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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929232

ABSTRACT

Natural products (NPs), especially those from traditional herbal medicines, can evidently modulate human gene expression at multiple levels, leading to a wide diversity of bioactivities. Although numerous bio-functions of NPs for human body have been found, there is little understanding about how NPs achieve it, as less attention was drawn to the definite mechnism by which NPs regulate gene expression. Furthermore, based on the rapidly advancing knowledge of mechanisms for gene regulation in recent years, newly-understood mechanisms, such as post-transcriptional regulation, are found to be involved in NP-elicited bio-effects, providing a new perspective on understanding the role of NPs in gene expression. Therefore, in the current review, we summarize the function of NPs in gene expression from the perspectives of transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational regulation, which will reinforce the understanding of NP-induced effects in gene expression and facilitate the exploration of more NPs with potential therapeutic effects.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929129

ABSTRACT

Dental stem cells (DSCs), an important source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), can be easily obtained by minimally invasive procedures and have been used for the treatment of various diseases. Classic paradigm attributed the mechanism of their therapeutic action to direct cell differentiation after targeted migration, while contemporary insights into indirect paracrine effect opened new avenues for the mystery of their actual low engraftment and differentiation ability in vivo. As critical paracrine effectors, DSC-derived extracellular vesicles (DSC-EVs) are being increasingly linked to the positive effects of DSCs by an evolving body of in vivo studies. Carrying bioactive contents and presenting therapeutic potential in certain diseases, DSC-EVs have been introduced as promising treatments. Here, we systematically review the latest in vivo evidence that supports the therapeutic effects of DSC-EVs with mechanistic studies. In addition, current challenges and future directions for the clinical translation of DSC-EVs are also highlighted to call for more attentions to the (I) distinguishing features of DSC-EVs compared with other types of MSC-EVs, (II) heterogeneity among different subtypes of DSC-derived EVs, (III) action modes of DSC-EVs, (IV) standardization for eligible DSC-EVs and (V) safety guarantee for the clinical application of DSC-EVs. The present review would provide valuable insights into the emerging opportunities of DSC-EVs in future clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Extracellular Vesicles/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the anatomical differences between discoid lateral meniscus(DLM) and normal lateral meniscus (NLM), this study aims to setting up the ultrasound examination parameters to distinguish DLM and NLM and explore the diagnostic value of these parameters on DLM.@*METHODS@#According to the inclusion, exclusion and matching criteria, 66 DLM patients(DLM group) and 132 NLM patients with other knee joint diseases(NLM group), hospitalized from October 2019 to June 2020, were included in this study. There were 18 males and 48 females in the DLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (36.9±12.1) years old;36 males and 96 females in the NLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (40.0±12.2) years old. Philips high frequency(3.0 to 12.0 MHz) linear array ultrasound probe was used to examine the lateral meniscus of all patients in two groups. Nine parameters including the thickness, width and the included angle of the anterior angle, body and posterior angle respectively in the lateral meniscus were measured. The included angke is formed by the chords of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the meniscus at the free edge. The independent t test was used to analyze the difference of the measured parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the cut-off value of each parameter for diagnosing DLM and the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the ROC curve(AUC).@*RESULTS@#The above 9 ultrasound measurement parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group had significant statistical differences(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis method evaluated the cut-off value and diagnostic capabilities of these nine ultrasound parameters for DLM. The results showed that the cut-off value of the included angle of anterior part, body and posterior part were 25.85°, 24.85° and 29.15 °, respectively;and the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and AUC were significantly higher than other parameters, which were 88%, 91%, 79%, 95%, 0.94;89%, 94%, 82%, 97%, 0.96; 92%, 97%, 86%, 98%, 0.97, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound diagnosis of DLM is feasible and reliable. The diagnostic ability of the included angle of the anterior part, body and posterior part in the lateral meniscus measured by ultrasound to diagnose DLM are significantly better than other ultrasound measurement parameters, and the sensitivity and specificity of those parameters are close to MRI. Therefore, ultrasound can be used as a reliable method for preliminary diagnosis of DLM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Menisci, Tibial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic debridement combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) gradeⅠ-Ⅲ knee osteoarthritis (KOA) .