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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 32-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907029

ABSTRACT

To increase the utilization rate of expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidney, the kidney preservation methods have been ever advancing in recent years. The application of normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) promotes the preservation, evaluation and repair of ex vivo donor kidneys and accelerates the innovation of surgical approaches of kidney transplantation. Ischemia-free kidney transplantation (IFKT), which initiated by Organ Transplantation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, keeps the blood flow and oxygen supply of the donor kidney with NMP machine during the entire process of acquisition, preservation and transplantation, thereby fundamentally avoiding ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) of the donor kidney and reducing the risk of delayed graft function (DGF) and acute rejection after surgery. In this article, recent progresses upon the kidney NMP, surgical procedures and short-term outcomes of IFKT were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for enhancing the utilization rate of ECD donor kidney and resolving the issue of organ shortage.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 903-907, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the angiographic anatomy of the lateral costal artery (LCA) and its effect on hemoptysis.Methods:The CT data of angiography and angiographic-CT in 303 patients with hemoptysis in Guangzhou First People′s Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The origin and travel of the lateral costal artery and the blood supply of the LCA involved in the pulmonary lesion were analyzed.Results:In 303 patients with hemoptysis, 30 LCA were detected in 24 cases, including 12 on the left and 18 on the right, 18 on one side and 6 on both sides. All of them were the first branch of the first segment of the internal thoracic artery (ITA). The level of LCA originating from ITA was located in 1(3.3%) branch above clavicle, 27(90.0%) branches behind clavicle and 2(6.7%) branches below clavicle. LCA entered into the chest behind the first anterior rib, and walked along inner surface of the thorax from the anterior and superior direction to the outer and posterior direction, between the rib-intercostal medial muscle and pleura (i.e., anatomical intrathoracic fascia), and mostly terminated at the axillary midline plane. 28 LCA in 23 patients which can be used for morphological analysis, roughly manifested as follow three shapes: ⑴ 13(46.4%) of them were arc-shaped. The developed LCA was longer and showed shallow or deep arc-shaped curve; ⑵ High flat shape, total 11 LCA (39.3%), the LCA were relatively shorter, position higher and more gentle; ⑶ 4(14.3%) were straight and oblique. The developed LCA was relatively long, and the angle between LCA and ITA was linear. 11 vessels (36.67%) of 10 patients participated in the blood supply of pulmonary lesions, among which 2, 5, 1, 2 and 1 vessels were responsible for the first, second, third, fourth and fifth hemoptysis respectively.Conclusions:The LCA is a relatively common blood vessel and it can be well shown by angiography and angiographic CT. It is of great clinical significance to understand LCA.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 359-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of lentinan injection combined with recombinant human endostatin in treatment of gastric cancer patients with abdominal cavity metastasis.Methods:A total of 80 gastric cancer patients with abdominal cavity metastasis were treated in the People's Hospital of Haian City in Jiangsu Province from January 2017 to December 2019 were selected. They were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group according to the number table method, 40 cases in each group. The control group was given FOLFOX (oxalipatin + calcium leucovorin + fluorouracil) chemotherapy combined with recombinant human endostatin, and the observation group was in combination of lentinan injection on the basis of the control group. The short-term efficacy, tumor markers before and after treatment, immune function, angiogenesis related factors levels and adverse reactions of the two groups were analyzed.Results:After treatment, the short-term effective rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [67.5% (27/40) vs. 47.5% (19/40), χ2 = 4.256, P < 0.05]. The level of tumor markers like tumor supplied group of factors (TSGF), carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) of both groups after treatment was decreased compared with that before treatment; after treatment, the level of TSGF, CEA and CA72-4 in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [TSGF: (48.99±3.14) U/ml vs. (55.17±3.68) U/ml, t = -8.080, P < 0.01; CEA: (0.40±0.09) ng/ml vs. (0.47±0.10) ng/ml, t = -3.291, P = 0.002; CA72-4: (3.51±1.14) U/ml vs. (8.42±2.57) U/ml, t = -11.045, P < 0.01]. The proportion of CD3 +, CD4 +, and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + of both groups after treatment was decreased compared with that before treatment. The proportion of CD3 +, CD4 +, and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + in the observation group was higher than that in the control group after treatment [CD3 +: (38.53±5.12)% vs. (31.82±4.75)%, t = 6.076, P < 0.01; CD4 +: (25.36±4.39)% vs. (19.12±3.91)%, t = 6.713, P < 0.01; CD4 +/CD8 +: 1.05±0.24 vs. 0.83±0.19, t = 4.546, P < 0.01]. The level of angiogenesis-related factors like p53, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF-β 1) of the two groups after treatment was decreased compared with that before treatment. The level of p53, VEGF, and TGF-β 1 in the observation group was lower than that in the control group after treatment [p53: (132.86±31.24) ng/L vs. (163.24±33.27) ng/L, t = -4.210, P < 0.01; VEGF: (425.23±36.79) ng/L vs. (673.57±63.28) ng/L, t = -21.458, P < 0.01; TGF-β 1: (35.87±4.03) ng/ml vs. (38.26±4.32) ng/ml, t = -2.559, P = 0.012]. The incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳadverse reactions in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [47.5% (19/40) vs. 62.5% (25/40), χ2 = 6.142, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Lentinan injection combined with recombinant human endostatin is safe and effective in treatment of gastric cancer patients with abdominal cavity metastasis, and it is worthy of clinical promotion.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 588-597, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881156

