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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912488

ABSTRACT

Glycosylation is one of the most important post-translational modification in protein biosynthesis. Immunoglobulin glycosylation can exert anti-inflammatory or pro-inflammatory activity by regulating antibody stability and affecting its interaction with different FcγRs. In recent years, a large number of studies have confirmed that abnormal glycosylation of immunoglobulin plays a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Its products, such as sugar chain structure or/and glycosylated proteins, can be detected by lectin microarray and other technologies, are expected to become new serum markers of autoimmune diseases. It has a broad application prospect in disease diagnosis, condition monitoring, prognosis evaluation and treatment.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 429-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873416

ABSTRACT

Hepatogenous diabetes (HD) is a common complication of end-stage liver disease, and many studies have confirmed its adverse effect on prognosis. In recent ten years, a great number of studies have been conducted on the pathogenesis of HD and some progress has been made. This article reviews the research advances in the pathogenesis of HD, in order to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of HD by clinicians.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1197-1200., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876667

ABSTRACT

Both diabetes mellitus and liver cirrhosis have high incidence rate and mortality rate around the world, and in recent ten years, scholars in China and globally have conducted many studies on the association between diabetes mellitus and liver cirrhosis. This article systematically reviews the advances in the basic and clinical research on the influence of diabetes mellitus on liver cirrhosis and its complications and summarizes possible mechanisms. The results show that diabetes mellitus can accelerate the process of liver fibrosis, increase the risk of complications and progression to liver cancer in patients with liver cirrhosis, and reduce their survival rate.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669228

ABSTRACT

Gitelman syndrome is a rare disease.It is easy to be misdiagnosed and missed diagnosis due to the diverse clinical symptoms.A girl with long-term hypokalemia,who presented with intermittent pain of lower limb muscle and physical retardation,was treated in Xiangya Hospital,Central South University.Laboratory examination confirmed the severe hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis.Gene sequencing indicated SLC12A3 gene mutation and the patient was finally diagnosed as Gitelman syndrome.Patients with chronic hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis need to conduct gene sequencing to confirm the diagnosis.Gene therapy is expected to be the most effective treatment for this disease.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476090

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of ELISA by detecting low quantitative HBsAg in serums.Methods 305 serum samples that the quantitation range was from 0.05 IU/ml to 9.99 IU/ml were collected,and then detected by ELISA. Results The rate of patients with low quantitation of HBsAg was 18.12% in patients with positive HBsAg.The total de-tected rate of ELISA was 87.87%,and the rate of 0.05~0.11,0.12~0.20,0.21 ~0.50,0.51 ~ 1.00,1.01~5.00 IU/ml and 5.01~9.99IU/ml were 36.00%,61.11%,78.38%,84.62%,99.11% and 100.00%,respectively.The differences were statistically significant between the detected rates of each group(χ2 =99.84,P =0.000).There was high correlation coeffi-cient between the results detected by ELISA and by CMIA(r = 0.874,P = 0.000).Conclusion The clinical laboratory should be careful to apply the method of ELISA to detect HBsAg for its missing detection in samples with low quantitation of HBsAg.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415750

