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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 197-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873730

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection after liver transplantation. Methods The clinical data of 77 recipients undergoing liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of MDRO infection, all recipients were divided into the non-MDRO infection group (n=51) and MDRO infection group (n=26). The infection rate and strain distribution of MDRO in liver transplant recipients were summarized. The risk factors of MDRO infection in liver transplant recipients were identified. Clinical prognosis of all recipients was statistically compared between two groups. Results The infection rate of MDRO after liver transplantation was 34% (26/77), mainly carbapenem-resistant MDRO infection. The main sites of infection included lung, abdominal cavity and incision. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay ≥72 h, length of hospital stay ≥30 d, re-operation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and tacrolimus (Tac) blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. Cox regression analysis indicated that postoperative tracheal intubation≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the independent risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. The fatality in the MDRO infection group was significantly higher than that in the non-MDRO infection group [31%(8/26) vs. 10%(5/51), P=0.01]. Conclusions Postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL may increase the risk of MDRO infection after liver transplantation and affect clinical prognosis of the recipients.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 304-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817610

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is the only effective method to treat various end-stage liver diseases. The shortage of standard donor liver is the main factor limiting the development of liver transplantation, whereas the application of marginal donor liver has significantly expanded the source of donor liver. New technologies, such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), mechanical perfusion and hypothermia, can significantly improve the quality of marginal donor liver, which has good development prospects in organ function maintenance. This article reviews the common types of marginal donor liver and the application of related novel technologies in the maintenance of marginal donor liver function.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811575

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) is a highly infectious disease, has a long incubation period and a variety of clinical manifestations, which has a significant impact on public health and life. Afterwards, scientific and standardized work processing during the epidemic is of great significance for prevention and control. In order to implement the central government's decision-making deployment and defeat the NCP as soon as possible, we had focused on the key points in the clinical work of general surgery according to latest relevant guidelines, literature and experience in epidemic prevention. Finally, we drafted the prevention and control strategies and recommendations to make a reference for medical staff of general surgery to fight NCP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) with PDGFRα mutation and analyze the prognosis of different subtypes.Methods:From Jun 2010 to Jun 2019, the clinicopathological data of 35 patients with primary PDGFRα mutation GIST, who underwent surgical therapy in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The main symptoms was abdominal pain (28 cases, 80%), followed by abdominal mass (6 cases, 17%), and hemafecia (1 case, 3%). 31 primary lesions (89%) were located in the stomach and 4 (11%) in other than stomach. 13 cases (37%) were of epithelioid cells, 14 cases (40%) were of spindle cells and 8 cases (23%) were of mixed cells. 27 cases (77%) were CD117 positive , 28 cases (80%) CD34 positive , and 30 cases (86%) were DOG-1 positive. 19 cases (54%) had D842V mutation and 16 cases (46%) had non-D842V mutation. Complete surgical resection was performed in all patients, with no perioperative death. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the D842V mutation group was lower than that of the non-D842V mutation group (84% vs. 100%, P=0.045). Conclusions:The mutation rate of PDGFRα gene was low, mostly derived from the stomach. PDGFRα mutation GIST presents inert biological behavior and the overall prognosis was good.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of outpatient screening in department of general surgery during the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 57 patients who visited surgery clinic and emergency department of Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology between February 1st and 26th in 2020 were collected. There were 30 males and 27 females, aged (53±16)years, with a range from 17 to 87 years. All the 57 patients were measured score of outpatient screening in department of general surgery. The score ≥3 indicated high risk and the score < 3 indicated low risk. Observation indicators: (1) clinical data of patients; (2) score of outpatient screening for COVID-19 of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (IQR), and comparison between groups was analyzed by the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results:(1) Clinical data of patients: of the 57 patients, there were 12 males and 14 females of the 26 confirmed or suspected cases, versus 18 males and 13 females of the 31 non-infection cases, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.805, P>0.05). The 26 confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19 had an age of (57±16)years, and 31 non-infection cases had an age of (50±16) years, with no significant difference between the two groups ( t=-1.646, P>0.05). (2) Score of outpatient screening for COVID-19 of patients: the score of outpatient screening for COVID-19 of the 26 confirmed or suspected cases was 3.0(4.0), versus 1.0(1.0) of the 31 non-infection cases, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( Z=-3.695, P<0.05). There were 17 and 9 of the 26 confirmed or suspected cases with high risks and low risks, respectively, versus 3 and 28 of the 31 non-infection cases, with a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=19.266, P<0.05). Conclusion:During the COVID-19 outbreak, outpatient screening in department of general surgery can effectively screen out high-risk patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the functional pathways enriched and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis.@*METHODS@#Dataset GSE9960 obtained from NCBI GEO database containing PBMC samples from 16 non-infectious systematic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) patients, 17 gram-positive septic patients and 18 gram-negative septic patients were included in the study. Functional pathway annotations were conducted by gene set enrichment analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis. DEGs were filtered and master DEGs were then validated in PBMCs of gram-positive septic, gram-negative septic and non-infectious SIRS patients.@*RESULTS@#The enriched gene sets in gram-positive sepsis and gram-negative sepsis were significantly different. The results indicated the opposite co-expression networks in SIRS and gram-negative sepsis, and the entirely different co-expression networks in gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis. Furthermore, we validated that @*CONCLUSIONS@#The results indicate that there are differences in the mechanism and pathogenesis of gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis, which may provide potential markers for sepsis diagnosis and empirical antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/analysis , Gene Expression Profiling , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/physiopathology , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/physiopathology , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Sepsis/physiopathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810850