@*METHODS@#Totally 117 patients with KOA who underwent arthroscopic debridement combined with injection from November 2015 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different injection drugs, the patients were divided into sodium hyaluronate group(group A) and PRP group(group B). In group A, there were 60 patients, including 27 males and 33 females, aged from 49 to 67 years old with an average age of (54.1±4.8) years old;12 patients with gradeⅠ, 23 patients with gradeⅡand 25 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L clssification, 2 ml(20 g) sodium hyaluronate was injected into knee joint after intraoperative, 1, 2, 3 weeks after operation for 4 times. In group B, there were 57 patients, including 25 males and 32 females, aged from 47 to 70 years old with an average of (55.8±5.0) years old, 10 patients with gradeⅠ, 20 patients with gradeⅡand 27 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L classification, injected 5 ml PRP at the same time. Postoperative complications was recorded between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm score at 3, 6, 12 months were used to evaluate improvement of knee pain and joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 19 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. There was no significant difference in postopertaive complications between group A and group B (P>0.05). Postoperative VAS score in group A at 3, 6, 12 months were 3.0±0.8, 2.0±0.8, 2.6±0.9 respectively, and 2.9±0.8, 1.9±0.7, 2.2±0.8 in group B respectively; and no differnece at 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups (P<0.05), while VAS score in group B was higher than group A at 12 months after operation(P<0.05). Postoperative Lysholm score in group A at 1, 6, 12 months (86.6±1.8, 93.1±2.0, 86.7±1.7) were lower than group B(88.9±1.9, 95.0±2.0, 89.0±1.9)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic debridement combined with sodium hyaluronate or PRP injection for K-L gradeⅠ-Ⅲ KOA could effectively relieve pain and improve joint function with higher safety in short term, but the medium-long-term effect of PRP injection is stable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Debridement , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 303-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923574

ABSTRACT

In recent years, pediatric kidney transplantation has developed rapidly in China. However, clinical data related to the long-term survival of renal allografts are still lacking. The production of de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA)and its mediated chronic rejection after adult kidney transplantation are pivotal risk factors affecting the long-term survival of renal allografts. Nevertheless, immune system in children has not fully developed. Hence, the production of dnDSA after kidney transplantation and its influence upon renal allografts and recipients might differ from those of adult. In this article, the characteristics of pediatric immune system, the production and influence of donor specific antibody (DSA) after pediatric kidney transplantation and the risk factors of the production of DSA after pediatric kidney transplantation were reviewed and certain suggestions were proposed for prevention strategies, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the long-term survival of renal allografts after pediatric kidney transplantation and promote the development of pediatric kidney transplantation in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accessibility construction status of road traffic sidewalks in Shanghai. Methods:From July to September, 2019, 46 road traffic sidewalks in Shanghai were selected using a convenience sampling, and evaluation tools were designed based on the Codes for Accessibility Design (GB 50763-2012) and Standards for Design on Accessibility of Buildings and Facilities (DGJ08-103-2003). After field check and experience for the sidewalks, the compliance rates of evaluation dimensions and evaluation contents of sidewalks were analyzed using the descriptive analysis. The weights of each dimension were calculated using the principal component analysis to construct the sidewalk comprehensive barrier score model, and to compare the sidewalk comprehensive barrier scores in different areas of Shanghai. From September to November 2019, in-depth interviews were conducted with eleven persons with disabilities to understand the sidewalk barriers for them. Results:The overall compliance rate of sidewalk accessibility was 4.35%. Among the evaluated contents, 93.5% sidewalks had a curb ramp, 91.3% had a height difference between the ramp and the carriageway, 26.1% were not paved with tactile ground surface indicators; 71.7% tactile ground surface indicators were blocked by poles, etc., and 84.8% were occupied by obstacles. The warning indicator was the greatest weight among the evaluated dimensions. The barrier of sidewalks was high (36.7%) and medium (20.0%) in the central area, which was higher than that in the sub-central area (both 6.3%) (P < 0.05). There were many obstacles during the experience of sidewalks using, resulting in less using of the barrier-free facilities. Conclusion:Most of the sidewalks in Shanghai do not meet the standards of the Codes for Accessibility Design. It is urgent to construct and maintain the barrier-free facilities.