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the responses of antigen-specific T cells stimulated by hepatitis B virus(HBV)-specific proteins in chronic hepatitis B patients accepting antiviral therapy. Methods Seventeen patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) accepting antiviral therapy were included in this study. The peripheral blood monocular cell ( PBMC) were separated from the whole blood collected at the three different time of before and one and three months after accepting antiviral therapy. ELISPOT assay was used to detect the frequency and strength of secreting IFN-γ cells of PBMC stimulated by HBsAg, HBcAg and HBeAg. HBV virus loading, HBsAg, HBeAg, ALT and AST in serum were detected at the same time. Results After three months therapy, ALT, TBiL were improved in all patients, and HBV DNA level were dropped and undetectable in 11 cases. The rates of T cell response in patients to HBV specific proteins were 64. 7% , 76. 5% and 82. 4% at the time of before and one and three months after accepting antiviral therapy, respectively. The frequency of responses of antigen-specific T cells stimulated by HBcAg was higher than that stimulated by HBsAg or HBeAg, and the frequency was enhanced after antiviral therapy. The average response magnitude was expressed as spot forming cells (SFC) per million input cells. SFC of T cell responses to HBcAg was also higher than to HBsAg or HBeAg. There was no significant difference in SFC of T cell responses to HBsAg or HBeAg at the time of before and after antiviral therapy, but there were significant difference in SFC of T cell responses to HBcAg at the time of before and after antiviral therapy. SFC of T cell responses to HBcAg was negatively associated with HBV DNA, and no associated with level of ALT in serum. Conclusion The responses of antigen-specific T cells were improved in CHB patients accepting antiviral therapy which associated with the decrease of HBV DNA. It suggested to investigate HBV specific T cell responses was important.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate changes and clinical significance of serum granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor(GM-CSF),tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-?),interleukin-6(IL-6)and interleukin-8(IL-8)level in patients with bee-sting poisoning.Methods One hundred and nine patients with bee-sting poisoning were also divided into slight poisoning group,moderate poisoning group,and server poisoning group and also divided into dead group and survival group according to the prognosis.Thirty healthy persons were selected as control group.GM-CSF and TNF-?were measured using radioimmunoassay,IL-6 and IL-8 was measured using enzyme linked immunoadsorbent assay(ELISA),and they were compared with control grouup.Results The levels of serum GM-CSF,TNF-?,IL-6,IL-8 in slight poisoning group were increased a little,and there were no significant difference compared with control group(P>0. 05).The levels of serum GM-CSF,TNF-?,IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly higher in moderate poisoning group and severe poisoning group than those in the control group(P<0.01),but the severe poisoning group were much higher than the moderate poisoning group(P<0.01).They were significantly higher in survival group than those in dead group(P<0.01).APACHEⅡscores were obvious correlated with the levels of serum GM-CSF,TNF-?,IL-6 and IL-8(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion GM-CSF,TNF-?,IL-6 and IL-8 may participate in the occurrence and progress of patients with bee-sting poisoning.Dynamic monitoring of serum GM-CSF,TNF-?,IL-6,IL-8 and APACHEⅡscores plays an important role in diagnosis of the severity of patients with bee-sting poisoning and its prognosis.The use of antagonist and inhibitor of cytokines may be helpful to treat patients with bee-sting poisoning.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567242

ABSTRACT

0.05).However,the patients with increased levels of sHLA-G had higher incidence of central nervous system involvement(P=0.007) and more severe disease activity(P=0.027) in comparison with patients with normal plasma sHLA-G levels.Finally,the expression of plasma sHLA-G was not influenced by the treatment with glucocorticoids,immunosuppressive agents or antimalarials.Conclusion The increased production of sHLA-G indicates that sHLA-G may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SLE.The expression of sHLA-G may be associated with disease activity and severity of lupus patients,but be independence of HLA-G 14bp ins/del polymorphism and drug treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567992

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of the free radical scavenger,edaravone,on patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods Thirty patients,including 7 males and 23 females,at a mean age of 41.4?10.4 (23 to 63),undergoing mitral or/and aortic valve replacement (MVR or AVR) under CPB from March to December 2009 in our hospital were subjected,and then divided into 2 matched groups by means of random number table,study group (n=14) and control group (n=16).Inclusion criteria: patients received valve replacement surgery under CPB; aging from 20 to 65; heart function: class Ⅰto Ⅲ; liver,kidney and lung function properly; blood gas and electrolyte properly. Exclude criteria: preoperatively used scavenger and the like; there was a history of cerebrovascular or neuropsychiatric symptoms; had a history of myocardial infarction or other coronary artery disease. In the intervention group,0.5 mg/kg of edaravone was diluted to 20 ml and introduced into CPB unit at the beginning,while the same dose of saline water was given in control group in the same way. Blood samples were collected from radial artery at following 5 time points,the beginning of CPB (T0),the end of CPB (T1),30 min (T2),6 h (T3),and 24 h (T4) after CPB. After the blood samples of all cases were collected,the serum level of hematocrit (HCT),malondialdehyde (MDA),inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS),cardiac troponin I (cTnI),creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB),myoglobin (Myo),S100 protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was detected. Cardiac resuscitation and critically postoperative complications were observed. Results The level of HCT at T1-T3,cTnI at T4 was lower in study group than that in control (P

