Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis for a pair of twins affected with hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the twins were retrospectively analyzed. High-throughput sequencing was carried out to detect potential pathogenic variants. CLUSTALX was employed to analyze cross-species conservation of the mutant amino acids. Impact of the mutations was predicted by using software including PolyPhen-2 and Mutation taster.@*RESULTS@#The pair of twins have featured growth and intelligence retardation, and were found to carry compound heterozygous variants of the ANTXR2 gene including c.1214G>A and c.1074delT, among which c.1214G>A was unreported previously. Both variants were predicted to be pathogenic. In addition to growth and mental delay, the pair of twins also featured hyperplasia of the gum and soft tissue-like masses of the auricle. The younger brother had rupture of the auricle mass during follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The patients' condition can probably be attributed to the compound heterozygous variants of the ANTXR2 gene. Above finding has facilitated molecular diagnosis of the patients.


Subject(s)
Asians/genetics , China , Humans , Hyalinosis, Systemic/genetics , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Receptors, Peptide/genetics , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866780

ABSTRACT

Noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia is an acute respiratory infectious diease caused by an noval coronavirus, and it is highly contagious. The first confirmed coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Guizhou was admitted to the department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University. After has been given isolation, anti-viral therapy, oxygen therapy, maintaining internal environment stability, organ functions protection and psychological comfort for 8 days, the patient successfully recovered from the disease. It is suggested that early recognition, early isolation, timely antiviral treatment, organ function protection and psychological intervention are effective methods for patient with noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811558

ABSTRACT

Noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia is an acute respiratory infectious diease caused by an noval coronavirus, and it is highly contagious. The first confirmed coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Guizhou was admitted to the department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University. After has been given isolation, anti-viral therapy, oxygen therapy, maintaining internal environment stability, organ functions protection and psychological comfort for 8 days, the patient successfully recovered from the disease. It is suggested that early recognition, early isolation, timely antiviral treatment, organ function protection and psychological intervention are effective methods for patient with noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828491

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy of letrozole in treatment of children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD).@*METHODS@#Twenty eight children, including 19 boys and 9 girls aged 4-10y, with CAH due to 21-OHD were enrolled in the study. At the first six months of study, all children received conventional treatment with hydrocortisone or fludrocortisone, then letrozole was added to original regimen. The height velocity (HV), difference between bone age and chronological age (BA-CA), height standard diviation score based on bone age (HtSDS ), predicted adult height (PAH), Tanner phase, sex hormone, and possible adverse reaction were evaluated and compared between those before and after letrozole treatment.@*RESULTS@#After 6 months of letrozole treatment, there was significant deceleration of HV, but it would recover soon. There was significant increase of HtSDS after 12 months of letrozole treatment ( < 0.05 or < 0.01), and significant changes in BA-CA after 18 months of letrozole treatment ( < 0.05). PAH of female children was significantly increased during letrozole treatment ( < 0.05), whereas PAH of male children was significantly increased 18 months after letrozole treatment ( < 0.05). Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were significantly increased, but did not meet the diagnostic criteria of central precocious puberty. Estradiol was significantly decreased ( < 0.01), but no changes in testosterone level was observed. During 24 months letrozole treatment, no hirsutism, severe acne, headache, bone pain, obesity, hypertension, rash and other adverse reactions were observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Letrozole can delay bone maturation and improve PAH, which can be used with conventional treatment for children with CAH due to 21-OHD, especially for those with high BA and low PAH.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Drug Therapy , Body Height , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Letrozole , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Puberty, Precocious
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772953

