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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014640

ABSTRACT

The incidence of augmented renal clearance (ARC) in intensive care patients (ICU) is exceptionally high, and these patients are often co-morbid with infection. The occurrence of ARC will significantly increase the clearance rate of antibiotics, making it difficult for conventional doses to reach effective therapeutic concentrations and affect the patient's anti-infective treatment effect and prognosis. It can be seen that it is crucial to formulate a reasonable dosing regimen for ICU patients with ARC. Regrettably, few reports in China about the adjustment strategy of antibiotic dosing regimens for ARC patients. Therefore, this article reviews the domestic and foreign literature for reference to provide evidence for medical personnel to adjust the dose of antibacterial drugs for such patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the correlation between macular microvascular parameters and urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods:A cross-sectional study. From October 2017 to April 2018, 100 eyes of 100 patients (T2DM) and 27 eyes of 27 healthy controls (the control group) were enrolled in Xuzhou First People’s Hospital. All subjects underwent anterior segment examination via slit-lamp biomicroscopy, dilated fundus examination, 7-field fundus photographs, OCT angiography (OCTA), the fasting glucose test, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), urinary albumin, urinary creatinine and UACR levels determination. Height and weight measurement were taken for calculating body mass index (BMI). Diabetic retinopathy was ruled out by fundoscopic examinations and 7-field fundus photographs in T2DM patients. According to the UACR, patients in the T2DM group were subdivided into A1 group (UACR< 30 mg/g), A2 group (UACR 30-300 mg/g), and A3 group (UACR>300 mg/g), with 38 cases and 38 eyes respectively , 40 cases with 40 eyes, 22 cases with 22 eyes. A 6 mm×6 mm scanning area centered on the macular fovea were scanned for right eye using a frequency domain OCTA instrument, which were divided into three concentric circles centered on the macular fovea by the software automatically. The foveal zone was defined as a circular area measuring 1 mm in diameter, the parafoveal zone was described as a middle circle area measuring 1-3 mm in diameter, and the perifoveal zone was an outer circle area measuring 3-6 mm in diameter. The vessel density of superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP), foveal avascular area (FAZ) and perimeter (PERIM), non-circularity index (AI) were measured. The correlation between the macular vessel density, FAZ and UACR was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis.Results:A1 group, A2 group, A3 group, and normal control group. The macular area SCP and DCP ( F=13.722, 5.644), foveal area ( F=4.607, 4.719), parafoveal area ( H=23.142, F=2.904), the blood flow density of the area around the fovea ( F=12.292, H=10.946), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); with the increase of UACR, the blood flow density of each area of SCP and DCP showed a downward trend. The results of correlation analysis showed that the blood flow density of the whole SCP, parafoveal area, and surrounding area of T2DM patients was negatively correlated with UACR ( r=-0.376, -0.240, -0.364,-0.347, P<0.05). There were no correlation among fasting plasma glucose, HbAlc and UACR ( r=0.179, 0.085, P>0.05). There were no correlation among blood flow density in BMI, SCP foveal area, DCP and UACR (| r|<0.3, P>0.05). Conclusion:The whole, parafovea and perifovea vessel density values of SCP in T2DM eyes without DR are negatively correlated with UACR.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of minimally invasive vitreous surgery with and without anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs for polypoid choroidal vascular disease (PCV) complicated with vitreous hemorrhage.Methods:A cohort study was performed.Thirty-six consecutive cases (36 eyes) with PCV combined with vitreous hemorrhage who underwent 25G minimally invasive vitreous surgery in Xuzhou First People's Hospital from June 2015 to June 2020 were enrolled.According to surgical methods, the patients were divided into pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) group (24 eyes) receiving vitrectomy only and PPV+ anti-VEGF group (12 eyes) receiving vitrectomy first and intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs one week after the operation.All patients were followed up for at least 6 months.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT) of the two groups before treatment, 1 month after treatment and at the last follow-up were measured and compared.Postoperative complications such as recurrence of vitreous hemorrhage and macular scar formation were recorded.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki and was reviewed and approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Xuzhou First People's Hospital (No.xyyll[2021]014).Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:Statistically significant differences were found in BCVA between the two groups before and after treatment ( Fgroup=8.552, P=0.006; Ftime=31.775, P<0.001).The BCVA of the two groups at 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up were significantly improved in comparison with before treatment, and the BCVA at the last follow-up was significantly better than that at 1 month after operation (all at P<0.05).One month after operation and at the last follow-up, the BCVA of PPV+ anti-VEGF group was better than that of PPV group, showing statistically significant differences (both at P<0.05).Statistically significant differences were found in CRT between the two groups before and after treatment ( Fgroup=4.797, P=0.041; Ftime=295.764, P<0.001).One month after operation and at the last follow-up, the CRT of both groups was significantly improved in comparison with before treatment, and the CRT was significantly better at the last follow-up than 1 month after operation (both at P<0.05).The postoperative 1-month CRT of PPV+ anti-VEGF treatment group was lower than that of PPV group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05).No statistically significant difference was found in CRT between the two groups at the last follow-up ( P>0.05).Elevated intraocular pressure occurred in 2 eyes and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in 1 eye in PPV group, accounting for 8.33% and 4.17%, respectively.Cataract aggravated in 2 eyes in PPV+ anti-VEGF group.The incidence of vitreous rebleeding in PPV group and PPV+ anti-VEGF group was 16.67%(4/24) and 8.33%(1/12), respectively, with no significant difference ( P=0.646).The incidence of macular scarring in PPV group and PPV+ anti-VEGF group was 4.17%(1/24) and 33.3%(4/12), respectively, showing a statistically significant difference ( P=0.030). Conclusions:Minimally invasive vitreous surgery is a safe and effective way to treat PCV combined with vitreous hemorrhage.It can improve vision, reduce CRT, and the effect is gradually enhanced in the short term.Intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs can enhance the postoperative effect of PPV and present better vision and anatomical structure of retina.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the protective effect of corneal protectant hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and balanced salt solution (BSS) on corneal epithelium in vitreous body surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted.Fifty eyes of 50 patients with PDR who underwent minimally invasive vitrectomy in Xuzhou First People's Hospital from September 2018 to January 2019 were enrolled and randomly divided into HPMC group and BSS group, with 25 eyes in each group.All eyes underwent three-channel minimally invasive vitrectomy under non-contact wide-angle lens, and 2% HPMC and BSS were applied to keep the ocular surface moist according to grouping during the operation.The combination of cataract surgery, operation time, application times of 2% HPMC or BSS and the grade of corneal epithelial edema before and after operation were recorded.The patients were followed up for 1 month.Corneal fluorescein sodium staining and tear film break-up time (BUT) test were performed before operation and at 1 day, 3 days, 10 days and 1 month after operation.Schirmer Ⅰ test (SⅠt) and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire were carried out before operation and at 1 month after operation.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xuzhou First People's Hospital (No.xyyⅡ[2018]005). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any medical examination.Results:The average frequency of application of eye drops in the HPMC group was (5.00±1.56) times, which was significantly less than (50.56±17.00) times in the BSS group ( t=-13.071, P<0.01). The postoperative corneal edema score of the HPMC group was 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) point, which was lower than 2.0 (2.0, 2.0) points of BSS group, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-4.909, P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in postoperative corneal fluorescein sodium scores among 1 day, 3 days, 10 days and 1 month in the two groups (HPMC group: χ2=36.040, P<0.01; BSS group: χ2=50.892, P<0.01). The 1-, 3- and 10-day postoperative corneal fluorescein sodium scores in the HPMC group were significantly lower than those in the BSS group (all at P<0.05). One-day, 3-day, 10-day and 1-month postoperative BUT values were (6.15±2.20), (6.95±2.46), (6.16±2.11) and (5.81±2.92) seconds in the HPMC group, respectively, and were (3.89±1.87), (5.32±2.59), (5.01±2.12) and (4.97±2.10) seconds in the BSS group, respectively.There were significant differences in BUT between the two groups at different time points ( Fgroup=5.240, P<0.05; Ftime=2.846, P<0.05). The preoperative and 1-month postoperative SⅠt values in the BSS group were (12.24±5.55)mm and (9.96±4.53)mm, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference ( t=3.863, P=0.001). The postoperative OSDI score in the BSS group was (51.00±12.04) points, which was significantly higherly than the preoperative value of (47.89±10.95) points, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-2.111, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with BSS, 2% HPMC in minimally invasive vitreous surgery has better protective effect on corneal epithelium of PDR, reduces the frequency of eye drop use during the surgery and shortens the repair time of ocular surface tissue after surgery.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922560

