Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 805-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738050

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the status of HBsAg-positive infection of mothers and the non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine of their infants.Methods A total of 225 pairs of mothers and their infants were recruited in our cohort from June 2011 to July 2013.Infants were given three doses of hepatitis B vaccine at hour 24,first month and month 6th respectively and were followed up for one year after birth.HBV serological markers and HBV DNA in the peripheral blood of both mothers and infants were detected by Electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay and fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction.Results Six HBV infection models were detected in HBsAg-positive mothers,and "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model one) and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model two) accounted for 92.5% (208/225) of all the models.Rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to mothers in model one was lower than those in model two,the differences are statistically significant (x2=4.80,P=0.029).The rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants showed a downward trend with the rising of HBeAg level in their mothers (x2=4.86,P=0.028).Results from the unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the HBeAg of the HBsAg-positive mothers was significantly correlated with the low risk of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants (OR=0.598,95%CI:0.378-0.947).The positive rate of serum HBV DNA in HBsAg-positive mothers was 54.2%,while the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to HBV DNA positive mothers was similar to those infants born to HBV DNA negative mothers (X2=0.22,P=0.640).Conclusions "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe(+),anti-HBc (+)" were the common models seen in HBsAg-positive mothers,and the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was different between the two models.HBeAg of HBsAg-positive mothers might have positive effects on the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants but the mechanisms remained not clear.HBV DNA of the HBsAg-positive mothers did not seem to be correlated with the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 805-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736582

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the status of HBsAg-positive infection of mothers and the non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine of their infants.Methods A total of 225 pairs of mothers and their infants were recruited in our cohort from June 2011 to July 2013.Infants were given three doses of hepatitis B vaccine at hour 24,first month and month 6th respectively and were followed up for one year after birth.HBV serological markers and HBV DNA in the peripheral blood of both mothers and infants were detected by Electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay and fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction.Results Six HBV infection models were detected in HBsAg-positive mothers,and "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model one) and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model two) accounted for 92.5% (208/225) of all the models.Rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to mothers in model one was lower than those in model two,the differences are statistically significant (x2=4.80,P=0.029).The rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants showed a downward trend with the rising of HBeAg level in their mothers (x2=4.86,P=0.028).Results from the unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the HBeAg of the HBsAg-positive mothers was significantly correlated with the low risk of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants (OR=0.598,95%CI:0.378-0.947).The positive rate of serum HBV DNA in HBsAg-positive mothers was 54.2%,while the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to HBV DNA positive mothers was similar to those infants born to HBV DNA negative mothers (X2=0.22,P=0.640).Conclusions "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe(+),anti-HBc (+)" were the common models seen in HBsAg-positive mothers,and the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was different between the two models.HBeAg of HBsAg-positive mothers might have positive effects on the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants but the mechanisms remained not clear.HBV DNA of the HBsAg-positive mothers did not seem to be correlated with the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 950-953, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737753

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-12(IL-12) on immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 91 neonates whose mothers were HBsAg-positive were included and followed up for 12 months.HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA),and the levels of IL-6 and IL-12 in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results The non-/hypo-response rate to hepatitis B vaccination was 35.16% (32/91) in the 91 infants.In the neonatal period and infantile period,the level of IL-6 in non-/hypo-response group was lower than that in high-response group,while the level of IL-12 was higher than that in high-response group,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the level of IL-6 increased,while the level of IL-12 descended in both groups,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).Furthermore,the level of anti-HBs of infants was positively correlated with the level of IL-6 (rs =0.70,0.79,P< 0.01),and was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 (rs=-0.71,-0.72,P<0.01) in the neonatal period and the infantile period.From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the increased level of IL-6 was positively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs =-0.74,P<0.01),while the decreased level of IL-12 was negatively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs=-0.42,P<0.01).The level of IL-6 was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 in the neonatal period and the infantile period (rs=-0.68,-0.70,P<0.01).Conclusions IL-6 might promote the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants whose mothers were HBsAg-positive,while IL-12 might inhibit the immune response.IL-6 and IL-12 would affect the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers at the same time.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 911-915, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 286 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants were recruited from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan during July 2011 to January 2013.The infants were immunized with hepatitis B vaccine according to the 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule and followed up for 12 months.The serum HBV DNA level of mothers,neonates and infants were detected by electro chemilum inescence immunoassay kits and fluorescene quantiative polymerase chain rection.Results Among 286 infants,the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was 18.53% (53/286).Non-conditional logistic regression analysis indicated that the mother's HBV DNA level ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml (0R=2.592,95%CI:1.121-5.996) and natural birth (OR=1.932,95%CI:1.021-3.654) were the risk factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine,the risks were 2.592 times and 1.932 times higher compared with the infants whose mothers were HBV DNA negative and the infants whose mothers had cesarean delivery.There was no multiplicative or additive interaction between high HBV DNA load and natural birth (OR=1.055,95%CI:0.209-5.321),(RERI=1.617,95%CI:-4.038-7.272;AP=0.364,95%CI:-).527-1.225;SI=1.195,95%CI:0.270-13.135).After stratified analysis of mother's HBV DNA level,delivery mode of mothers was not associated with non/low-response of their infants.Conclusion The mother's load of HBV DNA ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml might be the factor for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg positive mothers.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 950-953, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736285