ABSTRACT

Variation of maternal gut microbiota may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in offspring. Animal studies have indicated that maternal gut microbiota is related to neurodevelopmental abnormalities in mouse offspring, while it is unclear whether there is a correlation between gut microbiota of ASD children and their mothers. We examined the relationships between gut microbiome profiles of ASD children and those of their mothers, and evaluated the clinical discriminatory power of discovered bacterial biomarkers. Gut microbiome was profiled and evaluated by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing in stool samples of 59 mother-child pairs of ASD children and 30 matched mother-child pairs of healthy children. Significant differences were observed in the gut microbiome composition between ASD and healthy children in our Chinese cohort. Several unique bacterial biomarkers, such as Alcaligenaceae and Acinetobacter, were identified. Mothers of ASD children had more Proteobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, Moraxellaceae, and Acinetobacter than mothers of healthy children. There was a clear correlation between gut microbiome profiles of children and their mothers; however, children with ASD still had unique bacterial biomarkers, such as Alcaligenaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, and Clostridium. Candidate biomarkers discovered in this study had remarkable discriminatory power. The identified patterns of mother-child gut microbiome profiles may be important for assessing risks during the early stage and planning of personalized treatment and prevention of ASD via microbiota modulation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Microbiology , Bacteria , Classification , Genetics , Biomarkers , Child , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Female , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Male , Mice , Mothers , Risk Assessment
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696443

ABSTRACT

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is associated with low viability and growth retardation of children and adolescents.Because of complex and variable clinical features,PSIS is often misdiagnosed.Now,the features of clinical manifestations and delineation of pituitary structure in magnetic resonance imaging are summarized,which can help the doctors to make more refined diagnosis,and to also make suggestions for hormone replacement therapy and focus of follow-up.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734136

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) combined with hemoperfusion (HP) on patients with severe acute aconitine poisoning. Methods One patient suffered from severe acute aconitine poisoning was admitted into the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, besides the gastric lavage and multi-organ supportive conventional therapies, CRRT combined with HP was given to the patient and his clinical data of life vital signs and other parameters were observed. Results After the patient underwent 4 episodes of CRRT (102 hours in total) and HP (8 hours in total) based on the conventional treatment, 4 days later, the disease situations were gradually stabilized, all of their parameters became gradually normal, the patient successfully weaned off from mechanical ventilation, the via mouth tracheal intubation was pulled out and the patient was transferred out of department of critical care medicine. Conclusion In the patient with acute aconitine poisoning, it is necessary to use CRRT combined with HP as early as possible, that can effectively eliminate the toxicant in the body and quickly correct the electrolytic and acid-base disturbances, so as the above combine method can improve the patient's prognosis and elevate the successful rescue rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611194

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Yuanzhi San (YZS) on the ethology and cerebral acetylcholinesterase(AchE) activity of mouse model of memory disorder induced by scopolamine. Methods Sixty mice were randomly divided into six groups, namely blank control group, model group, positive medicine group, and low-dose, middle-dose and high-dose YZS groups. Except for the blank control group and model group were given the normal saline, the mice in other groups were administered with the corresponding drugs for 10 days. And then, mice in the medication groups were given subcutaneous injection of scopolamine in the dose of 3mg/kg to induce memory disorder model. Morris water maze test and step-down test were adopted for the observation of the learning-memory ability of the mice, and at the end of the tests, the activity of AchE in mouse cerebral cortex was measured by a biochemical method. Results Compared with the model group, escape latency was decreased, and retention time and swimming distance in the effective area in Morris water maze test were prolonged in YZS groups (P0.05). Conclusion YZS exerts certain effect on improving learning-memory ability of memory disorder mice induced by scopolamine , and the mechanism might be related with the inhibition of AchE activity in the cerebral cortex of model mice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-609,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662320

