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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887264


A 61 year old woman who had been receiving treatment for ulcerative colitis for 14 years complained of respiratory discomfort on exertion and was diagnosed with severe mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse. Minimally invasive mitral valvuloplasty with right mini-thoracotomy was performed in our facility. Laboratory findings showed elevated levels of serum creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB immediately after surgery. In addition to elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, ST depression was seen in an electrocardiogram on postoperative day 2 ; therefore, we suspected myocardial ischemia during the surgery. Despite the persistently elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, coronary angiography showed no significant abnormalities. Because of the possibility of false CK elevation, we performed CK electrophoresis, which revealed the presence of macro-CK type 1. CK-MB activity is often falsely elevated when determined by immune-inhibition in macro-CK patients, and that leads to the suspicion of myocardial ischemia. We considered that it may be highly difficult to identify macro-CK in a patient after cardiovascular surgery owing to elevated levels of myocardial enzymes in most such patients.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887105


We present a case of redo aortic valve replacement (AVR) in a 71-year-old man with a Lillehei-Kaster valve implanted 42 years prior. The patient initially underwent AVR and open mitral commissurotomy procedures for aortic regurgitation complicated with mitral stenosis in 1978 at the age of 29. Thereafter, he was followed at our outpatient clinic and treated without anticoagulant therapy for the initial two decades of the postoperative period. During the long-term follow-up, the mean pressure gradient remained between 40 and 60 mmHg and there were no adverse events noted before occurrence of heart failure triggered by tachycardia and pneumonia. Following improvement of heart failure, redo AVR was performed. There was no structural damage, thrombosis, or Lillehei-Kaster valve opening restrictions, though severe pannus growth on the left ventricle side was observed, which was thought to be the cause of the increased pressure gradient. This is the first known report of redo AVR after many years in a patient who underwent Lillehei-Kaster valve implantation. Furthermore, no other study has noted findings regarding pressure gradient change during the long-term follow-up period in such cases.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688753


A 69-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a right upper mediastinal mass observed on chest roentgenogram. Computed tomography showed a dissecting aneurysm of the right subclavian artery and dissection of the ascending aorta. Furthermore, the ascending aorta was dilated. We subsequently reconstructed the right subclavian artery with a bypass graft and replaced the ascending aorta. Two-thirds of the aortic arch was placed in deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion. His postoperative course was uneventful with no neurological complications. While subclavian artery aneurysms are relatively rare in comparison to other peripheral artery aneurysms, subclavian artery aneurysms with aortic dissections are even rarer. The most important concerns during subclavian artery aneurysm repair are the method of surgical approach and the maintenance of sufficient cerebral flow. We suggested that deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion might prove useful in cases involving an intramural thrombus adherent to cerebral vessels. Therefore, patients with subclavian artery aneurysms must undergo extensive preoperative evaluation.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374583


Studies have shown that postoperative disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) occurs in some patients with cardiac disease, acute aortic dissection, and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The specific pathophysiology of DIC in these settings are related to low cardiac function, shock, infection and sepsis as well as activation of coagulation cascade in the aneurysm sac or dissected aorta. A soluble form of recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhsTM) was approved in 2008 for the treatment of DIC. This report describes the safety and efficacy of rhsTM for the treatment of DIC in patients with cardiovascular disease operated in our department. Between October 2010 and March 2012, 35 patients with postoperative DIC were treated with rhsTM. Diagnosis of DIC was based on the diagnostic criteria for DIC of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM). During the first 6 months of the study period, after a diagnosis of DIC was made, the patients were treated with gabexate mesilate and antithrombin III, and if patients showed no improvement with conventional treatment, they received rhsTM for 6 days. During the last 10 months of the study period, patients received rhsTM soon after a diagnosis of DIC was made. Twenty seven patients survived for 28 days after rhsTM treatment, and the mortality rate was 22.9% (8/35). Patients who survived showed improvement in acute phase DIC scores, FDP levels, D-Dimer, fibrinogen and platelet counts during rhsTM treatment, but no improvement was observed in patients who died. No serious adverse events were found up to 28 days after the start of rhsTM administration. In conclusion, this study showed no adverse events of rhsTM, and further studies are needed to confirm that rhsTM administration is an effective therapeutic modality in the management of DIC after cardiovascular surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366966


Aneurysms of the inferior left ventricular wall comprise only a small fraction of all aneurysms that have been reported in surgical series. Pseudo-false ventricular aneurysm is very rare and communicates with the left ventricule through a small orifice, and its wall contains myocardial tissue, unlike false ventricular aneurysm. A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with chest pain. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular aneurysm, and the coronary arteriography subsequently revealed a complete occlusion of right coronary #2 and 75% and 90% stenosis of left anterior descending artery #7 and #8, respectively. Left ventriculography revealed an aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall, which communicated with the left ventricle through a small orifice and exhibited contraction. Surgical repair was indicated. Endoventricular circular patch repair (Dor operation) of the aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall and coronary artery bypass grafting to the left anterior descending artery and the right coronary artery were simultaneously performed under cardiopulmonary bypass with moderate hypothermia. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 22th day after surgery. Pseudo-false ventricular aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall was diagnosed by pathologic examination.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366753


A 71-year-old man had been repeatedly admitted to our hospital with congestive heart failure, cerebral infarction and pneumonia. Under a diagnosis of mitral regurgitation and tricuspid regurgitation by echocardiography and catheter examination, mitral valve replacement and tricuspid annuloplasty were performed. Pathohistological study revealed a direct insertion of the papillary muscle into the anterior mitral leaflet (DPM) in addition to post-rheumatic valvular disease. These findings suggest that the increased rigidity of the scarring valve leaflets in combination with direct insertion of DPM lead to inadequate leaflet coaptation and apposition. This is the first report of mitral valve replacement for mitral regurgitation due to post-inflammatory valvular disease with DPM.