ABSTRACT

Organic carbonates (OCs) are a class of compounds featured by a carbonyl flanked by two alkoxy/aryloxy groups. They exist in either linear or cyclic forms, of which the majority encountered in nature adopt a pentacyclic structure. However, the enzymatic basis for pentacyclic carbonate ring formation remains elusive. Here, we reported that a four-protein metabolon (AlmUII-UV) assembled by a small peptide protein (AlmUV) appends a reactive

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1676-1685, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888828

ABSTRACT

Fusidane-type antibiotics, represented by helvolic acid, fusidic acid and cephalosporin P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric kidney transplantations at a single center and discuss the related clinical issues.Methods:From January 1990 to October 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 244 pediatric renal transplants. The youngest recipient was aged 1.8 years and the median age of pediatric recipients was 12.2 years. The major disease was primary or hereditary glomerulonephritis ( n=160, 69.0%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), cystic renopathy and other hereditary nephropathies ( n=55, 23.7%). The donor sources included traditional deceased donor ( n=42, 17.2%), living-related donor ( n=19, 7.8%) and organ donation ( n=183, 75.0%). The median age of donors was 2 years (0-51) and the median weight 12.0(2.7-72.0) kg. From January 2013 to October 2019, 170 cases), the major induction immunosuppression regimen was anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) ( n=110, 64.7%) or basiliximab ( n=58, 34.1%). The maintenance regimen was tacrolimus + mycophenolic acid (MPA) + glucocorticosteroids. Finally the outcomes and the complications were analyzed. Results:The survival rates of 244 kidney allograft recipients were 98.1%, 94.5% and 93.4% and the graft survival rates 92.6%, 84.2% and 82.0% at 1/3/5 years respectively. Ten recipients died of accident ( n=2, 20.0%), pneumonia after transplantation ( n=2, 20.0%) and intracranial hemorrhage ( n=2, 20.0%). Thirty-three recipients lost their allografts mainly due to intravascular thrombosis in graft ( n=5, 14.3%), acute rejection ( n=5, 14.3%) and death ( n=9, 25.7%). Besides, among 109 deceased donor allograft recipients, the postoperative outcomes were delayed graft function recovery (DGF) ( n=27, 24.8%), arterial thrombosis ( n=6, 5.5%), venous thrombosis ( n=1, 0.9%), graft perirenal hematoma ( n=6, 5.5%), raft artery stenosis ( n=10, 9.2%) and graft ureteral fistula ( n=1, 0.9%). The incidence of acute rejection was 17.5% and 23.2% at 1/3 year respectively. The recurrent rate of primary disease was 6.9%, including primary FSGS ( n=3, 42.9%) and IgA nephropathy ( n=2, 28.6%). At 1/3 year post-operation, the incidence of pulmonary infection was 16.9% and 22.4% and the incidence of urinary tract infection 26.9% and 31.7%. Excluding recipients with graft failure, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1/2/3 year postoperatively was (80.3±25.2), (81.4±27.8) and (71.8±27.6) ml/(min·1.73 m 2)respectively. Conclusions:The outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations are excellent at our center. Future efforts shall be devoted to optimizing the strategies of donor kidney selection and strengthening preoperative evaluations, perioperative and postoperative managements for improving the long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755926