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the morbidity and treatment of early postoperative complications after laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and to explore the risk factors.@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed to retrospectively collect clinicopathological data of 764 patients undergoing laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer at our department between January 2015 and December 2017. Patient inclusion criteria: (1) gastric cancer diagnosed by preoperative electronic gastroscopy and biopsy, and confirmed by postoperative pathology; (2) without invasion into adjacent organs by preoperative evaluation of tumors; (3) tumors without definite liver and distant metastasis; (4) R0 resection of gastric cancer and standard D2 lymph node dissection; (5) patients with informed consent. Exclusion criteria: (1) unperformed laparoscopic D2 radical resection; (2) other types of gastric tumor confirmed by pathology; (3) cases with incomplete clinical data. Complication occurring within two weeks after laparoscopic D2 gastrectomy was defined as early postoperative complication. Patients were divided into two groups: non-complication group (693 cases) and complication group (71 cases) according to the occurrence of complications after operation. The clinicopathological data of two groups were analyzed and compared with t test and χ2 test, and the factors of P < 0.2 were included in the multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of postoperative complications.@*Results@#Of 764 patients, 71 (9.3%) developed early postoperative complications, with median onset time of 3 (1 to 11) days. Surgical complications accounted for 7.9% (60/764), including 13 cases (1.7%) of abdominal hemorrhage, 12 cases (1.6%) of anastomotic leakage, 10 cases (1.3%) of incision infection, 8 cases (1.0%) of anastomotic bleeding, 7 cases (0.9%) of gastric stump weakness, 4 cases (0.5%) of abdominal infection, 4 cases (0.5%) of duodenal stump leakage and 2 cases (0.3%) of small intestinal obstruction. Non-surgical complications accounted for 1.4% (11/764), including 6 cases (0.8%) of pulmonary infection and 5 cases (0.7%) of cardiovascular disease. Two cases (0.3%) died of sepsis caused by severe abdominal infection; 9 cases (1.2%) recovered after receiving the second operation, among whom 5 cases were abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases were anastomotic leakage and 2 cases were duodenal stump leakage; the remaining patients were healed with conservative treatment. Compared with patients without complications, patients with complications had higher proportions of BMI ≥24 kg/m2 [42.3% (30/71) vs. 24.2%(168/693), χ2=10.881, P=0.001], comorbity [64.8% (46/71) vs. 33.5% (232/693), χ2=27.277, P<0.001], combined organ resection [70.4% (50/71) vs. 20.5% (142/693), χ2=85.338, P<0.001], and pTNM stage of III [70.4% (50/71) vs. 40.1% (278/693), χ2=24.196, P<0.001], meanwhile had longer time to postoperative flatus [(4.2±2.1) days vs. (2.9±1.2) days, t=4.621, P=0.023], longer hospital stay [(34.6±12.6) days vs. (14.2±6.2) days, t=9.862, P<0.001] and higher hospitalization cost [(126.8±64.5) thousand yuan vs. (85.2±35.8) thousand yuan, t=11.235, P<0.001]. Multivariate analysis showed that BMI ≥24 kg/m2 (OR=3.762, 95% CI: 1.960-8.783, P=0.035), accompanying disease (OR=8.620, 95% CI: 1.862-29.752, P<0.001), combined organ resection (OR=6.210, 95% CI: 1.357-21.568, P=0.026), and pTNM stage (OR=4.752, 95% CI: 1.214-12.658, P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of postoperative complications.@*Conclusions@#Laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy is a safe and effective approach for gastric cancer. Most early postoperative complications can obtain satisfactory efficacy after conservative treatment. Perioperative management should be strengthened for those patients with high BMI, accompanying diseases, combined organ resection, and advanced pTNM stage.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 585-590, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810806

