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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924960


Background@#Type 1 diabetes mellitus induced by immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI-T1DM) is a rare critical entity. However, the etiology of ICI-T1DM remains unclear. @*Methods@#In order to elucidate risk factors for ICI-T1DM, we evaluated the clinical course and immunological status of patients with ICI-T1DM who had been diagnosed during 2016 to 2021. @*Results@#Seven of 871 (0.8%, six men and one woman) patients developed ICI-T1DM. We revealed that the allele frequencies of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DPA1*02:02 and DPB1*05:01 were significantly higher in the patients with ICI-T1DM In comparison to the controls who received ICI (11/14 vs. 10/26, P=0.022; 11/14 vs. 7/26, P=0.0027, respectively). HLA-DRB1*04:05, which has been found to be a T1DM susceptibility allele in Asians, was also observed as a high-risk allele for ICI-T1DM. The significance of the HLA-DPB1*05:01 and DRB1*04:05 alleles was confirmed by an analysis of four additional patients. The absolute/relative neutrophil count, neutrophils-lymphocyte ratio, and neutrophil-eosinophil ratio increased, and the absolute lymphocyte count and absolute/relative eosinophil count decreased at the onset as compared with 6 weeks before. In two patients, alterations in cytokines and chemokines were found at the onset. @*Conclusion@#Novel high-risk HLA alleles and haplotypes were identified in ICI-T1DM, and peripheral blood factors may be utilized as biomarkers.

Medical Principles and Practice. 2012; 21 (2): 190-192
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-132539


To report a case of amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis [AIT] concomitant with thyroid cancer in multinodular goiter [MNG]. A 61-year-old man treated with amiodarone for 5 years presented with mild sweating. He was found to have AIT simultaneously with thyroid papillary cancer and MNG. Administration of amiodarone was stopped, and he was treated with methimazole for AIT. Five weeks after the initial treatment, thyroid function normalized. Total thyroidectomy was considered to enable use of amiodarone again. This case showed that thyrotoxicosis, MNG and amiodarone may contribute to thyroid carcinogenesis. Amiodarone should be carefully commenced in cases with MNG

Humans , Male , Thyrotoxicosis , Thyroid Neoplasms , Goiter, Nodular , Methimazole
Medical Principles and Practice. 2010; 19 (1): 79-81
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-93340


To report a case of infundibuloneurohypophysitis treated with steroid. A 65-year-old woman who was well until 4 weeks before admission and was not taking any medication presented with acute development of polydipsia and polyuria. Urinary volume was increased to 4,500 ml/day. She showed elevated serum osmolality and low urine osmolality, together with shortage of antidiuretic hormone. Magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] of the pituitary revealed marked nodular thickening of the neurohypophysis. Endocrinologically, anterior pituitary function appeared normal. Based on these examinations, she was diagnosed as having central diabetes insipidus due to lymphocytic infundibuloneurohypophysitis. Prednisolone [1 mg/kg/day, p.o.] and D-deaminovasopressin [5 microg/day, intranasal] were commenced. Ten days after the administration of the agents, MRI showed a dramatic improvement in the thickening of the neurohypophysis. Ten weeks later, abnormalities found in earlier MRI had disappeared. The drugs were withdrawn gradually, and diabetes insipidus ceased 25 weeks later. Recurrence was not seen in the subsequent MRI, and the function of the posterior pituitary gland was completely normalized even 7 years after discontinuation of treatments. This case shows that noninvasive diagnosis and appropriate steroid administration can effectively cure lymphocytic infundibuloneurohypophysitis; it is recommended with long-term follow-up

Humans , Female , Aged , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Steroids , Prednisolone , Magnetic Resonance Imaging