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR) in initial immunosuppression in living-related renal transplant recipients.Methods From October 2015 to October 2017,twenty-two patients undergoing initial living-related renal transplantation received MZR (3-4 mg/kg/d) plus tacrolimus and corticosteroid.During a follow-up period of 12 months,patient/graft survival,incidence of acute rejection and adverse events were observed.Results There was no onset of graft loss and death and acute rejection rate was 22.7%.Renal allograft function remained stable.The incidence rate of cytomegaloviral infection was 4.5% and no CMV disease occurred.The incidence of BKV viruria was 36.4% and the infection rate was 18.2%.Digestive symptoms occurred (n =3,13.6%).The major side effect of hyperuricemia could be controlled without reduction or withdrawal of MZR.Conclusions Excellent graft survival can be achieved when using MZR as initial immunosuppression in living-donor renal transplant recipients,yet the incidence of acute rejection remains high.Further study is required for determining the effect of MZR in the prevention of BK viral infection during renal transplantation.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 488-492, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753998

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the use of glucocorticoids in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Hospitals in Zhejiang Province and to provide a reference for guiding clinical use of SCAP patients. Methods To draw up a questionnaire with reference to the Chinese and international guidelines, and to investigate the knowledge of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) related guidelines and the use of glucocorticoids in patients with SCAP by doctors in hospitals above secondary level in Zhejiang Province by Email. Then the valid questionnaire was analyzed. Results In June 2016, 340 questionnaires were distributed, and all were returned after 2 months, with 333 of valid; 333 doctors from 45 ICUs in Zhejiang Province participated in the survey. ① The knowledge of CAP-related guidelines in ICU doctors: 79.58% (265/333) of the doctors had read the CAP guidelines, and those who work over 10 years had a higher reading rate than those with 1-5 years and 6-10 years [93.07% (94/101) vs. 74.00% (111/150), 73.17% (60/82), both P < 0.05]. Post-graduates and above had higher reading rates than undergraduates [85.35% (134/157) vs. 74.43% (131/176), P < 0.05]. Senior doctors had higher reading rates than the junior and intermediate doctors [93.07% (94/101) vs. 71.43% (80/112), 75.83% (91/120), both P < 0.05]. The rate of understanding the clinical application of glucocorticoids was 13.81% (46/333). The doctors who work over 10 years and the seniorshad a relatively high awareness rate, 23.76% (24/101) and 20.79% (21/101) respectively. However, there was no significant difference in the awareness rate between doctors with different degrees and different levels of hospitals. ② For the use of glucocorticoids in different causes of pneumonia, 44.74% (149/333) of doctors routinely used glucocorticoids in severe viral pneumonia. The proportion of glucocorticoids used in severe bacterial pneumonia, severe fungal pneumonia, severe pneumocystis pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and severe pneumonia were 22.82% (76/333), 9.31% (31/333), 22.52% (75/333) and 18.32% (61/333), respectively. ③ The way of glucocorticoid usage: 79.58% (265/333) of doctors chose methylprednisolone, 4.20% (14/333) chose hydrocortisone, 1.20% (4/333) chose dexamethasone, and 15.02% (50/333) had not use glucocorticoids. The proportion of physicians who chose to use glucocorticoids within 24 hours of admission and 1-7 days after admission were 52.65% (149/283) and 47.35% (134/283), respectively. Glucocorticoids were used more in doctors with lower academic qualifications and hospitals within 24 hours. The undergraduate degree was 61.39% (97/158), and the second-grade class hospital was 67.50% (27/40). Among the doctors who chose methylprednisolone, 60.75% (161/265) prescribe the dose ≤80 mg/d;79.15% (224/283) chose the course of ≤7 days. The number of years of work, education, professional title and hospital grade had no significant effect on the choice of methylprednisolone and the course of treatment. Conclusions ICU doctors of 45 hospitals in Zhejiang Province have a high degree of heterogeneity in the understanding of the use and guidelines of glucocorticoids in SCAP. It is necessary to strengthen the ICU doctor's study of clinical guidelines at home and abroad and to develop a glucocorticoid use plan according to the specific conditions of patients, so that SCAP patients can benefit more.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752012

