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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922552

ABSTRACT

BK polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) is a common cause of allograft failure. However, differentiation between BKPyVAN and type I T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) is challenging when simian virus 40 (SV40) staining is negative, because of the similarities in histopathology. This study investigated whether donor-derived cell-free DNA (ddcfDNA) can be used to differentiate BKPyVAN. Target region capture sequencing was applied to detect the ddcfDNAs of 12 recipients with stable graft function, 22 with type I TCMR, 21 with proven BKPyVAN, and 5 with possible PyVAN. We found that urinary ddcfDNA levels were upregulated in recipients with graft injury, whereas plasma ddcfDNA levels were comparable for all groups. The median urinary concentrations and fractions of ddcfDNA in proven BKPyVAN recipients were significantly higher than those in type I TCMR recipients (10.4 vs. 6.1 ng/mL,

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical application of an angle gauge in internal fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) for femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried out in the 54 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture of the femur who had been treated with PFNA internal fixation from February 2016 to August 2018 at Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Central Hospital of Shengli Oilfield. In the experimental group of 25 patients whose PFNA internal fixation was assisted by an angle gauge to measure the anteversion angle, there were 9 males and 16 females with an age of 74.4 years ± 4.6 years, and 7 cases of type 31-A1, 11 cases of type 31-A2, and 7 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO classification; in the control group of 29 patients whose PFNA internal fixation was not assisted by an angle gauge, there were 9 males and 20 females with an age of 74.4 years ± 3.9 years, and 9 cases of type 31-A1, 16 cases of type 31-A2, and 4 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO classification. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, corrections of anteversion angle, intraoperative X-ray exposure times and Harris hip scores at the last follow-up.Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in their preoperative general data, indicating they were compatible( P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group showed significantly shorter operation time (64.0 min ± 6.5 min versus 72.7 min ± 3.9 min), significantly fewer corrections of anteversion angle (2.8±1.2 versus 4.7±1.5) and significantly fewer X-ray exposure times(7.0±1.2 versus 11.6±1.6) (all P<0.05). This cohort was followed up for 6 to 24 months (average, 11 months). By the Harris hip scores at the last follow-up, therewere 22 excellent cases, 2 good cases and one fair case in the experimental group, and 23 excellent cases, 4 good cases and one poor case in the control group, showing an insignificant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Application of an angle gauge to assist PFNA internal fixation can lead to shorter operation time, fewer corrections of anteversion angle and fewer X-ray exposure times in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of virtual reality technology in thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy.Methods:Eighty-four patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer admitted to the First Hospital of Jiaxing from December 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled in the study.They were divided into observation group and control group according to the random digital table method, with 42 cases in each group.The observation group used virtual reality technology to construct a three-dimensional digital model, and performed preoperative evaluation and simulated surgical drills and intraoperative navigation on the three-dimensional digital model, based on the preoperative evaluation and simulated surgical drill results, combined with the specific actual situation during the operation, developed and implemented individualized thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy.Thoracoscopy anatomical segmentectomy was routinely performed in the control group.The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative lymph node dissection number, intraoperative lymph node dissection, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative thoracic closed drainage tube, total postoperative drainage, total hospitalization, cost and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results:The operation of both two groups was successfully completed, and no intraoperative thoracic surgery was performed during the operation.There was no perioperative death.The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative lymph node dissection number, intraoperative lymph node dissection, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative thoracic closed drainage tube, total postoperative drainage, total hospitalization cost and the incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group were (100.98±26.51)min, (67.98±32.96)mL, (7.79±1.32), (11.98±4.69), (4.60±1.43)d, (2.86±0.81)d, (437.14±193.86)mL, (3.76±0.31)million, 9.52%(4/42), respectively, which in the control group were (114.88±24.26)min, (104.52±52.37)mL, (6.45±0.3), (8.31±1.94), (6.50±2.55)d, (4.00±2.25)d, (667.26±415.01)mL, (4.20±0.65)million, 26.19%(11/42), respectively, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t=-2.208, -3.328, 5.916, 4.678, -4.221, -3.993, -3.265, -3.968, χ 2=3.977, all P<0.05). No local recurrence or distant metastasis was found during the follow-up period. Conclusion:Virtual reality technology can provide preoperative evaluation and simulated surgical exercises and intraoperative navigation for thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy, which can reduce the difficulty of surgery and improve the accuracy and safety of the operation.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E262-E268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802452

