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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754588

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different hemodialysis modes on growth factor-15 (GDF-15) and left ventricular function in uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Methods One hundred and twenty uremic patients with chronic renal failure whose MHD > 3 months admitted to Guiyang Second People's Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled, and they were divided into a hemodialysis (HD)+ hemofiltration (HDF)+hemoperfusion (HP) group (HD 8 times per month, HDF 4 times per month, HP 1 time per month), a HD+HDF group (HD 8 times per month, HDF 1 time per month) and a HD group (HD 8 times a month) according to different dialysis modes, each group 40 cases. The patients' venous blood was collected before treatment and 6 months and 1 year after treatment, serum was separated, and the GDF-15 levels in the three groups were detected; the left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDD), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVDS), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVVD), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVVS), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), ventricular septal thickness (LVST), maximum blood flow ratio (E/A) of early to late diastole and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in three groups were detected by echocardiography. Results After treatment, the GDF-15 levels and LVDD, LVDS, LVVD, LVVS, LVPWT, LVST and E/A in the three groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, while LVEF was significantly higher than that before treatment (all P < 0.05); the changes after treatment in the HD+HDF+HP group were more significant than those in the HD+HDF group and HD group [GDF-15 (ng): 853.78±78.80 vs. 921.73±72.54, 971.07±72.05, LVDD (mm): 48.25±1.25 vs. 50.67±1.26, 51.69±1.33, LVDS (mm): 35.21±1.01 vs. 37.84±0.90, 38.91±0.83, LVVD (mL): 101.44±4.40 vs. 109.27±6.47, 115.11±5.46, LVVS (mL): 35.75±1.52 vs. 37.75±1.70, 39.48±1.48, LVPWT (mm): 8.26±0.77 vs. 10.24±0.98, 11.22±0.91, LVST (mm): 9.07±0.48 vs. 10.47±0.61, 11.60±0.58, E/A: 1.03±0.05 vs. 1.07±0.06, 1.15±0.08, LVEF: 0.64±0.03 vs. 0.59±0.03, 0.51±0.04, all P <0.05]. Conclusion The combined hemo- dialysis with different hemodialysis modes can effectively reduce the level of GDF-15 in uremic patients with chronic renal failure and MHD and improve their left ventricular function, thus the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in such patients can be decreased.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701267

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between iodine nutritional status and thyroid hormone levels,and to provide a guideline for monitoring iodine nutrition and thyroid function.Methods A crosssectional survey was performed by randomly selecting 341 samples (health pregnant women with a first child) from the Second People's Hospital of Guiyang,Bihai Community Medical Center and Jinhuayuan Community Center from October 2015 to September 2016.Levels of serum hormones and antibodies relative to throid of pregnant women in Guanshan Lake District of Guiyang at different pregnant times,which included throid stimulating hormone (TSH),free three triiodothyronine (FT3),free thyroxine (FT4),thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb),and thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb),were measured by the electrochemical luminescence method,and urinary iodine levels were measured by heat digestion.Results The median urinary iodine of pregnant women at early,middle and late stages (T1,T2 and T3 stages) were 191.8,198.9 and 214.5 μg/L,respectively.FT3 increased first and then decreased during pregnancy.Levels of FT3 in the T2 stage were significandy higher than those in T1 and T3 stages (FT3 medians at the three stages were 4.49,4.83 and 4.57 pmol/L),and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).FT4 levels decreased during pregnancy (FT4 medians at the three stages were 16.32,14.65 and 13.22 pmol/L),and the differences among the three groups were statistically significant (H =67.517,P < 0.01).Statistically significant differences were not found in the TSH levels among the three groups ~SH medians at the three stages were 2.05,2.01 and 2.39 mU/L,H =1.297,P > 0.05).The medians of TPOAb and TgAb during T2 stage (9.60 and 19.02 U/ml) were significantly lower than those of other groups (18.92 and 24.75 U/ml at stage T1,and 13.46 and 22.06 U/ml at stage T3),and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).TSH levels were consistent with urinary iodine levels.TSH levels in the excessive iodine group (urine iodine:250 ~ 499 μg/L,2.54 mU/L) were significantly higher than those in the adequate iodine group (urine iodine:150 ~ 249 μg/L,1.97 mU/L) and deficient iodine group (urine iodine:< 150 μg/L,1.91 mU/L),and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).No correlations were found between levels of FT3,FT4,TPOAb,TgAb and levels of the urinary iodine.There was a significant positive correlation between urinary iodine levels and TSH levels (rs =0.180,P < 0.01).The incidence of abnormal thyroid function in pregnant women was 29.33% (100/341),which was composed of clinical hypothyroidism (accounting for 0.88%,3/341),subclinical hypothyroidism (accounting for 25.51%,87/341),low T4 level (accounting for 1.76%,6/341),clinical hyperthyroidism (accounting for 0.59%,2/341),subclinical hyperthyroidism (accounting for 0.59%,2/341),and TPOAb positive and TgAb positive (accounting for 12.61%,43/341).These abnormalities occurred mainly in the T1 and T3 stages.The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism increased with increasing of urinary iodine level,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =11.269,P < 0.05).Conclusion There is a positive correlation between pregnancy iodine nutritional status and its TSH level,so it is important to monitor the level of urinary iodine during pregnancy and to screen the thyroid function and antibodies in the early and middle time of pregnancy.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2934-2938, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum thyroid peroxidase(TPOAb)and thyroglobulin antibody(TGAb)and their relationship with thyroid function in pregnant women during different gestation period Methods Totally 341 cases of primiparae were selected from October 2015 to September 2016 and levels of se-rum thyrotropin(TSH),free triiodothyronine(FT3),free thyroxine(FT4),thyroid peroxidase antibody(TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibody(TgAb)were measured by electrochemiluminescence. Results The prevalence of thy-roid dysfunction and positive serum thyroid autoantibodies were 13.2%and 12.61%respectively,which mainly oc-curred in early and middle pregnancy. Thyroid dysfunction in subjects included hypothyroidism(0.59%),subclini-cal hypothyroidism(7.92%),low T4 hyperlipidemia(3.23%),hyperthyroidism(0.88%)and subclinical hyper-thyroidism(0.59%). The positive rate of TPOAb was significantly higher than that of TgAb(10.85% vs. 4.99%, P<0.01). The positive rate of TPOAb in women with thyroid disfunction was significantly higher than that in those with normal thyroid function(44.44%vs. 5.74%,P<0.01). TSH level of TPOAb positive subjects was higher than that of TPOAb negative ones(P<0.05,P<0.01);TSH level of TPOAb positive subjects with thyroid dysfunction were significantly higher than those of TPOAb negative subjects and TPOAb positive pregnant women but with nor-mal thyroid function(P < 0.01). The hypothyroidism prevalence rate of TPOAb positive subjects was significantly higher than that of TPOAb negative subjects in early and middle stage of pregnancy (P < 0.01). The prevalence rates of subclinical hypothyroidism ,low T4 hyperlipidemia and clinical hypothyroidism were significantly higher in TPOAb positive pregnant women(29.17%,20.83% and 8.33%)than those in TPOAb negative pregnant women (P < 0.01). Conclusions Thyroid dysfunction is closely related to positive status of TPOAb and TgAb in pregnancy,which could influence the outcome of pregnancy and the development of offspring. Since levels of TSH, FT3 and FT4 could not fully reveal thyroid function ,it is necessary to monitor the status of TPOAb and TgAb as early as possible for the early diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease in pregnancy.

