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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 300-305,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751628

ABSTRACT

Objective According investigate the expression of NLRP3 in liver tissues of mice with hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI),to determin the role of NLRP3 in the process of HIRI.Methods Established mice model of partial HIRI.Forty-two male C57BL/6 mice (aged 7 to 8 weeks,weight 20 to 25 g) were respectively divided into 7 groups:no-treatment control group,sham operation group,HIRI groups (2、6、12、24 h) and CY-09 group,6 mice in each group.The injury of the hepatic tissues in the 7 groups was analyzed based on detecting the levels of alanine transaminase (ALT),aspartate transaminase (AST),interleukin-1β (IL-1β),interleukin-18 (IL-18),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by ELISA.HE and TUNEL staining were used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissues after HIRI.Western blotting assay were carried out to detect the expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1.Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (Mean ± SD),and one-way variance analysis was used for comparison between groups.If the variance was not uniform,Dunnett C test was used.Results Serum ALT,AST,IL-1 β,IL-18 and TNF-α of mice detected in HIRI groups were higher than no-treatment control group and sham operation group at all endpoints (P < 0.05).The relative expression of NLRP3 and Caspase-1 in the liver tissues of mice in the HIRI groups were significantly higher than that in the no-treatment control group and sham operation group.Serum ALT,AST,IL-1β,IL-18 and TNF-α of mice detected in CY-09 group were lower than HIRI groups at all endpoints (P < 0.05).Less hepatocellular necrosis were exhibited in CY-09 group,comparing to HIRI groups.The hepatocyte apoptosis rate of mice in the CY-09 group was significantly lower than that in the 12 h HIRI group (P < 0.05).The relative expression of NLRP3 in the liver tissues of mice in the CY-09 group was significantly lower than that in other groups.The relative expression of Caspase-1 in the liver tissues of mice in the CY-09 group was significantly lower than that in other groups except the no-treatment control group and sham operation group.Conclusions HIRI cause an increase in NLRP3 expression.The inhibition of NLRP3 can reduce HIRI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693198

ABSTRACT

In China,the surgical technique of liver transplantation has become mature,however,the graft injuries,the personalized-adjustment of the immunosuppression and the rejection after the operation have been increasing prominently.Especially,the un-reversible chronic rejection and the side-effect of the over-dosage or under-dosage immunosuppression should be emphasized.Adopting the liver function examination and the liver-biopsy to monitor the graft function have disadvantages such as traumatic,time-consuming and low sensitivity.Recently,adopting the graft-derived cell-free DNA to monitor the graft health has becoming the research hotspots.The followings summarize the application of the graft-derived cell-free DNA after the operation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710634

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the curative effect of trans-anal surgery vs.conventional laparoscopic surgery in treating sigmoid and high-rectum tumor.Methods From Jan 2014 to Mar 2017,100 patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital participated in this clinical study.45 patients underwent transanal surgery and 55 patients underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery.Results No significant difference was found between trans-anal surgery group and the traditional laparoscopic group in terms of operation time,blood loss,the use of analgesic drugs and the radical evaluation of tumor.While the postoperative pain scores in trans-anal surgery group (2.0 ± 1.0 vs.2.6 ± 1.0,t =2.9,P =0.005) were lower than those in the conventional group.The follow-up data showed one case of local tumor recurrence and one case of multiple peritoneal metastasis in the trans-anal surgery group,compared to two cases of liver metastasis and one case dying of pneumonia in the conventional laparoscopic group.The remaining cases were of no local recurrence,nor distant metastases or any critical complications.Conclusions Trans-anal surgery in the treatment of sigmoid and high-rectum tumor is safe,reliable and having the same clinical efficacy with conventional laparoscopic surgery.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 133-135, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489606

ABSTRACT

About 50% to 60% of the stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colorectal carcinoma patient suffer from liver metastases.Recently,there is a research hotspot on how to improve the prognosis of the colorectal carcinoma liver metastases (CRLM) patient.It can elucidate the way how the carcinoma cells transfer from the original tumor to the liver,through establishing a CRLM animal model.An ideal CRLM animal model should perfectly mimic the total procedure of the metastases pathway,including the change of the cytology behavior and the development of the tumor biology.Besides,the model should be practical,tumor-predictable and accord with the ethical consideration.Until now,there is not an ideal CRLM animal model can perfectly match those conditions.This review goes through the advantages and disadvantages of different CRLM animal model methods used for research.

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