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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366214


We present a case of solitary arteriosclerotic aneurysm of the profunda femoris artery (PFA), which is very rare among peripheral aneurysms and a reviewed the 19 cases reported in the Japanese literature. A 78-year-old man had a chief complaint of a painful pulsatile mass in the left thigh. Enhanced CT showed the ruptured solitary aneurysm of the PFA. The aneurysm was 6.8cm in diameter. It was removed after ligation of the the PFA. In the Japanese literature, the mean age of patients with solitary arteriosclerotic aneurysm of the PFA was 73 (64-84), all patients were males, the rate of rupture of PFA aneurysm was 47%, and the mean diameter was 8.9cm. In our case, we simply ligated the aneurysm because the patient did not have any evidence of peripheral artery occlusive disease and the distal artery of the aneurysm was very small. However, there is a need to reconstruct the PFA whenever possible because the surgical importance of PFA in occlusive arterial disease has been recognized.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366213


A 6-year-old girl who had undergone repair of an endocardial cushion defect 4.5 years previously, developed discrete subaortic stenosis requiring surgical intervention. On two-dimensional echocardiography a membrane was visualized below the aortic valve. A pressure gradient of 97mmHg was recorded across the left ventricular outflow tract by cardiac catheterization. Operative findings showed a fibrous ring tissue just below the aortic valve, which was peeled away by sharp dissection. Postoperative cardiac catheterization revealed a 25mmHg pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract. Two years later, she continues to do well and the pressure gradient remains unchanged on Doppler echocardiography.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365549


Obstruction of right ventricle-pulmonary artery bioprosthetic valved conduits can result from valvular degeneration and calcification or neointimal peel formation. From 1968 through 1989, 38 patients underwent repair of congenital heart malformation with a porcine xenograft extracardiac valved conduits from right ventricle to pulmonary artery. Of 27 patients who survived after initial repair, 14 patients (8 males and 6 females) were reoperated for conduit obstructions. Ages of patients at the reoperation ranged 5 to 20yr (mean age 11.8±3.6yr) and the interval between initial repair and reoperation ranged 3 to 9yr (mean 6.6±1.7yr). The obstructed conduits were replaced with mechanical valved conduits (4 patients), nonvalved conduits (7 patients) or outflow patches (3 patients). In a half of patients, obstructions occured at multiple levels within the conduits. Obstructions mainly resulted from valvular degeneration, neointimal peel formation and anastomotic narrowings. There was no operative death but one late death due to the infective endocarditis. The systolic pressure ratio of right ventricle to left ventricle (or aorta) decreased from 0.81±0.13 preoperatively to 0.48±0.10 postoperatively. From our experience, it is recommended to use adequate sized bioprosthetic valued conduits for patients' body weight at the initial repair and replace obstructed conduits to the large sized nonvalved conduit at reoperation if possible.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-364698


Pulmonary stenosis is the most frequent problem after arterial switch operation for TGA. We experienced four cases of late severe pulmonary stenosis out of twelve patients. All four had supravalvular stenosis either at anastomotic site or at previously banded segment. One patient had associated valvular stenosis and another had bilateral branch stenosis. It is possible that valvular stenosis was due to retraction of equine pericardial patch and branch stenosis was due to overdistension. All four cases were successfully reoperated on 13∼39 months after switch operation. To prevent late pulmonary stenosis, we now alter technique of switch operation in two points. First, the great arteries are anastomosed with interrupted U-shaped sutures from outside of the vessels in whole circumference. Second, both coronary arteries are transferred with punched-out method to save tissue of Valsalva sinus, and the defects are closed with autologous pericardial patch.