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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 181-186, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921253

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delayed graft function (DGF) is the main cause of renal function failure after kidney transplantation. This study aims at investigating the value of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) parameters combined with perfusate biomarkers on predicting DGF and the time of renal function recovery after deceased donor (DD) kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#HMP parameters, perfusate biomarkers and baseline characteristics of 113 DD kidney transplantations from January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University were retrospectively analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#In this study, the DGF incidence was 17.7% (20/113); The multivariate logistic regression results showed that terminal resistance (OR: 1.879, 95% CI 1.145-3.56) and glutathione S-transferase (GST)(OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.23-2.46) were risk factors for DGF; The Cox model analysis indicated that terminal resistance was an independent hazard factor for renal function recovery time (HR = 0.823, 95% CI 0.735-0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST (AUC = 0.888, 95% CI: 0.842-0.933) significantly improved the DGF predictability compared with the use of terminal resistance (AUC = 0.756, 95% CI 0.693-0.818) or GST alone (AUC = 0.729, 95% CI 0.591-0.806).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the factors analyzed in this study, the combination of HMP parameters and perfusate biomarkers displays a potent DGF predictive value.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney/physiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Organ Preservation , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic utility of LifePort perfusion parameters plus perfusate biomarkers for predicting delayed graft function(DGF)and recovery time during deceased donor kidney transplantation(KT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 113 KT recipients. Based upon whether or not DGF occurred within 3 months, they were divided into two groups of DGF group(20 cases)and non-DGF (93 cases). Two groups were compared using LifePort perfusion parameters, biomarker concentrations, incidence of DGF and kidney recovery time. Statistical analysis was performed.Results:The incidence of DGF was 17.7%(20/113); Multivariate Logistic regression results indicated that terminal resistance(OR 1.879, 95% CI 1.145~3.56)and glutathione S-transferase(GST)(OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.23~2.46)were independent risk factors for DGF; Cox hazard model revealed that terminal resistance was a risk factor for recovery time of renal function(HR=0.823, 95% CI 0.735~0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST(AUC=0.888, 95% CI 0.842~0.933)significantly improved the predictive efficacy for DGF as compared with using terminal resistance(AUC=0.756, 95% CI 0.693~0.818)or GST alone(AUC=0.729, 95% CI 0.591~0.806).Conclusions:Combining LifePort perfusion parameters and fluid biomarkers can improve the predictive utility of DGF.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical data of acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients of different ages with elderly donor kidneys.Methods:During January 2012 and June 2020, a retrospective review was conducted for clinical data of 298 recipients undergoing kidney transplantation from elderly donors aged ≥60 years after citizen's death.According to the age, recipients were divided into group A(age<30 yr, 59 cases), group B(30~39 yr, 125 cases), group C(40~49 yr, 83 cases)and group D(age≥50 yr, 31 cases). The incidence of acute rejection(AR)was analyzed.Also based upon age difference between donors and recipients, they were divided into two groups of(30~39 yr)and (40~49 yr)and the occurrence of AR was recorded.Results:The incidence of AR within 1 year post-transplantation in groups A, B, C, and D were 15.3%(9/59), 8.8%(11/125), 7.2%(6/83) and 3.2%(1/31)respectively.The incidence of AR in age difference≥25 yr group(12.5%)and age difference <25 yr group(5.3%) had significant difference( P<0.05). The proportion and absolute value of peripheral blood lymphocytes in each group at 1 week/month post-transplantation had significant difference( P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in serum level of creatinine(SCr), the incidence of pulmonary infection and urinary tract infection or the survival rate of recipients and transplanted kidneys in each group within 1 year post-transplantation among four groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:Elderly donor kidneys can obtain better transplant outcomes in kidney transplant recipients of different ages.As the age of recipients decreases, AR shows an upward trend.Clinicians should pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of AR in recipients with large age difference between donors and recipients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 566-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825572