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of coping behaviors among caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 358 caregivers (parents) of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. They were evaluated in the context of rehabilitation of children with disabilities with Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors. Results:The total score of CHIP was (106.00±23.45) and the average score of CHIP was (2.36±0.52). Among the caregiver factor, mothers (B = 7.607, 95%CI 2.477 to 12.737, P = 0.004), and caregivers who didn't need to care for others (B = 5.758, 95%CI 1.174 to 10.343, P = 0.014) reported higher CHIP score. Among the child factors, higher CHIP score was reported in caregivers who had more partners (B = 2.925, 95%CI 1.233 to 4.618, P < 0.001), participated in public space activities more frequently (B = 3.906, 95%CI 1.743 to 6.068, P < 0.001) and perceived changes in rehabilitation outcomes (B = -16.832, 95%CI -31.471 to -2.193, P = 0.024); CHIP score was lower in thoses of 3 to < 6 years old (B = -7.914, 95%CI -15.157 to -0.671, P = 0.032) and with intellectual disability children (B = -11.153, 95%CI -21.360 to -0.947, P = 0.032). Among the environmental factors, caregivers who perceived more friendly social attitude (B = 2.560, 95%CI 0.615 to 4.505, P = 0.010) reported higher CHIP score. Conclusion:It is proposed to learn the coping needs of caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation. The coping behaviors of caregivers are influenced by multiple factors, such as children's individual, caregivers and environment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities and analyze the influencing factors. Methods:From August to September, 2020, a one-to-one interview was conducted using a convenience sampling method to determine the depression status of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities in Shanghai. Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate the depression status. The data were analyzed with univariate analysis from three aspects: caregiver, care recipient and environment. Then, the statistically significant variables were included in a dichotomous logistic regression. Results:The depression rate of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities was 35.9%. Among the caregiver factors, female caregivers had a higher risk of depression than male (OR = 2.193, 95%CI 1.131 to 4.254, P = 0.002). Among the care recipient factors, poor sleep quality (OR = 1.942, 5%CI 1.113 to 3.386, P < 0.05), emotional instability (OR = 17.456, 95%CI 2.534 to 120.240, P < 0.05) and types of disability (ORintelligence = 5.401, 95%CI 1.995 to 14.624; ORmental = 3.712, 95%CI 1.615 to 8.530; ORphysical = 2.913, 95%CI 1.330 to 6.379; P < 0.05) were associated with the depression of caregivers. Among the environmental factors, caregivers in rented housing had a higher risk of depression than those in owner-occupied housing (OR = 1.727, 95%CI 1.135 to 2.627, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities is not optimistic, with higher rates of reported depression among female caregivers, caregivers in rented housing; caregivers of children with intellectual, mental and physical disabilities, and poor sleep quality and emotional instability.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of the quality of life of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 285 family caregivers of children with disabilities were enrolled in Shanghai. The EuroQol-5 Dimension Questionnaire Youth Version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to measure the quality of life of 285 children with disabilities. The impact of individual factors, caregiver factors, and environmental factors (family factors and social factors) on children's quality of life were analyzed using multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results:The score of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was (71.66±22.33). The quality of life were poorer for children with physical disabilities (B = -13.623, 95%CI -25.282 to -1.965, P = 0.022) or multiple disabilities (B = -14.911, 95%CI -27.445 to -2.377, P = 0.020), combined diseases (B = -8.995, 95%CI -14.780 to -3.210, P = 0.002), emotional instability (B = -4.414, 95%CI -7.433 to -1.395, P = 0.004), poor partnerships (B = 4.965, 95%CI 1.748 to 8.181, P = 0.003), no pre-school education (B = -7.757, 95%CI -12.954 to -2.561, P = 0.004) and grandparents as the main caregiver (B = -7.999, 95%CI -14.288 to -1.710, P = 0.013). Conclusion:The quality of life for children with disabilities is relatively poor and influenced by multiple factors such as children's individual, caregivers, and environment. The main influencing factors are individual factors and caregiver factors.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of the postoperative effect of arthroscopic treatment of symptomatic discoid lateral meniscus (DLM).