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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between phase behavior of curcumin (CUR) from self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system (SNEDDS) and stability of the formed nanoemulsion in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. Method:The growth rate of precipitation after dispersion of CUR-SNEDDS was expressed by the change tendency of CUR supersaturation-time curve. The effect of drug loading on crystal nucleation and growth was investigated by ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and polarized light microscope, respectively. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the precipitation forms of CUR-SNEDDS with different drug loading in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. At the same time, the effect of drug loading on the quality stability of nanoemulsion formed by CUR-SNEDDS in artificial gastrointestinal fluid was investigated. Result:In the artificial gastrointestinal fluid, with the increase of drug loading, the area under the supersaturation-time curve of CUR was increased (100% drug loading≈90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the crystallization nucleation and growth rate were accelerated (100% drug loading>90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the amorphous proportion in the precipitation composition decreased, the nanoemulsion droplets adhered and distributed unevenly, the particle size and dispersivity were increased. Conclusion:High drug loading promotes the nucleation and growth of crystals, and increases the proportion of crystal forms in the precipitation composition, which leads to the decrease in the stability of the formed nanoemulsion. Therefore, it is suggested that the drug loading of CUR-SNEDDS needs to be controlled below 90%.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 131-134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862557

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influence of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on some inflammatory mediators during the progression of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) and its clinical significance. MethodsA total of 15 patients with HAE who underwent partial liver resection in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from June 2018 to September 2019 were enrolled, and the marginal zone of HAE lesion was resected as AE group; 15 normal liver tissue samples collected during the same period of time were selected as control group. Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-12, and glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP-78), and q-PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups; a Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate the correlation between two variables. ResultsCompared with the control group, the AE group had significantly higher protein expression levels of PERK, CHOP, caspase-12, and GRP78 (U=4.165, 3.461, 2.577, and 3.344, all P<0.001) and their mRNA expression levels (t= 34003, 4.461, 53.573, and 55.224, all P<0.001). The AE group had significantly higher mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF than the control group (t=6.090, 12.578, and 53.573, all P<0.001). The protein expression levels of PERK, CHOP, caspase-12, and GRP-78 were positively correlated with the mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF (all r>0.700, all P≤0.05). ConclusionPositive correlation is observed between the activation of ERS and inflammatory mediators in HAE, and excessive activation of ERS can change the secretion of several inflammatory mediators to exacerbate liver injury, while further studies are needed to clarify the specific mechanism.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911599

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of simultaneous combined surgery for hepatic and renal cystic echinococcosis (CE).Methods:Clinical data of consecutive 11 hepatic and renal CE patients undergoing surgical treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from Oct 2009 to Feb 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:There were 8 males and 3 females, median age was 44 years (22-60 years). Main symptoms were abdominal and/or flank pain and fever; nine and 2 patients respectively had cysts in liver plus right kidney and left kidney; median volume of cyst load for each patient was 944.1 cm 3 (67.1-9 310.4 cm 3). All patients were treated simultaneously by combined surgery, including total and subtotal cystectomies, hepatic or renal resections as well as extra lesions resection. All surgeries went uneventfully, radical rate was 63.6% (7/11), There was no postoperative liver or kidney dysfunctions. Median operative time, bleeding and length of hospital stay were 2.5 h (1.4-4.5 h), 100 ml (50-200 ml) and 7 d (5-10 d) respectively. All were followed-up for median 42 mouths (34-123 mouths) and all doing well without disease recurrence. Conclusions:Simultaneous combined surgery for recurrent or primary hepatic and renal double organ CE patients could be a feasible and effective approach.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis with secondary cavernous transformation of the portal vein.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients undergoing surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from Jan 2010 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 1 case of cavernous type Ⅰ transformation of the portal vein and 6 cases of type Ⅱ. All patients underwent partial hepatectomy. The average operation time was (9.24±4.09) h. Two patients underwent resection of cavernous segment of portal vein and reconstruction by graft, Albendazole was taken orally for 2 years after discharge. Anticoagulants were taken orally in patients with artificial vascular reconstruction. No recurrence and vascular complications were found. Five patients underwent palliative resection without resection of the cavernous segment of the portal vein. During the follow-up, cavernous transformation of the portal vein progressed in 3 patients, 2 of them esophageal varices rupture and bleeding.Conclusion:Radical hepatectomy and revascularization are the first choice for the treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis complicated with secondary cavernous transformation of portal vein the result was fair.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910574