ABSTRACT

Drug delivery with customized combinations of drugs, controllable drug dosage, and on-demand release kinetics is critical for personalized medicine. In this study, inspired by successive opening of layered structures and compartmentalized structures in plants, we designed a multiple compartmentalized capsular structure for controlled drug delivery. The structure was designed as a series of compartments, defined by the gradient thickness of their external walls and internal divisions. Based on the careful choice and optimization of bioinks composed of gelatin, starch, and alginate, the capsular structures were successfully manufactured by fused deposition modeling three-dimensional (3D) printing. The capsules showed fusion and firm contact between printed layers, forming complete structures without significant defects on the external walls and internal joints. Internal cavities with different volumes were achieved for different drug loading as designed. In vitro swelling demonstrated a successive dissolving and opening of external walls of different capsule compartments, allowing successive drug pulses from the capsules, resulting in the sustained release for about 410 min. The drug release was significantly prolonged compared to a single burst release from a traditional capsular design. The bioinspired design and manufacture of multiple compartmentalized capsules enable customized drug release in a controllable fashion with combinations of different drugs, drug doses, and release kinetics, and have potential for use in personalized medicine.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of rotational errors on the positioning accuracy (PA) and to assess whether correcting rotation in patients with head-neck tumors in radiotherapy or not.Methods:The image information of 34 patients with head-neck tumors treated at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University between August 2019 and January 2020 was collected. Mega-voltage computed tomography (MVCT) images of each patient were taken before radiotherapy, and were registered with planned kilo-voltage computed tomography (KVCT) images by two registration methods. All information was divided into control group (translation only) and intervention group (translation and rotation) according to different registration methods, there were 144 fractioned registered images for each group, respectively. The position errors of the two registration methods were recorded and compared. Data were carried out with Wilcoxon signed rank test and Spearman rank correlation.Results:Translational errors of the control group and the intervention group were 0.10 (5.35) mm and 0.00 (5.78) mm in right-left direction, and there was a statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.675, P=0.007); 0.75 (2.78) mm and 0.60 (2.68) mm in superior-inferior direction, and there was a statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.819, P=0.005); 0.10 (0.90) mm and 0.20 (1.28) mm in anterio-posterior direction, and there was a statistically significant difference ( Z=-3.984, P<0.001). Rotational errors of the intervention group were -0.20 (0.60)°, 0.35 (2.00)°, 0.00 (0.98)° in pitch, roll, yaw, respectively. The distribute of 3D vector corrected frequency for two groups was positively skewed. The corrected cumulative frequency (CCF) varied with 3D vector, 3D vector was 8.0 mm, and 19 F and 16 F fractioned treatments of the control group and the intervention group were not corrected, respectively; 3D vector was between 8.0-13.5 mm, the corrected tendency of the intervention group was slower and fractioned treatment was completed later. The analytical results of Spearman rank correlation showed that rotational errors in pitch were negatively correlated with translational errors of the control group in superior-inferior direction ( r=-0.182, P=0.029) and the intervention group in anterio-osterior direction ( r=-0.484, P<0.001); rotational errors in roll were negatively correlated with translational errors of the intervention group in right-left direction ( r=-0.334, P<0.001); rotational errors in yaw which were positively correlated with translational errors of the intervention group in right-left direction ( r=0.370, P<0.001) were negatively correlated with translational errors of the control group in superior-inferior direction ( r=-0.171, P=0.040) and the same was true for the intervention group ( r=-0.203, P=0.015); total angles were positively correlated and negatively correlated with translational errors of the control group in superior-inferior direction ( r=0.246, P=0.003) and anterio-posterior direction ( r=-0.188, P=0.024), and positively correlated with 3D vector of the control group ( r=0.198, P=0.017), total angles were positively correlated with translational errors of the intervention group in superior-inferior direction ( r=0.170, P=0.041) and with 3D vector of the intervention group ( r=0.239, P=0.004); there were no correlations between rotational errors and the other translational errors (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Although the corrected rotation increases translational errors in anterio-posterior direction and 3D vector, it improves PA for head-neck tumors in radiotherapy. When rotational errors are not corrected, rotational offsets are present with corrected translation to decrease its effect on PA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy, recurrence rate and safety of a single intravitreal injection of ranibizumab between type 1 prethreshold and threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted.A total 100 eyes from 51 ROP patients in Xuzhou Municipal Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were enrolled.Retcam and