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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393494

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe whether the transplanted dermal multipotent stem cells(dMSCs)transfected by adenovirus vector of CXCR4(Adv-CXCR4)can distribute more frequently to the wound of rats with combined wound and irradiation injury.Methods dMSCs transfected by Adv-CXCR4(group A),or transfected by adenovirus vector of green fluorescent protein(group B),and non-transfected dMSCs were labeled with 3H-TdR and then transplanted into combine-injured rats.The amount of dMSCs in wound were determined by liquid scintillation,and wounds healing process was observed by measuring the remaining wound area.Results From the 5th day after transplantation,the amount of dMSCs in the wound of group A accounted for 1.95%-3.85% of the total transplanted dMSCs,significantly greater than those in group B and group C,which accounted for 1.07%-1.86% of the total transplanted dMSCs.The remaining wound area in group A was smaller than those in group B and group C from day 12 after injury,and the healing time of group A was 1.5 day ahead than group B and group C.Conclusions dMSCs transfected by Adv-CXCR4 distributes more frequently to the wound of combine-injured rats and could accelerate wound healing.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396257

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of long-term depleted uranium (DU)ingestion on testosterone production in rats, and its involvement mechanism. Methods Male and female rats (F0 and F1 respectively) for 160 days, respectively. The contents of testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in serum were detected in 20 months of F0 generations, and 15 months of F1 generations. RT-PCR was used to analyze the levels of StAR mRNA and P450scc mRNA. Results Compared with the normal control group, the testosterone contents in exposed F0 and F1 generations increased, the lowest was 51.73 U/L, but those of LH and FSH decreased. The expression of StAR mRNA in the low-doze group of F1 generation (StAR/β-actin = 1.35) was up-regulated, down-regulated for other groups.compared with the normal control group (P450scc/β-actin = 0. 313), the expression of P450scc mRNA in the low- and high-dose groups of F0 generation were decreased (P450scc/β-actin = 0.21), and those in the low- and high-dose groups of F1generation were increased (P450scc/β-actin = 0.623) (P ≤ 0.01). Conclusion Long-term DU exposure inhibit the male reproduction by intervening the sexual hormone production through down-regulated the expression of StAR mRNA and P450scc roRNA.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972871

ABSTRACT

@#Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) are a member of family of glycoprotein dimers (Mr 27000~35000) that exert potent mitogenic and chemotactic activities toward cells of mesenchymal origin. The PDGFs possess a myriad of critical roles in embryonic development,cellular differentiation and response to tissue damage. It is one of the growth factors,which appear early during the process of wound healing. Especially,PDGFs can effectively promote the healing of some chronic refractory wounds,such as diabetes mellitus ulcer,chronic venous ulcer,bedsore,radioactivity ulcer,etc..