@*METHODS@#From September 2008 to September 2015, patients with symptomatic DLM treated by arthroscopic surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The knee function was evaluated by Lysholm scoring system. According to the scoring results, it was divided into excellent (≥90 points), good (80 to 89 points), fair (70 to 79 points) and poor (<70 points). Sixteen research factors were collected, namely gender, operation age, body mass index, work intensity, symptom duration, history of knee injury, involved knee side, DLM classification, DLM injury type, DLM injury site, medial meniscus injury, knee cartilage injury site and degree, Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) classification, operation method, and latest follow-up time. According to the data type, Kruskall-Wallis rank sum test or @*RESULTS@#According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 502 patients were included. Lysholm functional grade at the latest follow-up was higher than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopy is a safe and effective method for the treatment of symptomatic DLM. The gender, body mass index, work intensity, age of operation, duration of symptoms and degree of knee cartilage injury are independent influencing factors for the postoperative efficacy of symptomatic DLM.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Cartilage Diseases , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of RhoE expression on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight TSCC cases were selected from the Maxillofacial Surgery Center of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from 2017 to 2019. The expression of RhoE in the specimens (TSCC and adjacent tissues) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and RhoE mRNA and protein were extracted to further detect the expression of RhoE. SCC-4 and CAL-27 cells were selected for @*RESULTS@#The expression level of RhoE in TSCC was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RhoE expression is low in TSCC. Over expression RhoE in TSCC can significantly decrease its migration and invasion abilities. Hence, RhoE may play an important role in regulating the metastasis and invasion of TSCC and provide a new target for gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , rho GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the curative effect of autogenous cartilage transplantation in the correction of nasal soft-tissue triangle deformities aided by 3D technology.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2018, 32 patients with nasal soft-tissue triangle deformities were collected, with 7 males and 25 females, aged from 18 to 32 years (mean 28.5±6.8 years). A part of the costal cartilage/nasal septum cartilage or auricular cartilage was cut as repair material, which was carved into strips, and used as nasal alar rim grafts to reconstruct the dome shape and correct the nasal soft triangle deformities. The costal cartilage or nasal septum cartilage was used to strengthen the support of the columella nasi and augmentation rhinoplasty was performed with prosthesis, and the fascia was placed on nose tip to relieve tension. The surgical results were evaluated by comparing the pre- and post-operative images; statistical analysis was conducted to compare the difference of alar cartilage angle along inside and outside implants before and after the fornix reconstruction, and the difference of maximum distance from the nostrils long shaft to the nose flange between pre- and post-operation, and so the effect of nasal soft triangular deformity correction was evaluated.Results:The alar cartilage angle of the 32 patients was (51.5±10.9)° before surgery, and decreased to (37.2±5.9)° after surgery; the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The maximum distance from the nostrils long shaft to the nose flange was (3.3±0.6) mm before surgery, and it reduced to (1.9±0.7) mm after surgery; the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The patients were followed up for 6 to 18 months, and the result showed that the curative effect was significant, with good appearance and natural feeling, and there were no serious complications, and the satisfactory rate was 87.5%. Conclusions:Autogenous cartilage is used to repair nasal soft-tissue triangle deformities aided by 3D technology; the nasal morphology is improved delicately, and the postoperative satisfaction of curative effect is high, which is an ideal surgical method.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantages and disadvantages of frozen section versus rapid paraffin section in the evaluations of donor organ.Methods:Five cases of donor liver and 8 cases of discarded donor kidney were collected from 2017 to 2021.Tissues were harvested and prepared by frozen section, rapid paraffin section and normal paraffin section.After hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, the specimens of donor kidney/liver were evaluated by differential histopathological structures and donor quality scoring system.Results:Rapid paraffin section was similar to normal paraffin section in reflecting the proportion of glomerulosclerosis (18.6%±22.3%), arteriolar hyaline degeneration (43.7%±23.8%) and arteriolar stenosis (47.9%±29%). The proportion of glomerulosclerosis (0.8%±2.2%), arteriolar hyaline degeneration (4.9%±7.4%) and arteriolar stenosis (5.3%±7.5%) were lower in frozen sections than those in rapid paraffin sections.The diagnoses of hydropic degeneration and necrosis in donor liver were more accurate in rapid paraffin section.Conclusions:Rapid paraffin section is superior to frozen section in observing histopathological changes under microscope.Scoring of donor organ is more precise according to rapid paraffin section.