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of different T lymphocyte polyclonal antibodies in renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death. Methods Clinical data of 691 donors and recipients undergoing renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death were retrospectively analyzed. According to different T lymphocyte polyclonal antibodies used for induction, all recipients were divided into the rabbit anti human T lymphocyte immunoglobulin (rALG) group (n=414) and rabbit anti human thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) group (n=277). The recovery of renal graft function in recipients of the two groups were collected, including the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) and acute rejection (AR), and the changes of serum creatinine level after renal transplantation. The 1-year survival rate of the recipients and renal grafts was collected. The incidence of adverse effects within 1 year after operation was calculated. According to the DGF risk score of donors, all recipients were divided into 5 groups. The use proportion of rALG and rATG in the recipients of each group was calculated. Results The incidence of DGF in the recipients of rALG and rATG groups was 14.5% (60/414) and 11.9% (33/277), respectively. The duration of DGF in the recipients of rALG and rATG groups was (7±4) d and (12±7) d respectively, with no statistically significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of AR in the rALG group was 7.5% (31/414), significantly higher than 4.0% (11/277) in the rATG group (P < 0.05). The serum creatinine levels of recipients within 6 months after renal transplantation tended to gradually decline in both groups. In renal transplantation for donor kidney with a DGF risk score of 0-15, the use proportion of rALG was significantly higher than that of rATG. However, the use proportion of rATG was significantly higher than that of rALG in renal transplantation for donor kidney with a DGF risk score over 16 (P < 0.05). The 1-year survival rates of the recipients and renal grafts in the rALG and rATG groups were 99.8% and 99.6%, 98.1% and 98.2%, respectively. There was no significant difference between two groups (both P > 0.05). The incidence of acute pulmonary edema and leukopenia in the recipients of rATG group was significantly higher than that in the rALG group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions Both rALG and rATG can effectively reduce the incidence of DGF and AR and achieve good clinical efficacy after renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death. The incidence of leukopenia and acute pulmonary edema induced by rATG is higher than that by rALG in the renal transplant recipients.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 379-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821546

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prediction efficiency of scoring models at home and abroad on delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation in China. Methods The clinical data of 112 donors and 220 recipients undergoing renal transplantation were prospectively analyzed. The DGF predicted by KDRI model, Jeldres model, and model of our center was compared with actual DGF incidence of renal transplant recipients. The prediction efficiency of each model was analyzed. The predictive accuracy was compared by the area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The DGF incidence of 220 renal transplant recipients was 14.1% (31/220). DGF prediction using KDRI model showed that 41 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.57, the sensitivity was 0.37, the specificity was 0.66, and the positive predictive value was 22%. DGF prediction using Jedres model showed that 22 cases were high risk recipients, the AUC was 0.56, the sensitivity was 0.13, the specificity was 0.92 and the positive predictive value was 20%. DGF prediction using the model of our center showed that 25 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.80, the sensitivity was 0.53, the specificity was 0.84, the positive predictive value was 40%. Conclusions Compared with the KDRI and Jedres models, the prediction model of our center has higher AUC and sensitivity with a better prediction efficiency on DGF. Therefore, it is a suitable evaluation system of donors from donation after citizen's death in Chinese.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 259-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817602

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) in the storage of renal grafts from deceased donor (DD) with high-risk delayed graft function (DGF). Methods Clinical data of 52 donors with high-risk DGF were collected in this prospective randomized controlled study. Two renal grafts from each donor were randomly divided into the HMP group (n=52) and static cold storage (SCS) group (n=52). In the HMP group, the renal grafts were stored by LifePort under HMP, whereas the renal grafts in the SCS group were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution (UW solution). The incidence of DGF and primary nonfunction (PNF) after renal transplantation was statistically compared between two groups. The recovery of renal graft function, the survival rates of the recipients and renal grafts within postoperative 1 year were observed in two groups. Results The incidence of DGF in the HMP group was 4%(2/52), significantly lower than 17% (9/52) in the SCS group (P < 0.05). No PNF was reported in the HMP group and 1 case of PND was noted in the SCS group, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The recovery time of graft function of the recipients in the HMP and SCS groups were (7.2±0.6) d and (7.7±1.0) d with no statistical significance (P > 0.05). In the HMP group, the urine volume of the recipients on the day of operation, postoperative 1 and2 d was significantly larger than that in the SCS group (all P < 0.05). In the HMP group, the levels of serum creatinine at each time point after operation were significantly lower than those in the SCS group (all P < 0.05). The 1-year survival rates of the recipient and kidney were 98.1%, 92.3% and 100%, 96.2% in the HMP and SCS groups with no statistical significance (all P > 0.05). Conclusions HMP can significantly reduce the incidence of DGF after renal transplantation from DD with high-risk DGF and promote the early recovery of graft function.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745846

