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Kampo Medicine ; : 157-164, 2017.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379374


<p>Medical therapies, adapted to local requirements, are necessary in the field of community medicine. Generalized medical treatment is often all there is in Japan's Konsen Area, due to the large number of elderly people and a paucity of medical institutions. Kampo medical treatment is useful for elderly patients with plural diseases, and the demand for such treatment has been increasing. Therefore, we collected data on Kampo prescriptions prescribed by the doctors at the Nakashibetsu Municipal Hospital, which is the main local hospital in the Konsen Area, from 2010 to 2013. We conducted similar investigations at the Kushiro Red Cross Hospital in Kushiro city, which is centrally located in the Konsen Area, and at Asahikawa Medical University Hospital in Asahikawa, central Hokkaido. The aim of these investigations was to compare Kampo medicine use based on hospital location and size. The results can be used in community medicine to enhance the use of Kampo medicine with increase for its demand. Medical students and doctors should be educated in Kampo medicines, since their prescriptions have a significant impact on community health.</p>

Palliative Care Research ; : 505-508, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376653


<b>Introduction:</b> Goshuyuto was effective in a case with intractable hiccups caused by the medulla oblongata dissemination of the cerebellum melanoma. <b>Case:</b>A 54-yearold male patient was diagnosed cerebellum malignant melanoma. He suffered from intractable hiccups caused by the medulla oblongata dissemination lesion of this melanoma. He was treated with some Western medicines such as Baclofen, Metoclopramide, Chlorpromazine and Clonazepam, which are usually used for the treatment of hiccups, but they were not effective. Therefore we gave him Goshuyuto which is Kampo medicine and his hiccups subsided immediately. Since then, he continues taking Gosyuyuto about a year and there has been no recurrence of hiccups thus far. <b>Conclusion:</b> Taking of Kampo medicine is the useful choice for a patient whom Western medicine is ineffective.

Asian Spine Journal ; : 145-149, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189415


STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of using an electrodiagnostic technique as a new approach in the clinical diagnosis of extraforaminal stenosis at L5-S1. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: We introduced a new effective approach to the diagnosis of extraforaminal stenosis at the lumbosacral junction using the existing electrophysiological evaluation technique. METHODS: A consecutive series of 124 patients with fifth lumbar radiculopathy were enrolled, comprising a group of 74 patients with spinal canal stenosis and a second group of 50 patients with extraforaminal stenosis at L5-S1. The technique involved inserting a pair of needle electrodes into the foraminal exit zone of the fifth lumbar spinal nerves, which were used to provide electrical stimulation. The compound muscle action potentials from each of the tibialis anterior muscles were recorded. RESULTS: The distal motor latency (DML) of the potentials ranged from 11.2 to 24.6 milliseconds in patients with extraforaminal stenosis. In contrast, the DML in patients with spinal canal stenosis ranged from 10.0 to 17.2 milliseconds. After comparing the DML of each of the 2 groups and at the same time comparing the differences in DML between the affected and unaffected side of each patient, we concluded there were statistically significant differences (p<0.01) between the 2 groups. Using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the cutoff values were calculated to be 15.2 milliseconds and 1.1 milliseconds, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This approach using a means of DML measurement enables us to identify and localize lesions, which offers an advantage in diagnosing extraforaminal stenosis at L5-S1.

Action Potentials , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Electric Stimulation , Electrodes , Humans , Muscles , Needles , Radiculopathy , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Spinal Canal , Spinal Nerves , Spinal Stenosis