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the mechanical properties of bone tissue engineering scaffolds with different pore structure and porosity, and improve the mechanical properties of scaffolds by changing pore structure. Methods Square pore, spherical pore and cylindrical pore with different porosities from 55% to 75% were established by SolidWorks software, and the surface-volume ratio of different structures was calculated. The stress distribution and equivalent compression modulus of different scaffolds were obtained by ANSYS Workbench software. According to the stress distribution results, the scaffold with rectangular pore structure and cuboid element structure was improved instead of square pores. Results With the increase of porosity, the surface-volume ratio of the three structures increased. For the same porosity, the surface-volume ratio of square pores and spherical pores was larger, while that of cylindrical pores was the smallest. The modulus and porosity of the three structures were approximately linear. The modulus of the square pore and the cylindrical pore were similar. The stress analysis on the square pore and two improved structures with 60% porosity showed that for the two improve structures, the wall stress on 4 edges parallel to the direction of applied stresses could be reduced by 15%. Conclusions The surface-volume ratio and mechanical property of square pores were more advantageous than spherical pores and cylindrical pores with the same porosity, and the two improved structures could improve the mechanical properties of square pores. The two improved pores enriched the structure of tissue engineering scaffolds. The research findings provide the mechanical references for their clinical application.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 18-21, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734085

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of miR-346 in colon cancer cells and the relationship with invasion and metastasis, so as to provide experimental basis for predicting and treating targets of colon cancer. Methods Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of microRNA-346 in colon cancer cell lines ( HCT116, COLO205, SW620) and normal colon epithelial cells ( NCM460 ) . The expression of microRNA-346 was up-regulated or down-regulated by mimic or inhibitor and transfected into HCT116 cells. The transfection efficiency was detected by qRT-PCR. The metastasis and infiltration behavior of HCT116 cells were observed by Transwell. Results The relative expression of microRNA-346 in colon cancer cell lines HCT116, COLO205 and SW620 were (0. 372±0. 068),(1. 284±0. 253),(1. 105±0. 203),respectively. The relative expression of COLO-205 and SW620 in normal colon epithelial cells (NCM460) was (0. 126±0. 004). Compared with NCM460 group, COLO-205 group and SW620 group had significant difference (t=9. 652,P<0. 01; t=7. 753,P<0. 01). The invasion and metastasis ability of HCT116 cells increased after the up-regulation of the expression of microRNA-346 (t=2. 458,P<0. 05; t=2. 194,P<0. 05),and decreased after the down-regulation of the expression of microRNA-346 (t=2. 247,P<0. 05; t=2. 065,P<0. 05) . Conclusion Mir-346 is highly expressed in colon cancer cells and regulates invasion and metastasis of colon cancer cells.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 522-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810773

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of nucleolar and spindle-associated protein 1 (NUSAP1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and analyze its relationship with the prognosis of NSCLC patients.@*Methods@#Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical staining were performed to determine the expression of NUSAP1 in NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues collected from hospital. The relationship between NUSAP1 expression and prognosis of NSCLC patients was analyzed by online database.@*Results@#The expression level of NUSAP1 mRNA in tumor tissues was significantly higher than that of adjacent tissues (P<0.05). The high expression rate of NUSAP1 protein in NSCLC tissues was 58.0% (29/50), significantly higher than 22.0% (11/50) of adjacent tissues (P<0.05). The high expression of NUSAP1 protein in NSCLC tissues was closely correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (P<0.05), but was not related to age and gender. The data showed that the expression level of NUSAP1 mRNA was inversely associated with the overall survival (OS) of NSCLC patients (P<0.001). The expression of NUSAP1 mRNA was significantly correlated with the pathological grade, clinical stage, gender, chemotherapy, smoking history, and histological type of NSCLC patients (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The expression of NUSAP1 is up-regulated in NSCLC, which is correlated with the growth and development of NSCLC and prognosis of the patients. These results indicate that NUSAP1 can be used as a potential prognostic marker for NSCLC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805776