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of angiotensin-receptor-1 (AT1R) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1αin glomeruli and juxtaglomerular apparatus of different types of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, and analyze the correlation between them with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) complement 3, serum creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria in order to explore the role of the two factors in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Methods Between May 2010 and April 2016, a total of 90 patients with LN and 8 healthy controls were selected from Department of Rheumatology, Qujing Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The expressions of AT1R and HIF-1αin renal biopsy specimens were measured by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) of immunohistochemical stains. Pathological graphic analysis system was used for semi-quantitative estimate. Levels of SLEDAI, C3, serum creatinin and 24-hour proteinuria were also detected. Finally the relationshipbetween the two factors with clinical data was analyzed. The ANOVA test was used for intergroup comparison, and SNK-q test was used for the two groups comparison. Pearson's analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results The AT1R [(10.55 ±0.31)% vs (7.04 ±0.11)%] and HIF-1α [(10.51 ±0.52)% vs (8.96 ±0.31)%] in the glomeruli of typeⅠLN was significantly higher than healthy controls(all P<0.05). In the early phase of LN, RAS was activated and tissues were ischemic and hypoxic. The highest expression of AT1R (18.22 ± 2.11)% and HIF-1α (19.48 ±0.61)% in glomeruli was found in type Ⅳ LN, especially in juxtaglomerular apparatus, AT1R (19.98 ±0.21)% and HIF-1α(24.90 ±0.70)%. AT1R was positively correlated with HIF-1αin the glomer-ulus (r=0.949, P<0.01) and juxtaglomerular apparatus (r=0.762, P<0.05). AT1R and HIF-1αin juxtaglomerular apparatus was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria (r=0.756, P<0.05 and r=0.802, P<0.05). Conclusion High expressions of AT1R and HIF-1α have been shown in active LN biopsies. It proves that RAS is activated by ischemia and hypoxia, then it up-regulates HIF-1α expression. Our results suggest that the two factors may be associated with disease activity of LN.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-609,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659786

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of angiotensin-receptor-1 (AT1R) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1αin glomeruli and juxtaglomerular apparatus of different types of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, and analyze the correlation between them with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) complement 3, serum creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria in order to explore the role of the two factors in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Methods Between May 2010 and April 2016, a total of 90 patients with LN and 8 healthy controls were selected from Department of Rheumatology, Qujing Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The expressions of AT1R and HIF-1αin renal biopsy specimens were measured by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) of immunohistochemical stains. Pathological graphic analysis system was used for semi-quantitative estimate. Levels of SLEDAI, C3, serum creatinin and 24-hour proteinuria were also detected. Finally the relationshipbetween the two factors with clinical data was analyzed. The ANOVA test was used for intergroup comparison, and SNK-q test was used for the two groups comparison. Pearson's analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results The AT1R [(10.55 ±0.31)% vs (7.04 ±0.11)%] and HIF-1α [(10.51 ±0.52)% vs (8.96 ±0.31)%] in the glomeruli of typeⅠLN was significantly higher than healthy controls(all P<0.05). In the early phase of LN, RAS was activated and tissues were ischemic and hypoxic. The highest expression of AT1R (18.22 ± 2.11)% and HIF-1α (19.48 ±0.61)% in glomeruli was found in type Ⅳ LN, especially in juxtaglomerular apparatus, AT1R (19.98 ±0.21)% and HIF-1α(24.90 ±0.70)%. AT1R was positively correlated with HIF-1αin the glomer-ulus (r=0.949, P<0.01) and juxtaglomerular apparatus (r=0.762, P<0.05). AT1R and HIF-1αin juxtaglomerular apparatus was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria (r=0.756, P<0.05 and r=0.802, P<0.05). Conclusion High expressions of AT1R and HIF-1α have been shown in active LN biopsies. It proves that RAS is activated by ischemia and hypoxia, then it up-regulates HIF-1α expression. Our results suggest that the two factors may be associated with disease activity of LN.

11.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 881-885, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506806

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of adrenal cortical function in children with growth hormone deficiency before and after treatment with recombinant human growth hormone. Methods Seventy-two children diagnosed with GHD who received rhGH treatment for no less than 6 month were included, among whom there were 32 children who were accompanied with adrenal cortical hormone (ACTH) deficiency. The changes of fasting plasma cortisol (COR) and ACTH levels before and 3 and 6 months after treatment with rhGH were retrospectively analyzed. Results Thirty-two children with ACTH deficiency were treated with rhGH after COR level reached normal by the supplementing exogenous hydrocortisone. There was negative correlation between COR level before treatment and the HC dose that make the COR reach normal lowest limit level (r?=?-0.899, P??0.05). The level of COR was obviously decreased after treatment with rhGH, and there was statistical difference compared with that before treatment (P?