ABSTRACT

Human alveolar echinococcosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis infection. It predominantly injuries the liver and grows like the malignant tumor. The therapeutic options and prognosis depend on types of human alveolar echinococcosis, clinical stages, biological activity, vascular invasion, pathological characteristics, and patient's immune status. However, despite of multiple classification methods, there are still lacking of comprehensive typing schemes. which leads to inappropriate diagnosis and therapy. This research systematically reviewed the recent studies on human alveolar echinococcosis at home and abroad and analyzed the classifications based on ultrasound, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission computed tomography, serology and pathology, and some novel technologies and summarized the individual advantage and disadvantage for each classification Relationships and their advantages plus disadvantages have been assessed comprehensively. Meanwhile, the possible reference factors or theoretical basis for optimized future classification are proposed, in order to establish a unified classification system to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of children with acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) under different diagnostic criteria.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 39 children with ALAL who were diagnosed and treated from December 2015 to December 2019. Among the 39 children, 34 received treatment. According to the diagnostic criteria for ALAL by World Health Organization and European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias, the 39 children were divided into two groups: ALAL group (@*RESULTS@#The 34 children receiving treatment had a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of 75%±9% and an overall survival rate of 88%±6%. The children treated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 33%±27%, those treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 78%±10%, and those who had no remission after induction with AML protocol and then received ALL protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 100%±0% (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL protocol has a better clinical effect than AML protocol in children with ALAL, and positive MRD after induction therapy suggests poor prognosis. Hyperleukocytosis and adverse genetic changes are not observed in children with myeloid expression, and such children tend to have a good prognosis, suggesting that we should be cautious to take it as ALAL in diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the prognostic value of measurable residual disease (MRD) for childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by analyzing MRD-guided risk stratification therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 93 children with AML were prospectively enrolled in this study. Chemotherapy with the 2015-AML-03 regimen was completed according to the risk stratification determined by genetic abnormality at initial diagnosis and MRD and bone marrow cytology after induction therapy I. Multiparameter flow cytometry was used to dynamically monitor MRD and analyze the prognostic effect of MRD on 3-year cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR) rate, event-free survival (EFS) rate, and overall survival (OS) rate.@*RESULTS@#The 93 children with AML had a 3-year CIR rate of 48%±6%, a median time to recurrence of 11 months (range 2-32 months), a 3-year OS rate of 65%±6%, and a 3-year EFS rate of 50%±5%. After induction therapy I and intensive therapy I, the MRD-positive children had a significantly higher 3-year CIR rate and significantly lower 3-year EFS and OS rates than the MRD-negative children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MRD has predictive value for the prognosis of children with AML. Based on the MRD-guided risk stratification therapy, reasonable application of chemotherapy may improve the overall prognosis of children with AML.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease Progression , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921631

ABSTRACT

The effects of four natural organic soil amendments on the quality and pesticide residues of Panax notoginseng were investigated through field experiments and the suitable dosage ratio of each soil amendment was selected to provide a new idea for the pollution-free cultivation of P. notoginseng. The four natural organic soil amendments used in this study were Jishibao, Jihuo, Fudujing, and omnipotent nutrients, which were produced by mixed fermentation of aboveground parts of different plants, biological waste residue, and biochar. During the experiments, only four soil amendments were applied to P. notoginseng instead of any pesticides and fertilizers. The experiment was designed as four factors and three levels. There were three dosage gradients(low, medium, and high) for Jishibao(A), Jihuo(B), Fudujing(C), and omnipotent nutrients(D). When the dosage of one soil amendment changed, the do-sage of the other soil amendments remained medium. There were 10 groups in addition to the soil amendment-free group as control(CK). The results showed that the four soil amendments could significantly improve the growth environment of P. notoginseng and increase the seedling survival rate and saponin content of P. notoginseng. The seedling survival rates of the treatment groups increased by 8.24%-30.05% as compared with the control group. Furthermore, the content of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng was too low to be detected, and that of heavy metals in P. notoginseng was far lower than the specified content in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020). The optimal effect was achieved at medium dosage for all the soil amendments with the highest content of saponins, high seedling survival rate, and significantly reduced heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Metals, Heavy/analysis , Panax notoginseng , Soil , Soil Pollutants/analysis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878955