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of quality evaluation of donated kidney after citizen's death on prognosis of renal allograft recipients.Methods A retrospective analysis on 577 cases of deceased organ donation/1084 cases of renal transplantation was made in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from December 2011 to August 2018.The quality of donor/ donated kidney was evaluated through various aspects,and the prognostic data of renal transplant recipients were summarized and analyzed.Results 1 084 cases of donated kidney transplantation were completed,and the average follow-up time was (14.3 ± 13.5) months.The 1-and 3-year survival rate of transplant recipients was 97.4% and 92.1%,respectively,and the 1-and 3-year survival rate of transplanted kidney was 94.6% and 89.2% respectively.There were significant differences in human/ kidney survival rate and DGF incidence after renal transplantation among those various groups according to the criteria of subdivision of score of points for donor assessment.Conclusion Comprehensive evaluation of donated kidney quality in all aspects has a significant positive effect on improving the effect of transplantation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710692

ABSTRACT

Objective Hypothermic machine perfusion may improve the outcome after transplantation of kidney donated after citizen's death (DCD),but few powered prospective studies have been reported,especially in China.The aim is to compare hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) with simple cold storage (SCS) in Chinese DCD kidney transplantation,which can offer an optimal method for graft storage with better graft function and survival.Methods 54 kidney pairs from DCD donors were included in this controlled trial in one single center from December 2015 to March 2017.Every two kidneys from each DCD donor wavs randomly assigned to HMP and SCS group.One-year recipient and graft survival rate and endpoints containing the incidence of DGF,the duration of DGF,creatinine reduction ratio (CRR),estimated glomerular filtration rate (Egfr),primary non-function (PNF),acute rejection (AR),toxicity of the immunosuppressive drugs,nosocomial infections and the length of hospital stay were compared between HMP and SCS group.Results One-year recipient survival rate was 98.15 % and 96.23% after DCD transplant in HMP and SCS group,and one-year graft survival rate was 90.74% and 88.68%,respectively.DGF incidence was 9.62% in total DCD kidney transplant,8.00% in HMP group and 11.11% in SCS group,which was no difference in two groups.22 DCD was from expanded criteria donor (ECD) donation,DGF happened in 15.91% ECD kidney transplant.However,HMP reduced the incidence of DGF from 27.27% to 4.55% after ECD kidney transplant,which was significantly different (x2 =4.247,P =0.039).HMP group acquired significantly lower creatinine level (130.95 ± 46.60) μmol/L than SCS group (181.64 ± 72.94) μmol/L on day 14 after ECD transplant (t =-2.686,P =0.011).Conclusion There was a higher recipient and graft survival rate after DCD and ECD kidney transplant,which would be an effective method to expand donor pool for kidney transplant.HMP was not associated with lower DGF rate in DCD kidney transplant and more rapid recovery in early graft function.However,HMP preservation not only made renal function recover more rapidly but reduced the risk of DGF after ECD kidney transplant.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710675

ABSTRACT

Objective To study long term renal function of Donation after citizen's deceased transplantation.Methods We compared the data of 38 subjects who got Delayed Graft Function(DGF) with 80 Immediate Graft Function (IGF) subjects underwent DCD transplantation in our hospital before June 2016.Evaluated the renal function by detecting the serum creatinine (sCr),the estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated with MDRD formula and urine protein at the 1,2,3 year post transplantation.Results Analyzed the serum eGFR of two groups,there was no significant differences at 1 and 2 year post transplantation,sCr of two groups showed no significant differences at 3 year (P =0.053)post transplantation,eGFR of two groups showed significant differences at 3 year (P =0.042)post transplantation and positive incidence of urine protein showed significant differences at 2 year (P =0.028)and 3 year (P =0.037)post transplantation.Conclusion DGFoccuring after DCD transplantation had an effect on long term renal function,.mainly on reducing of eGFR and increasing of urine protein positive rate 2 or 3 years after transplant.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620948