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of laparoscopic resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in unfavorable location by comparing with open surgery.@*Methods@#Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 176 patients with gastric GIST in unfavorable location admitted at Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2005 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 94 males and 82 females, aging of (57.4±12.7) years (range: 20-90 years). Of the 176 patients, 64 underwent laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopic group) and 112 underwent open surgery (open group). One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the covariance between laparoscopic group and open surgery group. Before PSM, the differences between the two group in tumor size and modified National Institutes of Health risk classification were significant. After PSM, there were 63 pairs (63 cases in laparoscopic group and 63 cases in open group) and the baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups(P>0.05). The difference of short-term outcome between the two groups were compared using t test, χ2 test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two groups.@*Results@#The operation time of laparoscopic group was shorter ((141.6±100.6) minutes vs. (100.4±67.7) minutes, t=2.681, P=0.008), the hospitalization cost was higher ((5.2±0.7) ten thousand yuan vs. (4.2±0.8) ten thousand yuan, t=7.357, P=0.000) than open group. The time to first flatus ((49.1±8.2) hours vs. (71.0±4.6) hours, t=-18.482, P=0.000) and preoperative hospital stay ((10.3±6.0) days vs. (14.8±7.6) days, t=-3.717, P=0.000) was shorter in laparoscopic group. With a median follow-up time of 44 months (range: 10 to 154 months), the 1-, 3-, 5-year relapse-free survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 98.3%, 92.1%, 92.1% and 100%, 86.3%, 83.2%, respectively (χ2=0.696, P=0.404). The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 96.6%, 94.7%, 94.7% and 100%, 91.1%, 81.4%, respectively (χ2=0.366, P=0.545).@*Conclusions@#In experienced medical centers, laparoscopic resection is safe and feasible for GIST in unfavorable location. Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic resection achieves a faster postoperative recovery and a similar long-term prognosis.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 810-814, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800677