12.
China Oncology ; (12): 662-669, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501572

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer (AFPGC) is considered to be a special type of gastric cancer. Currently, the effect on AFPGC is not as good as the common AFP- negative gastric cancer. Therefore, it is very important to explore clinicopathological features of AFPGC cancer, to improve diagnosis and individualized treatment. This study is to investigate the expressions of hepatocyte growth factor receptor c (c-Met), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) in the AFPGC.Methods:A total number of 44 cases of AFPGC (serum AFP≥10 μg/L) tissues were selected as a test group. There were 30 cases of serum AFP≥200 μg/L. This study collected 30 cases of gastric cancer with normal AFP and 30 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma with increased AFP (serum AFP≥200 μg/L) as 2 control groups. The cases of the 3 groups had the same clinical stage basically. The expressions of c-Met, VEGF, EGFR and HER-2, CD34 were detected by immunohistochemistry (EnVision staining method). Tumor microvessel density (MVD) was calculated by marking CD34, and the results were analyzed. The clinicopathologic parameters were recorded accurately: gender, age, highest level of serum AFP, tumor differentiation, tumor stage, tumor location, lymph node metastasis, liver metastasis, Lauren classiifcation, etc. These patients were followed up regularly. The clinical pathological features of AFPGC patients were investigated.Results:AFPGC clinical characteristics showed that, among 44 cases of AFPGC group, 86.36% (38/44) had lymph node metastasis, 54.55% (24/44) had hepatic metastasis, intestinal type was 36.36% (16/44), diffuse type was 56.82% (25/44), mixed type was 6.82% (3/44). The positive expression rates of c-Met protein in AFPGC, gastric cancer with normal AFP, hepatocellular carcinoma with increased AFP were 73.33% (22/30), 70.00% (21/30) and 53.33% (16/30), respectively. The positive expression rates of VEGF protein were 76.67% (23/30), 56.67% (17/30) and 66.67% (20/30), respectively. The positive expression rates of EGFR protein were 53.33% (16/30), 40.00% (12/30) and 73.33% (22/30), respectively. The “++ and +++” expression rates of HER-2 in AFPGC, gastric cancer with normal AFP and hepatocellular carcinoma with increased AFP were 38.64% (17/44), 23.33% (7/30) and 26.67% (7/30), respectively. The MVD values in AFPGC, gastric cancer with normal AFP and hepatocellular carcinoma with increased AFP were 23.03±10.24, 21.92±11.45 and 19.43±7.83, respectively. Compared with gastric cancer with normal AFP, expression of VEGF protein was signiifcantly higher in the AFPGC (P<0.05). Compared with hepatocellular carcinoma with increased AFP, the expression of c-Met protein was significantly higher in AFPGC (P<0.05).Conclusion:AFPGC is prone to lymph node metastasis and hepatic metastasis. The major part is the diffuse type in Lauren classiifcation. The positive expression rates of VEGF protein in AFPGC were signiifcantly higher than the gastric cancer with normal AFP. The positive expression rates of c-Met protein in AFPGC were signiifcantly higher than the hepatocellular carcinoma with AFP increased.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485572