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and summarize the method and effect of cervical esophagus perforation.@*Methods@#A total of 29 cervical esophageal perforation patients caused by foreign body were retrospectively analyzed from January 2012 to June 2018 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.@*Results@#Among the 29 cervical esophageal perforation patients, 28 patients were extracted by lateral neck incision, 1 patient with carotid artery hemorrhea was rescued by repairing the fistula between carotid artery and esophage. All patients recovered and successfully discharged. There were no severe complications among all patients.@*Conclusions@#The cervical CT scan is important for diagnosing a cervical esophageal perforation. Enhancement CT scan is necessay for a patient with haematemesis. Lateral neck incision would be first choice for patients with big foreign bodies. Inflammatory reaction and finger palpation are helpful for locating foreign bodies.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 320-333, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690169

ABSTRACT

Biofilms are microbial communities composed of bacteria cells and self-produced extracellular polymeric substances and lead to antibiotic resistance, forming a great threat in the fields of medicine, food industries and so on. The formation of biofilms is a multi-stage dynamic process regulated by multiple mechanisms. Recently, researchers paid much more attention to the related research areas of biofilms, especially the detection methods of biofilms. This paper introduced the characteristics and formation process of biofilms as well as the effects of quorum sensing on biofilms development. Meanwhile, we discussed the detection methods of biofilms, especially electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in detection of biofilms in detail. Furthermore, we reviewed and predicted that microfluidic chips based EIS served as an in-situ and online monitoring method for biofilms growth.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710071

ABSTRACT

Critical ultrasonography(CUS) is different from the traditional diagnostic ultrasound,the examiner and interpreter of the image are critical care medicine physicians.The core content of CUS is to evaluate the pathophysiological changes of organs and systems and etiology changes.With the idea of critical care medicine as the soul,it can integrate the above information and clinical information,bedside real-time diagnosis and titration treatment,and evaluate the therapeutic effect so as to improve the outcome.CUS is a traditional technique which is applied as a new application method.The consensus of experts on critical ultrasonography in China released in 2016 put forward consensus suggestions on the concept,implementation and application of CUS.It should be further emphasized that the accurate and objective assessment and implementation of CUS requires the standardization of ultrasound image acquisition and the need to establish a CUS procedure.At the same time,the standardized training for CUS accepted by critical care medicine physicians requires the application of technical specifications,and the establishment of technical specifications is the basis for the quality control and continuous improvement of CUS.Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group and Critical Hemodynamic Therapy Collabration Group,based on the rich experience of clinical practice in critical care and research,combined with the essence of CUS,to learn the traditional ultrasonic essence,established the clinical application technical specifications of CUS,including in five parts:basic view and relevant indicators to obtain in CUS;basic norms for viscera organ assessment and special assessment;standardized processes and systematic inspection programs;examples of CUS applications;CUS training and the application of qualification certification.The establishment of applied technology standard is helpful for standardized training and clinical correct implementation.It is helpful for clinical evaluation and correct guidance treatment,and is also helpful for quality control and continuous improvement of CUS application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708225

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the size of target volume,amplitudes of movements in different directions,movement vector,dose to the diseased lung,whole lung volume,and setup error between free breathing fixation (method A) and four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT)-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation (method B),and to demonstrate that the 4DCT-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation is effective in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed among 80 patients with NSCLC in our hospital.In those patients,40 received method A and 40 method B.The GTVfree and GTVpress were delineated on the maximum intensity projection (MIP) images of 10 respiratory phases using method A and method B,respectively.The PTVfree and PTVPress were obtained by expansion of the GTVfree and GTVpress,respectively.The paired t test was used to analyze the differences in the PTV,maximum amplitudes of movements in three dimensions,absolute value of the movement vector (|V|),and volume between method A and method B.The treatment planning system was used to compare the V5,V10,V20,and V30 of the diseased lung and the whole lung volume between method A and method B.All patients underwent cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans after positioning.Setup error was obtained by matching the CBCT images with the MIP images in the XVI system based on bone and grayscale values.Results The PTVfree and PTVpress were (283.2± 12.74) and (201.8± 12.99)cm3,respectively (P=0.002).The maximum amplitudes of movements in the right-left,superior-inferior,and anterior-posterior directions as well as thel V | value were (0.22±0.02),(1.85±0.08),(0.43±0.26),and (1.91±0.27) em,respectively,for method A,and (0.05±0.01),(0.41±0.03),(0.16±0.16),and (0.44±0.16) cm,respectively,for method B (P=0.120,0.001,0.070).The V5,V10,V20,and V30 for the diseased lung and total lung volume were (61.26± 4.27) %,(44.52± 1.70) %,(28.22± 3.13) %,(18.26±5.17)%,and (3556±223.12) cm3,respectively,for method A,and (52.74±4.78)%,(38.76±4.92) %,(23.71 ±4.03) %,(15.54±3.43) %,and (3376±311.65) cm3,respectively,for method B (P =0.001,0.003,0.004,0.021,0.004).There was no significant difference in setup error obtained by the XVI system between the two fixation methods (P>0.05).Conclusions Without increasing setup error,abdominal balloon compression can effectively control the lung movement amplitude,reduce the planning target volume,and reduce the radiation dose to the lung in patients with NSCLC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693536