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407853

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human amniotic membrane (HAM) contains various ingredents such as collagen, glycoprotein,proteoglycan, integrin and laminated body, and so on, and expresses many kinds of growth factors and mRNA-associated proteins. And these ingredents can supply abundant nutriments for cellular proliferation and differentiation, and benefit cells to grow and propagate. Whether or not HAM can load porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to well grow on it deserves to be further investigated.OBJECTIVE: To set up a method of tissue engineering of human amniotic membrane loading porcine BMSCs and observe the morphological characteristics of growth and proliferation of BMSCs seeded on HAM.DESIGN: Randomized controlled observation.SETTING: State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury, General Institute of Combined Injuries, Academy of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: This experiment was carried out in the State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury,General Institute of Combined Injuries, Academy of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA between January and November 2003. Three Guizhou minipigs of either gender, aged 2 to 3 months, weighing from 6 to 8 kg, were provided by the Experimental Animal Center, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. Main reagent:ISCOVE'S modified DULBECCO'S medium (IMDM) culture medium (Hyclone, USA); high-quality fetal bovine serum PAA (Germany); haematoxylin (China); Eosin B (Sigma, USA) and OCT embedding medium (USA). Main instruments: BX51 stereoscopic fluorescence microscope (Olympus, JaPan); IX70 inverted fluorescence microscope (Olympus, Japan);cryostat (2700-Frigcut, Germany); myeloid puncture needle (Jiangsu); superclean bench (Sujing Bloc Antai Company);CO2 constant-temperature incubator (QUEUE, USA).METHODS: HAM was prepared as previously described. The BMSCs of Guizhou minipigs isolated and cultured according to method described previously were primarily cultured and passaged, then they were inoculated to the stromal surface of HAM at different densities (0.84×105 cells/cm2,1.54×105 cells/cm2,2.75×105 cells/cm2); The growth and proliferation of BMSCs of different densities were observed under an inverted microscope and scanning electron microscope; BMSCs of the second or the third passages were inoculated on HAM held with tissue-holding device at a density of 1.54×105 cells/cm2, and they were cultured for 18 days at most. The HAM was daily rolled, sliced and stained by HE for observing the growth of BMSCs loaded on HAM under the light, scanning and transmission electron microscopes.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The growth of BMSCs on HAM was examined at different densities and different time points.RESULTS: ① Comparison of growths of BMSCs promoted by different densities of HAM: BMSCs,which were planted on HAM at the density of 0.84×105 cells/cm2 were irregular and scattered under an invert microscope. Distances between BMSCs were biggish. BMSCs seeded on HAM at the density of 1.54×105 cells/cm2 were regular in arrangement and moderate in density, with clear cell outline and good cell activity before 24 hours, and seeded at the density of 2.75×105 cells/cm2 were congested with many nonattached cells and the longer the growing time of the cells was, the more the cellular debris were observed. BMSCs,which were planted on HAM at the density of 0.84×105 cells/cm2 under the scanning electron microscope, scatted on HAM presented in shapes of irregular, long, thin and flat polygon. Their membrane protuberances presented in shapes of thick and thin, and the distances between cells were biggish. BMSCs,which were planted on HAM at the density of 1.54×105 cells/cm2 have similar appearance of their bodies and membrane protuberances, and the membrane protuberances were more compared with the BMSCs planted at the density of 0.84×105 cells/cm2. Their membrane protuberances intercrossed each other, and the margin of some BMSCs overlapped each other. BMSCs planted at the density of 2.75×105 cells/cm2, arraved on HAM crowdedly and overlappedly with many debris. Their membrane protuberances were not obviously. The margin of some BMSCs was overlapped.② Comparisonof growths of BMSCs promoted by HAM at different time points: Under the inverted microscope, the BMSCs adhered quickly to HAM after being incubated for about 30 minutes. All of BMSCs adhered to HAM within 24 hours, and formed monolayer on it within 48 hours, and grew densely on HAM after being cultured for 4 to18 days. Under the light and electron microscopes, HE results revealed that BMSCs adhered tightly and grew on HAM in different arrays, such as emitting, whirlpool or parallel,and their nuclei located in middle, dense in staining, were big and clear. The shapes of BMSCs were comparatively consistent on HAM. HAM loaded with BMSCs grew 4 days, and BMSCs covered HAM completely. The densities of BMSCs on HAM were suitable, and their bodies were large, and presented irregular, long,thin and flat polygon under the scanning electron microscope. The margin of some BMSCs overlapped each other. The protuberances of cellular membrane of BMSCs were abundant in the shapes of thick and thin. Some protuberances intercrossed each other in the shape of net. BMSCs adhered tightly to HAM through these protuberances. HAM loading BMSCs grow 4 days; most of BMSCs grew on HAM in double layers with the shapes of cambiform under the transmission electron microscope, Their nucleoli were clear. The protuberances of cellular membrane of BMSCs, which situated at two sides of nuclei and overlapped each other, were long. Most of chromatins of BMSCs were autosome.Abundant organell such as rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER),mitochondria could be observed in BMSCs.CONCLUSION:HAM is able to promote the proliferation of BMSCs significantly. BMSCs may be cultured on HAM ex vivo.HAM is a good carrier of BMSCs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409306