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between the students’emotional quotient (EQ),personality trait and interpersonal trust, and to clarify the potential function of interpersonal trust of higher students. Methods Interpersonal Trust Scale, Emotional Quotient Table and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) were used to investigate 364 students from Guangxi University and Guangxi Teachers Education University.SPSS 18.0 software was used for one-way ANOVA variance analysis,Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and stepwise Multiple Linear regression analysis.Results The differences in interpersonal trust,EQ and personality trait of EPQ had statistical significance between males and females,and the males’scores were higher than those of females (P <0.05,P < 0.01);the differencs in Lie of EPQ between nations had statistical significance and the scores of Dong, Hui and Tujia ethnic minority were higher than those of other nationalities (P < 0.01 ); the difference in personality trait of EPQ between educational background had statistical significances, and the undergraduates’scores were higher than those of master students (P <0.05).EQ was positively correlated with EPQ-E and EPQ-L (r=0.274,P <0.01;r =0.145,P <0.01),and was negatively correlated with EPQ-N and EPQ-P (r=-0.422,P <0.01;r = -0.202,P <0.01);interpersonal trust was negatively correlated with EQ and EPQ-E (r=-0.273,P <0.01;r=-0.169,P <0.01);special trust was negatively correlated with EQ and EPQ-E (r=-0.252,P <0.01;r = - 0.151,P < 0.01);interpersonal trust and general trust were negatively correlated with EPQ-P (r =0.313,P <0.01;r =0.338,P <0.01),and they were positively correlated with EPQ-L (r=-0.201,P <0.01;r = -0.217,P <0.01).Conclusion The students’EQ,personality trait are related to interpersonal trust of the students in Guangxi universities,and they have important prediction effects. Improving students’ EQ and interpersonal trust plays a positive role, whereas, the possible negative effects accompanying should never be neglected.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480548

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes mellitus and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome diseases are autoimmune disea-ses. There is a close correlation between them. The autoimmune pathogenesis is the genetic basis of susceptibility to en-vironmental factor and other factors,resulting in immune imbalance between cellular and humoral immunity. There are inflammatory cells infiltration in affected organs and antibodies against target organs. Eventually,affected organs have dysfunction and show corresponding symptoms.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 742-746, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304401

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the frequency of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and its correlation with the clinicopathologic features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ALK immunohistochemistry and ALK fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue in 100 cases of NSCLCs between 2011 and 2013. Relevant clinicopathologic data were collected and correlated with ALK expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients with immunohistochemical score of 3 (n = 12) were FISH-positive and all patients with score of 0 (n = 78) were FISH-negative. Among patients with immunohistochemical scores of 1 and 2, 2/3 and 6/7 were FISH-positive, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of ALK immunohistochemistry with intensity score of 1 or more were 100% and 98%, respectively. Invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma, solid or acinar growth pattern, presence of mucous cells (signet-ring cells or goblet cells), extracellular mucus and lack of significant nuclear pleomorphism characterized ALK-rearranged cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ALK-rearranged cancers possess specific histological features. Immunohistochemistry can be used as a routine test for screening ALK-positive cases in advanced NSCLC, and FISH testing should be used to confirm ALK translocation for patients with tumors showing staining for ALK by immunohistochemistry. All of these can help physicians identify patients who may benefit from targeted therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Paraffin Embedding , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 151-155, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439568

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the impact of initial age of treatment on testicular morphology and function in male pa-tients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency using human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and human menopausal gonadotro-pin (hMG). Methods Patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency were treated with hCG and hMG while keeping other hormone levels normal. Correlations among their testicular volume, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and height, bone age were analyzed. Results After 6-month hCG and hMG treatment, the penis length of 54 male patients was significantly increased from (2.58 ± 0.69) cm to (4.19 ± 0.77) cm , and penis circumference was also increased from (3.71 ± 1.36) cm to (5.95 ± 1.26) cm;the testicular volume was increased from (1.76 ± 1.49) ml to (5.20±2.30) ml;height was increased from (147.01 ± 12.29) cm to (151.98 ± 11.52) cm and bone age was increased from (11.22 ± 2.71) years to (11.64 ± 2.72) years;the differences before and after treatment were statistically significant (all P<0.01). As the patients' age increased, their testicular volume and testosterone level increased slowly, and significant differences amongst each age group were found (P<0.05). The in-creased value of testicular volume, serum FSH and LH levels, and height growth tended to be negatively correlated to the initial age of therapy (r=-0.517~-0.334, P<0.05). Conclusions Early and proper treatment in male patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency using hCG and hMG improves testicular function and secondary sex characteristics.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 838-842, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456982