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the consistency of gastroscopic biopsy in the diagnosis of high grade intraepithelial neoplasia(HGIN) and postoperative pathological diagnosis, and explore the risk factors associated with missed diagnosis of HGIN.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to December 2018, the clinical data of 63 patients who were diagnosed with HGIN by gastroscopic biopsy prior to operation and underwent complete resection in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed. There were 55 males and 8 females, with a median age of 60 (35 to 76) years old. The gender, age, endoscopic lesion shape, longest diameter, CT image and inflammatory markers were analyzed, to investigate the correlation between them and pathological upgrading after operation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the cut off value of measurement data, and the comparison of count data was performed by chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method. Univariate analysis was used to screen potential risk factors, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was futher utilized to analyze the independent risk factors of postoperative pathological upgrading.@*Results@#A total of 63 patients were enrolled, including 47 cases underwent surgical resection and 16 cases underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD). Among them, 19 patients(30.2%) were pathologically diagnosed with HGIN, while 44 patients(69.8%) were pathologically diagnosed with invasive cancer after resection. Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT showed that 11 patients(17.5%) with perigastric fat spiculation around the lesion, all of which were confirmed as invasive carcinoma after operation. Univariate analysis showed that the longest diameter of the lesion ≥2 cm (P=0.002), ulcer lesions under gastroscopy (P=0.013), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) ≥103 (P=0.030), lymph node enlargement (P=0.046) and spiculation of the perigastric fat (P=0.025) were significant differences between the groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that the longest diameter of the lesion ≥2 cm (P=0.033) and ulcer lesions under gastroscopy (P=0.007) were independent risk factors for predicting postoperative pathological upgrading.@*Conclusions@#Gastroscopy biopsy in the diagnosis of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the stomach has poor consistency with pathological diagnosis after operation. Clinicians should take active surgical intervention, especially for cases with the longest diameter of the lesions ≥2 cm, ulcer or perigastric fat spiculation on CT.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 589-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780500

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of complex hepatic artery reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 7 liver transplantation recipients who underwent complex hepatic artery reconstruction from January 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 4 recipients received classical liver transplantation and 3 cases underwent piggyback liver transplantation. Intraoperative general conditions including anhepatic phase, intraoperative blood loss, hepatic artery anastomosis time and operation time of the recipients were recorded. The clinical prognosis and complications were observed. Results In two donors, variant right hepatic artery was used for vascular reconstruction. The celiac trunk or the common hepatic artery of the donors was anastomosed with the common hepatic artery of the recipients. Iliac artery bypass was employed in 2 cases, and then the hepatic artery of the donors was anastomosed with the abdominal aorta of the recipients. The superior mesenteric artery of 1 donor was end-to-end anastomosed with the common hepatic artery of the recipient. The celiac trunk of 1 donor was anastomosed with the splenic artery of the recipient. Only 1 case was required to undergo secondary liver transplantation due to acute hepatic artery thrombosis after hepatic artery anastomosis. All the 6 recipients successfully completed the liver transplantation. No perioperative death was observed. The anhepatic phase endured from 49 to 77 min. The intraoperative blood loss was ranged from 300 to 1 500 mL. The anastomosis time of hepatic artery was 23-56 min. The operation time was ranged from 5.3 to 11.1 h. The length of postoperative hospital stay was 23-56 d. Neither hepatic artery thrombosis nor stenosis occurred. The liver function of all recipients was basically restored to normal within postoperative 2 weeks. No severe surgical complications occurred. The liver graft achieved excellent function. Conclusions Appropriate identification of the hepatic artery variation, proper management of liver artery of the donors and recipients and reconstructing the blood supply of liver graft are the crucial procedures of liver transplantation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734800

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical prognosis and efficacy of adjuvant therapy with imatinib of postoperative patients with gastric intermediate-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).Methods The clinicopathological data and follow-up data of 93 gastric intermediate-risk GIST cases from Jan 2005 to Dec 2016 at Union Hospital were analyzed retrospectively.Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to assess the prognostic factors.Results There were 93 patients undergoing complete GIST resection with 42(45%) cases receiving post-op imatinib 400 mg/d for targeted therapy.The median target therapy period was 12 (6-72) months.86% (80 cases) patients were followed up for 46 (6-120) months.The 1-,3-,5-year recurrence-free survival rate (RFS) of the whole group were 100%,91.5%,88.5% respectively.Multivariate analysis revealed that mitotic count (P =0.040,RR =6.078,95% CI:0.541-68.274) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (P =0.036,RR =6.102,95% CI:0.782-47.632) were prognostic risk factors of RFS.For those mitotic count > 2/50 HPF and NLR > 2.3,adjuvant therapy with imatinib significantly increases RFS.Conclusion Mitotic count and NLR were independent risk factors of RFS in gastric intermediate-risk GIST.For those with mitotic count > 2/50 HPF and NLR > 2.3,postoperative adjuvant therapy with imatinib helps improve the prognosis.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 810-814,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823532