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As a kind of semitransparent membrane, human amniotic membrance contains many kinds of nutrients, which is a good biological material loaded with keratinocytes.OBJECTIVE: To construct epidermal substitute of the skin from human amniotic membrane loaded with porcine keratinocytes and examine the morphological characteristics of the growth and proliferation of keratinocytes seeded on human amniotic membrane.DESIGN: Single sample study and repetitive measured observation based on the cells.SETTING: Institute of Combined Injuries of Chinese PLA, Academy of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: The experiment was completed in the State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury and Institute of Combined Injuries of Chinese PLA, Academy of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from January to November 2001. Porcine keratinocytes was collected from Guizhou minipigs aged 3 weeks.METHODS: The primarily cultured keratinocytes of Guizhou minipigs were subcuhured, expanded and bred on the stroma surface of human amniotic membrance at the density of 1.63 × 105/cm2. The growth and proliferation of keratinocytes were observed under inverted microscope every day. From the 3rd day and the 15th day after being cultured, the growth of keratinocytes on human amniotic membrane was examined under light microscope and electron microscope.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The growth of keratinocytes on human amniotic membrane was examined RESULTS: Keratinocytes evidently adhered to the stroma surface of human amniotic membrane about 30 minutes after being cultured, which was observed under inverted microscope. Most keratinocytes grew and adhered to the stroma surface of human amniotic membrane within 24 hours. Monolayer of keratinocytes formed and completely covered human amniotic membrane within 3 days. It was observed under the light microscope that the monolayer of keratinocytes adhered to human amniotic membrane and arrayed tightly. The keratinocytes presented in the shape of polygon, and plasmalemmas of keratinocytes formed many pseudopods under the observation with scanning electron microscope. Keratinocytes adhered to human amniotic membrane well and with many keratinofilaments in them under the observation with transmission electron microscope. Keratinocytes arrayed on human amniotic membrane densely with many cellular debris and some keratinocytes formed cavitations in them due to aging after growth for 15 days under the observation with inverted microscope.CONCLUSION: Human amitotic membrane is a good carrier of keratinocytes cultured on it in vitro, and is able to promote the proliferation of keratinocytes significantly. However, when keratinocytes were loaded on the human amniotic membrane for 15 days, some keratinocytes formed cavitations in them due to aging.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564118

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the biological effects of four isoflavone derivatives(F8,F11,ZF3 and ZF7)on endometrial epithelial cells.Methods The endometrial epithelial cells were cultured through collagenase enzymatic digestion and twice grit filtration.The biological effects on endometrial epithelial cells of four isoflavone derivatives were compared through MTT.Results The primary endometrial epithelial cells were successfully disassociated,cultured and passaged down stably.Cell proliferation was significantly increased by F8(25 mol/L)(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557468

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone platelet-derived growth factor A chain (PDGF-A) gene and insert PDGF-A gene into. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) vector and then transformed into dermis-drived mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs). Methods cDNA clones encoding human PDGF-A gene were isolated from a human hepatoma cell line mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The PCR amplified fragment of PDGF-A gene was cloned into pMD18-T vector. The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1/PDGF-A was constructed by subcolone PDGF-A gene into pEGFP-N1 vector. PDGF-A gene was transfected into DMSCs with the help of Fugene 6 transfection reagent. Results Full cDNA sequence encoding human PDGF-A gene had been cloned, which sequence was consistent with the reported sequence in GenBank by sequence assaying. Conclusion cDNA sequence encoding human PDGF-A gene was successfully cloned into pEGFP-N1. The transient expression of PDGF-A gene in DMSCs has been realized.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555893

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ on glucocorticoid receptor and its transcript activation ability. Methods Raw-264.7 cells were treated respectively with Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ and dexamethasone or both for 24 h. The changes of glucocorticoid receptor were observed. COS-7 cells were co-transfected with PRsh-GR? and pMAMneo-CAT vectors, and then the effects of Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ on glucocorticoid receptor and its transcript activation ability were detected. Results The glucocorticoid receptors was decreased after Raw-264.7 cells were treated with dexamethasone for 24 h. Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ could inhibit this effect to some extent. Co-transfection experiment revealed that Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ could also promote glucocorticoid receptor transcript activation ability. Conclusion Calpain inhibitor Ⅰ can inhibit the down-regulation of dexamethasone on glucocorticoid receptor, but promote glucocorticoid receptor transcript activation ability.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562060

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of a novel isoflavone compound(F11) on the plasma lipid and cholesterol of the ovarectomied rat.Methods Female SD rats at age of 3 months old were randomly divided into 6 groups,that is,sham operation group(Sham),normal saline group(2 ml/d),estradiol group(E2,50 ?g?kg-1?d-1),and 3 F11 groups(15,50,150 mg?kg-1?d-1).Besides the Sham group,the ovary of the rats from other groups were resected,and received the injection as above mentioned.All rats were killed 10 weeks later,and their plasma lipid,total cholesterol,LDL,HDL,and body weight and uterine weight were measured.Results The plasma lipid,total cholesterol,LDL,HDL were significantly different in normal saline group and 4 treatment group(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679124

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the biological effect of a kind of protective cover against inhalation of depleted uranium (DU) dust particles. Methods At 1 and 3 d after inhalation of DU dust particles, uranium concentrations in the blood, lung, bronchia, kidney, and liver of the rats in the protected group and non protected group were measured and the efficiency of protection was calculated. Results Uranium levels in all tissues and fluids of the rats in the protected group decreased significantly to 71.2%-96.1% as compared with those in non protected group. Conclusion The protective cover is effective to reduce the harm due to inhalation of DU dust particles.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678850