ABSTRACT

The study is aiming at investigating the application of entropy weight TOPSIS method in the comparison of the scavenging effect of DPPH, ABTS and hydroxyl radical and the inhibition effect of xanthine oxidase(XOD) and lipoxygenase(LOX) of Chrysanthemum indicum. The DPPH, ABTS, salicylic acid and spectrophotometry were used to determine the scavenging effect of DPPH, ABTS and hydroxyl radical and the inhibition effect of xanthine oxidase(XOD) and lipoxygenase(LOX) of Ch. indicum from 31 different areas in vitro. Take the half inhibition rate of as the evaluation index, two principal components were extracted by the principal component analysis, and their cumulative contribution rate reached at 92.4%. The different areas of Ch. indicum could be divided into Dabei Mountain and Qinling-Taihang Mountain by use principal component to analysis. The entropy weight TOPSIS method was used to objectively assign weights to five indexes, calculate the weight of each index and set up the best and worst scheme of the evaluation object, and the relative proximity(C_i) was used as the measure to construct the multi-index comprehensive evaluation model of Ch. indicum. And then sort with the relative proximity value. The results showed that the relative proximity was between 0.098 and 0.983 which represents there were significant differences in the scavenging effect of DPPH, ABTS and hydroxyl radical and the inhibition effect of xanthine oxidase(XOD) and lipoxygenase(LOX) between extracts of Ch. indicum from different areas. The Ch. indicum from Dabie Mountain area have a relatively high relative degree of measurement and high-quality ranking. Taken together, the quality of Ch. indicum.from the Dabie Mountain area is better. The index weight coefficient and the classification result of producing area are basically consistent with the result of principal component analysis. The results show that the TOPSIS method based on entropy weight method can be used to evaluate the comprehensive quality of Ch. indicum.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Antioxidants , Chrysanthemum , Entropy , Plant Extracts
10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 127-132, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818388