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the consistency of gastroscopic biopsy in the diagnosis of high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) and postoperative pathological diagnosis,and explore the risk factors associated with missed diagnosis of HGIN.Methods From January 2012 to December 2018,the clinical data of 63 patients who were diagnosed with HGIN by gastroscopic biopsy prior to operation and underwent complete resection in the Union Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed.There were 55 males and 8 females,with a median age of 60 (35 to 76) years old.The gender,age,endoscopic lesion shape,longest diameter,CT image and inflammatory markers were analyzed,to investigate the correlation between them and pathological upgrading after operation.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the cut off value of measurement data,and the comparison of count data was performed by chisquare test or Fisher exact probability method.Univariate analysis was used to screen potential risk factors,and multivariate logistic regression analysis was futher utilized to analyze the independent risk factors of postoperative pathological upgrading.Results A total of 63 patients were enrolled,including 47 cases underwent surgical resection and 16 cases underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).Among them,19 patients(30.2%) were pathologically diagnosed with HGIN,while 44 patients(69.8%) were pathologically diagnosed with invasive cancer after resection.Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT showed that 11 patients (17.5%) with perigastric fat spiculation around the lesion,all of which were confirmed as invasive carcinoma after operation.Univariate analysis showed that the longest diameter of the lesion ≥2 cm (P =0.002),ulcer lesions under gastroscopy (P =0.013),platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) ≥ 103 (P =0.030),lymph node enlargement (P =0.046) and spiculation of the perigastric fat (P =0.025) were significant differences between the groups.Logistic regression analysis showed that the longest diameter of the lesion ≥2 cm (P =0.033) and ulcer lesions under gastroscopy (P =0.007) were independent risk factors for predicting postoperative pathological upgrading.Conclusions Gastroscopy biopsy in the diagnosis of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the stomach has poor consistency with pathological diagnosis after operation.Clinicians should take active surgical intervention,especially for cases with the longest diameter of the lesions ≥2 cm,ulcer or perigastric fat spiculation on CT.

13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 227-231, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731734

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experience of small-for-size graft of pediatric donor liver transplantation in the treatment of acute liver failure in an adult recipient. Methods Clinical data of application of small-for-size graft of pediatric donor liver transplantation in an adult recipient was retrospectively analyzed and literature review was performed. Results The pediatric donor was aged 4.5 years old and the weight of donor liver from donation after brain death was 544.6 g. The body mass of recipient was 52 kg. The graft-to-recipient weight ratio was 1.05%. The classic orthotopic liver transplantation was performed. Postoperative recovery was not satisfying. The recipient suffered from brain edema, stress gastrointestinal bleeding, acute kidney injury, small-for-size liver syndrome, atelectasis, lung infection, fungal infection, abdominal infection, pleural effusion and other postoperative complications. After symptomatic and comprehensive treatment, the function of liver graft was gradually restored and regenerated to the normal size of adult liver at postoperative 2 to 3 weeks. The patient was discharged after 102 d hospitalization. During the follow-up at postoperative 10 months, the liver function was evaluated normal and the quality of life was favorable. Conclusions Pediatric small-for-size donor livers can be successfully transplanted to the adult recipients. Nevertheless, it is necessary to select the appropriate recipients, surgical methods and fine perioperative management according to the conditions of the donor livers.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699174