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of renal transplant from donation after citizen's death (DCD) donors with acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods This was an observational retrospective study of 622 patients who underwent renal transplantation from 312 DCD donors' kidneys at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from December 2011 to December 2016.The transplant patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria based on initial and terminal creatinine values.We evaluated and compared transplant outcomes of these two groups.Results There were 131 donors with AKI,and the incidence of AKI was 42.0 %.AKI group and non-AKI group recipients respectively had DGF in 20.2% and 7.2% of cases (P<0.01),153.6 ± 56.2 and 119.3 ± 40.7 μmol/L of serum creatinine (SCr) levels at 1st month (P<0.01),and 38.5 ± 14.1 and 57.6 ± 23.4 ml· min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 of eGFR at 1st month (P<0.01).There was no significant difference in SCr and eGFR between two groups at 1st year after transplantation.Conclusion Most of kidneys from DCD donors with AKI can be considered for transplantation.Renal transplantation of organs from DCD donors with AKI showed greater DGF but good outcomes.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620863

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protective role of PR-39 on the ischemia reperfusion injury renal tissue of rats.Methods 60 male SD rats were enrolled and randomly divided into experimental KP group and negative control KE group.The rats orthotopic renal transplantation model were established.The recombinant adenoviral vectors containing promoter KSP and PR-39 gene (KP) or none (KE) were injected via renal artery.HE staining,immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining were performed on the rats' renal tissues at 2 days after IRI modeling,and the renal tubular interstitial injury score and peritublar capillary rarefaction was also evaluated.The renal function related factors of rats was monitored before and after IRI,and the blood urea nitrogen and creatinine level was also compared between KP and KE groups.Results Blood urea and creatinine concentration was increased,part of glomerular and tubular injury in renal tissue were also visible in rats underwent renal IRI,which proved the rat orthotopic renal transplantation model were successfully estabilshed.PR-39 gene specifically expressed in renal interstitial tissue,but not in glomerular.The degree of kidney tublar injury and the number of apoptotic cells were lower in KP groups by comparing with negative control KE groups.Renal tubular injury was significantly decreased in group KP than in group KE.Peritubular capillary rarefaction index is smaller in KP than in KE group.The blood urea nitrogen and creatinine level in KP group were significantly lower than those in KE group,and the renal function were also recovered more quickly.Conclusion The specific expressed PR-39 in renal interstitial and tubule,can inhibit the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells and promote the angiogenesis of peritubular capillary,so as to exert its protective role on IRI renal tissue.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509885

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) for evaluating transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS).Methods Clinical and ultrasonographic data of 216 kidney transplant recipients were collected by follow-up monitoring from September 2015 to July 2016.CDFI indexes included the peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the renal artery and resistant index (RI).Renal artery PSV and RI were measured.All suspected TRAS patients accepted transplant renal artery angiography (DSA).Results Fourteen patients with suspected TRAS accepted DSA,of which 12 patients were confirmed.The diagnostic accuracy of CDFI was 85.7%.When the POST-PSV ratio> 1 0,the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of TRAS were 91 % and 95 %,respectively.CDFI indexes remarkably changed after the TRAS patients had undergone renal artery dilatation or stent implantation.PSV of the main renal artery and the POST-PSV ratio decreased significantly,and the PSV of interlobar arteries increased.Conclusions CDFI is a reliable first choice for screening transplant renal artery stenosis.The POST-PSV ratio has relatively higher sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of TRAS.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 115-119, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731630

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate short-term clinical efficacy of renal transplantation from the donation of pediatric donors.Methods Clinical data of 1 5 pediatric donors and 28 recipients (including 2 cases of bilateral renal transplantation)undergoing renal transplantation in the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from November 201 3 to December 201 5 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Renal transplantation was successfully performed in 28 recipients.The median warm ischemia time of transplant kidney was 1 2.5 min (range:0-1 7.0 min)and 4.3 h (range:1 .5-7.7 h)for the median cold ischemia time.After operation,4 cases developed with delayed graft function (DGF),1 required dialysis,2 died from pulmonary infection,2 underwent renal resection due to renal anastomosis stenosis and renal thrombosis.Postoperative follow-up lasted for 1 -24 months.Twenty-six (93%)recipients survived after renal transplantation and 24 (86%)recipients survived with restored normal renal function.Conclusions Unilateral and bilateral renal transplantation from pediatric donors has relatively favorable short-term clinical efficacy.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 835-838, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253249