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of microRNA-145 (miR-145) and Six1 in gastric cancer tissues and gastric cancer cell lines,and to investigate the effect of miR-145 targeting Six1 on invasion of human gastric cancer cells and its molecular mechanism.Methods Sixty patients with advanced gastric cancer confirmed by gastroscopy and pathology in the Fourth Hospital of Changsha were selected,from January to November,2017.The expressions of miR-145 mRNA and Six1 in 60 cases of gastric cancer and their matched adjacent tissues were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and their correlations were analyzed.miR-145 mimics were transfected into MKN-45,BGC-823 and SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell lines.The relative levels of miR-145 mRNA in three gastric cancer cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR.The SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell lines with the highest expression level of miR-145 mRNA were selected for subsequent experiments.The mimic group (transfected with miR-145 mimic),NC group (transfected with miR-145 negative control) and empty carrier group (no addition of any oligonucleotides) were set up.The invasive ability of gastric cancer cells was detected by Transwell test.The ability of angiogenesis was verified by microtubule formation experiment.The expression levels of downstream proteins of the gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901 such as Six1,E-cadherin and vimentin were detected by Western blotting method.The MirTrap system and the luciferase report test verified whether miR-145 targeted the Six1 gene.Results The expressions of miR-145 mRNA in gastric cancer tissues and in para cancerous tissues were 0.579 ± 0.086 and 1.009 ±0.121,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (t =-22.498,P <0.001).The expressions of Six1 were 2.516 ± 0.208 and 1.041 ± 0.227,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (t =37.119,P < 0.001).The expressions of miR-145 mRNA and Six1 were negatively correlated (r =-0.728,P <0.001).After overexpression of miR-145,in the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups,the numbers of cells passing through the membrane were 48.550 ± 3.716,82.800 ± 3.797,87.467 ± 8.023,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =87.789,P < 0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P <0.001).In the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups,the numbers of tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells were 24.333 ± 1.211,34.167 ±2.041,36.500 ±3.209,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =47.103,P < 0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P < 0.001).In the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups,the expression levels of Six1 in gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were 1.392 ±0.072,2.426 ±0.099,2.371 ±0.079,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =289.517,P < 0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P <0.001).In the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups,the expression levels of E-cadherin were 4.001 ±0.132,2.714 ±0.181,2.653 ±0.218,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =106.572,P <0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P < 0.001).In the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups,the expression levels of vimentin were 1.634 ± 0.132,3.349 ± 0.102,3.501 ± 0.185,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =389.032,P <0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P < 0.001).MirTrap system verified that the target Six1 mRNA levels in the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups were 1.101 ± 0.097,0.582 ± 0.037,0.573 ± 0.032,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =138.922,P < 0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P <0.001).Luciferase reporter assay showed that the double fluorescence ratios of Six1 wild type recombinant vector group were 7.324 ± 0.415,10.755 ± 0.481,10.430 ± 0.309 in the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups respectively.The difference was statistically significant (F =129.345,P < 0.001).There were significant differences between the mimic and NC groups and between the mimic and empty carrier groups (both P <0.001).The double fluorescence ratios of Six1 mutant recombinant vector group were 10.938 ± 0.091,11.077 ±0.126,11.028 ±0.205 in the mimic,NC and empty carrier groups respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (F =1.318,P =0.297).The MirTrap system and the luciferase report test showed that miR-145 was targeted to the Six1 gene.Conclusion The expressions of miR-145 mRNA and Six1 in gastric cancer and para cancerous tissues were different and negatively correlated.miR-145 inhibited the invasion,angiogenesis and epithelial mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells by targeting Six1 gene.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Calcium sulfate/poly amino acid compound materials carrying triple anti-tuberculosis drugs have been proved to have excellent slow release performance based on our preliminary studies on the physical and chemical properties and the release properties of the compound materials.OBJECTIVE: To observe the slow release performance of the calcium sulfate/poly(amino acid) compound material carrying triple anti-tuberculosis drugs in a rabbit model of spinal tuberculosis.METHODS: Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were used to make L4-5 spinal tuberculosis models and divided into two groups in a random way following removal of tuberculosis lesions. Calcium sulfate/poly amino acid compound material carrying isoniazide, rifampicin, pyrazinamide or calcium sulfate/poly(amino acid)compound material with no drugs was implanted into the defect in the experimental or control group,respectively. At 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after implantation, the concentrations of isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide in the defect region, including the bone tissue, adjacent psoas major and inferior vena cava,were measured.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the experimental group, the isoniazid levels in the damaged bone tissue and psoas major were kept in minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) at 8 weeks after implantation and in the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) at the end of 12 weeks after implantation, while its level in the vein was kept in MBC at 2 weeks and in MIC at 8 weeks. The rifampicin levels in the bone tissue and psoas major were kept in MBC at 4 weeks after implantation and in the MIC at 8 weeks after implantation, while its level in the vein was kept MIC at 4 weeks.The pyrazinamide levels in the damaged bone tissue and psoas major were kept in MBC at 8 weeks after implantation and in the MIC until 8 weeks after implantation, while its level in the vein was kept MIC at 8 weeks. In the control group,there were no levels of isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide in the damaged bone tissue, adjacent psoas major and inferior vena cava in comparison with the baseline. These results show that isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide in the defect region can achieve sustained slow release in the rabbit model of spinal tuberculosis after implantation of the calcium sulfate/poly(amino acid) compound material carrying triple anti-tuberculosis drugs. In addition, the local drug concentration and duration in the defect region are better than those in the blood.