indirect ophthalmoscope were used to confirm the diagnosis of 39 cases of type 1 prethreshold ROP (70 eyes) and 18 cases of threshold ROP (30 eyes). All the subjects were given a single intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) 0.25 mg/0.025 ml as the initial treatment within 24-36 hours after diagnosis.Events such as increased intraocular pressure, intraocular bleeding and endophthalmitis were observed and recorded 1 day after IVR.Retcam photography was used to check whether the fundus lesions was subsided 1 week after IVR.Regular follow-up was conducted once every 2-4 weeks until retinal vascularization.Systemic and ocular complications were recorded.The cure rate, the time of retinal vascularization and the recurrence rate of single IVR for type 1 prethreshold disease and threshold disease were compared.This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Xuzhou Municipal Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University.Results:After a single IVR, 86 of 100 eyes (86.00%) were cured, among which 60 of 70 type 1 prethreshold ROP eyes (85.71%) and 26 of 30 threshold ROP eyes (86.67%) were cured, with no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.09, P=0.65). No systemic adverse reactions were observed after a single IVR treatment.The final retinal vascularization time was (11.86±8.60) weeks in the type 1 prethreshold ROP group and (14.45±10.01) weeks in the threshold ROP group, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.88, P=0.22). Recurrence of ROP appeared in 10 eyes after a single IVR, including 4 eyes (5.71%) in the type 1 prethreshold ROP group and 6 eyes (20.00%) in the threshold ROP group, the recurrent rate was significantly different between the two groups ( χ2=4.76, P=0.03). Six recurrent eyes were treated with IVR for the second time, and 4 recurrent eyes were treated with laser photocoagulation.Five eyes presented with preretinal hemorrhage after IVR treatment, and were recovered without intervention. Conclusions:The treatment of type 1 prethreshold ROP and threshold ROP with single IVR in vitreous cavity is safe and effective.The recurrence rate of threshold ROP is higher than type 1 prethreshold ROP.Retreatment can significantly improve the cure rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comparatively analyze for the fundus characteristics of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) between first-visit and non-first-visit in ophthalmology.Methods:A retrospective study was performed for 22 patients (41 eyes) diagnosed as CMVR with AIDS by ophthalmology in the Affiliated Municipal Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from July 2004 to September 2017. The patients were divided into two groups: one with the first-visit in ophthalmology (FVO) and the other with the first-visit in non-ophthalmology (FVNO). All patients underwent visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit lamp microscope and indirect ophthalmoscope examinations. Thirty-nine eyes of 21 patients with clear refractive media were examined by color fundus photography, of which 5 patients were examined by FFA. Five patients examined by OCT and B-mode ultrasound. The CMVR were characterized as fulminant type or indolent type. All the 22 patients (41 eyes) except 2 patients (4 eyes) accepted highly active antiroviral therapy, and all patients were treated with ganciclovir intravenously. Nine patients (12 eyes) received intravitreal injection of ganciclovir, 7 patients (10 eyes) underwent vitrectomy because of retinal detachment, 6 patients (7 eyes) gave up surgery because of extensive retinal detachment, and the other 12 eyes did not undergo any eye surgery. All patients were followed for 6-58 months (average 23±39 months). The incidences and fundus characteristics of the patients with fulminant or indolent CMVR were compared and analyzed. Between the two groups, the difference of visual acuity and CD4 +T cell count at the first vist and the last follow-up were analyzed by a t-test, and the macular involvement and spread of the two groups were compared by a chi-square test. Results:Fulminant CMVR showed dense yellow-white necrotic lesions along the great vessels with or without satellite lesions, while indolent CMVR showed sparse yellow-white granular lesions with a little bleeding. The concomitant signs included frost-like dendritic vascular sheath, retinal artery occlusion and optic disc edema. Fourteen eyes of 7 patients in FVO group were fulminant, including 2 patients (2 eyes) with retinal artery occlusion and 1 patient (two eyes) with optic disc edema. In FVNO group, there were 27 eyes of 15 patients, including 21 eyes of 13 cases identified as fulminant type and 6 eyes of 4 patients as indolent type. In the fulminant type, there were 4 patients (6 eyes) with frost-like dendritic vascular sheath, 10 patients (12 eyes) with retinal artery occlusion and 4 patients (4 eyes) with optic disc edema. There was no significant difference in initial visual acuity ( t=-1.534, P=0.133), but there was a significant difference in visual acuity at the last follow-up ( t=-3.420, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in CD4 + T cells between the two groups at the first visit ( t=-0.902, P=0.378). The proportions of macular involvement and 3-4 quadrant involvement in FVO group were significantly higher than those in FVNO group ( χ 2=7.552, 7.865; P=0.006, 0.005). Conclusion:For AIDS patients with CMVR, the first-visit in ophthalmology showed more dense necrotic lesions involving macular and a wider range of lesions than the first-visit in non-ophthalmology.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1736-1738,1767, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789933

