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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007224

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dihydroartemisinin (DHC) on the proliferation capacity of human oral squamous carcinoma cells and its mechanism of action. Methods The viability and colony formation ability of CAL27 cells treated with different concentrations of dihydroartemisinin was measured by CCK-8 and colony formation assay. The expression of proteins related to proliferation and autophagy was determined by Western blot. Potential targets for DHA inhibition of the biological behavior of oral cancer were screened based on network pharmacology and bioinformatics. Measurement was conducted after the cells were cotreated with autophagy blocker 3-methyladenine and autophagy inducers rapamycin and dihydroartemisinin. Results Dihydroartemisinin significantly reduced the proliferation viability and clone formation ability of CAL27 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The PCNA expression level also decreased substantially. DHA suppressed oral cancer targets involving autophagy-related pathways. DHA intervention increased the expression of intracellular autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and LC3. After co-treatment of DHA combined with autophagy blocker, the proliferation viability and clone formation ability of CAL27 cells decreased. The expression of PCNA increased, and the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3 decreased. Conclusion Dihydroartemisinin could inhibit the proliferative capacity of oral squamous carcinoma cells in vitro, and its effect may be correlated with the induction of autophagy.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 359-367, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016652

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the effect of myricetin (MYR) on renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and common bile duct ligation (CBDL) in mice and its mechanism. The animal experiment has been approved by the Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University (NO: 2022-10-020). Thirty-five ICR mice were divided into control, UUO, UUO+MYR, CBDL and CBDL+MYR groups. H&E and Masson staining were used to detect pathological changes in kidney tissues. Western blot (WB) was used to detect the expression of fibrosis-related proteins in renal tissue, and total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity detection kit (WST-8) was used to detect the changes of total SOD in renal tissue of CBDL mice. In vitro, HK-2 cells and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1, 10 ng·mL-1) were used to induce fibrotic model, and high glucose (30 mmol·L-1) was used to induce oxidative stress model, and then treated with different concentrations of MYR, WB was used to detect the expression of fibrosis and oxidative stress-related proteins, while NIH/3T3 cells were treated with different concentrations of MYR, and their effects on cell proliferation were detected by 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (Brdu). The results showed that the renal lesions in UUO group and CBDL group were severe, collagen deposition was obvious, the expression of collagen-Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin (FN), vimentin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protein was up-regulated, and the activity of SOD enzyme in CBDL group was significantly decreased. MYR partly reversed the above changes after treatment. MYR inhibited the proliferation of NIH/3T3 cells but had no effect on the proliferation of HK-2 cells, and decreased the upregulation of PAI-1, FN and vimentin in HK-2 cells stimulated by TGF-β1. MYR can also up-regulate the down-regulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in HK-2 cells stimulated by high glucose. To sum up, MYR can improve renal fibrosis in vivo and in vitro, probably by inhibiting the proliferation of fibroblasts and activating Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway to inhibit oxidative stress.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 374-381, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016650

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect of salvianolic acid B (Sal B), the active ingredient of Salvia miltiorrhiza, on H9C2 cardiomyocytes injured by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) through regulating mitochondrial fission and fusion. The process of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury was simulated by establishing OGD/R model. The cell proliferation and cytotoxicity detection kit (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to detect cell viability; the kit method was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), total glutathione (t-GSH), nitric oxide (NO) content, protein expression levels of mitochondrial fission and fusion, apoptosis-related detection by Western blot. Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) detection kit and Hoechst 33342 fluorescence was used to observe the opening level of MPTP, and molecular docking technology was used to determine the molecular target of Sal B. The results showed that relative to control group, OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the content of ROS, decreased the content of t-GSH and NO. Furthermore, OGD/R injury increased the protein expression levels of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), mitofusions 2 (Mfn2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3 (caspase 3), and decreased the protein expression levels of Mfn1, increased MPTP opening level. Compared with the OGD/R group, it was observed that Sal B had a protective effect at concentrations ranging from 6.25 to 100 μmol·L-1. Sal B decreased the content of ROS, increased the content of t-GSH and NO, and Western blot showed that Sal B decreased the protein expression levels of Drp1, Mfn2, Bax and caspase 3, increased the protein expression level of Mfn1, and decreased the opening level of MPTP. In summary, Sal B may inhibit the opening of MPTP, reduce cell apoptosis and reduce OGD/R damage in H9C2 cells by regulating the balance of oxidation and anti-oxidation, mitochondrial fission and fusion, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of Sal B in the treatment of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 285-291, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013632

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role and potential mechanism of methyltransferase-like 5 (METTL5) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) . Methods The expression of METTL5 in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. After shRNA targeting METTL5 (shRNAMETTL5) was transfected into TNBC cells, cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected by CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling-related key proteins. A xenograft tumor model was constructed to verify the effect of METTL5 knockdown on the growth of TNBC cells and Wnt/p-catenin signaling activity in vivo. Results The expression of METTL5 was up-regulated in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines (P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells and reduced the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling molecules (3-catenin, cyclin Dl, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2 and MMP-7 (all P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 reduced tumor growth and Wnt/pcatenin signaling activity in vivo. Conclusions Knockdown of METTL5 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells, which may be related to the inhibition of Wnt/p-catenin signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 783-789, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012979

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To understand the moral dilemma, coping style of frontline nurses and their correlation during the COVID -19. 【Methods:】 From March to April, 2021, 651 nurses working in designated hospitals for COVID -19 were selected by convenient sampling, and the Chinese version of Moral Distress Scale-Revised (MDS-R) and Chinese version of Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ) were used for investigation. 【Results:】 Frontline nurses’ MDS-R score was 91.0, "value conflicts" was the moral dilemma with the highest frequency and intensity, more than half (51.0%) of the respondents had considered leaving their position because of moral dilemma. "Problem solving" and "seeking for help" were the major coping strategies adopted by the nurses. Nurses who directly provide medical services for COVID -19 patients, dissatisfied with hospital-related training and adopted negative coping strategies had higher moral dilemmas than other nurses. 【Conclusion:】 The moral dilemma of frontline nurses is at a high level during the period of epidemic prevention and control. Nursing managers should pay attention to guiding and helping nurses to establish positive coping styles and improve their ability to respond to major public health emergencies.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 495-499, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012810

ABSTRACT

AIM: To report three cases of viral keratitis caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2).METHODS: Slit lamp, intraocular pressure, corneal fluorescence staining, anterior segment photography, in vivo confocal microscopy(IVCM), and routine fundus screening were performed in the three confirmed patients. Treatment involved Ganciclovir, artificial tears and glucocorticoid eye drops.RESULTS: Three patients with SARS-CoV-2 keratitis(SCK)recovered well after standard treatment.CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 keratitis typically presents as corneal subepithelial infiltration and can result in a decrease in corneal subepithelial nerve fiber density and an increase in dendritic cells(DC). Antiviral therapy in combination with glucocorticoid has proven to be effective.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012646

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo present the exploration and application of a prospective follow-up research method for acute infectious disease surveillance based on natural community populations, using COVID-19 infection as an example, and to provide a reference for improving the infectious disease surveillance and early warning system. MethodsA multi-stage probability proportional sampling method was employed to sample residents from all communities of 16 administrative districts in Shanghai, with households as the units. A cohort for acute infectious diseases based on natural community populations was established. The baseline survey was conducted for all cohort subjects, and COVID-19 antigen test kits were distributed. From December 21, 2022 to September 30, 2023, prospective follow-up monitoring of COVID-19 antigen and nucleic acid was carried out on the study subjects on a weekly basis. The baseline characteristics and follow-up information of the cohort subjects were described. ResultsThe cohort for acute infectious diseases included a total of 12 881 subjects, comprising 6 098 males (47.3%) and 6 783 females (52.7%). The baseline survey revealed that 35.2% (4 540/12 881) of the subjects had a history of COVID-19 infection. During the follow-up period from December 21, 2022 to September 30, 2023, the average incidence density in the cohort was 0.61/person-year, with a higher incidence density in females (0.63/person-year) compared to males (0.59/person-year). Individuals aged 60 and above (0.64/person-year) and those with underlying health conditions (0.67/person-year) had a higher incidence density. Healthcare workers showed a notably higher incidence density (0.84/person-year) than that in other occupational groups. As of September 30, 2023, a total of 340 subjects in the cohort experienced secondary infections, with a median interval of 170 days between the first and second infections. ConclusionThis study applies cohort study method to acute infectious disease surveillance, providing crucial data support for estimating infection rates and forecasting alerts for acute infectious diseases in the community. This method can be promoted and applied as a new approach for acute infectious disease surveillance.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 579-601, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011271

ABSTRACT

Lipid nanovehicles are currently the most advanced vehicles used for RNA delivery, as demonstrated by the approval of patisiran for amyloidosis therapy in 2018. To illuminate the unique superiority of lipid nanovehicles in RNA delivery, in this review, we first introduce various RNA therapeutics, describe systemic delivery barriers, and explain the lipid components and methods used for lipid nanovehicle preparation. Then, we emphasize crucial advances in lipid nanovehicle design for overcoming barriers to systemic RNA delivery. Finally, the current status and challenges of lipid nanovehicle-based RNA therapeutics in clinical applications are also discussed. Our objective is to provide a comprehensive overview showing how to utilize lipid nanovehicles to overcome multiple barriers to systemic RNA delivery, inspiring the development of more high-performance RNA lipid nanovesicles in the future.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009508

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To identify the potential target genes of blast lung injury (BLI) for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#This is an experimental study. The BLI models in rats and goats were established by conducting a fuel-air explosive power test in an unobstructed environment, which was subsequently validated through hematoxylin-eosin staining. Transcriptome sequencing was performed on lung tissues from both goats and rats. Differentially expressed genes were identified using the criteria of q ≤ 0.05 and |log2 fold change| ≥ 1. Following that, enrichment analyses were conducted for gene ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. The potential target genes were further confirmed through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Observations through microscopy unveiled the presence of reddish edema fluid, erythrocytes, and instances of focal or patchy bleeding within the alveolar cavity. Transcriptome sequencing analysis identified a total of 83 differentially expressed genes in both rats and goats. Notably, 49 genes exhibited a consistent expression pattern, with 38 genes displaying up-regulation and 11 genes demonstrating down-regulation. Enrichment analysis highlighted the potential involvement of the interleukin-17 signaling pathway and vascular smooth muscle contraction pathway in the underlying mechanism of BLI. Furthermore, the experimental findings in both goats and rats demonstrated a strong association between BLI and several key genes, including anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4, which exhibited up-regulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4 hold potential as target genes for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of BLI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Lung Injury/genetics , Goats/genetics , Keratin-4 , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008612

ABSTRACT

This study explored the effects of Buyang Huanwu Decoction(BYHWD) on platelet activation and differential gene expression after acute myocardial infarction(AMI). SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operated group, a model group, a positive drug(aspirin) group, and a BYHWD group. Pre-treatment was conducted for 14 days with a daily oral dose of 1.6 g·kg~(-1) BYHWD and 0.1 g·kg~(-1) aspirin. The AMI model was established using the high ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery method. The detection indicators included myocardial infarct size, heart function, myocardial tissue pathology, peripheral blood flow perfusion, platelet aggregation rate, platelet membrane glycoprotein CD62p expression, platelet transcriptomics, and differential gene expression. The results showed that compared with the sham-operated group, the model group showed reduced ejection fraction and cardiac output, decreased peripheral blood flow, and increased platelet aggregation rate and CD62p expression, and activated platelets. At the same time, TXB_2 content increased and 6-keto-PGF1α content decreased in serum. Compared with the model group, BYHWD increased ejection fraction and cardiac output, improved blood circulation in the foot and tail regions and cardiomyocytes arrangement, reduced myocardial infarct size and inflammatory infiltration, down-regulated platelet aggregation rate and CD62p expression, reduced serum TXB_2 content, and increased 6-keto-PGF1α content. Platelet transcriptome sequencing results revealed that BYHWD regulated mTOR-autophagy pathway-related genes in platelets. The differential gene expression levels were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. BYHWD up-regulated mTOR, down-regulated autophagy-related FUNDC1 and PINK genes, and up-regulated p62 gene expression. The results demonstrated that BYHWD could regulate platelet activation, improve blood circulation, and protect ischemic myocardium in AMI rats, and its mechanism is related to the regulation of the mTOR-autophagy pathway in platelets.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Myocardium/metabolism , Aspirin/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Proteins
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2431-2441, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007591

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Understanding the changing profiles of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and modifiable risk factors is essential for CVD prevention and control. We aimed to report the comprehensive trends in CVD and risk factors in China from 1990 to 2019.@*METHODS@#Data on the incidence, death, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of total CVD and its 11 subtypes for China were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The CVD burden attributable to 12 risk factors was also retrieved. A secondary analysis was conducted to summarize the leading causes of CVD burden and attributable risk factors.@*RESULTS@#From 1990 to 2019, the number of CVD incidence, death, and DALYs considerably increased by 132.8%, 89.1%, and 52.6%, respectively. Stroke, ischemic heart disease, and hypertensive heart disease accounted for over 95.0% of CVD deaths in 2019 and remained the top three causes during the past 30 years. Between 1990 and 2019, the age-standardized rate of stroke decreased significantly (percentage of decreased incidence: -9.3%; death: -39.8%; DALYs: -41.6%), while the rate of ischemic heart disease increased (percentage of increased incidence: 11.5%; death: 17.6%; DALYs: 2.2%). High systolic blood pressure, unhealthy diet, tobacco, and air pollution continued to be the major contributors to CVD deaths and DALYs (attributing to over 70% of the CVD burden), and the high body mass index (BMI)-associated CVD burden had the largest increase between 1990 and 2019.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The significant increases in the number of CVD incident cases, deaths, and DALYs suggest that the CVD burden is still a concern. Intensified strategies and policies are needed to maintain promising progress in stroke and to reduce the escalating burden of ischemic heart disease. The CVD burden attributable to risk factors has not yet made adequate achievements; even worse, high BMI has contributed to the increasing CVD burden.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Global Burden of Disease , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Risk Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Stroke/epidemiology
12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 171-175, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006109

ABSTRACT

Malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT) is a rare tumor. At present, there are still many disputes in its epidemiology, pathogenesis, selection of diagnostic methods, treatment and prognosis. Asbestos exposure, ionizing radiation and chromosome abnormalities are the risk factors of MMTVT. Immunohistochemistry, ultrasonography and electron microscope can be used for the diagnosis and aggressive surgery is the main treatment method. The development of endoscopic surgery, multi-disciplinary treatment (MDT), tumor targeted therapy and immunotherapy will bring more benefits to MMTVT patients.

13.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 867-873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005975

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the correlation between the expressions of CD10,CA9 and CD133 and the prognosis of patients with metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma (mccRCC) treated with sorafenib or sunitinib. 【Methods】 A total of 80 mccRCC patients who received sorafenib or sunitinib as first-line therapy were retrospectively enrolled. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was performed for CD10,CA9 and CD133 in tumor tissue samples to analyze the correlation between the expression of each marker and clinicopathologic variables. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional risk models were used to analyze prognostic factors of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS),and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for CA9 expression and PFS,OS in the treatment subgroups. 【Results】 Altogether 37 patients (46.25%) had PFS,and the median PFS (mPFS) was 24.9 months (95%CI:16.5-33.2 months),while 55 patients (68.75%) died and the median OS (mOS) was 44.2 months (95%CI:14.6-73.7). Low expression of CD10 was correlated with high Fuhrman grade (χ2=6.241,P=0.012),lymph node metastasis (χ2=5.952,P=0.015),and the number of metastatic organs ≥2 (χ2=8.205,P=0.004). Univariate analysis showed that Fuhrman grade,number of metastatic organs and lymph node metastasis were the prognostic factors of PFS (P<0.05),while the number of metastatic organs,lymph node metastasis and CA9 expression were the prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that Fuhrman grade was an independent factor of PFS (HR=2.457,95%CI:1.126-5.365,P=0.024),and the number of metastatic organs was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR=1.857,95%CI:1.048-3.290,P=0.034). Survival analysis in subgroups showed that high CA9 expression in the sorafenib group was associated with longer OS (HR=0.401,95%CI:0.204-0.787,P=0.008). 【Conclusion】 Low expression of CA9 is an non-independent risk factor for OS,while CD10 and CD133 cannot be used as prognostic factors for mccRCC patients. Since mccRCC patients with low CA9 expression have less survival benefit from sorafenib and sunitinib,they can choose target therapy combined with immunotherapy or dual immunotherapy according to the guidelines to improve prognosis.

14.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 174-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005528

ABSTRACT

To analyze the psychological experience of close contacts with COVID-19 during the centralized isolation medical observation (centralized isolation for short) period, 17 close contacts of COVID-19 who received medical isolation observation at designated locations in a city of China were selected by purposive sampling using qualitative study methods, and the interviewees were interviewed by full-coverage structured telephone. By analyzing the obtained data and summarizing the themes, it was found that the psychological status of the COVID-19 close contacts during the centralized isolation period could be classified into three themes: obvious negative emotions, somatization of psychological problems, and demand for social support. During the epidemic, when close contacts were quarantined as high-risk groups, they often had complex and difficult psychological experiences. Relevant departments should actively carry out online guidance channels and offline knowledge dissemination, actively conduct psychological interventions for close contacts, assist them to develop life plans to enrich the life of the centralized isolation period. At the same time, relevant departments should do a good job in logistics and life support services, create a comfortable isolated living environment, and effectively relieve the negative emotions of close contacts of COVID-19 during centralized isolation through a variety of positive and effective measures to ensure physical and mental health.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005511

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To design and manufacture a non-destructive intestinal decompression device and explore its effect on closed intestinal decompression in patients with intestinal obstruction. 【Methods】 A total of 78 patients with intestinal obstruction who underwent intestinal decompression in our hospital from January 2020 to September 2021 were selected as the research subjects: 40 in the control group and 38 in the experimental group. The traditional intestinal decompression method was used in the control group while the non-invasive intestinal decompression device method was used in the experimental group. We compared the number of cases of intestinal content pollution, drainage volume of intestinal content decompression, operation time, hospital stay, incidence of complications, and other indexes between the two groups. 【Results】 The two groups did no significantly differ in the general data (P>0.05). There were 10 cases (26.32%) of intestinal content pollution in the experimental group and 40 cases (100%) in the control group. The intestinal decompression drainage volume in the experimental group was 750.00 (728.75, 827.50) mL and 535.00 (520.00557.50) mL in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The operation time, operation time and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). There was no incision infection in the experimental group but 6 cases in the control group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in other abdominal infection, anastomotic fistula, or enterostomy-related complications (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 The non-invasive intestinal decompression device can perform closed intestinal decompression in the operation of intestinal obstruction, reduce the pollution of the operation field, shorten operation time and hospital stay, and reduce the incidence of incision infection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 642-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012206

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prognostic factors of extracellular NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) treated with pegaspargase/L-asparaginase. Methods: The clinical data of 656 ENKTL patients diagnosed at 11 medical centers in the Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group from March 2014 to April 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: a training set (460 cases) and a validation set (196 cases) at 7∶3, and the prognostic factors of the patients were analyzed. A prognostic scoring system was established, and the predictive performance of different models was compared. Results: Patients' median age was 46 (34, 57) years, with 456 males (69.5% ) and 561 nasal involvement (85.5% ). 203 patients (30.9% ) received a chemotherapy regimen based on L-asparaginase combined with anthracyclines, and the 5-year overall survival rate of patients treated with P-GEMOX regimen (pegaspargase+gemcitabine+oxaliplatin) was better than those treated with SMILE regimen (methotrexate+dexamethasone+cyclophosphamide+L-asparaginase+etoposide) (85.9% vs 63.8% ; P=0.004). The results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, CA stage, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) score, HGB, and EB virus DNA were independent influencing factors for the prognosis of ENKTL patients (P<0.05). In this study, the predictive performance of the prognostic factors is superior to the international prognostic index, Korean prognostic index, and prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma. Conclusion: Gender, CA stage, ECOG PS score, HGB, and EB virus DNA are prognostic factors for ENKTL patients treated with pegaspargase/L-asparaginase.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Asparaginase/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Cyclophosphamide , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , DNA/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, pathology, and prognosis of children with diffuse endocapillary proliferative Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (DEP-HSPN).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical, pathological, and prognosis data of 44 children with DEP-HSPN and 765 children without DEP-HSPN. The children with DEP-HSPN were diagnosed by renal biopsy in Jiangxi Provincial Children's Hospital from January 2006 to December 2021.@*RESULTS@#Among the 809 children with purpura nephritis, 44 (5.4%) had DEP-HSPN, with a mean age of (8±3) years, and there were 29 boys (65.9%) and 15 girls (34.1%). Compared with the non-DEP-HSPN group, the DEP-HSPN group had a significantly shorter time from onset to renal biopsy and a significantly higher proportion of children with respiratory infection or gross hematuria, and most children had nephrotic syndrome. The DEP-HSPN group had significantly higher levels of 24-hour urinary protein, urinary protein grading, microscopic hematuria grading, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen and significantly lower levels of serum albumin and complement C3 (P<0.05). The DEP-HSPN group had a higher pathological grading, with predominant deposition of IgA in the mesangial area and capillary loops, and higher activity scores in the modified semi-quantitative scoring system (P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the renal complete remission rate between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with DEP-HSPN have a rapid onset, severe clinical manifestations and pathological grading, and high activity scores in the modified semi-quantitative scoring system. However, most of the children with DEP-HSPN have a good prognosis, with a comparable renal complete remission rate to the children without DEP-HSPN.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Hematuria , IgA Vasculitis , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Nephritis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and analyze the diagnostic value and interventional treatment value of high-frequency ultrasound for elbow cyst.@*METHODS@#From February 2018 to February 2021, the data of 60 patients with elbow cyst treated by high-frequency ultrasound interventional therapy were retrospectively analyzed, including 30 males and 30 females with an average age of (30.93±5.32) years old ranging from 20 to 54 years old. The course of disease ranged from 1 to 10 years with an average of (3.45±0.25) years. High-frequency ultrasound features of all patients were analyzed. The clinical efficacy, the occurrence of adverse events and the changes of psychological status before and after treatment were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 60 cases of elbow cyst, the cyst size was from 6 mm×7 mm to 111 mm×60 mm. The characteristics of ultrasonic images included such as most of the morphology was regular, which was round or oval, and a few were irregular;the boundary was clear, there was a capsule wall, most of the inside of the capsule was good, no echo;when accompanied by bleeding or infection, small dense points can be seen floating;the cystic wall of the patients with long course of disease was coarser, and the internal light bands were separated, showing multilocular shape;no significant blood flow signal was observed. Final results involved olecranon bursa cysts in 19 cases, annular ligament cysts in 10 cases, radial bursa cysts in 9 cases, accessory ligament cysts in 7 cases, epidermoid cysts in 4 cases, ganglion cysts in 6 cases, nerve sheath cysts in 5 cases. After treatment, 33 cases were cured, 16 cases had obvious effect, 11 cases were improved, 0 cases were invalid. After treatment, mild adverse events occurred in 1 case, moderate adverse events in 1 case, and severe adverse events in 0 cases, with a total incidence of 3.33% (2/60). After treatment, positive affect score (38.04±1.74) was higher than that before treatment (35.92±2.34), and negative affect score (24.61±1.51) was lower than that before treatment (30.15±3.46), with statistical significance(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High-frequency ultrasound has high diagnostic value for elbow cyst, and it has ideal effect in interventional therapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Elbow , Cysts , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the short-term efficacy of proximal fibula osteotomy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, and to analyze the effect of osteotomy on the tension of the lateral knee soft tissue of patients and verify the reliability of the Arch string theory.