ABSTRACT

As one of the most common bariatric surgeries performed in clinics,vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) is highly efficient for treating morbid obesity and diabetes,with its underlying mechanisms elusive and controversial.More and more studies regard obesity and diabetes as a kind of gastrointestinal disease.Moreover,the fact that gastrointestinal tract is the direct target of bariatric procedures potentially makes it a key player in weight loss and blood glucose control after surgery.From this aspect,authors thus discuss the molecular mechanisms of VSG for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus in this review.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732822

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics,treatment strategies and curative effect of recurrence and metastasis of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after complete resection along with adjuvant therapy with imatinib,and to analyze the risk factors of recurrence and metastasis after adjuvant therapy.Methods The demographic data,clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data of 80 primary GIST patients who received adjuvant therapy with imatinib for at least 1-year duration and had already stopped taking imatinib from January 2005 to December 2017 in Union Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology were analyzed retrospectively.The survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier approach.Univariate analysis was conducted using log-rank test.Multivariate analysis was produced by Cox regression model.Results Of the enrolled 80 patients,recurrence and metastasis were detected in 17 cases after completion of postoperative adjuvant therapy with imatinib,with a median recurrence time of 12 months.All the 17 patients showed no specific clinical manifestations.Liver metastasis,peritoneum metastasis and local recurrence were found in 9,5 and 3 cases,respectively.In the 17 patients with recurrence and metastasis,9 patients received imatinib monotherapy.Among the 9 patients,6 achieved partial responses,while 3 demonstrated stable disease,and secondary drug resistance was found in 7 patients during the follow-up period,with a median progression-free survival of 35 months (95% CI:15-55 months) and median overall survival of 49 months (95% CI:30-68 months).A total of 7 patients with recurrence and metastasis were treated with imatinib after operation and achieved satisfying tumor control,and secondary drug resistance was found in 4 patients during the follow-up period,with a median progression-free survival of 31 months (95% CI:6-56 months) and fell short of median overall survival.The remaining 1 patient gave up treatment.Univariate analysis showed that tumor location (x2 =4.120,P =0.042),preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (x2 =7.513,P =0.006) and preoperative platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) (x2 =6.575,P =0.010) were associated with recurrence and metastasis of GIST patients after completion of adjuvant therapy.Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor location (HR =3.787,95% CI:1.126-12.732,x2 =4.631,P =0.031) was an independent prognostic factor for those patients.Conclusion GIST patients who are identified recurrence and metastasis after completion of adjuvant imatinib treatment show no specific clinical manifestations after stopping andjuvant therapy with imatinib.Compared with gastric GIST,non-gastric origin GIST has a higher risk of recurrence.Imatinib monotherapy and surgery combined with imatinib therapy are both effective in treating this subgroup of patients.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 660-664, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712879

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of domestic imatinib in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Methods Clinicopathological and follow-up data of GIST patients who received domestic imatinib treatment from January 2014 to December 2017 in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were analyzed retrospectively. The treatment efficacy and adverse reactions were analyzed. Results A total of 35 patients included 20 males and 15 females with a median age of 53 years old (28-79 years old). Among all the patients, 25 with primary GIST underwent complete resection, in which 20 cases were classified as high risk and 5 as moderate risk according to the risk stratification. Of the remaining 10 recurrent/metastatic or unresectable GIST patients, 6 cases had metastasis in liver, 2 cases had metastasis in peritoneum, 1 case had extensive abdominal and pelvic metastasis, and the other 1 case was initially unresectable. The follow-up data of all the 35 patients were available, with a median follow-up time of 25 months (4-49 months). Twenty-five primary patients with complete resection received adjuvant therapy with a median time of 14 months (4-44 months). The median time of follow-up was 25 months (4-49 months), and none of the primary patients was detected with recurrence or metastasis of GIST. Meanwhile, of the 10 patients with recurrent/metastatic or unresectableGIST, the median time of medicine-taking was 24 months (3-49 months). Seven of 10 patients received imatinib monotherapy, including 5 cases of partial remission and 2 cases of stable disease. The other 3 patients with localized progression received complete resection along with imatinib therapy. All the 10 patients achieved durable clinical benefit. Twenty-seven patients (77.1%) experienced adverse events, and only 1 case (2.9 %) had grade 3 adverse events. Conclusion Domestic imatinib is effective and safe for patients who received adjuvant therapy after complete resection of primary GIST as well as those with recurrent/metastatic or unresectable GIST, but it remains to be further confirmed by large samples of prospective studies.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620799