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role of transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) in hepatic fibrosis induced by echinococcus multilocular infection and its possible mechanisms in this process.Methods Forty-five C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the model group(30)and the control group (15). Protoscolece suspension of echinococcus multilocular was infused through portal vein in the model group (4000/each). Mice in the control group was injected the same volume of normal saline solution. Six mice in the model group and 3 mice in the control group were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after infection. The liver tissues were observed the histopathological changes by using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. The fibrosis degree and glycogen synthesis function of liver tissue were observed by Sirius-red staining and Periodic acid schiff (PAS), respectively. The expression levels of TGF-β1 and a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured by immunohistochemical staining.ResultsThe obvious abnormal changes were not observed in 1 week after model setup. The diffuse distribution of multiple white spots began to appear at 2 weeks, but the amount of white plaques decreased after 8 weeks. Meanwhile, forming small lesions were not obviously observed the boundary with the surrounding normal liver tissue. Clear echinococcal vesicles were seen at week 12. H&E staining showed that hepatic tissue structure of control group was normal. In the model group, the number of lesions with worms decreased gradually and amount of granulomas were increased. The inflammatory lesions did not change significantly. Sirius-red staining demonstrated that collagen deposition in the control group was mainly around the bile duct and blood vessels. However, the deposition in the model group was mainly around the lesion and the degree of fibrosis became more serious with time. PAS staining displayed that the content of glycogen in the liver tissues of the control group was rich, evenly distributed and stained uniformly. However, the glycogen staining positive area decreased with the time of infection and the staining became lighter in the model group. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that the positive expression of α-SMA and TGF- β1 in the control group were mainly found in the bile ducts and perivascular areas. The positive areas in the model group were mostly granulomatous areas around the metacercariae and fibroblasts. Expression of α-SMA and TGF- β1 increased over time after infection with the expression peak at 12 weeks(16.80±2.09、4.10±2.14).ConclusionThe degree of fibrosis in liver tissues at different time points was consistent with the expression trend of TGF- β1 and α-SMA. TGF-β1 may promote collagen deposition and lead to fibrosis by activating hepatic stellate cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on intestinal dysfunction of spinal cord injury (SCI) between the comprehensive therapy of moxibustion (moxibustion for opening the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) and rehabilitation training and the simple treatment with rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with intestinal dysfunction of SCI were randomized into a comprehensive therapy group and a rehabilitation group, 30 cases in each one (3 cases were dropped out in each group). On the base of the routine western medicine treatment and rehabilitation training, the bowel training and rectal function training were provided, once a day in the rehabilitation group. In the comprehensive therapy group, on the base of the treatment as the rehabilitation group, the moxibustion was exerted at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14) and Baihui (GV 20), etc, once a day, 30 min each time. In both groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 3 courses of treatment were required. Separately, before treatment, after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) and World Health Organization quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated after 12 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total effective rate was 88.9% (24/27) in the comprehensive therapy group, which was higher than 74.1% (20/27) in the rehabilitation group (<0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores were all reduced obviously as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores in the comprehensive therapy group were lower than the rehabilitation group (both <0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains (psychology, physiology, social relations and environment) in WHOQOL-BREF were higher than those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores in the psychology and physiology domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The comprehensive treatment of moxibustion and rehabilitation training achieves the better effect on intestinal dysfunction of SCI than the simple rehabilitation training and greatly improves the quality of life in SCI patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Spinal Cord Injuries , Therapeutics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of Ficus pandurata extract on acute alcoholic liver injury based on pyroptosis mechanism.Method:The 56 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group, model control group, positive control group(60 mg·kg-1), fresh medicine water extract group(48 g·kg-1), dry drug water extract group(48 g·kg-1),dry drug 50% alcohol extract group(48 g·kg-1) and dry drug 95% alcohol extract group (48 g·kg-1), 8 mice in each group.Positive control and different solvent extract groups of Ficus tenuifolia were intragastrically administrated for 18 days,once a day,while normal group and model group were given the same volume of pure water intragastrically. After 15 days of continuous gavage, mice received 50% ethanol(12 mL·kg-1)intragastrically for 3 days to induce acute alcoholic liver injury model except for the normal control group. At 14 h after the last treatment,serum and liver samples were obtained,the serum content of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase(AST) were determined, the histopathologic changes of the hepatic tissues were observed by hematoxylin ecosin(HE) staining.The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver was determined by thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was determined by microplate method. Western blot and TUNEL assay kit was used to detect the cell pyroptosis rate.Result:Compared with normal group, ALT, AST, MDA and LDH levels in the model group were significantly increased, liver index was significantly increased,TUNEL staining positive, inflammatory factors and pyroptosis related protein expressions were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with model control group, the ALT,AST ,MDA and LDH of the drug intervention group decreased significantly (P<0.05). The liver index decreased in different degrees, and the expression of inflammatory factors and pyroptosis related protein in the water extract treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05).Conclusion:The root extract of Ficus pandurata Hance has protective effect on acute alcoholic liver injury, and the mechanism of water extract might relate to inhibiting hepatocyte pyroptosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of different reconstruction methods of retrohepatic inferior vena cava (RHIVC) in the ex-vivo liver resection and auto-transplantation(ELRA)for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE).Methods:The 88 patients with end-stage hepatic AE treated by ELRA from August 2010 to December 2018 were divided into 3 groups according to the different methods of RHIVC reconstruction, respectively , group A, autologous vascular repair and reconstruction group (n=50); group B, RHIVC replacement group (n=31); group C, RHIVC resection without reconstruction group (n=7), and the clinical data were analyzed and followed up.Results:The average operation time of group A, B and C was 16.32±3.20 h, 15.99±3.32 h, 16.86±4.18 h ( P>0.05), The average anhepatic phase was398.48±104.12 min, 389.41±135.25 min, 337.43±108.65 min( P>0.05), The differences were not statistically significant. The average hospital stays after surgery in the three groups were 30.64±18.54 d, 25.94±16.37 d, 51.29±29.43 d ( P<0.05), There were significant statistical differences, and the results showed that the group B was significantly less than other two groups. The incidence of IVC related complications in group A and B was 20.0% and 9.7%. Among all the subjects, RHIVC stenosis was found in 9 patients and thrombus was formed in 4 patients in postoperative. Conclusions:RHIVC reconstruction methods can be selected appropriately according to the defect degree of lumen after resection.

