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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-174,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method and clinical application value of single-port inflatable endoscopic prepectoralis prosthesis implantation for breast reconstruction (external prosthesis wrapping Off-Label).Methods:From September 2021 to February 2022, 7 breast cancer patients who underwent single-port inflatable endoscopic prepectoralis prosthesis implantation breast reconstruction (Off-Label) in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical analysis of surgical complications, postoperative movement deformities, postoperative chest wall pain, postoperative quality of life and satisfaction scores of patients were conducted.Results:All 7 patients successfully completed the operation. There were no complications such as postoperative bleeding, infection, ischemic necrosis of nipple-areola complex or skin flap, postoperative movement deformity, postoperative chest wall pain, capsular contracture, prosthesis exposure or removal. The BREAST-Q scale was used to evaluate the quality of life and satisfaction after breast reconstruction. Postoperative breast satisfaction (55-100 points), chest wall status (52-89 points), and social psychological status (62-100 points) can be compared High rating.Conclusion:The single-port inflatable endoscopic prepectoral prosthesis implantation breast reconstruction (Off-Label) can achieve better radical effect and cosmetic effect through a shorter operation time, and the postoperative quality of life and satisfaction of patients are higher.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 149-154,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function of single-port insufflation endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy (SIE-NSM) in the treatment of early breast cancer.Methods:From January 2014 to August 2019, a total of 80 patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ breast cancer underwent SIE-NSM, at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Estimated the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function.Results:SIE-NSM was performed successfully on all 80 patients.There was no serious complication after surgery.The follow-up time was 16-82 months and the median follow-up time was 42 months. Local recurrence occurred in two patients, and there was no distant metastases. Four (5%) patients developed grade 1-3 nipple-areola complex ischemia. There were no cases of subcutaneous effusion.The satisfaction with breasts, chest well-being, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being scores were confirmed to be highly rated by Breast-Q scale. Upper extremity function score confirmed that good upper limb function was preserved after surgery. The mean length of incision was (3.6±0.8) cm, and the blood loss was (24.7±19.3) mL.Conclusions:SIE-NSM can achieve a higher cosmetic score and a better recovery of upper limb function on the premise of ensuring the safety of the tumor.This novel method is an appropriate surgical option for patients with early breast cancer.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 326-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of radiofrequency ablation in breast conserving surgery with breast carcinoma.Methods:With retrospective research methods, a total of 230 patients who were treated with radiofrequency ablation after breast conserving surgery in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018 were selected, patients were all females, the median age was 56 yecers, ranged from 27 to 91 years, and the postoperative efficacy, patients′ satisfaction with their appearance and complications were outpatient follow-up.Results:Follow-up for 18 months showed that 2 (0.87%) patients had postoperative recurrence and metastasis, 217 (94.35%) patients were satisfied with the postoperative breast appearance, and 8 patients (3.48%) had skin burns and in- situ sclerosing. Conclusions:Radiofrequency ablation is used in breast conserving surgery, which is simple to operate and has a low incidence of complications. It can strengthen local tumor control and improve the cosmetic effect of breast after conserving surgery, worthy of clinical promotion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863266

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018.The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years.For breast invasive ductal cancer,patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,and then received radiofrequency ablation.The clinical and pathological characteristics,postoperative complications,recurrence and metastasis,and cosmetic effects were observed.Results All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation.The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months,ranging from 2 to 43 months,without local recurrence or metastasis;skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%),and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%);cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).Conclusions The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates.And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018. The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years. For breast invasive ductal cancer, patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and then received radiofrequency ablation. The clinical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications, recurrence and metastasis, and cosmetic effects were observed.@*Results@#All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation. The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months, ranging from 2 to 43 months, without local recurrence or metastasis; skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%), and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%); cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).@*Conclusions@#The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates. And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 68-71, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336654

ABSTRACT

In 2005 NCCN clinical guideline in oncology of rectal cancer, it recommended four management principles of surgery. The surgeon should perform a rigid proctoscopy before initiating treatment, remove primary tumor with adequate margins, dissect draining lymphatics by total mesorectal excision, and restore organ integrity if possible. The principles of surgery has been updated four times until 2015. But it remained recommending that the surgeon should perform a rigid proctoscopy so that the surgeon can handle the size, the location and the region of the tumor and make the determination of an optimal treatment plan such as restoring anus or not. Throughout ten-year NCCN clinical guidelines, pursuing R0 resection and restoring organ integrity if possible are the basic principles for the surgical treatment of rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Anal Canal , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Proctoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 935-940, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349237

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To explore the clinical and pathological characteristics of stage IV breast cancer and to analyze their relationship with the morbidity and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The records of 66 patients presenting from January 2008 to December 2014 with stage IV breast cancer were reviewed. All of the patients were women and the median age was 57.5 (31 to 80) years, accounted for 3.01% (66/2 189) among the breast cancer patients treated in the same period. Statistical methods were used to analyze the correlation between clinical and pathological characteristics such as T-stage, N-stage, immuno-histo-chemistry and the morbidity and prognosis of stage IV breast cancer. The influence of patients characteristics to metastasis were compared by χ(2) test. Kaplan-Meier curves were reported for overall survival (OS), and the Log-rank test was used to compare the difference in groups. Cox proportional models were fitted for multivariate analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median survival time of stage IV breast cancer was 56.0 months and the 5-year survival rate was 40%. To metastasis, the effects of age, subtypes, histological grade, hormone receptor (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)had no significant statistics differences. It was concluded that the expression of HER2 (P=0.003) and HR (P=0.001) as well as single metastasis (P=0.029) were the influencing factors of the survival by multivariate Cox regression analysis. Primary tumor R0 surgery group and no surgery group had no significant statistics differences of overall survival and the 5-year survival rate (P=0.102).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinical and pathological characteristics have no effect on metastasis. The expression of HER2 and HR as well as single metastasis play important roles in survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Survival Rate
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