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the CT performances and literature review of myoepithelioma (ME)of the parotid gland,to improve the recognition and diagnostic accuracy of this disease.Methods The CT findings of 1 2 cases with ME of the parotid gland confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively,the characteristics of the age of onset,gender,size,location,density,boundary and enhancement were analyzed.And then,the related literatures were reviewed.Results Among the 1 2 patients,5 were male and 7 were female,age ranged from 11 to 68 years old,with a median age of 45.2 years.2 patients had the symptom of tenderness and fever, and the other 10 patients were asymptomatic and painless preauricular mass,2 of which were gradually enlarged.All the tumors were single in this study,2 had visible capsule infiltration or unclear boundaries,and other 10 had intact or smooth edges.CT showed that the masses all located in the parotid gland(1 in the deep lobe and 11 in the superficial lobe).The diameter of the tumor was 10 mm to 50 mm,with an average of 29.1 mm.The density was uniform in 2 cases and irregular cystic degeneration and necrosis in the other 10 cases.Mild enhancement was found in the arteriovenous phase after enhanced scanning,in which 8 cases had marginal enhancement or nodular enhancement in the arterial phase,and gradual filling into the center in the venous phase.Conclusion The CT performances of ME of the parotid gland have define characteristics.The possibility of myoepithelioma of the parotid gland should be taken into account when it has continuous centripetal reinforcement after enhancement,combing with the single cystic solid mass with clear boundary in superficial lobe of the parotid gland.Malignant myoepithelioma (MM)should be considered when the tumor envelope is incomplete or the boundary with the surrounding structure is not clear.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693854

ABSTRACT

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a hormone secreted by the bone.It is not only involved in the pathophysiological process of chronic kidney disease (CKD),but also associated with the poor prognosis.In patients with CKD,serum FGF23 levels are elevated in early phase.The increased FGF23 levels gradually lead to myocardial hypertrophy,inflammatory,vascular calcification,and low level of vitamin D,which contribute to the progress of CKD,cardiovascular complications and even death.Presently,there are several ways to reduce FGF23 levels,including decrease of intake and block of phosphorus absorption,supplement of FGF23 antibody and pseudo calcium or renal transplantation

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693605

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Angelicin on proliferation activity and anti-aging related protein expression of human HDF cells and its mechanism. Methods According to the random number table method, the cells were divided into blank group, model group, estradiol group, Angelicin group, estrogen receptor antagonist+estradiol group, estrogen receptor antagonist+Angelicin group, and P38 pathway blocker group. Different groups were given the according drugs respectively for 24 h. Except the blank group, all the groups of cells were given UVB irradiation with a dose of 150 mJ/cm2. The MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation rate. The Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of COLⅠ, MMP-1, ERβ, P38 and p-P38 in cells, and the MMP-1 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Results Compared with the model group, the proliferation rate of HDF cells significantly increased in Angelicin(10,1,0.1 and 0.01 μmol/L groups)(P<0.01);The protein expression of COLⅠ (0.326 ± 0.006 vs. 0.176 ± 0.007),ERβ(0.281 ± 0.011 vs.0.143 ± 0.006)significantly increased(P<0.01),and the expression of MMP-1(0.256 ± 0.006 vs.0.395 ± 0.006)and p-P38(0.224 ± 0.003 vs.0.318 ± 0.005)significantly decreased (P<0.01) in Angelicin 10 μmol/L group. Compared with 10 μmol/L Angelicin group, the protein expression of estrogen receptor antagonist+Angelicin group ERβ(0.120 ± 0.007 vs.0.281 ± 0.011)significantly decreased and MMP-1mRNA(1.377 ± 0.012 vs.1.024 ± 0.010)significantly increased(P<0.01).Conclusions The Angelicin may degrade MMP-1 through the ER-P38 MAPK signaling pathway,and then promote collagen synthesis, to achieve the purpose of prevention and treatment of photoaging.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693570