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate laparoscopic radical resection of metachronous colorectal carcinoma.Methods A total of 13 patients with metachronous colorectal carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic resection in Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery,Union Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.Results The mean time of surgery was (156 ± 9) min.Tumors were located in the right hemicolon in 3 cases,in the transverse colon in one,in the left hemicolon in 2,in the sigmoid colon in four and in the rectum in 4.The mean blood loss was (66 ± 21) ml.There was no conversion to open surgery.Two patients were done with protective ileostomy.Postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery time was (2.5 ± 0.7) days.One postoperative intra-abdominal bleeding was successfully controlled laparoscopically.Posteperative length of hospital stay was (26.2 ± 2.9) days.The median follow-up was 12 months (5-30 months) with no cancer recurrence.Conclusions Laparoscopic radical resection of metachronous colorectal carcinoma has good curative effect,and high success rate in spite of previous history of laparotomy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341500

ABSTRACT

Elderly patients with colorectal cancer have different clincopathological characteristics from younger patients. Colorectal cancers tend to localize in the proximal colon, from cecum to the splenic flexure in the elderly patients. Changes in the stools, rectal bleeding or black stool, abdominal pain, fatigue, weight loss and anemia are the common symptoms. Analysis showed that age is one of independent risk factors for lower completion rates of colonoscopy. Therefore, the choice of diagnosis methods in elderly patients should be careful. Achieving a clear diagnosis and avoiding complications should be considered at the same time. Most colorectal cancers in elderly are highly and moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas and locally advanced, and have less lymphatic and blood metastasis. The proportion of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma increases with the increase of age, which should be concerned. Multiple colorectal cancers and colorectal cancer with extra-colorectal malignancy are not rare in the elderly patients. The common extra-colorectal tumors consist of gastric cancer, lung cancer, biliary carcinoma, pancreas cancer and malignancy from blood system. Molecular events, such as mutations of KARS, BRAF, TP53 and deficiency of DNA mismatch repair, are more frequent in elderly colorectal cancer patients. Many factors have impact on treatment decision in elderly patients with colorectal cancer, including age, comorbidities, physiological functions of organs and willingness of patients and their relatives. Although surgery is still the main treatment, the proportion of radical surgery is lower and emergency surgery is higher as compared to younger patients. With the development of minimally invasive surgical techniques and advances in anesthesia and perioperative management, laparoscopic surgery has become widespread in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. In addition, more attention should be paid to adjuvant therapy. Comprehensive individualized treatment plan should be taken to improve outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Aged , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mutation , Risk Factors
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influence of tumor-associated macrophages(TAMs) on the ability of invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells, and its associated mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of TAM in 10 samples of normal gastric mucosa and 15 samples of gastric cancer tissues from sample bank of Department of Pathology, Union Hospital. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate(PMA) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) were used to make THP-1 monocytes differentiate into TAMs. AGS gastric cancer cells were divided into two groups: experiment group was cultured with RPMI/1640 condition medium containing 50% TAM and control group was cultured with RPMI/1640 complete medium. The ability of invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells was measured by Transwell assays. Real-time PCR and Western blot were applied to detect the expression of MMPs and its inhibitor TIMPs before and after stimulation of TAMs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunohistochemistry results showed that CD68(+) cell number in normal gastric mucosa