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1.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3610-3614, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663771

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of 2 differentdoses of dexmedetomidine combined with low-concentration ropivacaine during lumbar plexus block for elderly patients. Methods Ninety elderly patients were randomly divided into group A,B and C with 30 cases in each group. All patients were performed lumbar plexus block guided by ultrasound and nerve stimulator.35 mL of 0.25% ropivacaine was injected in group A,35ml of 0.25% ropivacaine plus dexmedetomidine 0.5 μg/kg in group B,and 35 mL of 0.25% ropiva-caine plus dexmedetomidine 1 ug·kg-1in group C. Onset time,duration,blocking extent and the occurrence of adverse events wererecordedafter lumbar plexus block.Ramssay sedation score,blood pressure,heart rate and res-piration were monitored intraoperatively,and the dosage of analgesic within 24 hours after operation was measured. Results Group C witnessed the shortest onset time of sensory and motor block and the longest duration,followed by group B and A(P<0.01).The Ramssay sedation score of group C was higher than that of group A and B(P<0.05),but no significant difference was found between group A and B. Group C witnessed the lowest blood pres-sure and heart rate(P < 0.05),followed by group A and B(P < 0.05). The dosage of analgesics in group C was less than thatof group A and B(P<0.05),withthe lest in group B(P<0.05).All patients in group B and C com-pleted the surgery only under nerve blockade.However,there were6 patients in group Arequiring additional intrave-nous anesthesia to complete the surgery for poor outcome of nerve blockade. Conclusions The mixture of 0.5~1 μg·kg-1dexmedetomidine and 0.25% ropivacaine in lumbar plexus block can achieve good anesthetic outcome for elderly patients,with moderate sedation,stable respiration and circulation,and less adverse events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 553-559, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influences on the femur cortex of the rabbit after ovariectomy and its mechanism.Methods Eighty 6 months-old female pure New Zealand rabbits were divided into two groups:40 rabbits in ovariectomy group and 40 in sham-operation group.The weight averaged 2.2±0.28 kg.Four weeks and 8 weeks after operation,a series of tests were performed in both groups concerning the number,the volume,the rate and the maximal load of cortical bone porosity.The number,the length and the density of linear crack in rabbit femur cortex were documented after repetitive application of minor trauma.Results Micro-CT demonstrated that both on week 4 and 8 after operation,the number,the volume and the rate of cortical bone porosity were all significantly higher in ovariectomy group than that of the control group.Four weeks after operation,the biomechanical test showed the significantly lower average maximal load of rabbit femur in ovariectomy group (1 892.60±59.09) than that of in control group (1 949.25±53.12) (P=0.003).Eight weeks after operation,the average load of both groups decreased to some extent,which was 1 944.55±41.76 in control group and 1 692.40±85.08 in ovariectomy group respectively (P=0.000).However,the average maximal load of ovariectomy group decreased more significantly.Having application of repetitive minor trauma to the bone,the number,the length and the density of linear crack of cortical bone were 3.40± 1.67,216.80± 17.60 μm and 0.40±0.08/mm2 in ovariectomy group,and 2.00± 1.17,160.45± 16.89 μm and 0.29±0.13/mm2 in control group 4 weeks later.And after 8 weeks,they were 5.15±1.18,334.60±13.94 μm and 0.35±0.10/mm2 in ovariectomy group,and 3.10±1.37,182.10±9.80 μm and 0.24±0.09/mm2 in control group.The number,the length and the density of linear crack of cortical bone were all significantly higher in ovariectomy group than that of in control group both on week 4 and on week 8 after operation.Conclusion Ovariectomy increases the porosity of cortical bone of rabbit,destroys its biological property,accelerates the fatigued damage and delays the healing process.These changes may be attributed to fracture and delayed union after fracture.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339487

ABSTRACT

Domain database is essential for domain property research. Eliminating redundant information in database query is very important for database quality. Here we report the manual construction of a non-redundant human SH2 domain database. There are 119 human SH2 domains in 110 SH2-containing proteins. Human SH2s were aligned with ClustalX, and a homologous tree was generated. In this tree, proteins with similar known function were classified into the same group. Some proteins in the same group have been reported to have similar binding motifs experimentally. The tree might provide clues about possible functions of hypothetical proteins for further experimental verification.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Computational Biology , Databases, Protein , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Alignment , src Homology Domains , Genetics
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