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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374617


We report a case of left internal iliac aneurysm that ruptured into the left common iliac vein and formed an arteriovenous fistula. A 79-year-old man who had general fatigue was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of left internal iliac artery aneurysm, left hydronephrosis, dehydration and low renal function. After dehydration and low renal function resolved rapidly by medical treatment, an enhanced computed tomography was performed. This demonstrated a 69 by 67 mm diameter left internal iliac artery aneurysm with an arteriovenous fistula. During the operation, left common iliac artery and left external iliac artery were resected and the stumps sutured. External iliac-external iliac artery bypass was performed. An occlusive balloon catheter was inserted from the left femoral vein and the balloon was dilated to patch the fistula before opening the aneurysm. After clamping the proximal artery the aneurysm was opened. Bleeding from the fistula was controlled by this maneuver and digital compression of the left common iliac vein where was proximal side of fistula. An arteriovenous fistula with a 18 by 3 mm orifice was found between the left internal iliac artery and left common iliac vein. The fistula was closed from the inside of the aneurysm. His postoperative course was uneventful.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374604


Postoperative infections should be comprehensively controlled in the context of infection control, rather than as activities of individual surgeons. We started a surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance program in 2009 in which prophylactic measures for preventing SSIs were applied. These measures were as follows : 1) screening for nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus </i>; 2) dental checks and oral screening ; 3) antibiotic prophylaxis in the intra- and postoperative period ; 4) control of glucose levels to ≤160 mg/dl in the immediate postoperative period ; and 5) early removal of surgical drain. After the introduction of prophylactic measures, we reexamined SSI surveillance and added the following prophylactic measures at the beginning of 2011 : 6) data concerning SSI and compliance with prophylactic measures for all surgical and ward staff were published monthly, and the Infection Control Team (ICT) and surgeons performed weekly ward visits to assess SSIs ; 7) recommendations were made for wearing two pairs of gloves and surgical hoods to cover the hair, scalp, ears and neck ; and 8) collaboration with diabetologists was implemented to control glucose levels in diabetics. We compared incidences of SSI in cardiovascular surgery from the periods before (469 cases, Group B) and after (118 cases, Group A) introduction of the additional prophylactic measures. Clinical characteristics of patients in each group did not differ significantly. Operative time was significantly shorter in Group A (400±116 min) than in Group B (434±145 min). Compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis in the intraoperative period improved progressively from 93% in Group B to 99% in Group A. Compliance with control of glucose levels to ≤160 mg/dl on postoperative day 1 improved progressively from 71% in Group B to 81% in Group A. Duration of drain placement was significantly shorter in Group A (2.9±1.8 days) than in Group B (3.6±2.9 days). Incidence of SSI decreased significantly from 6.0% in Group B to 0.8% in Group A. Revision of preventive measures based on the results of surveillance and enhancement of cooperation between the ICT and surgeons could help to decrease the incidence of SSI.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362618


[Objective] Physical exercises raise more or less body temperature. A body temperature is regulated constantly generally by homeostasis mechanism. Perspiration is only heat radiation mechanism under high temperature environments. And sudoriferous water is supplied from blood. Blood flow is determined by blood fluidity, blood volume and the cardiovascular system. It was reported that strong stress decreased blood fluidity.In this experiment, we investigated the relation between blood fluidity and water supply in rats loaded with forced exercise in high temperature environment.[Methods] SPF male Wistar rats weighing 150 g were used. All animals were put in high temperature environment (Wet Bulb Globe Temperature; WBGT: 28°C) through whole experimental period. In a group of water supply, distilled water was served before and later exercise by sonde forcibly. The rats were divided into five groups randomly; Rest-Non water intake (RN), Rest-Water intake (RW), Exercise-Non water intake (EN), Exercise-Water intake (EW) and Baseline (B). The blood was collected before or later of exercise and blood fluidity or platelet aggregation was measured.[Results] In the EN, platelet aggregation, lactic acid and corticosterone increased while blood fluidity were decreased significantly compared with the RN, RW and EW. In addition, the hematocrit did not increase even if water equivalent to 8 % of body weight lost it.[Conclusion] We speculate that exercise in high temperature environment decreases blood fluidity. However, the water supply that does not completely make up for quantity of depletion in exercise may improve blood fluidity.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361958


A 66-year-old woman who had percutaneous mitral valve commissurotomy 12 years before was admitted complaining of dyspnea on effort. Echocardiography showed severe mitral stenosis and regurgitation, and moderate tricuspid regurgitation associated with atrial fibrillation. Based on her past history we suspected allergy to metal, and skin patch tests showed a positive reaction to zinc, manganese, nickel, cobalt, dichromate, stainless steel, titanium alloys, and nickel-chromium-cobalt alloys. We selected an artificial organ which would not cause an allergic reaction. The St. Jude Medical standard cuff mechanical valve was the only compatible prosthetic valve. Anterolateral right thoracotomy, instead of median sternotomy, was selected. Mitral valve replacement with a 27-mm St. Jude Medical standard cuff mechanical valve and tricuspid valve annuloplasty with a 27-mm Duran flexible band were performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful. She is doing well without any allergic symptom 18 months after the surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361943


A 47-year-old man was found to have a thoracic aortic aneurysm. When the patient was 20 years old, he underwent aortic correction with Dacron graft for coarctation of the descending aorta. CT showed an enhanced true aneurysm and a pseudolumen in the proximal anastomotic site of the graft of the distal arch and an aneurysm in the left subclavian artery bifurcation. The operation was performed. Because we anticipated severe adhesion due to the preceding left thoracotomy, we approached by median sternotomy and the transmediastinal replacement method (pull-through method). Before cardio pulmonary bypass was started, an 8-mm Dacron graft was anastomosed to the left subclavian artery via a subclavian incision. The patient was given heparin and we cannulated the ascending aorta via the right femoral artery. A venous cannula was placed in the superior and inferior vena cava and patent left superior vena cava confirmed during operation. Antegrade cardioplegia was initially administered. During deep hypotheremic circulatory arrest antegrade cerebral perfusion was employed. The heart was retracted and the descending aorta was exposed through the posterior pericardium. The old graft was excised and a new Dacron graft was pulled down into the descending aorta from the distal arch. The graft was anastomosed to the descending aorta. After we repaired the other aortic arch branch and ascending aorta, the left subclavian graft and graft branch were anastomosed. There was no bleeding or other complication and the patient was discharged. The pull-through method should be considered for such descending aortic aneurysm cases.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366050


A case of idiopathic enlargement of the right atrium (IERA) is described. A 28-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of cardiomegaly and a mass in the right atrium. She had had cardiomegaly for at least 8 years. Echocardiography showed an enlarged right atrium and a large mass. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated normal hemodynamic data. Based on these findings, we diagnosed this case as IERA and the right atrial mass was suspected to be myxoma. At operation, a markedly enlarged right atrium was found. The right atrial wall was paper-thin. Through right atriotomy, a giant round thrombus (5×4×4cm) was found. The tricuspid valve showed a normal configuration. After extirpation of the thrombus, the right atrial wall was excised and plicated. The postoperative course was uneventful. IERA is extremely rare and heart failure and sudden death have been reported. Therefore, symptomatic or complicated cases should be treated surgically.