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of psoralen isoflavone on the treatment of PC12 cells injured by Aβ and the mechanism on the effect of the psoralen isoflavones on the expression of related proteins. Methods The PC12 cells were divided into blank group, model group, E2 group, and psoralen isoflavones group by random number table method, In addition to the blank group the rest of each group culture medium were added 20μmol/L of Aβ25-35 modeling, The E2 group was added to the 10-3μmol/L oestrogen and psoralen isoflavones group for the intervention of 102-10-6 μmol/L.The proliferation rate of PC12 cells was detected by MTT assay, and the expression of APP, BACE1, ERβ, p-ERK and Aβ protein was detected by Western Blot. Results Compared with the model group, the proliferation of PC12 cells induced by 10-1μmol/L of psoralen isoflavone increased (101% vs. 52%, P<0.01); The expression of p-ERK (0.751± 0.066 vs. 0.364 ± 0.015), ERβ(0.756 ± 0.105 vs. 0.337 ± 0.045) increased significantly (P<0.01); APP (0.382 ± 0.039 vs. 0.479 ± 0.015), BACE1 (0.517 ± 0.024 vs. 0.622 ± 0.029), Aβ (0.430 ± 0.032 vs. 0.581 ± 0.030) expression amount were significantly lower (P<0.05). Conclusions Psoralen isoflavones have a certain therapeutic effect on PC12 cells injured by Aβ.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508199

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG) on gene regulation role of ESF-1 cells in collagen secretion, to reveal PDG repair mechanisms on scalded skin.Methods The cells cultured in vitro were divided into the control group, the estradiol group and the three different PDG doses groups. The concentration of the high, medium and low dose groups were 100, 10, 1μmol/L, and that of estradiol group were 10-3μmol/L. The activity of proliferation was detected by MTT. Then collagen type I (Col I), collagen typeⅢ (ColⅢ), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) expression levels of mRNA after administration of cells were detected by RT-PCR.Results Compared with the control group, the proliferation of ESF-1 cells (0.559 ± 0.027, 0.552 ± 0.034vs. 0.489 ± 0.027,P<0.05) in the estradiol and medium-dose PDG was significantly higher. The expression level of mRNA of ColⅠ(0.958 ± 0.021, 0.929 ± 0.031, 0.916 ± 0.015vs. 0.844 ± 0.022), ColⅢ (0.783 ± 0.038, 0.918 ± 0.021, 0.855 ± 0.017vs. 0.678 ± 0.024), TIMP-1 (0.939 ± 0.025, 0.889 ± 0.036, 0.853 ±  0.015 vs. 0.780 ± 0.023), TIMP-2 (0.507 ± 0.024, 0.655 ± 0.037, 0.572 ± 0.025vs. 0.405 ± 0.062) in the estradiol, low-, medium-dose PDG groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Besides, the MMP-1 (0.343 ± 0.038, 0.407 ± 0.046, 0.435 ± 0.037vs.0.519 ± 0.041) mRNA expression level in the middle and low dose PDG groups significantly decrease (P<0.05 orP<0.01). Conclusions The PDG could enhance the activity of ESF-1 cell proliferation, increase the expression of related collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases and inhibit that of matrix metalloproteinases to repair scalded skin.