14.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 36-46, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842042

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study was designed to assess the beneficial role of mangiferin (MGN) in lead (Pb)-induced neurological damages in the activation of Nrf2-governed enzymes, genes and proteins. Methods: A total of 96 weaned Wistar rats (48 males and 48 females, 26- to 27-day-old), weighing 50−80 g were used. The experiment was performed in six groups: normal group (control, n = 16), model group (chronic Pb exposed, n = 16), Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA)-treated group (positive control, Pb + DMSA, n = 16), three MGN-treated groups with different doses (Pb + MGN, n = 48). Normal group freely had access to purified water. DMSA-treated group was given DMSA, which was clinically used as the standard treatment for moderate Pb poisoning, at 50 mg/kg (2 mL suspension with purified water) by intragastric gavage (ig) 4 continual days a week for 4 weeks, MGN-treated groups were given MGN at 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg (2 mL suspension with purified water) by ig daily for 4 weeks. At the end of the treatment, all rats were sacrificed and the brain samples were collected. The haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used for observation of histopathology. Commercial kit, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Western-blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) detection were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression. Results: Eight weeks exposure to Pb-containing water resulted in pathological alterations, anti-oxidative system disorder in the brain, all of which were blocked by MGN in a Nrf2-dependent manner. Nrf2 downstream enzymes such as HO-1, NQO1, γ-GCS were activated. Nrf2, GCLC, GCLM, HO-1 mRNA and total Nrf2, Nuclear Nrf2, γ-GCS, HO-1 protein expression were affected too. Conclusion: MGN ameliorated morphological damage in the hippocampus. Its neuroprotective effects were achieved by the activation of the Nrf2 downstream genes. The data from this in vitro study indicates that MGN targeting Nrf2 activation is a feasible approach to reduce adverse health effects associated with Pb exposure. Thus, MGN could be an effective candidate agent for the Pb-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in the human body.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 464-467, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820990

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) manifests as the aggregation of misfolded and unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen and disorder of calcium balance and can activate the signaling pathways involved in unfolded protein response, endoplasmic reticulum overload reaction, and sterol regulatory cascade response. ERS can not only exert a protective effect by inducing the expression of endoplasmic reticulum molecular chaperones such as glucose-regulated protein 78 and glucose-regulated protein 94, but also induce cell apoptosis. At present, there is still no systematic understanding of ERS involvement in the development and progression of liver diseases. This article summarizes the research advances in ERS-related signaling pathways and related liver diseases and elaborates on the role of ERS-mediated cell apoptosis in liver diseases. The intervention of ERS signaling pathways may provide a reference for the research and treatment of liver diseases in the future.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#High PM concentration is the main feature of increasing haze in developing states, but information on its microbial composition remains very limited. This study aimed to determine the composition of microbiota in PM in Guangzhou, a city located in the tropics in China.@*Methods@#In Guangzhou, from March 5 to 10 , 2016, PM was collected in middle volume air samplers for 23 h daily. The 16S rDNA V4 region of the PM sample extracted DNA was investigated using high-throughput sequence.@*Results@#Among the Guangzhou samples, , , , , and were the dominant microbiota accounting for more than 90% of the total microbiota, and was the dominant gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 21.30%-23.57%. We examined the difference in bacterial distribution of PM between Beijing and Guangzhou at the genus level; was found in both studies, but was only detected in Guangzhou.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, the diversity and specificity of microbial components in Guangzhou PM were studied, which may provide a basis for future pathogenicity research in the tropics.