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1408-1412, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311670

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of anaphylatoxin receptor C5aR (CD88) in synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of C5aR was assessed in synoviocytes isolated from 27 RA and 12 OA patients using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR), flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence analysis. The effects of C5a on the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) from synoviocytes were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>C5aR mRNA was detected in 24 of 27 samples from RA patients, and 10 of 12 samples from OA patients. Flow cytometric analysis and immunofluorescence study demonstrated the cell surface expression of C5aR in a significant proportion of synoviocytes from both RA and OA patients, and the level of C5aR expression in synoviocytes was significantly correlated with joint swelling, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients. Finally, interaction of C5aR with its ligand C5a was shown to enhance lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF alpha release from synoviocytes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of C5aR in synoviocytes from inflammatory joint diseases and also the induction of TNF alpha release in activated synoviocytes by the interaction of C5a and C5aR suggest that the C5a/C5aR system may play an important role in joint inflammation process.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Osteoarthritis , Metabolism , Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a , Synovial Membrane , Chemistry , Cell Biology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574735

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?琢) and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNF-R) and sTNF-R/TNF-?琢 ratios in patients with severe lupus nephritis (SLN) and the impact of double pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP) combined cytoxan (CTX). Methods Serum TNF-?琢, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type Ⅰ(sTNF-RⅠ) and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type Ⅱ (sTNF-RⅡ) levels were determined in 38 cases of SLN patients and 35 health controls by double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and after the double pulse therapy with MP and CTX. Anti-dsDNA antibody was detected by ELISA. Antinuclear antibody (ANA) was detected by indirect immunofluorescence experiments. Complement C3 and complement C4 were detected by rate nephelometry. Results The serum levels of TNF-?琢, sTNF-RⅠ, sTNF-RⅡand ratios of TNF-?琢/sTNF-RⅠ, TNF-a/sTNF-RⅡ were significantly higher in SLN patients than those in normal control group (P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of angina pector is on severe ventricular arrhythmia and QTd in patients with first acute myocard ial infarction(AMI). Methods: One hundred and eight-four cases of first AMI were divided into 2 groups: PA group, angina pectoris occurred with in 24 h before AMI onset (n=58), NPA group, no preceeding angina pectori s occurred (n=126). Occurrence of complications and QTd were investigated du ring hospitalization. Results: The basic clinical characteristic s, coronary risk factors, medication before infarction, treatments after admissi on with antiarrhythmic agents, site of infarction, successful rate of thrombolys is and peak CK, CK-MB were not statistically different. Early QTd in PA group and NPA group were (56.22±18.40) ms vs (84.45±21.90) ms, respectively, P <0.05, late QTd in PA group and NPA group were (50.67± 16.34) ms vs (64.1 8(16.41) ms, respectively, P<0.05. Comparison with NPA group, incidence of severe ventricular arrhythmia, heart failure, cardiogenic shock and rate of car diac mortality in-hospital was lower in PA group. Conclusion: P reinfarction angina pectoris can significantly reduce the incidence of severe ve ntricular arrhythmia and QTd in the patients with first AMI, sugges ting that these favorable effects might be associated with protective effects of ischemic preconditioning on myocardium and ventricular pump function and improv ement of repolarizative asynchronism in ventricular myocardium.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411129

