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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873937


A 51-year-old man was referred to our hospital with pain and coldness of the upper left extremity. Contrasted computed tomography revealed a silhouette protruding into the aortic arch. Peripheral embolism in upper left extremity by tumor or thrombosis was suspected. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mobile mass in the aortic arch. To prevent recurrent embolization, the mass and the aortic arch to which the mass was attached were excised and partial arch replacement was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. Histologically, the mass was a fibrin thrombus with no malignancy. The aortic wall showed only mild atherosclerosis of the intima. No thrombotic predisposition such as protein S or C deficiency or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome was observed. Anticoagulant therapy was started and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 10 without recurrent thromboembolism. Three years have passed since the operation and there is no recurrence of thromboembolism.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873936


A 79-year-old woman presented to our hospital with high energy trauma. Enhanced CT revealed injury to the aortic arch. The left carotid artery was pulled out due to extension force and a drawing out lesion formed. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established with cannulation of the right femoral artery and the right atrium, and systemic cooling was started. We opened the aortic arch with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, and detected a 10 mm drawing out lesion at the bottom of the left carotid artery. Aortic arch was transected at the distal of the left carotid artery to exclude the drawing out lesion, and partial arch replacement was performed. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and she was discharged from our hospital without any complication.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825925


An 87-year-old man underwent a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis. Approximately 8 months later, he was readmitted to our institution because of a cerebral infarction. Viridans Streptococcus was identified from the blood culture, and transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile mass on the leaflet. Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) was diagnosed and we initially administered intravenous antibiotic therapy for 4 weeks, after which the patient underwent surgical aortic valve replacement. Herein, we report on the surgical AVR in the patient using a pericardial valve after successful removal of the infected prosthetic valve, and discuss some issues related to this rare complication after TAVI.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366157


A 67-year-old man receiving treatment for choledocholithiasis was found to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm on CT. The maximum diameter of the aneurysm was 60mm, and the isthmus of a horseshoe kidney was also observed. A total of four renal arteries, two each on the right and left sides, was detected by angiography and helical CT. Two of four arteries bifurcated from the aneurysm. Laparotomy confirmed the presence of a fifth renal artery, which extended from the left common iliac artery to the isthmus. It was not difficult to free the isthmus from the aneurysm. A Y-shaped prosthesis was placed between the normal portion of the aorta and the common iliac arteries without severing the isthmus. The left renal artery arose from the aneurysm and was reconstructed with 6mm knitted Dacron. The right renal artery, which was located below the isthmus, was ligated. The absence of postoperative renal dysfunction confirmed the patency of the reconstructed renal artery. Eleven such cases have been reported in Japan, including the present case. In 5 cases, renal artery reconstruction was performed, and the isthmus was preserved in 8 cases. However, the sites of renal artery bifurcation were correctly detected preoperatively in only 3 of these patients. It appears that accurate preoperative imaging is very important, along with renal artery reconstruction.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366112


Ulcer developed on the left leg of a 47-year-old man, in 1989, and phlebography showed deep vein thrombosis extending from the politeal to the common femoral vein. Subfascial ligation of the perforators achieved healing of the ulcers. In November 1991, at the age of 52 years the patient noticed a pulsatile mass on the right side of his neck. CT scanning showed a carotid artery aneurysm 4cm in diameter. Angiography indicated that the aneurysm was located at the bifurcation of the carotid artery. In February 1992, reconstructive surgery was performed with a Dacron graft, but an anterile abscess developed around the graft. In September 1992, the graft was removed and the carotid artery was ligated. Only seven cases of carotid aneurysm associated with Behçet's disease have previously been reported in Japan. Five of them underwent reconstructive surgery and two of them underwent carotid ligation due to complications. Because of the clinical course of Behçet's disease, carotid aneurysmectomy without reconstructive surgery may be the procedure of choice.