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and therapeutic drug selection of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus(PTDM)after kidney transplantation in children.Methods:From May 2014 to March 2021, a total of 5 cases(5.38%)of 93 paediatric kidney transplant recipients with a median follow-up period of 34 months were diagnosed with PTDM in our centre.Retrospective data analysis was performed for these 5 paediatric recipients.The characteristics of the disease, treatment data and outcomes were summarized.Among the five paediatric recipients, one was male and four patients were female, ranging the age from 12 to 17 years.All recipients received a tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimen with prednisone discontinued no later than 3 months after kidney transplant.Results:The onset of PTDM ranged from 1 month to 46 months(median: 17 months)after transplantation.The blood glucose of two children returned to normal gradually after tacrolimus conversion to cyclosporine, with one of them was given insulin temporarily.Three children received oral hypoglycaemic agents, including one received acarbose, one received metformin, and one received metformin combined with acarbose.After a median follow-up of 6 months, the levels of blood glucose in five children were stable, and there was no significant change in serum creatinine and urine protein.Conclusions:The treatment of PTDM in children should be individualized with considering of age, gender and immunosuppressive regimen. Switch from tacrolimus to cyclosporine is effective. Metformin or other hypoglycemic agentsis helpful when tacrolimus is maintained.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the level of detection method and quality control at different transplant centers in China and comprehensively analyze the data of tacrolimus(Tac)detection in multiple transplant centers and provide data supports.Methods:Low, medium and high concentration commercial quality control products in triplicate samples were delivered to 34 domestic organ transplantation centers and testing repeated for 2~3 times during different time periods. The detection results of 240 quality control samples were summarized. The methods, accuracy and stability of Tac detection results were analyzed.Results:In international standard laboratories, mean±standard deviation(SD)of Tac detection results of low/medium/high concentration commercial quality control products was(4.70±0.325), (8.46±0.548)and(13.50±0.966)respectively. Here the results were (4.79±0.605), (8.49±0.948)and(13.99±1.604)respectively. In contrast, SD and degree of variation of international standard data were smaller, indicating that the accuracy and stability of international standard laboratories in detecting Tac were higher. SD of Tac concentrations detected by international standard laboratory for low/medium/high concentrations was approximately 0.3, 0.5 and 1.0 respectively, i.e.International first-class level. Here SD was approximately 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 respectively, i.e. Chinese industry level.Conclusions:The "Chinese industry level" is recommended. Before using a new batch of "testing reagents" , "standard control samples" must be employed for calibrating the calculated curve. The calculated curve should be re-calibrated at least once per month. And clinicians should be consulted frequently.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911422

ABSTRACT

Primary aldosteronism(PA) is a common cause of secondary hypertension. Differentiation of unilateral from bilateral lesions is essential in the treatment options of PA. Although adrenal vein blood sample(AVS) has been recommended as a " gold standard" by the guidelines, there are limitations such as invasive and technical difficulty. Noninvasive functional imaging is an option. Compared with traditional iodine cholesterol imaging, 11C-MTO, 123I-IMTO, and 68Ga-pentixafor have higher specificity and more advantages in shortening the acquisition time, reducing radiation exposure to patients and improving image resolution. However, these new functional imaging agents still have limitations in identifying the sensitivity of adenomas less than 1 cm, which need further study. This article reviews the research progress of radionuclide functional imaging in PA diagnosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1299-1303, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of forced-air warming blankets combined with conventional warming strategies on the quality of postoperative recovery and cognitive recovery in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer.Methods:This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial.A total of 70 patients aged 65-75 years, who were classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)grade-Ⅱ or Ⅲ, undergoing the laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer under general anesthesia, were enrolled.Patients were randomly divided into two groups: the forced-air warming group(group FAW, n=35)and the conventional warming group(group CW, n=35). The inadvertent perioperative hypothermia(IPH), postoperative shivering, postoperative agitation, anesthesia recovery time and other postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.The post-operative quality of recovery scale(PQRS)was used to evaluate the quality of postoperative recovery and the recovery of cognitive function before and 1, 3, and 7 days after operation.Results:As compared with the group CW, the group FAW showed that the incidences of IPH, postoperative shivering and agitation were decreased(5.7% vs.22.8%, 2.8% vs.28.6%, 5.7% vs.31.4%, χ2=4.200, 10.057 and 7.652, P=0.042, 0.003 and 0.006), and the satisfaction degree of patients