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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865840


Objective:To explore the teaching of medical record writing based on tutorial system.Methods:The tutors and residents in standardization training both scored the medical record. The observation indexes included the difference of scoring time between the two editions, the difference of scoring value between tutors and doctors, the distribution of deduction points in medical record writing, and the change trend of medical record score in one year.Results:The scoring value of tutors was significantly lower than that of residents undergoing standardization training ( t=8.919, P<0.05); the deduction of medical records was mainly in the aspects of history of present illness, physical examination, diagnosis and analysis, and treatment plan. After one year of implementation, the score of tutors increased, while that of residents decreased. Conclusion:This method can effectively improve the teaching quality of medical record writing and the ability of residents to discerning problems in medical record writing.

Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 267-271, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486483


As an important measure to reduce casualties and prevent secondary pollution, decontamination is an impor-tant link in the process of emergency response during chemical accidents.The decontamination effect is closely related to decontamination technology and equipment.Decontamination agent selection and development are an important part of a decontamination technology.In this paper, the development and use of cleaning agents, such as alkaline, oxidation and chlorination, adsorption (degradation), metal oxide and oxygen acid salt, chemical compounds, biological (enzymatic), and individual disinfection package, light decontamination equipment, multifunctional integrated large-scale decontamination equipment at home or abroad, are reviewed.By laying bare the gap between China and advanced countries in the related field, we hope to raise the concern of relevant professional counterparts and promote the development of domestic decontami-nation technology and equipment with decontaminant agents at the core.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438303


This study was aimed to objectively evaluate the validity and safety of normalized Tuina massage thera-py on the treatment of 240 infants with acute diarrhea, thus disseminate and promote the application of infantile Tuina massage therapy. This study is a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of 240 cases with acute infantile diarrhea. The experimental group (180 cases) was treated with Tuina massage therapy. The main acupoints are Pi-jing, Da-chang, Lan-men. And the combining acupoint is San-guan. In the control group (60 cases), the pa-tients were orally administered with Smecta. The statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS 15.0. The compre-hensive curative effect, time point effect, safety and technical stability of infantile Tuina massage were evaluated in the treatment of acute diarrhea. The results showed that the comprehensive effect of cure rate in the experi-mental group was 75.6% (136/180), and that of the control group was 21.7% (13/60). It showed that the effect in the experimental group was significantly better than the control group (P 0 . 05 ) . Furthermore , there was no side effect in both groups. It was concluded that the infantile massage technique is an effective therapy for the treatment of acute diarrhea . Meanwhile , it is a safe and stable therapy and is worth popularizing .

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 769-774, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429283


Objective To analyze the causes of 652 hospitalizations in the patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).Methods The medical records of all ADPKD inpatients in our hospital from January 1,1990 to December 31,2010 were collected.The differences of hospitalization causes in different age,gender and period were analyzed.Results (1)In 652 hospitalizations,the most common cause was lumbar pain (15.2%),followed by cystic bleeding (14.6%),aggravating renal failure (10.1%),dialysis-related problems (9.4%),renal transplant related issues (8.3%),renal replacement therapy for ESRD (8.0%),urinary tract infection (6.4%),end stage renal failure (5.8%),hypertension (4.1%),renal cyst volume enlargement (3.7%),finding polycystic kidney disease (2.1%),urinary lithiasis (1.8%) and others (10.4%).(2)Younger patients were admitted into hospital because of polycystic kidney bleeding and finding PKD.With the increase of patients age,hospitalization due to dialysis-related problems increased,while many middle-aged patients were hospitalized because of back pain.(3)Male patients were admitted into hospital for aggravating renal failure,ESRD,kidney transplantation-related problems and urinary lithiasis,while female patients mainly for lumbar pain,dialysis-related problems and urinary tract infection.(4)The proportion was significantly reduced with time of finding PKD,renal failure and polycystic kidney bleeding,the proportion of renal cysts increasing and aggravating renal failure increased,there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients with hypertension,while a significant decrease in the proportion of patients with uncontrolled hypertension,and the average SBP was also significantly reduced.Conclusions The highest rate of hospitalization of ADPKD patients is in 40 to 60 age group.Cause of admission varies with age and gender,and changes with the change of time.Over the past decade,the proportion of hospitalization due to renal cysts enlargement and renal failure aggravation increased significantly.The incidence of hypertension is higher than that in the first 10 years,but hypertension control rate increases compared with the previous.Prevention should focus on finding the suppression measures of renal cysts enlargement.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 174-178, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428601


Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics and outcome of renal cyst infection in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Methods Clinical data of 40 ADPKD patients with 43 episodes of renal cyst infection admitted in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from 1st January 1991 to 31st December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.Differences of microbiological data and treatments between 1st January 1991 to 31st December 2000 and 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2010 were compared. Results Among 473 identified patients with ADPKD and 662 episodes of hospitalization,40 patients had 43 episodes of renal cyst infection,including 8 definite and 35 likely cases.Microbiological documentation was available for 34 episodes (79.0%),Escherichia coli accounting for 82.4% of all retrieved bacterial strains.Resistant Escherichia coli to quinolone and certain β-lactamine increased in recent decade.Clinical efficacy of initial antibiotic treatment was noted in 69.8% of episodes. Antibiotic treatment modification was more frequently required for patients receiving initial monotherapy compared with those receiving combination therapy.In the first ten-year group,initial combination therapy and clinical efficacy were noted in 30.0% and 60.0% of episodes respectively,and hospital stay was (20.2±6.7) d.In the second ten-year group,initial combination therapy and clinical efficacy were noted in 61.9% and 78.2% of episodes respectively,and hospital stay was (16.3±3.2) d.Large infected cysts (diameter >5 cm) frequently required drainage. Conclusions In renal cyst infection,the source of the organisms is often a gram negative enteric organism.Empiric therapy is often initiated with two antibiotics.The drainage of large infected cysts remains the main treatment for cyst infection.