tissue was significantly less than that in gastric cancer tissue [(11.3±0.8)/HP vs. (31.6±1.4)/HP, P<0.000 1]. When treated with PMA and M-CSF, THP-1 cells were differentiated into type M2 TAMs with high expression of specific markers CD68, CD163, CD204 and CD206. Transwell test revealed that the number of piercing cells in the experimental group was significantly more than that in control group [(36.8±1.1)/HP vs. (12.8±0.9)/HP, t=17.5, P=0.000). Compared to control group, the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 mRNA in experimental group respectively increased by 1.61 and 1.87 folds(P=0.017 and P=0.009). Protein level of MMP-2, MMP-9 was up-regulated accordingly. The expression of TIMP-1 and TIMP-3 mRNA was not significantly different between two groups(P=0.120 and P=0.096).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TAMs may promote the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells through increasing expression of MMP-9 and MMP-2, which may be one of the mechanisms of gastric cancer development.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Macrophages , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stomach Neoplasms , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment as well as prognostic factors of the giant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 235 patients with high risk GIST treated in the Union Hospital, Tongi Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology between January 2005 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into giant GIST group (diameter equal to or larger than 10 cm, 119 cases) and high risk group (diameter less than 10 cm, 116 cases) according to tumor size. Clinical characteristics and prognosis of two groups were compared and the clinical features of giant GIST were summarized. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic factors of giant GIST with Cox regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 119 patients with giant GIST, which accounted for 50.6%(119/235) of all the high risk patients, there were 63 male and 56 female patients with a median age of 53(20-82) years. Primary giant GIST of 43(36.1%) located in the stomach, of 39(32.8%) in the small intestine, 5(4.2%) in the colon and rectum, and of 32 (26.9%) outside the gastrointestinal tract (mesentery, retroperitoneum, abdominal cavity, etc) and pelvic. Compared to high risk group, age of onset was younger [ratio of ≤50 years, 44.5%(53/119) vs. 31.9%(37/116), P = 0.046] and incidence of outside the gastrointestinal tract was significantly higher [26.9%(32/119) vs. 9.5%(11/116), P=0.000] in giant GIST group. All the giant GIST patients underwent surgical resection, including 115 cases(96.6%) of R0 resection, 3 cases(2.5%) of R1 resection and 1 case(0.9%) of R2 resection, besides, 32 cases(26.9%) underwent expanded resection (namely, underwent lymphadenectomy or combined organ resection simultaneously). Thirty-nine giant GIST cases(32.8%)accepted imatinib 400 mg/d for targeted therapy after operations, which was not significantly different with high risk group (46 cases, 39.6%, P=0.232). Relapse and metastasis occurred in 8 cases in giant GIST group. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates of giant GIST group were 94.5%, 89.3%, 79.4% respectively and of high risk group were 99.1%, 92.9%, 85.1% respectively, and no significant difference was found (P=0.788). The 1-, 3-, 5-year recurrence-free survival rates of giant GIST group were 93.6%, 85.1%, 72.8% respectively and of high risk group were 99.1%, 91.7%, 84.2% respectively, and no significant difference was found as well (P=0.932). Multivariate analysis revealed that gender (P=0.047, RR=0.383, 95%CI:0.149-0.987), mitotic count (P=0.001, RR=0.216, 95%CI:0.087-0.538) and targeted therapy(P=0.019, RR=5.719, 95%CI:1.324-24.695) were prognostic risk factors of overall survival (OS), moreover, tumor size (P=0.024, RR=0.368, 95%CI:0.155-0.875) and mitotic count(P=0.007, RR=0.357, 95%CI:0.169-0.755) were prognostic risk factors of RFS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Giant GIST is not unusual in GIST and more likely occurs outside gastrointestinal tract. Complete surgical excision combined with targeted therapy can improve the prognosis significantly. The prognosis of giant GIST and common high risk GIST is similar. Mitotic count is the most important prognostic factor.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Therapeutic Uses , Intestine, Small , Lymph Node Excision , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Young Adult
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