4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2934-2938, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661273

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum thyroid peroxidase(TPOAb)and thyroglobulin antibody(TGAb)and their relationship with thyroid function in pregnant women during different gestation period Methods Totally 341 cases of primiparae were selected from October 2015 to September 2016 and levels of se-rum thyrotropin(TSH),free triiodothyronine(FT3),free thyroxine(FT4),thyroid peroxidase antibody(TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibody(TgAb)were measured by electrochemiluminescence. Results The prevalence of thy-roid dysfunction and positive serum thyroid autoantibodies were 13.2%and 12.61%respectively,which mainly oc-curred in early and middle pregnancy. Thyroid dysfunction in subjects included hypothyroidism(0.59%),subclini-cal hypothyroidism(7.92%),low T4 hyperlipidemia(3.23%),hyperthyroidism(0.88%)and subclinical hyper-thyroidism(0.59%). The positive rate of TPOAb was significantly higher than that of TgAb(10.85% vs. 4.99%, P<0.01). The positive rate of TPOAb in women with thyroid disfunction was significantly higher than that in those with normal thyroid function(44.44%vs. 5.74%,P<0.01). TSH level of TPOAb positive subjects was higher than that of TPOAb negative ones(P<0.05,P<0.01);TSH level of TPOAb positive subjects with thyroid dysfunction were significantly higher than those of TPOAb negative subjects and TPOAb positive pregnant women but with nor-mal thyroid function(P < 0.01). The hypothyroidism prevalence rate of TPOAb positive subjects was significantly higher than that of TPOAb negative subjects in early and middle stage of pregnancy (P < 0.01). The prevalence rates of subclinical hypothyroidism ,low T4 hyperlipidemia and clinical hypothyroidism were significantly higher in TPOAb positive pregnant women(29.17%,20.83% and 8.33%)than those in TPOAb negative pregnant women (P < 0.01). Conclusions Thyroid dysfunction is closely related to positive status of TPOAb and TgAb in pregnancy,which could influence the outcome of pregnancy and the development of offspring. Since levels of TSH, FT3 and FT4 could not fully reveal thyroid function ,it is necessary to monitor the status of TPOAb and TgAb as early as possible for the early diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease in pregnancy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 226-228, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433304

ABSTRACT

To observe the histopathological changes of mice experimentally infected with plerocercoid,mice were infected orally by plerocercoids that were collected from Rana nigromaculatus (5 strips/mouse),and were killed 2-10 weeks later to undergo the histopathological observation.Plerocercoids were found in the skin,muscle,liver,lung cavity of mice.There were diffuse congested spots and capsule formation ;the fat tissue showed severe degeneration and necrosis.In the fibrous tissues ,moderate proliferation of the enveloping adipose tissue was demonstrated.In addition,a large number of acute and chronic inflammatory cell infiltration and abscess formation could be found.It is evident that the plerocercoids parasitize mainly in the subcutaneous tissues and muscles of mice.and mice experimentally infected with plerocercoids show different degree of histopathological changes.

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