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical pathological characteristics and the prognosis of the invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) of breast cancer.Methods The clinical pathological characteristics of 47 IMPC patients treated in the Second Hospital of Jilin University from Jan.2010 to Dec.2016 were retrospectively analyzed.A long term survival has been followed.Results 47 IMPC patients were all female.The median age was 56(34-76) years old.The median diameter of the tumor was 1.9(0.8-7.0) cm.The rate of axillary lymph node metastasis was 66.7% (30/44),the median number of axillary lymph node metastasis was 9.5 (1-55),and the metastasis number of 1 to 3 accounted for 43.3% (13/30),the metastasis number of 4 to 9 accounted for 6.7% (2/30),and the metastasis number more than 10 accounted for 50% (15/30).The lymphatic invasion rate was 40.2%(39/97),and the skin and (or) the nipple invasion rate was 15.6%(7/45).The positive rate of ER,PR,HER2,E-Cadherin was 95.7%(44/46),91.3%(42/46),10.5%(4/38),100%(40/40),respectively.The tumor cell growth index marked by Ki-67 was 1%-80%,and 78.3% patients' tumor cell growth index marked by Ki-67 were more than 20%.Conclusions IMPC is a relatively rare special type of breast cancer,which typically occurs at middle-aged and old female.The expression of ER,PR,E-Cadherin is high and the expression of HER2 is low.It has strong ability and high positive rate of lymph node metastasis,lymphatic invasion,and poor prognosis.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 160-164, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744690

ABSTRACT

Objective? To? investigate? the? protective? effects? of? Klotho? protein,? a? kind? of? single-pass?transmembrane?protein,?on?acute?kidney?injury?(AKI)?in?septic?mice?and?its?mechanism.? Methods? Sixty?SPF?healthy?male?C57BL/6?mice?(6-8?weeks)?were?randomly?divided?into?sham?operation?group?(Sham?group),?sepsis?model?group?(CLP?group)?and?Klotho?protein?injection?group?(CLP+KL?group),?with?20?in?each?group.?The?septic?AKI?mice?model?was?established?by?cecal?ligation?and?puncture?(CLP);?Sham?group?had?the?same?procedure?except?that?the?cecal?was?not?ligated.?The?CLP+KL?group?was?received?Klotho?protein?(0.02?mg/kg)?by?intraperitoneal?consecutive?injection?for?4?days?after?operation;?Sham?group?and?CLP?group?were?injected?with?the?same?amount?of?saline.?Blood?samples?were?obtained?at?24?hours?after?operation,?the?levels?of?serum?creatinine?(SCr)?and?urea?nitrogen?(BUN)?were?measured?by?sarcosine?oxidase?and?urease?method.?The?mice?were?sacrificed?under?anesthesia?at?5?days?after?operation?to?harvest?renal?tissues,?and?the?pathological?damage?of?the?kidney?was?evaluated?by?hematoxylin-eosin?(HE)?staining.?The?ultrastructure?of?mitochondria?in?mouse?renal?tubular?epithelial?cells?was?observed?under?transmission?electron?microscope.?The?levels?of?reduced? glutathione?hormone?(GSH),?malondialdehyde?(MDA)?and?nitric?oxide?synthase?(NOS)?in?mitochondrion?were?determined?by?micro-enzyme?method,?thiobarbituric?acid?method,?colorimetry?method,?respectively.?The?protein?expressions?of?Klotho,?Bcl-2?and?cytochrome?C?(Cyt?C)?were?detected?by?Western?Blot.? Results? The?pathological?structure?of?the?kidneys?in?the?Sham?group?was?clear?and?intact.?Compared?with?the?Sham?group,?the?renal?tissue?edema?of?the?mice?in?the?CLP?group?was?significant,?and?the?transparent?tube?type?was?observed?in?the?small?lumen,?and?the?interstitial?inflammatory?cells?infiltrated;?the?levels?of?SCr?and?BUN?were?significantly?increased?[SCr?(μmol/L):?182.60±6.97?vs.?47.20±5.37,?BUN?(mmol/L):?53.70±5.12?vs.?18.70±2.62,?both?P?<?0.01];?the?mitochondria?were?swollen?and?deformed,?the?sputum?structure?was?destroyed,?the?matrix?density?was?decreased,?the?outer?membrane?was?lost,?and?the?levels?of?MDA,?GSH?and?NOS?were?significantly?increased?[MDA?(μmol/g):?1.172±0.046?vs.?0.746±0.094,?GSH?(μmol/g):?5.765±0.059?vs.?4.223±0.072,?NOS?(kU/g):?0.91±0.05?vs.?0.68±0.03,?all?P?<?0.01];?the?protein?expressions?of?Klotho?and?Bcl-2??in?renal?tissue?were?decreased,?and?the?protein?expression?of?Cyt?C?was?increased?(Klotho/β-actin:?0.188±0.020?vs.?0.538±0.024,?Bcl-2/β-actin:?0.311±0.010?vs.?0.391±0.015,?Cyt?C/β-actin:?0.226±0.010?vs.?0.135±0.006,?all??P?<?0.01).?Comparing?with?the?CLP?group,?the?glomerular?and?tubular?tissue?epithelial?edema?and?the?small?lumen?in?the?CLP+KL?group?were?reduced;?the?levels?of?SCr?and?BUN?were?significantly?decreased?[SCr?(μmol/L):?85.70±7.23?vs.?182.60±6.97,?BUN?(mmol/L):?35.30±3.50?vs.?53.70±5.12,?both?P?<?0.01];?the?mitochondrial?structure?was?relatively?intact;?the?levels?of?MDA,?GSH?and?NOS?were?significantly?decreased?[MDA?(μmol/g):?0.958±0.072?vs.?1.172±0.046,?GSH?(μmol/g):?4.756±0.107?vs.?5.765±0.059,?NOS?(kU/g):?0.79±0.02?vs.?0.91±0.05,?all?P?<?0.01];?the?protein?expressions?of?Klotho,?Bcl-2?were?significantly?increased,?but?the?protein?expression?of?Cyt?C?was?significantly?decreased?(Klotho/β-actin:?0.336±0.011?vs.?0.188±0.020,?Bcl-2/β-actin:?0.474±0.017?vs.?0.311±0.010,?Cyt?C/β-actin:??0.168±0.006?vs.?0.226±0.010,?all?P?<?0.01).? Conclusion? Klotho?protein?has?significant?protective?effects?on?AKI?in?septic?mice,?and?its?mechanism?is?related?to?maintaining?mitochondrial?structural?integrity?and?oxidative?stress?response.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts. The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively. Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia. Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity. One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE). Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Yet it had no effect on graft function. The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy. Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary, glomerular sclerosis, mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy.@*Results@#During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation, two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively. With long-term dietary control and drug therapy, regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation.@*Conclusions@#LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts. And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence. Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791860