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the alteration of type-  Ⅰ collagen protein gene expression after arterial injury and investigate its effect on the development of restenosis. Methods: Firstly, thee xperimental carotid arterial injury rabbit model was constructed. Then, Norther n blot, in situ hybridization and histomorphometric analysis were used to de tect the expression of procollagen mRNA and the accumulation of collagen protein 1,2,4 weeks after injury. Results: Type- Ⅰ collag en mRNA increased 1 week after injury, peaked 2 weeks later and decreased 4 week s later. The deposition of the collagen protein account for a high percentage o f space in neointima on histomorphometric analysis. Conclusion: Collagen protein may play an important role in the development of neointima and restenosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411128

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of balloon angiopl asty on circulating endothelin (ET) and TNF-α levels and tissue endothelin in experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits. Methods: After 20 New Z ealand rabbits had a high cholesterol diet for at least 8 weeks, successful ball oon angioplasty was performed in rihgt iliac arteries in 18 rabbits. Circulatin g levels of ET and TNF-α were measured before as well as immediately and 24 h after balloon angioplasty. Tissue endothelin immunoreactivity in atherosclerotic iliac artery wall after balloon angioplasty was assessed by immunohistochemica l technique. Results: Plasma levels of ET and TNF-α were signi ficantly increased immediately after ballon angioplasty (76.40±13.58)pg/ml vs (92.67±11.38) pg/ml and (31.35±6.23) U/ml vs (56.26±7.37) U/ml, resp ectively (P<0.05) .There was no change in plasma ET and TNF-α levels 24 h after balloon angioplasty (77.13±12.87) pg/ml vs (76.40±13.58) pg/ml and (33.41±6.79) U/ml vs (31.35±6.23) U/ml, respectively (P>0.05). T issue endothelin immunoreactiuvity was markedly increased in right iliac artery wall after balloon angioplasty than that in opposite iliac artery wall. Conclusion: The increase of plasma ET, TNF-α levels and tissue ET-IR in iliac artery wall after balloon angioplasty may be associated with the injury of l ocal vascular intima, suggesting that ET and TNF-α may take part in the corona ry constriction and the development of coronary restenosis after percutaneous tr ansluminal coronary angioplasty.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of percutaneous tr ansluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) on coronary circulating tumor necrosis fa ctor-α (TNF-α) activity. Methods: Plasma TNF-α levls were measured with radioimmunoassay and bioactive assay respectively. Result s: Plasma TNF-α activity in femoral artery (AO) was significantly incr eased immediately after PTCA [(15.86±3.75) U/ml vs (41.32±4.36) U/ml, P<0.01], and plasma TNF-α activity in coronary sinus was remarkably incre ased immediately after PTCA [(16.72±4.14) U/ml vs (65.61±6.25) U/ml, P<0.01]. There was no change in plasma TNF-α activity in AO 24 h after PT CA [(18.32±5.12) U/ml vs (15.86±3.75) U/ml, P>0.05]. Conclu sion: The increase in plasma TNF-α activity after PTCA may be associat ed with the injury of coronary artery caused by PTCA, suggesting that TNF-α ma y be involved in the coronary occlusion and the development of coronary restenos is after PTCA.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411010