14.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4213-4216,4284, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the metabolic mechanism of protective effect of waternut herb extract on primary Aβ SAMP8 damage of mouse hippocampal neurons by metabolic footprinting.Methods:MTT assay was used to determine the proliferation of primary hippocampal neurons in SAMP8 mice with Aβ damage,the effect for the first time on the basis of metabolic footprinting evaluation waternut herb extract.Focus on key metabolic pathways and related metabolic targets,mechanism of primary Aβ SAMP8 damage of mouse hippocampal neurons and pathogenesis of watemut herb extract.Results:MTT assay was used to measure the rate of cell proliferation.The results showed that the cell viability of the primary hippocampal neurons was significantly decreased in the Aβ SAMP8 mice.The study found that metabolic footprinting,compared with littermate wild-type mice,neuronal cell metabolism Aβ SAMP8 damage of mouse anomalies mainly concentrated in the metabolism of folic acid and taufine metabolism associated with nerve cells,by high-throughput mass spectrometric analysis and literature database retrieval to determine the 3 differential metabolites,respectively is L-disodoum alanine (L-Cysteic acid),dihydrofolate (Dihydrofolate),acid (Chorismate),the branch of small molecule metabolites through extract intervention after Amakusa callback trend obviously.Conclusion:the therapeutic effect of watemut herb extract on Aβ SAMP8 damage of mouse primary hippocampal neurons to a certain extent,3 biomarkers of this discovery may be a potential target of Aβ SAMP8 damage of mouse primary hippocampal neurons in the pathogenesis of waternut herb extract,given after these markers were callback trend in different degree,suggesting that watemut herb extract could regulate metabolism related enzymes and metabolic pathways to protect the purpose,to provide the experimental basis for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease watemut herb extract.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 147-150, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488819

ABSTRACT

Melasma is a common cutaneous disorder of pigment metabolism with complex etiology and pathogenesis.Combination therapy has been preferred by dermatologists for better therapeutic effects and less adverse reactions compared with monotherapy.At present,the treatment of melasma is diversiform,mainly including oral or topical drugs,lasers or photon therapy and combination therapy,etc.Individualized treatment is recommended based on etiology,clinical course and types of melasma,as well as previous treatment history.Combination therapy,sequential therapy or supplement therapy should be included in the treatment of melasma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493366

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the common nature of live depression and spleen qi deficiency and liver disease and the changes after the intervention ofXiaoyaopower by the metabonomics method. Methods A total of 40 rats were randomly devided into the normal control group, the liver depression and spleen qi deficiency model group, the liver depression and spleen qi deficiency treatment group, the liver disease group, the liver disease treatment group, 8 in each group. The liver depression and spleen qi deficiency model rat was established by tail-clamping infuriation and Senna gavage method, and the liver disease model rat was established by the CCl4-induced liver injury method. The rats of the liver depression and spleen qi deficiency treatment group and the liver disease treatment group were given 2 g/mlXiaoyao powder, and other groups were given the equal-volume saline. All the treatment lasted 28 days. Twelve hours after the last administration, rat metabolite profiling and contents in the serum were detected by GC-MS, the change of rat liver tissue was observed through HE staining.Results The rats of liver depression and spleen deficiency pattern and liver disease model group appeared liver cell nuclei atrophy, dissolution, degeneration necrosis and lymphocyte infiltration, and at the same time the contents of Glycine, Butanediodic acid, Propanoic acid, Methionine, Glutamine, Phenylalanine in serum were all higher than the normal control group (P<0.05). AndXiaoyao powder could reduce the content of the contents of Glycine, Butanediodic acid, Propanoic acid, Methionine,Glutamine, Phenylalanine in serum (P<0.05).ConclusionXiaoyao powder may play the role of protecting liver by the regulation of one carbon unit, sulfur containing amino acids, aromatic amino acids and amino acid of special metabolism and three tricarboxylic acid cycle.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the liver protective effects of Xiaoyaosan in carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury in mice.Methods Thirty mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, and aXiaoyaosan group, with 10 mice in each group. The mice in theXiaoyaosan group were intragastrically administrated withXiaoyaosan, the mice in the remaining two groups were fed with an equal volume of distilled water. After 7 days, acute liver injury were inducedvia intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride peanut oil solution. The serum levels of alanine transaminase(ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), malondialdehyde(MDA)and superoxide dismutase(SOD)were measured, and pathological changes of liver tissue was tested after 16 hours.Results The serum levels of ALT(136.46±15.75 U/Lvs. 22.96±6.23 U/L), AST(145.37±16.39 U/Lvs. 31.89±7.26 U/L), and MDA level in the liver tissue(17.48±3.45 nmol/mgvs. 4.22±1.08 nmol/mg)in the model group were significantly higher than those in the control group(allP<0.01), SOD level in the liver tissue significantly lower than that in the control group(261.60±20.29 U/mgvs. 336.73±25.34 U/mg,P<0.01). The serum levels of ALT(89.38±6.96 U/L,P<0.01), AST(119.04±20.44 U/L, P<0.05), MDA level(10.30±2.22 nmol/mg,P<0.01) in the liver tissue in theXiaoyaosan group levels were significantly lower than those in the model group, and SOD level(304.77±31.71 U/mg,P<0.01) in the liver tissue were significantly higher than that in the model group.ConclusionXiaoyaosan has liver protective effects in carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury in mice.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454478

