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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930869


The clinical application of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. With the widespread applica-tion of ICIs in HCC, the management of immune-related adverse events (irAE) gained more and more attention. However, the complicated disease characteristics and various combination therapies in HCC throw out challenges to irAE management. Therefore, the editorial board of the 'Chinese expert consensus on the management of immune-related adverse events of hepatocellular carcinoma treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (2021 edition)' organizes multidisciplinary experts to discuss and formulate this consensus. The consensus focuses on issues related to HCC irAE manage-ment, and puts forward suggestions, in order to improve standardized and safety clinical medication, so as to maximize the benefits of immunotherapy for patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885314


Objective:To explore the risk factors influencing the prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after liver transplantation and summarize the relevant diagnostic and therapeutic experiences.Methods:The clinicopathological features with diagnosis and treatment plan of 102 recurrent HCC patients fulfilling the Fudan Criteria were compared for survival rate (univariate analysis) and independent prognostic indicators were obtained by Cox multivariate analysis.Results:The 1/3/5-year overall survival rates were 92.2%, 48.6% and 34.6% and the 1/3/5-year survival rates with tumor were 63.2%, 31.0% and 16.7% respectively. Cox regression analysis indicated that patient age, whether tumor can be surgically resected or not and personalized diagnostic & therapeutic plan based upon targeted therapy were independent prognostic factors affecting the overall survival rates and survival rates with tumor.Conclusions:Although HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation seriously influence patient prognosis, satisfactory outcomes may be obtained for some patients through active, effective and precise managements.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389151


Objective To appraise and compare protein expression profiles in sera of patients without or with recurrence following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using SELDI-TOF-MS technique,and establish the diagnostic and predictive model. Methods A total of 76 sera (41 from disease free survival patients and 35 from recurrence individuals) were collected pretransplantation and differentially expressed proteins were identified by SELDI-TOF-MS. The intensity values for each peak were analyzed by Biomarker Wizard Software to screen serum proteome biomarkers related to the recurrence post-transplantation. By using Biomarker Patterns Software, the classification trees were generate. from randomly selected samples (30 fingerprints obtained from each group). The sensitivity and specificity of best decision tree were then chosen for blind test with 16 samples (5 from recurrence individuals and 11 from recurrence-free survival patients). Results There were significant differences only in tumor size and the presence of vascular invasion between recurrence group and recurrence-free survival group (P<0.05). According to serum protein fingerprints, a total of 368 protein peaks were identified at the mass-to-charge ratio (M/Z) value ranging from 2000 to 300 00. There were 22 significant differential proteins between two groups. Among them, 9 proteins were up-regulated and 13 proteins were down-regulated -espectively in recurrence group. The intensity values of differential proteins were input into BPS for classification tree analysis and the best performing tree could distinguish two groups successfully. As a result of blind assessment for this model,a sensitivity of 80.0 % (4/5) and specificity of 72.7 % (8/11) were obtained. Conclusion Some of differential proteins screened by SELDI-TOF-MS technique in the serum may be correlated with the prognoses of liver transplantation patients with HCC. The decision tree may be useful for the clinical application of formulating the indication for liver transplantation, detecting extrahepatic micrometastasis and setting up the diagnostic and treatment strategies.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396423


Objective To evaluate salvage liver transplantation(LT)for postoperative tumor recurrence or liver dysfunction in patients of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods From April 2001 to March 2006,97 HCC patients with the tumor within Milan Criteria underwent LT as the primary treatment(71 cases)and salvage LT because of after resection tumor recurrence(n=20)or postoperative liver dysfunction(n=6).Perioperative and postoperative parameters and long-term survival were compared between the groups of primary LT and salvage LT.Results The mean age(50.0 years vs.49.7 years),gender,and etiology of liver disease(hepatitis B/C/nonviral)were comparable between the two groups.In the salvage LT group.the mean time between liver resection and LT was 2.50 years.Clinical characteristics such as tumor number(1.37 vs.1.50),operative time(7.92 hours vs.8.56 hours),blood loss (1981.69 ml vs.2626.92 ml)and transfusion(1981.69 ml vs.2626.92 ml)were not statistically different (P>0.05)between the two groups.The size of largest tumor was significantly different between salvage LT group and the primary LT group(2.81 cm vs.2.05 cm)(t=2.298,P=0.028).By a median follow up of 14.63 months,overall survival after liver transplantation was not different between the 2 groups(X2=0.003.P=0.959).Conclusion In selected patients,liver resection prior to transplantation does not increase the morbidity or impair long.term survival following LT.Therefore.1iver resection prior to transplantation can be integrated with the treatment strategy for HCC.