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts .Methods Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts . The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively . Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia .Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity .One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE) . Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) . Yet it had no effect on graft function .The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy .Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary ,glomerular sclerosis , mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy .Results During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation , two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively .With long-term dietary control and drug therapy , regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation .Conclusions LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts .And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence .Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791840

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of desensitization treatment for ABO incompatible (ABOi) related living-donor kidney transplantation .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 14 recipients undergoing ABOi related living kidney transplantation from July 2015 to December 2018 .The clinical outcomes and expenditures of desensitization treatment before and after optimizing desensitization were compared .Results After desensitization treatment , 14 recipients successfully underwent ABOi-kidney transplantation . Within 2 weeks post-transplantation , blood group antibody rebounded to 1:64 in only 1 recipient .Within 1 week post-transplantation ,the serum creatinine levels decreased to 85-165 μmol/L in 14 recipients .Thirteen patients stabilized after 1 week while another patient had an elevated level of serum creatinine at Day 12 post-operation and renal allograft function recovered after treatment . Two cases of rejection were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and 1 case was confirmed by pathological biopsy . Five cases of programmed renal allograft biopsy indicated critical or suspected acute T-lymphocytic rejection within 1 year .Thirteen cases (92 .6% ) demonstrated varying degrees of peritubular capillary deposition of C 4d .One case developed BK viral uropathy within 1 year and four patients of pulmonary infections requiring hospitalization were cured after treatment . During an early stage , the incidence of postoperative infection was 57 .14% and declined to 14 .29% after optimized desensitization .The expenditure of early desensitization treatment was (27004 .86 ± 10719 .85) yuan and (10612 .29 ± 8143 .05) yuan after optimization .And the expenditure of optimized desensitization was significantly lowered (P<0 .05) . During follow-ups ,renal allograft function of 14 recipients remained decent .And the survival rate of recipient/allograft was 100% up to the statistical cut-off point .Conclusions Both desensitization strategies may achieve the goal of desensitization for ABOi kidney transplantation and the outcomes are excellent .The expenditure of desensitization treatment is significantly lowered after optimization .