Subject(s)
Air Microbiology , Air Pollutants , Bacteria , Classification , China , Cities , Environmental Monitoring , Microbiota , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , RNA, Bacterial , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs) related to chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 734 children with ALL. They were treated with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen from January 2015 to June 2019. The occurrence of SAEs during the treatment was investigated. The children with SAEs were divided into a death group with 25 children and a survival group with 31 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*RESULTS@#Among the 734 children with ALL, 56 (7.6%) experienced SAEs (66 cases) after chemotherapy, among which 41 cases occurred in the stage of remission induction therapy. Of all 66 cases of SAEs, 46 (70%) were infection-related SAEs, including 25 cases of septic shock (38%), 20 cases of severe pneumonia (30%), and 1 case of severe chickenpox (2%), and 87% of the children with infection-related SAEs had neutrophil deficiency. The most common infection sites were blood and the lungs. The most common pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Gram-positive bacteria. There were 16 cases (24%) of hemorrhage-related SAEs, with 11 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding (17%), 4 cases of pulmonary bleeding (6%), and 1 case of intracranial bleeding (2%). Of all 734 children with ALL, 66 (9.0%) died, among whom 25 died due to SAEs. The treatment-related mortality rate was 3.4%, and infection (72%) and bleeding (24%) were the main causes of death. Severe pneumonia was an independent risk factor for treatment-related death in ALL children (OR=4.087, 95%CI: 1.161-14.384, P=0.028).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAEs often occur in the stage of remission induction therapy, and infection-related SAEs are more common in ALL children accepting chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen. The development of severe pneumonia suggests an increased risk for death in these children.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Child , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , Neutrophils , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1353-1355, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To re-evaluate the reliability and validity of the Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Checklist (ASLEC), and to adapt to the further application to middle school students in rural China.@*Methods@#A stratified random cluster sampling method was applied to select 15 607 adolescents from grade 7th to grade 12th in 15 rural areas of 5 provinces(Anhui Province, Yunan Province, Guangdong Province, Hei Longjiang Province, Hubei Province), and they were recruited to complete our Questionnaires.@*Results@#The revised version (ASLEC-R) consisted of 5 dimensions (punishment, interpersonal relationship, academic pressure, loss and adaptation problem), 25 items after deleting items 5 and 17 through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, which could accounted for 55.22% of the total variance. The fit indices were RMSEA=0.06,GFI=0.91,CFI=0.88,TLI=0.86,NFI=0.88,AGFI=0.88,HOELTER 0.05=261. The Cronbach’s α and Spearman-Brown splithalf reliability coefficient of the whole scale were 0.92 and 0.87, respectively,and the test-retest reliability was 0.84. ASLEC-R had better reliability than the unrevised version. The results of five-joint item analyses showed that each item improved in terms of indiscrimination, relevance, contribution, homogeneity and sensitivity. The correlation coefficients with BWAQ and EI subscale were 0.38 and -0.36 respectively.@*Conclusion@#ASLEC-R has good reliability and validity , and it is worth being applied to the Chinese rural areas.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 908-912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778804

ABSTRACT

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus infection and can involve the organs in the whole body. Surgery is the primary method for the treatment of CE. With the development of related techniques, precision operation, and no-tumor operation standards, more and more patients are able to receive surgical treatment, but there are still many patients who can only receive drug conservative treatment. However, there are limited drugs for the treatment of CE at present, and only benzimidazole has a definite therapeutic effect. This article reviews the research advances in the pharmacotherapy for CE in China and foreign countries, so as to provide a reference for drug research and development and clinical drug use.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 50-56, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734172

ABSTRACT

Vertebral body augmentation for spine-related diseases has the advantages of minimally invasive surgery,obvious postoperative pain relief,and quick postoperative recovery compared with open surgery.It can quickly reconstruct spinal stability,relieve pain,and improve patients' quality of life.Intraoperative injection of bone cement into the diseased vertebral body carries the risk of bone cement leakage during the process.Knowing well the complications is helpful to the timely clinical treatment so as to avoid delays,and understanding the risk factors can facilitate targeted measures to prevent leakage during surgery.Therefore,to understand the consequences of bone cement leakage,leakage incidence rate,related risks factors and preventative measures is conducive to clinical treatment and surgery safety.The authors discuss the complications and risk factors related to bone cement leakage after vertebral body augmentation,in order to deepen the understanding of bone cement leakage,provide reference for clinical work,and improve the safety of surgery.

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