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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375168


  The aim of this study was to examine topophilia in the elderly living in mountainous areas. Topophilia, which is the geographical concept invented by Yi-Fu Tuan in 1999, is defined as the affective bond between people and place or environmental setting. A total of 120 elderly subjects living in a mountainous area responded to a standardized, validated 9-item Life Satisfaction Index K (subjective well-being) developed by Wataru Koyano and a new structured 6-item questionnaire on topophilia. Factor analyses revealed two domains of topophilia (public emotion and private emotion toward the living place). Public emotion was the emotion of being hard to leave the living place. Private emotion was the emotion of not loving the living place. There were areas where the elderly had a lesser degree of attachment toward the present state of the elderly could hardly have a sense of well-being and attachments to the current domicile. It is considered that not only physical but also mental approach is necessary to support the daily life of the elderly living in the mountainous area. Also, we examined the influences of aging and the living place on a subjective well-being and topophilia. There was no significant correlation between age and subjective well-being, but there was significant positive correlation between age and the degree of topophilia (r=0.234, p‹0.01). On the other hand, the degree of subjective well-being by the place of residence was significantly different (p‹0.001; ANOVA), and the degree of topophilia by the place of residence was not significantly different. These findings suggest that subjective well-being is not influenced by age but influenced by the place of residence, and topophillia is not influenced by the place of residence but influenced by age.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-373899


  We examined how difficult it would be for the elderly living in mountainous areas to go to the nearest hospital using a Voronoi tessellation representing the mathematical concept of neighborhood. We defined the index of the nursing-care capacity for the elderly as the ratio of the number of caregivers to the number of the elderly receiving nursing-care.<br>  The mean age of those who drive to the hospital by themselves worked out at 70±9.8 years. Meanwhile, that of those who go to the hospital by bus or taken to hospital in a car driven by a family member came to 80±7.0years. The latter was significantly older than the former.<br>  The areas of the Voronoi tessellation generated by patients' places of residence were divided into three groups according to the size. The plots of these three groups of the the places of residence on the map had a three-layer and doughnut-like structure, i. e., inner-, middle-, and outer-layer.<br>  The index of the nursing-care capacity in 2008 was less than 1.0 for the patients under 80 years of age. This means that when those who were at the age of 50 in 2008 become old and need nursing-care, access to the hospital will become harder to them than at present. For those who are over 80 years of age and live in the outer layer that is far away from arterial road, it will be almost impossible.<br>  These findings suggest that outpatient care with transportation assistance by a family member at present should be reconsidered because of the future lack of care personnel. It would also be necessary to consider the welfare of older people from the geographical point of view in order to manage the problems concerning the various physical and sociological difficulties of the elderly.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361995


A 59-year-old man with myocardial infarction underwent 4-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting. After operation, on the 9th hospital day, fever, dehiscence of the median wound, and pus discharge were observed. Methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) was detected in the wound, and median wound curettage and removal of the sternal bone wire were performed. The infection also involved the substernal area and anterior mediastinum, and a diagnosis of mediastinitis was made. After wound cleansing and antibiotic (vancomycin) administration, inflammatory reactions decreased, and MRSA disappeared from the wound. The wound spontaneously closed, and complete closure required 60 days. On the 75th hospital day, pain from the right shoulder to the neck and numbness in the upper limbs suddenly developed. MRI revealed vertebral body destruction at C5-6, and a diagnosis of cervical osteomyelitis was made. The spinal cord was compressed, and there was a risk of spinal cord injury below the cervical spine. After consultation with orthopedic surgeons, cervical anteroposterior fixation was performed, he improved, and was discharged. We report a patient with MRSA mediastinitis complicated by cervical osteomyelitis who required emergency surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367181


A 41-year-old woman with neurofibromatosis (NF) was admitted to our hospital for severe pain and right leg swelling of 5 days duration. Paralysis of the right leg due to compartment syndrome was also recognized. She had been diagnosed as von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis, previously. 3 D-computed tomography showed a ruptured anterior tibial artery aneurysm. There was a normal patent posterior tibial artery. Since her complaint of pain was severe, we performed an emergency operation. Under the pneumatic tourniquet technique, the aneurysm was resected, and both the proximal and distal sides of the anterior tibial artery were ligated. A massive hematoma was completely removed. Postoperatively, the dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial pulses remained palpable. The paralysis improved considerably and she was given an ambulatory discharge from our hospital 21 days after the operation. Histological examination revealed proliferating wavy spindle cells infiltrating between the adventitia and mesothelium of the aneurysmal wall and staining positively for S 100 immunoperoxidase.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367077


We report a 77-year-old woman who underwent mitral valve repair using leaflet folding plasty for mitral regurgitation due to bilatelal commissural prolapse. A Carpentier prosthetic ring was applied to remodel the annulus and to reinforce repair. Postoperative echocardiography revealed no regurgitation and good mitral valve opening. Leaflet folding plasty is considered to be a simple and effective technique to accomplish mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation due to commissural prolapse.