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the best method for elimination of uranium contamination in rat tissues as low as possible by removal of shrapnel fragments. Methods Experimental rats were divided into six groups: route group, decontamination before surgery group, decontamination in incision group, changing surgical appliances group, removing tissues around group, and comprehensive method group. Uranium concentrations in tissues and fluids in all groups were measured at 7, 14, and 21 d after operation. The efficiency of decontamination by different methods was compared. Results The highest uranium concentration in tissues was found in the route group, but the lowest in the comprehensive method group, and the second lowest in removing tissues around group. Conclusion The comprehensive method is the best one in all of the surgical removal methods. The soft tissues around DU shrapnels should be removed if they are not critical organs.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 878-882, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294211

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of dosages of total body irradiation on the healing process of cutaneous wounds and to observe the changes of wound area at different periods after injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The entire body irradiation from a (60)Co gamma-ray source was performed on Wistar rats. The single dosage varied from 1 to 8 Gy. Within 1 h after irradiation, two whole thickness circular cutaneous wounds corresponding to 2.5% of total body surface area (Phi = 22 mm) were produced on the back of the animals (combined injury groups). Same wounds were produced on rats with no irradiation (single wound group). Wound healing was observed at different points after injury.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After total body irradiation with the dose of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 Gy, the wound healing was obviously retarded as the dosages increased. The wound area remained was larger in the large dosage groups than in the small dosage groups. Seven days after injury, there was 33.5% wound surface left unhealed in the single wound group, whereas in the combined injury groups, 35.4%, 38.1%, 41.6%, 48.8%, 53.9%, 63.7%, 69.2% and 73.9% of the wound surfaces remained unhealed, respectively. Statistical analysis showed marked correlations between the various times after total body irradiation and various dosages to the percentage of unhealed wound surface. Nine dose-effect relation formulae were deduced according to the statistical results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In soft tissue trauma combined with radiation injury, the delay of wound healing is related to the dose of radiation inflicted. It is also related to the time between injury and time of observation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Whole-Body Irradiation , Wound Healing , Radiation Effects
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561725

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of mobilization circulating MSCs by G-CSF and observe the repairing effect of G-CSF mobilization in severe mouse traumatic brain injury(TBI) model.Methods MSCs-derived bone marrow and peripheral blood(PB) were cultured and its CFU-F were counted after mobilization by G-CSF.At 2,24,48,96,120,144,192,264,336 h after severe TBI in mice was establish,the neurobehavior of mice was measured by neurological examination and motor functional test,and mortality rate and pathologic changes were analyzed.Results MSCs-derived PB were successfully cultured.The CFU-F of mobilization group increased significantly than that of control group(P

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340938

ABSTRACT

Amniotic membrane is composed of amniotic epithelium, basement-membrane and stroma. Amniotic membrane is an easily obtained biomaterial and easily to be also processed, preserved and transported. However, its applicability will not be destroyed after it has been preserved for a long time(about one year). Thus it has been utilized widely in laboratory and clinical surgery. Generally, homologous amniotic membrane does not induce rejection after allotransplantation, and it is a bio-absorbable and degradable material. The purpose of this paper is to review the characteristics of amniotic membrane that makes it potentially useful in promoting tissue repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amnion , Transplantation , Biological Dressings , Tissue Engineering
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1763-1766, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282095

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate therapeutics for and the pathological basis of combined radiation and burn injuries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Combined radiation and burn injuries on mice and rats were inflicted by gamma ray irradiation from a (60)Co source and thermal radiation from a 5 kW bromotungsten lamp.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The dysfunction of myocardium played an important role in the development of early stage shock. Transfusion of irradiated (in vitro, 20 Gy) or stored (4 degrees C, 7 days) blood after irradiation was done to promote the success of allo-transplantation of bone marrow. Decrease of IL-4 mRNA expression was the molecular basis of depression of intestinal mucosa immune and intervention of IL-4 showed an antagonistic effect on enterogenic infection. A new lipid component extracted from burn eschar was documented for the first time and its toxic effects were elucidated. The survival rate of alloskin grafts after removal of burn eschar from the recipient animals was obviously increased in combined injury due to reduction of immune rejection activity by the radiation effect. In contrast, in animal models with simple burn, the alloskin grafts were all rejected within ten days after the procedure. A successful therapeutic result (survival rate: 92% for 30 days and 67% for 100 days) was obtained by comprehensive management of treated animals, while the untreated control animals all died within 3 - 7 days after injury.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pathogenesis of injury caused by simultaneous radiation and burn is extremely complicated and the treatment is very difficult. A comprehensive management program consisting of several therapeutic measures aimed at key links of the pathogenesis may achieve significantly improved results.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Burns , Pathology , Therapeutics , Calcium , Metabolism , Heart , Hematopoiesis , Radiation Injuries , Pathology , Therapeutics , Rats, Wistar
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410740