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-12(IL-12) on immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 91 neonates whose mothers were HBsAg-positive were included and followed up for 12 months.HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA),and the levels of IL-6 and IL-12 in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results The non-/hypo-response rate to hepatitis B vaccination was 35.16% (32/91) in the 91 infants.In the neonatal period and infantile period,the level of IL-6 in non-/hypo-response group was lower than that in high-response group,while the level of IL-12 was higher than that in high-response group,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the level of IL-6 increased,while the level of IL-12 descended in both groups,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).Furthermore,the level of anti-HBs of infants was positively correlated with the level of IL-6 (rs =0.70,0.79,P< 0.01),and was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 (rs=-0.71,-0.72,P<0.01) in the neonatal period and the infantile period.From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the increased level of IL-6 was positively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs =-0.74,P<0.01),while the decreased level of IL-12 was negatively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs=-0.42,P<0.01).The level of IL-6 was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 in the neonatal period and the infantile period (rs=-0.68,-0.70,P<0.01).Conclusions IL-6 might promote the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants whose mothers were HBsAg-positive,while IL-12 might inhibit the immune response.IL-6 and IL-12 would affect the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers at the same time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 911-915, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 286 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants were recruited from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan during July 2011 to January 2013.The infants were immunized with hepatitis B vaccine according to the 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule and followed up for 12 months.The serum HBV DNA level of mothers,neonates and infants were detected by electro chemilum inescence immunoassay kits and fluorescene quantiative polymerase chain rection.Results Among 286 infants,the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was 18.53% (53/286).Non-conditional logistic regression analysis indicated that the mother's HBV DNA level ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml (0R=2.592,95%CI:1.121-5.996) and natural birth (OR=1.932,95%CI:1.021-3.654) were the risk factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine,the risks were 2.592 times and 1.932 times higher compared with the infants whose mothers were HBV DNA negative and the infants whose mothers had cesarean delivery.There was no multiplicative or additive interaction between high HBV DNA load and natural birth (OR=1.055,95%CI:0.209-5.321),(RERI=1.617,95%CI:-4.038-7.272;AP=0.364,95%CI:-).527-1.225;SI=1.195,95%CI:0.270-13.135).After stratified analysis of mother's HBV DNA level,delivery mode of mothers was not associated with non/low-response of their infants.Conclusion The mother's load of HBV DNA ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml might be the factor for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg positive mothers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 572-577, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between ambient fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and the risk on preterm birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1 882 pregnant women with local residency of Taiyuan city and underwent delivery at the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University with the dates of conception between January 1 and December 31, 2013, were enrolled in the study. Information on general demographics, home address and history on pregnancy, lifestyle and related environmental factors were collected through in-person interview. Birth outcomes and maternal complications were abstracted from medical records. Data on the amount of daily average PM2.5 from 8 monitor points in Taiyuan city, between March 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 were also collected. Individual exposure during pregnancy were calculated using the inverse-distance weighting method, based on home address. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression model was used to examine the associations among PM2.5 exposure, risk of preterm birth and related clinical subtypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall incidence of preterm birth was 8.21% (151/1 839)in 1 839 pregnant women. Exposure to ambient PM2.5 during the second week prior to delivery was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR=1.087, 95% CI: 1.001-1.182 per 10 μg/m(3) increase) and mild preterm birth (OR=1.099, 95% CI: 1.007-1.200 per 10 μg/m(3)). Compared to data from the China Environmental Air Quality Standard, higher level of exposure (≥75 μg/m(3)) of PM2.5 during the second week before delivery was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR=1.008, 95%CI: 1.000-1.017) but the association was mainly seen for mild preterm birth (OR=1.010, 95%CI: 1.001-1.018).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RESULTS from our study showed that exposure to high level of PM2.5 during late pregnancy would increase the risk of preterm birth. Future large studies are needed to examine the association by preterm clinical subtypes and to elucidate potential underlying mechanisms.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Environmental Exposure , Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Maternal Exposure , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , Toxicity , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Premature Birth , Epidemiology , Public Health
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL