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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745218


Objective To improve the recognition and knowledge of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) related male infertility through investigation for MRI characteristics of this disease. Methods Fourteen patients confirmed with ADPKD related obstructive azoospermia were retrospectively analyzed. All patients referred to clinic with male infertility, and obstructive azoospermia were additionally confirmed by laboratory tests and clinical examination. Subsequent abdominopelvic MR examinations were performed to comfirm obstructive factors and obstructive location. All patients were performed an abdominopelvic MR examination including non-enhanced and enhanced MR. MR imaging characteristics were analyzed and summarized by two experienced radiologists. Results MRI results for all cases were classified into 4 groups:10 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 2 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 1 case with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and absence of bilateral seminal vesicles, 1 case with bilateral cystic kidneys, bilateral seminal vesicle cysts as well as Müllerian duct cyst. A wide range of coronal T2WI scan was necessary to observe cystic lesions in both liver and bilateral kidneys as well as abnormal changes in pelvis. The obstructive sites in all cases were located in level from ejaculatory duct to seminal vesicle. Bilateral seminal vesicle cysts presented as significantly dilated glandular ducts of seminal vesicles, in which flocculence or nodular sediment can be found. Conclusion Male infertility caused by ADPKD-related deferential duct obstrution is characterized by bilateral polycystic kidney disease and Seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct obstruction in MRI, which can be combined with other abnormalities.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706316


Objective To observe imaging features of uterus duplication combined with mesonephric duct dysplasia related abnormalities.Methods Imaging data of 17 female with uterus duplication and renal dysplasia were retrospectively analyzed.Seven patients underwent CT and 10 patients underwent MR scanning.Results The basic abnormalities in 17 patients were uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformation which were further classified as follows:①7 patients presented as basic abnormalities without other associated malformations,include 5 (CT diagnosed 1,MR diagnosed 4) with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis,2 (CT 1,MR 1) with uterus bifidus and unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia;②2 patients (CT 1,MR 1) presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with ectopic ureter orifice,uterus duplex and unilateral renal dysplasia with ectopic ureter orifice opening in vagina;③5 patients (CT 3,MR 2) of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome presented as uterus duplication,oblique vagina septum as well as unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia,which shown as uterus duplex,oblique vaginal septum with hematocolpos,also unilateral renal-ureter agenesis;④2 patients presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with mesonephric residual cyst,CT showed one with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis with ipsilateral mesonephric residual cyst,MRI showed as the other one with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome combined with mesonephric residual cyst opening in vagina;⑤MRI showed 1 patient with basic abnormalities and a nephrogenic adenoma,which demonstrated as uterus duplex combined with left renal-ureter agenesis,and a tumor on the left wall of bladder accompanied with endometriosis.Conclusion Further classification into 5 types from simple to complex based on uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformations is helpful to the diagnosis and treatment of these abnormalities.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706248


Objective To explore prenatal MRI findings of fetal midline dural sinus malformation(DSM).Methods Eleven fetuses of midline DSM were collected.Abnormalities in the fetal occipital or cerebellar area were found from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation.Then MR scanning in the following week was performed.Of all 11 fetuses,9 were pathologically proved to be midline DSM,and the other 2 were followed up and proved after birth.The imaging findings and pathological features were analyzed.Results MRI of 11 fetuses showed cystic dilation of the occipital cranium of torcular herophili area,with the size of 10 mm× 15 mm to 35 mm× 55 mm,and the adjacent sinuses were also dilated.On axial or coronal images,the lesions were cuneiform,while on sagittal images,the lesions were spindle-or crescent-shaped.The lesions displayed isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T1WI,while slightly hypointensity,isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T2WI.In 9 of the 11 fetuses,class round or bar thrombosis on the side wall of the cystic mass were observed,which were hyperintensity on T1WI and isointensity and hypointensity,isointensity or hyperintensity on T2WI.Hemosiderin deposition was observed around the thrombi in 6 fetuses.Lesion diameters in 2 fetuses were more than 30 mm,and the adjacent brain tissue was significantly dislocated.Nine fetuses of postmortem pathology after induced labor showed deformed and dilated venous sinuses,in which eccentric thrombi were seen in 7 fetuses with side branches around them.Normal brain development was observed in 2 live birth newborns.Conclusion Prenatal MRI can accurately diagnose fetal midline dural sinus malformation,and estimate the development of fetal brain,which may be helpful to prognosis prediction.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 834-838, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667043


Objective To investigate the imaging characteristics of female Skene-gland (periurethral glands) disease. Methods A retrospective analysis of preoperative imaging findings was performed in 15 female patients with surgical-pathological proven Skene gland disease. MRI scans were performed in 8 cases, CT scans were performed in 5 cases, both CT and MRI were performed in 2 cases. Imaging characteristics were observed and summarized.Results There were 3 types of diseases,including:(1) Skene gland cyst (n=3), located in the distal and posterolateral urethra or close to the proximity of urethra, presenting as cystic lesions with teardrop shape on sagittal images, which appeared as hypo-attenuation on non-enhanced CT, and hypo-intensity on T1WI, hyper-intensity on T2WI, and without enhancement. One case complicated with infection presented as hyper-intensity on T1WI and gaseous intensity inside,with thickened cystic wall and enhancement.(2)Urethral diverticulum communicating with Skene gland (n=10), located in the middle or distal and posterolateral urethra, presented as a horseshoe shaped cystic lesion partially surrounding the urethral(n=3)or spoke wheel-like cystic lesion with multiple septum completely surrounding the urethra (n=7). They appeared as fluid attenuation on unenhanced CT, and hypo-intensity on T1WI, hyper-intensity on T2WI and without enhancement. Heterogenous signal or attenuation and enhanced septum or cystic wall were found in 6 cases complicated with infection. (3) Malignant tumor (n=2, one adenocarcinoma and one neuroendocrine carcinoma), presented as cystic-solid mass surrounding the urethral, showing heterogenous low attenuation on nonenhanced CT and iso-to hyper-intensity on T2WI and hypo-to iso-intensity on T1WI with significant enhancement.Conclusions Female Skene-gland disease has specific occurrence location and imaging characteristics.