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of systemic irradiation and conglutinant drug W11-a12 on the number and some functions of wound nentrophils (Neu). Methods Wound Neu was collected from sponges which were implanted in rat's dorsum incision. The number of Neu, as well as the phagocytic function and motility of wound Neu were measured. Results After 4,6,8 Gy systemic irradiation, the number of white blood cells and Neu in wound, as well as the phagocytic function and chemotactic motility of wound Neu, were significantly decreased at 24 h, 48 h after wounding. W11-a12 markedly increased the number of wound Neu, improved the phagocytic function and chemotactic motility of wound Neu at 24 h, 48 h after wounding despite the rats were radiated or not. Conclusion The results indicated that the decreased number and function of wound Neu in the early stage of wound healing contributed to the impairment of repair after systemic irradiation. W11-a12 accelerated normal and irradiation-impaired wound healing partly by increasing the number of wound Neu and improving the Neu function.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410367

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe some biological features of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and explore the best conditions for isolatin g and culturing in vitro. Methods Common cell culture techn ique, light and electron microscopy were used to study the effects of the growth , proliferation, morphology of the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in differe nt adherent time, concentration of serum and cell density. Results The best culture condition in vitro for growth was 4-24 hours adherent time, 5%-10% fetal bovine serum, (4-8)×104/ml cell density. The cells were sp indle in shape and had a strong ability of proliferation. The time for cell duplication was 3 to 4 days. The cells showed the characteristics of stem cell s in electron microscope. Conclusion The best condition for iso lation and culture of bone marrow mesemchymal stem cells was successfully establ ished and some biological features were obserred. It found a base for further in vestigation and using of mesenchymal stem cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558513

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the activation of PI3k/Akt pathway of serum deprived IEC-6 cells by the serum of rats exposed to single radiation,burn or combined injury.Methods The IEC-6 cells were cultured in serum deprived media for 24 h,and stimulated by the serum of rats exposed to single radiation(~(60)Co ? ray at dose of 9 Gy),single burn(exposure to 5 kW tungsten-halogen light till whole body Ⅲ degree burn) or combined injury(burn first and radiation),and the cells stimulated by the serum from the normal rats and serum starved cells served as the control group.The total proteins of different group cells were extracted and the levels of phosphorylation of Akt were tested by Western blotting.The differentially expressed low mass proteins in the serums were detected by SELDI proteinchip technology,and primarily analyzed by related software as well as bioinformatic methods.Results The level of phosphorylation of Akt in the IEC-6 cells stimulated by serum from rats exposed to single radiation,single burn or combined injury was higher than in the cells stimulated by the serum from normal rats,in which the burn serum caused the highest level.As compared to burn rat serum,the serum of radiation and combined injury had 13 and 6 differentially expressed protein peaks respectively.Conclusion All the serums from rats exposed to different kinds of damage agents could activate the PI3K/Akt pathway of IEC-6 cells efficiently.The special components of burnt rat serum may contribute to the highest effect on the phosphorylation of Akt.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678699

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and identify the differentially expressed genes of rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IEC 6) before and after exposure to high dose radiation so as to provide proof for the investigation of the molecular mechanisms in the repair of radiation damage of intestinal epithelial cells. Methods A subtractive cDNA library for differentially expressed genes was constructed by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and T/A cloning technique after IEC 6 cells were exposed to radiation at the dose of 35 Gy ? ray. The expressed sequence tag (EST) library was screened by reverse Northern hybridization. Positive clones were sequenced and the similarity was searched against the DNA database in GenBank. Limited clones were identified by Northern hybridization. Results More than 2 000 white clones were harvested after the library amplification. Ninety six of them were randomly picked out for PCR amplification, and 15 positive clones which corresponded to 12 individual genes were identified by reverse Northern hybridization. These genes were involved in cell skeleton, cell stress, cell cycle control, and signal transduction, etc. In addition, a novel cDNA sequence was also obtained. Conclusion A subtractive cDNA library for differentially expressed genes in IEC 6 cells exposed to the radiation at the dose of 35 Gy ? ray has been successfully constructed with SSH and T/A clone techniques. Several positive ESTs which correspond to genes involving in cell skeleton, cell stress, cell cycle control, and signal transduction are identified. These genes may play important roles in the process of the damage and repair of the intestinal epithelial cells exposed to radiation.

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