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 182-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780512

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of ABO incompatible living kidney transplantation(ABOi-KT). Methods Clinical data of 11 donors and recipients with ABOi-KT were retrospectively analyzed. All the recipients were treated with desensitization before operation. The recovery condition of renal function and blood type antibody titer of the ABOi-KT recipients were monitored after operation. The incidence of complications and clinical prognosis of ABOi-KT recipients were observed. Results The serum creatinine (Scr) of 11 recipients were well recovered after ABOi-KT. No delay in recovery of graft renal function. Among them, 2 recipients experienced a significant increase in the Scr level at postoperative 14 and 45 d respectively, 1 recipient showed criticality cellular rejection after operation and 1 recipient presented with elevated Scr level at postoperative 33 d, accompanied by an increase in blood type antibody titer. The condition became stable after corresponding treatment. The remaining 7 recipients obtained normal graft renal function and postoperative blood type antibody titer did not rebound. During postoperative follow-up until November 2018, no recipient died or graft renal failure occurred. The survival rate of the recipient and graft renal was 100%. Among them, 3 patients suffered from postoperative complications, including pulmonary infection, BK viruria and granulocytopenia, which were cured after symptomatic treatment. Conclusions ABOi-KT is safe, feasible and yields high long-term clinical efficacy, which can increase the source of living donor kidney and relieve the shortage of donor kidney.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 433-442, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774976

ABSTRACT

Fusidic acid is the only fusidane-type antibiotic that has been clinically used. However, biosynthesis of this important molecule in fungi is poorly understood. We have recently elucidated the biosynthesis of fusidane-type antibiotic helvolic acid, which provides us with clues to identify a possible gene cluster for fusidic acid ( cluster). This gene cluster consists of eight genes, among which six are conserved in the helvolic acid gene cluster except and . Introduction of the two genes into the NSAR1 expressing the conserved six genes led to the production of fusidic acid. A stepwise introduction of and revealed that the two genes worked independently without a strict reaction order. Notably, we identified two short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase genes and in the cluster, which showed converse stereoselectivity in 3-ketoreduction. This is the first report on the biosynthesis and heterologous expression of fusidic acid.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710594

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and effectiveness during perioperative period in patients undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy under ERAS program.Methods A retrospective study was carried out,in 40 patients under ERAS programs from Sep 2016 to Aug 2017 compared with 40 patients in control group from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 in intraoperative central vein pressure,blood loss,postoperative stress indicators,the incidence of moderate to severe pain,exhaust time,oral feeding time,ambulation time,complications,hospital stays and costs and patient satisfaction.Results Compared with control group,the intraoperative blood loss was decreased by controlling central venous pressure (t =2.556,P =0.013),earlier exhaust,oral intake of food and ambulation (P <0.001),lower incidence rate of moderate to severe pain (x2 =11.314,P < 0.001),and higher patient satisfaction (t =6.816,P < 0.001) in ERAS group,though there were no significant differences in extubation time (t =0.336,P =0.738).The average hospital stays were 2.8 days shorter (16.6 ± 3.0 vs.19.4 ± 6.4,t =2.514,P =0.015),and hospital expenses were (¥)6 000 less than control group (5.4 ±0.7 vs.6.0± 1.5,t =2.338,P =0.023).Conclusion ERAS programs applied to patients undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy can safely and effectively accelerate patient recovery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710511

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings in patients with cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal variceal bleeding (UGIB) and to evaluate the risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic therapy.Method Between May 2010 and May 2017,383 patients who diagnosed with cirrhosis and UGIB were enrolled.Results The incidence of rebleeding was 8.88% (n =34).In the univariate analysis,advanced age (P =0.362,OR =0.662),male (P =0.036,OR =2.975),cause of cirrhosis (P =0.047,OR =2.512),Child-Pugh scores (P =0.026,OR =1.852),prothrombin time (P =0.017,OR =3.746),thrombocytopenia (P =0.445,OR =0.577),severe varices (P =0.314,OR =0.745),red color sign (P =0.016,OR =4.013),portal vein diameter (P =0.365,OR =1.026),portal thrombosis (P =0.027,OR =1.954) were risk factors for rebleeding following endoscopic therapy.In the non-condition multivariate logistic regression analysis,male (P =0.036,OR =2.975),autoimmune liver disease (P =0.047,OR =2.512),Child-Pugh scores (P =0.026,OR =1.852),prothrombin time (P =0.017 OR =3.746),red color sign (P =0.016,OR =4.013),portal thrombosis (P =0.027,OR =1.954) were independent risk factors for rebleeding following endoscopic therapy.Conclusions Esophagogastric variceal rebleeding is common after a successful initial endoscopic therapy.Independent risk factors for rebleeding are male,autoimmune liver disease,elevated Child-Pugh scores,prolonged thrombin time,portal vein thrombosis and red color sign.

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