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>People's attitude toward organ donation after cardiac death (DCD) has not come to an agreement in different countries and regions. Influenced by the local culture in China for thousands of years, the general public has different ideas about this issue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the current attitudes trend and characteristics of transplantation with organs donated after cardiac death in northwest China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This largest single-center cohort study was performed by an interview or by telephone using a questionnaire. The family members of potential DCD donors were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital, medical college of Xi'an Jiaotong University located in a metropolitan area of northwest China. The 12-item attitude questionnaire was specifically developed from the literature review with coordinator, physician, and donor's family feedback. The participants were asked to rate the queries on a 5-point Likert intensity scale.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 174 participants included 56 (32.2%) women and 118 (67.8%) men. Most people were aged between 41 and 50 years (n = 63, 36.2%), 31 and 40 years (n = 59, 33.9%), and less than 30 years (n = 36, 20.7%). The top five attitudes of participants were the best person to suggest organ donation to a family was ranked as the DCD coordinator of Red Cross Organization (RCO, n = 160, 92%), donor is a hero (n = 143, 82.2%), honor to be a donor's family member (n = 136, 78.2%), improved relationship with colleagues (n = 124, 71.3%), and with recipient after donation (n = 123, 70.7%). The best person to suggest organ donation to a family was ranked as the coordinator of RCO (n = 160, 92%), doctor unrelated to transplantation (n = 104, 59.8%), social worker (n = 36, 20.7%), and doctor related to transplantation (n = 25, 14.4%). The top two reasons for non-consent to donation were that the family insisted on intact body after patient death and did not want to have surgery again (n = 51, 41.5%), and feared that they would be misunderstood by neighbors, relatives, and friends about donation (n = 28, 22.8%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study revealed initial attitudes toward DCD in China. Some data afford insight into the decision-making procedure. The concerns of potential DCD donors and their families may help professionals provide better interventions in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Attitude , China , Death , Decision Making , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tissue and Organ Procurement
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of donations after cardiac death (DCD) kidney transplant performed in northwest China and the measures for management of delayed graft function (DGF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the period of 2011-2013, a total of 51 families of DCD donor gave their consent to organ donation by signing the informed consent with the help by a Red Cross Organization (ROC) coordinator, and 102 kidneys were retrieved by organ procurement organization (OPO) teams. Ninety-four operations of renal transplantation were carried out in our hospital. All the patients were followed-up and based on the occurrence of DGF after transplantation, they were divided into DGF group and non-DGF group for comparative studies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The success rate of donation after cardiac death was 29.3%, and the incidence of post-transplantation DGF was 27.7%. The 1-year human/kidney survival rate was 98.9%/95.7%. Within six months after the transplant, the values of eGFR in DGF group were significantly lower and serum creatinine significantly higher than those in non-DGF group (P<0.05), but no significant differences were found between the two groups thereafter (P>0.05). The occurrence of DGF in LifePort mechanical perfusion cohorts was significantly lower than that in the simple cold preservation group (21.5% vs. 41.4%, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The overall effect of DCD kidney transplant is good despite a high incidence of early DGF, and we recommend the use of low-temperature mechanical perfusion for storage and transportation of DCD donor kidney.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Death , Delayed Graft Function , Female , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430953

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors affecting long-term survival of recipients and renal allografts.Methods From January 1979 to December 2001,the clinical data of 1380 renal allograft recipients were retrospectively analyzed.The clinical and complication data of kidney transplantation were reviewed.Thirteen relative factors were analyzed by SAS statistical software.A Kaplan-Meier rank analysis was used to estimate the 10-year allograft survival rate.Proportional hazards regression analysis (with Cox model) was used to assess and rank the relative risk of potential variable.Results (1) As of Dec.31,2001,utility visiting rate was 93.62%,989 recipients survived over 10 years.The complications were as follows:acute rejection (191 cases),infection (112 cases),liver damage (106 cases).The postoperational 10-year survival rate of recipients and renal allografts was 71.67% and 62.25% respectively.(2) CAN,acute rejection,DGF,infection,diabetic mellitus,PRA >10% and HLA mismatch>3 were the independent risk factors resulting in the reduced survival rate of the renal allografts (P<0.05).Immunosuppressive regimen with MMF could significantly increase long-term survival rate (P< 0.01); (3) The cardiocerebral vascular diseases,liver insufficiency,infection,tumor and diabetic mellitus were independent risk factors for long-term survival (P<0.01).Conclusion The ideal HLA match is the key step in increasing survival rate; Low dosage of calcineurin inhibitor with MMF and Pred is the ideal regimen of immunosuppressive therapy for long-term survival; active prevention and treatment of cardiocerebral vascular diseases/CAN,infection,diabetic mellitus,and tumor are the main points focused during the follow-up period.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425995

