyR, MC-LR, MC-WR, MC-LA, MC-LY, MC-LW, MC-LF and nodularin ( NOD ).The samples were enriched and purified by a HLB solid phase extraction column.The separation was performed on a Waters C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) with the gradient elution of acetonitrile and water containing 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid.The flow rate of the mobile phase was 0.8 mL/min.The column temperature was 30℃ and the injection volume was 20 μL.The photodiode array detector was scanned from 190 nm to 300 nm and the detection wavelength was 238 nm.Multiple qualitative analyses were completed according to retention time, full scanning spectrum of photodiode array detector and purity analysis of chromatographic peak.Good linearity was observed in the cyanotoxin concentration range of 0.05 mg/L-2.0 mg/L with correlation coefficients ( R) from 0.9998 to 0.9999.The limits of detection for 10 cyanotoxins were in the range of 0.005 μg/L-0.020 μg/L.The recoveries were in the range of 85.1%-105.3% at the three spiked levels of 0.1 mg/L, 1.0 mg/L and 1.8 mg/L with the relative standard deviations ( RSD ) of 0.8% -9.2%.The method was characteriZed by wide applicability, convenient operation, quick analytical rate, high sensitivity, good accuracy and high recovery.The qualitative accuracy was improved by using multiple qualitative analyses.This method was successfully applied to determination of 10 kinds of cyanotoxins in lake water.

15.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 99-102, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702957

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of ultrasound-guided steel needle cross projection in percutaneous nephroscopy localization for clinical treatment. Methods From July 2015 to July 2017, we selected 307 cases of percutaneous nephrolithotomy with ultrasonic stereoscopic precision positioning, stones are antipyroid stones, renal calculi multiple kidney stones, ESWL treatment failure, isolated kidney stones, renal pelvis and ureteral junction (UPJ) obstruction with stones, open stone surgery recurrence, upper ureteral stones and so on. Refer to preoperative CT and KUB+IVP to determine the puncture angle and the puncture of the calyx. Then, in the ultrasonic stereo precise positioning to select the first mark line and the second mark line, two-line intersection for the final puncture point, this point with the first mark point connection with the vertical axis of the kidney.Finally, at the end of the puncture point in the ultrasonic stereo precise probe under the guidance of the probe to adjust the target angle of the calyx puncture. Results Of the 307 patients, 281 were 1 ~ 2 successful punctures, 21 were 3 ~ 5 times. The total success rate was 98.4% (302/307). 5 cases of small incision were separated to the kidney weeks under the guidance of the fingers.1 case of bleeding after 2 days (by selective renal artery embolization to stop bleeding).The net rate of calculi was 95.8% (294/307) and 13 residual stones were less than 0.5 cm. Conclusions The application of ultrasonic stereoscopic accurate positioning in percutaneous nephroscopy is safe and effective, and the localization method is refined and easy to be promoted.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702447

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of band to strengthen core stability training for cerebral palsy. Methods From May, 2015 to December, 2016, 70 children with spastic cerebral palsy in outpatient department were di-vided into control group (n=35) and observation group (n=35). Both groups accepted routine rehabilitation train-ing, and the control group accepted core stability training, while the observation group was trained with a band during core stability training, for twelve weeks. They were assessed with Gross Motor Function Measure- 88 (GMFM-88), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Manual Muscle Test (MMT) before and after treatment. Results The scores of GMFM- 88, BBS and MMT of external oblique improved in both groups after treatment (t>12.904, P<0.001), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (t>2.121, P<0.05). Conclusion Strengthening core stability training with a band can further improve gross motor function, balance and mus-cle strength in the spastic cerebral palsy children.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate etiology and pathological morphological characteristics of sudden death caused by non-atherosclerotic aortic dissection. Propose accurate diagnosis of non-atherosclerotic aortic dissection by a proper method to autopsy. Methods A total of 8 cases of non-atherosclerotic aortic dissection from 2007 to 2015 were evaluated and analyzed in the present study. Results Non-atherosclerotic aortic dissection rupture is more common in men under the age of 40. It is lack of a typical clinical symptoms and had no marked history of hypertension. There are no related pathological changes of hypertension observed in autopsy. The pathological type is mainly DeBakey 1, in the main arteries,where it was found that decrease of elastic fibers and smooth muscle, cystic degeneration, inflammatory cell infiltration and other changes in media membrane. These changes were also found in the media arteries in 5 cases. Conclusion The etiology of non-atherosclerotic aortic dissection is complex, which is closely associated with many factors, such as genetics and inflammation. It affects the vessels systemically. In addition, systematic examination of large vessels is necessary as well as the examination of the middle arteries during autopsy. It is suggested that genetic tests are carried out for definite diagnosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 120-123,129, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701492

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pathological changes of the sudden death cases due to the dysplasia of the cardiac conduction system. Methods Using the newly established pathological sampling method by our research team, 26 hearts of unidentified sudden deaths excluding trauma, poisoning and diseases were collected and observed optically with H&E staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemical staining. Results Among the 26 cases, there were dysplasia in the cardiac conduction system,structural abnormalities, tissue or structure shift, fibrous cushion in the sinoatrial node and 9 cases have 2~3 abnormalities at the same time. Among the age groups from 16 to 30, 21 cases (80.8%) showed dysplasia of the cardiac conduction system. Conclusion The dysplasia of the cardiac conduction system may be one of the predominant reasons for the sudden death in young adults.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:During the percutaneous vertebroplasty, the optimal dose of bone cement that can bring favorable cement dispersion and remodel the biomechanical balance of the fractured vertebrae remains controversial. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the dispersion degree of small dose of bone cement in vertebroplasty. METHODS: In this experiment, 18 sheep selected with the same condition were randomly divided into three groups (group A, group B, group C), 6 in each group. A model of thoracolumbar vertebral compression fracture (T12, L1, L2) was made in each sheep. The injected volume of bone cement in groups A, B, C was 15%, 20%, 25% of the average volume of adjacent vertebral bodies, respectively. Postoperative CT images were used to evaluate the bone cement dispersion. Dispersion degree of bone cement among the three groups was compared by the Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There was no statistical difference in the dispersion degree of bone cement among the three groups, and the excellent and good rate of dispersion was over 80%. To conclude, the optimal dose of bone cement injected into the fractured vertebra is 15% of the average volume of adjacent vertebral bodies, which can achieve good dispersion degree and restore the biomechanical stability of the vertebral body.

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 26-28,48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694309

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out about the sanitary conditions of drinking water along the border line of Inner Mongolia via safety evaluation of drinking water along the border line of Inner Mongolia.Methods 108 samples of drinking water along the border line of Inner Mongolia(70 samples of self-supply source water,21 ones of self-supply tap water and 17 ones of municipal tap water)were collected.Hygienic evaluation of sensory indexes, normal chemical indexes, toxicological indexes and microbiology indexes of water quality was performed according to hygienic standards for drinking water(GB 5749—2006).Results 58 samples were qualified with a total qualified rate of 53.7%.The unqualified rate of the total number of coliforms was the highest(20.4%),followed by fluoride(19.4%).As for deep wells, shallow wells and surface water,there was no statistically significant difference.Compared with municipal tap water,the unqualified rate of self-supply water(28.6%)was higher(17.7%).Conclusion The qualified rate along the border line of Inner Mongolia of drinking water is low.Treatment and disinfection facilities for drinking water,detection devices of water quality are needed.The cleaning and disinfection of storage tanks should be performed periodically in oder to prevent waterborne infectious diseases.

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