was increased at 48 hours after operation( P<0.01). The postoperative wake-up time was prolonged in the group CW as compared with the group FAW( P<0.01). Compared with the group CW, the proportion of patients with excellent overall recovery quality was increased in the group FAW 1 day after surgery( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in general recovery quality and cognitive recovery between the two groups at 3 and 7 days after operation. Conclusions:For elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer, the forced-air warming blanket combined with conventional warming strategies is more helpful to decrease the incidence of IPH, reduce postoperative shivering and improve the overall recovery quality at 1 day after operation, but no significant effect on postoperative recovery of cognitive function is found.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of carotid artery plaque (CP) in the population undergoing health examinations and to assess the association between CP and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection.Methods:The subjects were 3066 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography examination and 13C urea breath test (UBT) at the health examination center of China-Japan friendship hospital from January 2019 to December 2019. The subjects were divided into CP and non-CP groups; the differences of physicochemical parameters and UBT positive rate between the two groups were analyzed by independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-squared test. The association between UBT positive and CP was analyzed by logistic regression. Results:The proportion of CP positive subjects was significantly higher in males than in females (33.4% vs 19.5%, P<0.001); the proportion of Hp positive subjects was not significant in sex composition (29.1% vs 30.9%, P=0.245); the age [(59.39±10.24) vs (46.44±9.88) years], P<0.01), BMI [(25.44±3.23) vs (24.21±3.54) kg/m 2, P<0.01], SBP [(135.91±19.07) vs (123.03±16.66) mmHg, P<0.01], DBP [(79.64±11.47) vs (75.10±11.55) mmHg, P<0.01], TC [(4.96±0.98) vs (4.86±0.98) mmol/L, P=0.004], TG [1.43 (1.03, 2.06) vs 1.20 (0.82,1.88) mmol/L, P<0.001], LDL-c [(3.21±0.93) vs (3.04±0.83) mmol/L, P<0.01)], FBG [5.55 (5.11,6.47) vs 5.16 (4.83,5.56) mmol/L, P<0.001], UA [(339.13±79.92) vs (319.85±87.62) mmol/L, P<0.01] and Hcy [13.10 (11.30,15.60) vs 11.7 (10.00,13.90) mmol/L, P<0.001] were significantly higher in the CP group than that in the non-CP group; HDL-c was significantly lower in the CP group than in the non-CP group [1.12 (0.95,1.32) vs 1.20 (1.00,1.43) mmol/L, P<0.001]. The proportion of male (62.4% vs 44.6%, P<0.01), prevalence of tobacco smoking (31.9% vs 19.6%, P<0.01), hypertension (33.8% vs 12.5%, P<0.01), and diabetes (13.45% vs 3.5%, P<0.01) were significantly higher in the CP group than that in the non-CP group. The proportion of UBT positive subjects was significantly higher in the CP group than in the non-CP group (34.5% vs 28.4%, P=0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly positive association between CP and UBT positive after adjusted confounding factors ( OR=1.270, P=0.028). Conclusions:The formation of CP is related to many risk factors; Hp infection is also an important risk factor. Controlling Hp infections might be one of the effective methods for the prevention and control of carotid plaque formation.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the optimal treatment modalities and prognostic factors of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2018, clinical data of 166 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland who received postoperative radiotherapy at Department of Radiation Oncology of the Ninth People′s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate prognostic analysis was conducted by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was carried out by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:Among 166 enrolled patients, 70 cases were male and 96 female with an average age of 53 years (18 to 71 years). The median follow-up time was 31.2 months (8.6-63.1 months). Sixty-six patients underwent radical surgery (extended resection across the anatomical areas outside the tumor bed, pursuing negative margins of various resections), and the remaining 100 patients underwent conservative surgery (only extended resection of lesions, not pursuing negative nerve resection margins). The median dose of postoperative radiotherapy was 66 Gy (54-70 Gy). Seventy-three patients were treated with TP regime due to positive or close margins and 9 cases of cervical lymph node metastasis. The 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 95% and 95%, 93% and 93%, 74% and 66%, 73% and 65%, respectively. Seven patients experienced primary lesion recurrence, 5 cases of regional lymph node recurrence and 38 cases of distant metastasis. T 3-T 4 stage, lymph nodes (+ ), stage IV, solid pathologic subtype, Ki-67≥10% and perineural invasion were associated with worse PFS and DMFS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only solid pathologic subtype was the independent prognostic factor of OS, LRRFS, PFS and DMFS. Conclusions:The local control rate of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma can be improved by postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with a recommended dose of ≥66 Gy. Solid pathologic subtype is the most important adverse prognostic factor.

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