@*METHODS@#A total of 71 patients with varus knee osteoarthritis from December 2019 to March 2022 were included, 3 patients dropped out, and 68 patients completed all trials, collected 27 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 79 years old, with an average of (68.0±7.0 ) years old. The follow-up time ranged from 4 to 12 weeks, with an average of (3.76±1.94) weeks. After admission, the patient underwent Proximal fibula osteotomy, and the tension of lateral knee soft tissue, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, the western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and other indicators were recorded before surgery and 1 month after surgery in the weight-bearing state.@*RESULTS@#According to the VAS, the curative effect of a single index was evaluated by referring to the score before and after treatment by Bao Zongzhao. Thirty seven cases were markedly effective, 27 cases were effective, and 4 cases were ineffective. After surgery, 3 patients presented with weakness of dorsalis pedis extension and 1 presented with paresthesia of dorsalis pedis, which disappeared after symptomatic treatment . The VAS and WOMAC score at 1 month after operation were lower than those before operation, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.001). The tension of lateral knee soft tissue 1 month after operation was lower than that before operation, and the difference had statistical significance(P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Proximal fibula osteotomy is safe and effective in the treatment of varus knee osteoarthritis in the short term. One month after osteotomy, the tension of lateral knee soft tissue increases under weight-bearing state, but the long-term changes still need further observation and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Tibia/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of intravesical instillation of heparin/alkalized lidocaine (lidocaine mixed with sodium bicarbonate) combined with hydrodistension and transurethral fulguration in the treatment of female interstitial cystitis (IC).@*METHODS@#Female patients who attended the Department of Urology at the First Hospital of China Medical University between January 2012 and December 2020 and met the diagnostic criteria proposed in the guidelines of the American Urological Association with a new diagnosis of IC were selected for retrospective analysis. Cystoscopy and biopsy of suspicious lesions were performed at the time of diagnosis. All the patients were treated with an intravesical instillation regimen of 2% lidocaine 10 mL + 5% sodium bicarbonate 5 mL + heparin 25 000 IU for a continuous period of 12 months, with or without water dilatation and transurethral electrocautery according to the patient's preference, categorized as hydrodistension and transurethral fulguration (HD/TF) group and non-HD/TF group. The patients were evaluated before and 1, 6, and 12 months after treatment for O'Leary-Sant interstitial cystitis patient symptom index scores (ICSI), interstitial cystitis patient problem index scores (ICPI), visual analog scale (VAS) of suprapubic pain, and functional bladder capacity (FBC) changes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 79 patients were collected in this study. Four (5.1%) of these patients underwent cystectomy due to pathological diagnosis of cancer or treatment failure. The remaining patients were followed up 1, 6 and 12 months after treatment. Repeated-measures ANOVA showed a significant decrease in ICPI, ICSI and VAS and an increase in FBC after treatment compared with before treatment (P < 0.05). FBC continued to decrease during the 1, 6 and 12 months' post-treatment follow-ups, with statistically significant differences; ICSI continued to decrease during the 1 and 6 months post-treatment follow-ups, with statistically significant differences, while the difference between ICSI at 6 months post-treatment and at 12 months' post-treatment was not statistically significant. In the HD/TF group, ICPI continued to decrease in the follow-up from 1 and 6 months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant, while the difference between ICPI 6 months after treatment and 12 months after treatment was not statistically significant. There was no statistically significant difference between the remaining indicators 1, 6 and 12 months after treatment. ICPI, ICSI, VAS and FBC improved earlier and the changes in VAS and FBC were more significant in the HD/TF group compared with the non-HD/TF group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Heparin/alkalized lidocaine combination of intravesical instillation with hydrodistension and transurethral fulguration for IC is an effective treatment option. Heparin/alkalized lidocaine combination of intravesical instillation may be the first choice of treatment, which can significantly reduce the economic burden of patients and medical insurance system. If patients can accept it, transurethral fulguration with hydrodistension may be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cystitis, Interstitial/drug therapy , Administration, Intravesical , Retrospective Studies , Sodium Bicarbonate/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Electrocoagulation
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