13.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 21-24, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511397

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and changes of microorganisms on the skin of submariners under a chronically closed environment , and provide reference for targeted medical support .Methods One hundred and twenty-two samples were collected using swab.After culture and isolation, the microbes were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry ( MALDI-TOF-MS) .Results A total of 52 types of 229 bacteria and 2 types of fungi were isolated . Major opportunistic pathogens included Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae, while major dwelling bacteria included Micrococcus luteus, Oslo Mora bacteria, Acinetobacter, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Serratia marcescens.Compared with the early period of the task, major opportunistic pathogens and dwelling bacteria were significantly increased in the middle and late period of the task .Conclusion The skin microbes of the submariners are investigated , targeted drugs need to be prepared for daily medical support and war trauma .

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 464-467,470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604436

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the errors of double-center and single-center setup, and to study the role of both on reducing the rotational setup errors for the patients with esophageal carcinoma depend on rigid registration errors between online kV-cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) images and plans for CT images. Methods 20 patients with middle esophageal carcinoma received image scanning before treatment every week by using double-center setup and CBCT, and single-center setup images of 20 patients were taken from the X volume image (XVI) system. Then the images of both setup types, registration errors of CT image and rotational setup errors were compared respectively. Every patient received kV-CBCT scanning analysis before treatment every week, and 6 times in total. 240 group of kV-CBCT images from all of the patients were off-line matched with plans for CT images to calculate the errors of X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis. Then the data of linear errors and rotational setup errors from patients were collected, aiming at putting the error data into the patients treatment program and analyzing the significances. Results The standard registration of double-center setup was as follows: T (X) (0.28 ±0.19) cm, T (Y) (0.27 ±0.19) cm, T (Z) (0.33 ±0.12) cm, R (X) (0.40 ±0.19)° , R (Y) (0.30 ±0.18)° , R (Z) (0.30 ±0.19)° . The standard registration of single-center setup was as follows:T(X) (0.32±0.20) cm, T(Y) (0.29±0.25)cm, T(Z) (0.31±0.16) cm, R(X) (2.2±0.68)°, R(Y) (0.5±0.32)°, R(Z) (2.10±0.60)°. There were statistical differences between linear errors in T(X) and rotational setup errors in R(X), R(Y) or R(Z) (P< 0.05). Conclusion Double-center position can reduce the rotational setup errors, especially in X-axis, Y-axis errors, and may provide more help for the radiation oncology departments without on-board CBCT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects between Begg and pre-adjusted appliance on dentofacial morphology in Angle class Ⅱ division 1 extraction cases treated by light archwire technique.Methods:28 cases with Angle class Ⅱ division 1 who needed maximum maxillary incisor retraction were divided into 2 groups (MBT pre-adjusted and Begg group) and treated by light archwire technique.4 first premolars were extracted in all patients.Lateral cephalometric films were analyzed before and after treatment.Results:The upper incisors were intruded (0.18 ± 0.32)mm and (0.77 ± 0.91) mm in pre-adjusted and Begg group respectively (P < 0.05).The other differences of cephalometric analyses between 2 groups were not significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion:The effects were almost same with pre-adjusted and Begg appliances in Angle class Ⅱ division 1 extraction cases treated by light archwire technique except for that the latter is better than the former in vertical control of maxillary anterior teeth.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497946