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of switch between ciclosporin A (CsA) and tacrolimus (TAC) in the triple immunosuppressive protocol including calcineurin inhibitors (CNI),mycophenolate mofetil (MMF),and prednisone (Pred) after renal transplantation.Methods The data of 148 patients with CNI switch were collected from Jan.2000 to Dec.2010,including 51patients with Tac switching to CsA (group A) and 97 patients with CsA switching to Tac (group B).The clinical indexes were analyzed by paired t-test.Results In group A,the serum creatinine,urea and blood glucose were significantly reduced,and hemoglobin,bilirubin,cholesterol significantly increased as compared with those before switch (P<0.05).In group B,the serum creatinine and urea began were significantly reduced from 4th and 2nd week respectively after switch (P<0.05).Platelet counts began significantly dropping from 20th week after switch (P<0.05).Albumin,globulin and bilirubin were significantly increased from 20th,12th and 36th week respectively after switch (P<0.05).Blood glucose and cholesterol were significantly decreased from 12th and 3rd week respectively after switch (P<0.05).The trough concentrations of CNI and MMF AUC kept stable before and after switch.Conclusion The renal function of all patients was improved to varying degrees by CNI switch between CsA and Tac no matter what reason.The switch of immunosuppressive agents has benefits to alleviate adverse reactions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621914

ABSTRACT

The feasibility and the clinical value of the enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) monitoring of blood concentrations of cyclosporine A (CsA) in patients treated with CsA were investigated after kidney transplantation. The validation method was performed to the EMIT determination of CsA blood concentration, the CsA whole blood trough concentrations (Co) of patients in different time periods after renal transplantation were monitored, and combined with the clinical complications, the statistical results were analyzed and compared. EMIT was precise, accurate and stable, also with a high quality control. The mean postoperative blood concentration of CsA was as follows: 〈1 month, (281.4± 57.9)ng/mL; 2 - 3 months, (264.5 ± 41.2) ng/mL; 4 - 5 months, (236.4 ± 38.9) ng/mL; 6 - 12 months, (206.5± 32.6)ng/mL; 〉12 months, (185.6± 28.1)ng/mL. The toxic reaction rate of CsA blood concentration within the recommended therapeutic concentration was 14.1%, significantly lower than that of the none-recommended dose group (37.2%) (P〈0.05); the transplantation rejection rate was 4.4%, significantly lower than that of the none- recommended dose group (22.5%) (P〈0.05). Using EMIT to monitor the blood concentration of CsA as the routine laboratory method is feasible, and is able to reduce the CsA toxicity and rejection significantly, leading to achieving the desired therapeutic effect.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473152

ABSTRACT

The feasibility and the clinical value of the enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) monitoring of blood concentrations of cyclosporine A (CsA) in patients treated with CsA were investigated after kidney transplantation.The validation method was performed to the EMIT determination of CsA blood concentration,the CsA whole blood trough concentrations (Co) of patients in different time periods after renal transplantation were monitored,and combined with the clinical complications,the statistical results were analyzed and compared.EMIT was precise,accurate and stable,also with a high quality control.The mean postoperative blood concentration of CsA was as follows:<1 month,(281.4± 57.9)ng/mL; 2 - 3 months,(264.5 ± 41.2)ng/mL; 4 - 5 months,(236.4 ± 38.9)ng/mL; 6 - 12 months,(206.5 ± 32.6)ng/mL; >12 months,(185.6 ± 28.1)ng/mL.The toxic reaction rate of CsA blood concentration within the recommended therapeutic concentration was 14.1%,significantly lower than that of the none-recommended dose group (37.2%) (P<0.05); the transplantation rejection rate was 4.4%,significantly lower than that of the nonerecommended dose group (22.5%) (P<0.05).Using EMIT to monitor the blood concentration of CsA as the routine laboratory method is feasible,and is able to reduce the CsA toxicity and rejection significantly,leading to achieving the desired therapeutic effect.

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