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of estrogenic-like effects ofWujia-Shenghua capsule and effective medication site.MethodsThrough D-101 macroporous resin column methods,Wujia-Shenghua capsule with 60% ethanol extraction was separated for water elution part, 20% ethanol elution part, 40% ethanol elution part, 60% ethanol elution part. Then each elution part was respectively mixed into concentration of 10mg/ml,1mg/ml, 0.1mg/ml, 0.01 mg/ml and acted on the MCF-7 cell to have, MTT test and rate of PR calculation.Results Compared with the blank control group(100%), when the concentration was 0.1 mg/ml, water elution part, 20% ethanol elution part and 60% ethanol elution part(98.10%, 101.06%, 106.04%)had no effect on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, there was not statistically significant(P>0.05), while the 40% ethanol elution part(108.22%)can promote the proliferation of MCF-7 cells,there was a statistically significant(P<0.05). When the concentration was 1 mg/ml, 20%, 40% and 60% ethanol elution part(111.72%, 122.48%, 115.35%)can distinctly promote the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, there was a significant difference between four groups(P<0.01).ConclusionThe 40% ethanol elution part ofWujia-shenghua capsule has the strongest estrogen activity on plant.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385419

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and combined intravenous and inhalation anesthesia on blood glucose and cortisol in spinal neurosurgery.Methods Forty-four spinal neurosurgery patients were divided into propofol combined with remifentanil group (PR group) and sevoflurane combined with remifentanil group (SR group ), 22 cases in each group,they were induced with propofol, sufentanil and rocuronium. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane in SR group while propofol in PR group. Depth of anesthesia adaption according to bispectral index (BIS)(45 -55). Blood glucose, cortisol, haemodynamics were observed at different time points. Results The mean arterial pressure(MAP) was higher after induction in PR group than that in SR group(P < 0.05 ). Sixty minutes after induction, MAP was lower than that before induction in PR group (P < 0.05 ). Heart rate ( HR )in both SR group and PR group were lower at 60 and 120 minutes after induction than those before induction (P < 0.05). HR was lower at 5 minutes after induction in PR group than that in SR group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was showed in blood glucose and cortisol between the two groups (P > 0.05 ). Cortisol level was significantly lower at 120 minutes after induction than that before induction [(40.6 ± 18.3) μg/L vs. ( 129.7 ± 36.7 ) μg/L, P < 0.05 ] and at 24 hours postoperative [ (93.6 ± 19.8 ) μg/L ] recovered to the level before induction in PR group. Cortisol level was significantly higher before induction than 120 minutes after induction [ ( 130.5 ± 32.1 ) μg/L vs. (51.6 ± 16.8 ) μg/L, P < 0.05 ] and 24 hours postoperative was (75.9 ± 18.2) μg/L in SR group. Conclusions Two anesthetic regimens are compatible during spinal neurosurgery, with no apparent fluctuations of perioperative blood glucose. However, longer cortisol inhibition is probably happened when using sevoflurane.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472198

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore a treatment method for vascular dementia. Methods: Sixty patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The observation group was treated with long-term needle-retaining method of scalp acupuncture and the control group was treated by medications. Evaluation was made respectively before and after the treatment by means of Hasegawa dementia scale (HDS), neurological function deficit (NFD) score and main symptom (MS) score. Results: There were statistically significant differences in HDS, NFD score and MS score in both groups (PO.01) before and after the treatment. There were statistically significant differences in HDS, NFD score and MS score between the two groups (P<0.05) before and after the treatment. The total effective rate was 86.8% in the observation group and 80.0% in the control group. There was a statistically significant difference in the effects between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: This long-term needle-retaining method of scalp acupuncture is precisely effective for vascular dementia.

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