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical outcomes of palmaris longus tendon (PLT) and iliotibial tract fascia graft (ITFG) for coracoclavicular ligament (CCL) reconstruction combined with hook plate fixation in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation.Methods A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of 68 patients with ACJ dislocation of Rockwood type Ⅲ and above who had been treated in our department with CCL reconstruction using PLT or ITFG in addition to hook plate fixation from January 2008 to January 2014.They were 57 males and 11 females,with an average age of 36.1 years (range,from 19 to 55 years).The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their grafts used in CCL reconstruction:36 cases in PLT group and 32 in ITFG group.They were firstly treated with CCL reconstruction followed by hook plate fixation.The hook plates were removed at 6 months after operation.The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured on the postoperative anteroposterior radiographs of the injured shoulders.The outcomes were assessed at the final follow-ups according to Constant-Murley shoulder score and Karlsson criteria.The 2 groups were compatible without significant differences in preoperative general data (P > 0.05).Results The 68 patients were followed up for an average of 18 months (range,from 16 to 22 months).The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances measured in PLT group at 12 months after operation were significantly larger than those measured in ITFG group (P < 0.05).At the final follow-ups,the Constant-Murley shoulder score (92.1 ±7.2) and Karlsson excellent to good rate (83.3%,30/36) in ITFG group were insignificantly higher than those in TIR group (88.3 ± 9.8;81.3%,26/32) (P > 0.05).Conclusion In the treatment of ACJ dislocation of Rookwood type Ⅲ and above,CCL reconstruction using ITFG may lead to better radiographic outcomes than that using PLT,though the 2 grafts lead to similar functional recovery of the injured shoulders.

17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 849-851, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503709

ABSTRACT

The use of human biological specimen has great significance to the development of biomedicine. Meanwhile, the powerful electronic data set with sophisticated analytic techniques creates challenge to the protec-tion of private information. As for the research with human biological specimen, how to facilitate the research con-duct on the basis of ethical principles is one of the key considerations when the US Department of Health and Hu-man Service initiated the revision of Code of Federal Regulations ( CFR) -theCommon Rule for subject protec-tion. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ( NPRM) proposed:Respect for autonomy will be enforced by broad con-sent to enforce and waiver of consent intend to be rare;If the research risks only involve privacy protection, review process will be simplified under the premise of ensuring the implementation of privacy laws and other protective measures. The paper introduced the revisions related to the researches using human biological specimen in NPRM, analyzed the terms of broad consent, exemption and exclusion, and explored the elicitation to ethical review prac-tice in China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485223

