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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822052


Aortic dissection presents with acute chest or back pain. However, it can be asymptomatic in the acute phase with delayed symptomatic presentation or incidental diagnosis upon chest imaging. We report a case of acute type B aortic dissection subsequent to chronic type A aortic dissection which was difficult to distinguish from acute type A aortic dissection. A 45-year-old man was admitted to a hospital with sudden back pain. An enhanced chest CT revealed a suspected acute type A aortic dissection. The patient was transferred to our hospital and we performed an emergent total arch replacement. Intraoperative findings showed that there were two entries at the origin of the brachiocephalic artery and the left subclavian artery. The ascending aorta presented wall thickening but the descending aorta did not present wall thickening. Histopathologically, the adventitia was obviously thickened with dissection findings in the tunica media. Thus it was diagnosed as acute type B aortic dissection subsequent to chronic type A aortic dissection. Great caution should be taken in asymptomatic chronic aortic dissection.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837415


Entrapment of an intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) catheter is an infrequent but serious complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We report a case of successful surgical treatment of an IVUS catheter entrapped in a coronary stent after PCI. An-80-year-old man was admitted to a hospital with sudden anterior chest pain. He underwent PCI to left circumflex branch (Cx) and left anterior descending artery (LAD), followed by IVUS to ascertain stent expansion of the LAD stent. The IVUS catheter became entangled in the stent and could not be withdrawn from the outside. The patient was transferred to our hospital for its surgical removal. For the emergent surgery, we opened the stent region in the LAD and directly removed the IVUS catheter with the twisted stent. The opened place in the LAD was directly closed. Additional coronary bypass grafting involving two vessels was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful with no graft occlusion.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379318


<p><b>Objectives</b> : Many reports have investigated the work environment of physicians and reported the association between work environment, burnout, and the quality of medical care. We aimed to determine the key to improving the work environment by analyzing the results of a Japanese survey for young cardiovascular surgeons. <b>Methods</b> : A survey on work environment was performed among the young members of The Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery (≤40 years of age) to measure their job satisfaction for 9 items : operation, perioperative work, number of hours working or sleeping, board affairs (application or renewal of board certification), motivation, salary, days off, quality of life, and mental status. Univariate and multivariate analyses using 16 factors for the work environment (age, number of years in practice, gender, subspecialty, board certification in surgery, board certification in cardiovascular surgery, primary practice hospital, workdays and nights on duty in a primary practice setting, workdays and nights on duty outside primary practice, total annual income, overtime work hours, overtime entitlement, gap in overtime work and entitlement, and presence of an intensive care unit [ICU] managed by ICU physicians) were performed to identify the risk factors for dissatisfaction. <b>Results</b> : The survey was completed by 327 of 1,304 (25.1% response rate) young members of the Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery. The respondents had an average of 8.5±3.5 years in practice, and 292 (89.3%) respondents were male. Only 14.2% of the responding young surgeons reported no dissatisfaction in any items. In all items, the young surgeons were most satisfied with operation (34.6% of all responders). Age, years in practice, female gender, board certification in surgery, working at a university hospital, workdays in a primary practice setting, and workdays outside a primary practice setting were identified as significant factors for dissatisfaction, while a subspecialty in vascular surgery, total annual income, board certification in cardiovascular surgery, and the presence of an ICU managed by ICU physicians were identified as significant factors against dissatisfaction in the work environment. <b>Conclusions</b> : Our analyses of the survey results identified a number of risk factors for dissatisfaction in the work environment among young cardiovascular surgeons. Regarding the quality of medical care, respondents hoped for a reduced burden on surgeons and the establishment of a work-shift system in the cardiovascular department and an interdisciplinary team including an ICU physician. Multidimensional analyses including job satisfaction, rewards as training, and a quantitative evaluation of the quality of medical care will be necessary to clarify the corresponding relationship between consumers and providers of cardiovascular surgery in the work environment.</p>

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367130


We report a case of surgical treatment of iatrogenic cardiac trauma. A patient with cardiac tamponade was treated by pericardiocentesis. During pericardiocentesis both right and left ventricles were perforated. These perforations were repaired in the beating heart state using 20 monofilament mattress sutures reinforced by felt pledgets. Iatrogenic cardiac trauma is rare. Fatal complications might arise when proper procedures are not followed during the placement of a catheter for pericardiocentesis. Here we present successfull surgical treatment of cardiac penetrations induced by pericardiocentesis.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367083


A 59-year-old man had been treated at another institution for bacterial meningitis (<i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i>). He had severe back pain and lumbago. Computed tomographic (CT) scanning of the chest and abdomen demonstrated saccular aneurysms at the diaphragm in the descending thoracic aorta and the infrarenal abdominal aorta. An extended left posterolateral retroperitoneal incision was performed for resection of the thoracoabdominal aneurysm and replacement of an <i>in situ</i> dacron graft with rifampicin using cardiopulmonary bypass. The abdominal aneurysm was resected and replaced by an <i>in situ</i> dacron graft with rifampicin. The grafts were covered with a pedicled omental flap. The tissue culture was negative. After subsequent intravenous antibiotic therapy for 2 months, the patient was discharged without any evidence of remaining infection.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366605


This study was designed to assess the correlation of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels with cardiac function and to determine the usefulness of BNP as a prognostic marker in patients undergoing cardiac valvular surgery. We measured plasma levels of BNP in 53 patients who had undergone aortic valve replacement (AVR) or aortic and mitral valve replacement (DVR) more than 1 year earlier. These cases were divided into the aortic stenosis (AS) group and an aortic regurgitation (AR) group. Fifty-two patients were in NYHA class I, and 43 (82.7%) of them had plasma levels of BNP above the normal range. There were significant correlations between the plasma levels of BNP and ejection fraction (EF) in both the AS and AR groups (<i>r</i>=-0.460, <i>p</i><0.05; <i>r</i>=-0.529, <i>p</i><0.01). In the AR group, BNP showed significant correlations with LVMI and LVDd (<i>r</i>=-0.469, <i>p</i><0.05; <i>r</i>=0.680, <i>p</i><0.0001), whereas, in the AS group, BNP showed no significant correlation with these factors. The most remarkable finding was the development of heart failure in 3 patients whose plasma levels of BNP were over 80pg/ml, despite remaining in NYHA I during follow-up. We concluded that plasma levels of BNP in a late phase after AVR or DVR can be an excellent biochemical marker for predicting of heart failure and overall prognosis.