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the changes of myo cardial contractile function during myocardial stunning in calcium overload rats and the protective effects of tetrandrine. Methods: Forty-six rats were randomized into control, myocardial ischemia, myocardial stunning, low and high dose of tetrandrine groups. Another 10 rats were used to identify the calcium overload. vitamin D3 (0.3 million Unit/kg) and nicotinic acid were adm inistered. After 16 d when calcium overload occured, left anterior descending ar tery was ligated. Twenty minutes of myocardial ischemia followed by 60 min of re perfusion was induced. The contractile function parameters were determined dynam ically. At the end of experiment, myocardial cytosolic [Ca2+]i was deter mined in various groups. In tetrandrine groups, tetrandrine (62.2 or 93.6 μmol/ kg ) was administered by gastrogavage daily.After 16 d, the rats undergone the e xperiments mentioned above. Results: Sixteen days after vitamin D3 , nicotinic acid were given, [Ca2+]i increased by 2.6 folds (146.8±10.8 ) vs (368.5±22.6) nmol/L, (P<0.01). Whereas, [Ca2+]i in tetrand rine groups were (210.8±16.4) and (198.6±15.3) nmol/L, which were significantl y lower than that of calcium overload group. Twenty minutes of myocardial ische mia resulted in the decrease of dp/dtmax and Vmax in all groups with the most si gnificant in stunning and calcium overload groups. The contractile function rest ored gradually after reperfusion. At all time points, dp/dtmax and Vmax in both tetrandrine groups were higher than those in both stunning and calcium overload groups. And effect with higher dose of tetrandrine were more significant than in low dose of tetrandrine. After 60 min of reperfusion, dp/dtmax in stunning, cal cium overload, low and high dose of tetrandrine groups were 49.7%, 51.5%, 71.0% and 83.4% of that in control, respectively, and Vmax were 55.0%, 49.8%, 73.9% and 77.5% of that in control, respectively. Conclusion: T he myocardial contractile function in vitamin D3-induced calcium overload gro up is impaired. On basis of myocardiocyte calcium overload, transient ischemia l eads to myocardial stunning. At the stage of ischemia, the impaired degree of my ocardial contractile function is similar to that in stunning group, suggesting a t this stage the effect of ischemia on myocardial function is greater than that of calcium overload. Tetrandrine chronically improves the myocardial function in Vitamin D3-induced calcium overload rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410396

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of human vascular endothelial growth factor on restenosis after angioplasty. Methods: A rabbit model of injured carotid artery was established using percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. The pcDNA3/hVEGF165(500 μg,n=12) and pcDNA3 (500 μg,n=12) were separately transfected into injured arterial wall with 30 min incubation. The carotid artery was imaged by arotic angiography at the end of week 2 and week 4. Pathology analysis and Northern blot analysis were performed for harvested injured artery segment. Results: Arotic angiography showed carotid artery diameter narrowness were obviously lessened at week 2 and week 4 in experimental group than that in control group; H-E stains showed lumina narrow ratio were obviously reduced at week 2 and week 4 in experimental group than that in control group[(9.58±1.35)% vs (31.72±1.72)%;(18.09±2.93)% vs (44.05±3.28)%, P<0.01 ]; By Northern blot analysis, the expression of hVEGF165mRNA in experimental group were upregulated than in contol group. Conclusion: pcDNA3/hVEGF165 can be transfected into smooth muscle cell and continue to secret bioactivity protein at least for 4 weeks; it can accelerate reendothelialization and prevent restenosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519732

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the pathogenic mechanism of ?-endorphin(?-EP) on infective brain edema(IBE).Methods Experimental IBE was induced by pertussis bacilli in rabbits.Forteen rabbits were divided randomly into two groups:Normal saline group(NS,n=7),pertussis bacilli group(PB,n=7).Water content(WC) in brain tissue and ?-EP were measured in plasma,cerebrospinal fluid(CSF),cortex and hippocampus in two groups respectively.Results WC was singnificantly higher in the PB group than those in the NS groups(P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518476

ABSTRACT

AIM: To determine the alterations of myocardial ? 1-adrenergic receptor (? 1-AR) and cardiac sympathetic norepinephrine transporter (NET) mRNA expression, which is upstream modulator of ? 1-AR, in rats with longterm volume overload (VOL).METHODS: Left ventricular systolic (LVSP) and end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) of rats with VOL induced by aortacaval fistula operation and control group were measured at 3, 14,30 and 60 d after the operation, the mRNA at the time points was measured by RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis and quantified by densitometry.RESULTS: The cardiac sympathetic NET specific expression is in the cardiac sympathetic ganglia. Be compared with the control group, LVSP of VOL rats decreased most dramatically by 24%( P

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518472

ABSTRACT

0 05), but there were no relationship between collagen type Ⅰ/Ⅲ ratios in IZ and +P'max or - P'max in IZ.CONCLUSION: Collagen deposition in IZ after myocardial infarction was of benefit to improvement of systolic function. Collagen deposition in NIZ was harmful to systolic and diastolic function.

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