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of Yangyin Tongluo Pills combined with acupuncture for the treatment of cerebral infarction sequela. Methods One hundred patients with cerebral infarction sequela were evenly randomized into treatment group and control group. The control group was given acupuncture therapy combined with oral use of clopidogrel, and the treatment group was given acupuncture therapy combined with oral use of Yangyin Tongluo Pills (mainly composed of Fructus Lycii, Flos Chrysanthemi, Radix Rehmanniae, Cortex Moutan, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Flos Carthami, Semen Persicae, Pheretima, Rhizoma Gastrodiae, Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis, Spica Prunellae, Radix Glehniae, Radix Ophiopogonis, Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis, Radix Pseudostellariae) . One month constituted a treatment course, and the treatment covered 2 courses. After treatment, the therapeutic effect of the two groups was evaluated, and the changes of National Institute of Health Stroke Scale ( NIHSS) scores and Barthel Index Scale for activities of daily living ( ADL) , and hemorrheology indexes were observed before and after treatment. Results (1) After treatment for 2 courses, NIHSS scores were decreased, ADL scores were increased in the two groups (P0.05) . The treatment group had better effect on improving hemorrheology indexes than the control group (P<0.05) . (3) The total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.00% and that of the control group was 64.00%, the overall therapeutic effect of the treatment group being superior to that of the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion Yangyin Tongluo Pills combined with acupuncture are effective for the treatment of cerebral infarction sequela, and the effect is superior to that of acupuncture combined with clopidogrel.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481667

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the novel methods of VMAT planning based dose volume histogram ( DVH) optimization, evaluated the dosimetry and planning efficiency in VMAT planning for Esophageal Carcinoma. Methods Twelve Esophageal carcinoma patients were enrolled in this study. The conventional VMAT planning as the reference, using multi?criterion optimization DVH ( MCO?DVH ) and overlapping volume histogram prediction DVH ( OVH?DVH ) two different methods to get ideal objectives function for informing VMAT plans, Then evaluate the dosimetric, planning efficiency for all new VMAT plans. The difference between the paired t?test groups. Results The two VMAT plans based DVH objective function can meet the clinical needs. Compared with the conventional VMAT plan, Conformity index ( CI ) and Homogeneity index ( 0. 77 vs. 0. 72, P=0. 017 and 0. 10 vs. 0. 12, P=0. 047 ) is better in DVH informed plans;lung V5 and spinal cord V50 are better in MCO?DVH informed plan (54. 66 vs.60. 23,P=0. 013 and 0. 98 vs.0. 49,P=0. 037).Furthermore,the DVH informed plans had higher planning efficiency (8. 2 vs. 19. 5,P=0. 023) . Conclusions DVH Objective informed VMAT Planning can achieve clinical needs with much uniform dose to target,lower OAR dose and higher planning efficiency.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479997

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect rotation constancy static magnetic field(RCSMF) on the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) in fracture healing, and elucidate the possible mechanism of RCSMF promoting fracture healing.Methods A total of 80 rats with femur closed fracture were randomly divided into a magnetic treatment group (M) and a control group (C).The M group was given RCSMF treatment 30 minutes per day, 6 times per week, using 0.4 T 6 Hz magnetic field, while the C group was not given any intervention.Femurs and calluses were subjected to BMP-2, PDGF-A and PDGF-B immunohistochemistry assay at 2, 3, 4 and 8 weeks after the treatment.The integrated optical density (IOD) of positive staining was calculated.Two-factor variance analysis was used to compare the main effect of time, treatment and that of their interaction.Results For both groups, the IOD of immunoreactivity of BMP-2 at 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the treatment was significantly higher than that 8 weeks after the treatment, and the value at four weeks after the intervention was also significantly higher than that at 2 weeks after it.There was a significant interaction effect of time × treatment of BMP-2 (F =3.17, P < 0.05).Significant differences were observed in the IOD of positive staining PDGF-A at different time points for both groups : the value at 2 weeks after treatment was significantly higher than that at 3, 4 and 8 weeks after the treatment, and that at 3 and 4 weeks after treatment was also significantly higher than that at 8 weeks after the treatment.The IOD of positive staining PDGF-B of the M group (57.6 ± 2.1) was significantly higher than that of the C group (50.11 ± 2.22, P < 0.05).There was significant difference in the IOD of positive staining PDGF-B (F =50.06 ,P < 0.01) at different time points : the IOD of positive staining PDGF-B at 3 weeks after treatment was significantly higher than that at 2 and 8 weeks group after the treatment, and the value at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment was also significantly higher that at 8 weeks after the treatment.Conclusion RCSMF may elevate the expression BMP-2 and PDGF-B to promote fracture healing.

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