ABSTRACT

Objective To assay the protective effect of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) on acute lung injury (ALI) in rabbits.Methods Forty male New Zealand rabbits were divided into EPCs low-dose group,EPCs mid-dose group,EPCs high-dose group,ALI group,and control group according to the random number table,with 8 rabbits per group.Emulsified oleic acid was used to induce ALl.Instead,saline emulsion was injected to rabbits in control group.PBS containing 1 × 105,1 × 106,and 1 ×107 EPCs were respectively administered to rabbits in EPCs low-dose,mid-dose,and high-dose groups; on the contrary,blank PBS was injected to rabbits in ALI and control groups.Lung weight to dry ratio (W/D) and pulmonary permeability index (PPI) were detected before and after operation; protein expressions of TNF-α and IL-1 βby western blot,and mRNA expression of NF-κB by RT-PCR.Results PPI and W/D value lowered in EPCs low-dose group (15.0 ± 1.1,5.04 ± 0.11),mid-dose group (13.8 ± 0.7,4.80 ± 0.13),and high-dose group (13.7 ± 0.7,4.87 ± 0.08) when compared to 17.1 ± 1.5 and 5.21 ±0.05 in ALI group (P <0.05).EPCs low-dose,mid-dose,and high-dose groups showed decreased levels in NF-κB (0.75 ± 0.04,0.41 ± 0.05,0.42 ± 0.03),TNF-α (0.364 ± 0.020,0.312 ±0.015,0.310 ±0.013),and IL-1β (0.230 ±0.017,0.206 ±0.010,0.210 ±0.018) compared to ALI group (0.87 ±0.11,0.387 ±0.018,0.262 ±0.019,P <0.05).Moreover,all indicators were lowered significantly in EPCs mid-dose and high-dose groups when compared to EPCs low-dose (P <0.05),but the two groups themselves revealed no statistical difference.Conclusion EPCs protect ALI via improving pulmonary edema,pulmonary permeability,and inflammatory response in a dose-dependent correlation with EPCs,but ceiling effect is observed as well.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical pathologic characteristics and differential diagnosis of rare type carcinoma of the breast. Methods:According to the new World Health Organization Classification of Tumors(2003),42 cases of rare type carcinoma of the breast were studied by clinical data and correlated investigation of pathology.Results: All the slides of the breast carcinoma in our department were reviewed,9 cases of glycogen-rich,clear cell carcinoma,4 cases of mucinous carcinoma,2 cases of tubular carcinoma,18 cases of metaplastic carcinoma,6 cases of apocrine carcinoma,1 case of secretary carcinoma,and 2cases of lipid-rich carcinoma were found.Different histologic type has different appearance in the light microscopy,special staining and electromicroscopy.Conclusion:Definite histological classification of breast carcinoma will be helpful in guiding the clinical treatment and estimating patients' prognosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545457

ABSTRACT

Objective To study MRI features of pituitary stalk interruption syndrome(PSIS).Methods 10 cases in 42 with growth retardation patients diagnosed as PSIS by MRI,all of them were male,age ranged from 5 to 18 with average 13.6 years.Results The anterior-pituitary superior border was depressed,anterior-pituitary volume decreased(average height 2.1 mm,average width 7.8 mm),ectopic posterior-pituitary lobe located at infundibulum stem and pituitary stalk was absent in all cases.The blood hormorne test showed the growth hormone deficiency and multiple growth hormone deficienty.Conclusion PSIS often see in men,MRI findings of PSIS are characteristic.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410936

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of self-expandable nitinol mesh stent (SENMT) for advanced rectal cancer accompanied with obstruction. Methods Clinical data were retrospectively analysed on 12 patients with advanced rectal cancer accompanied with acute or chronic obstruction treated by the stent placement. Results SENMT was placed successfully in 10 patients including replacement in 2 patients because of the stent was migrated. The bowel movement recovered in all of the 10 patients. Ten patients were followed-up, 5 cases died within 56-720 days, and 5 others survived without intestinal obstruction for 6-15 months. The stent failed to be placed in other 2 patients. Conclusions SENMT may be useful in the management of terminal or high-risk surgical patients for palliative purposes. Palliation management of stent placement combined with chemotherapy and immunotherapy might prolong the survival time of these patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL