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1.
Kampo Medicine ; : 16-19, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007184

ABSTRACT

We herein report a patient who complained persistent exudate at navel in spite of adequate antibiotics therapy after laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully treated with Kampo therapy. The pharmacological effect of this Kampo formulation i.e. senkinnaitakusan is still unknown, but this formulation has been used for persistent infectious diseases. According to the description in the classic textbook, this formulation is suggested to encourage metabolic function and exhibit anti-inflammatory function. There have been no reports of Kampo therapy for the superficial incisional site infection associated with laparoscopic surgery. The authors propose that Kampo medicine is another promising option in the management of surgical site infection (SSI).

2.
Kampo Medicine ; : 58-65, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924618

ABSTRACT

Growing evidences indicate that the development of mesenteric phlebosclerosis (MP) is associated with long-­term gardenia fruit (GF) intake. Besides duration and total dosage of GF ingestion, other factors associated with the development of MP or the symptoms of MP have not been known. We searched for previous case reports of MP from Japan. MP patients were divided into two groups : asymptomatic group without abdominal symptoms or symptomatic group. Age, gender ratio, body size, and duration of GF ingestion of the both groups were statistically analyzed. We evaluated concomitant diseases that can cause elevated venous pressure in the both groups. Colectomy rate were compared between symptomatic men and symptomatic women. Severe symptoms including ileus, stenosis peritonitis, and perforation were also compared between men and women. Age and sex were analyzed in all 164 cases. The gender ratio of women to men in the symptomatic group was higher than that in the asymptomatic group. However, colectomy rate in the symptomatic group was similar between men and women. Ileus, stenosis, peritonitis, and perforation were similarly found in both men and women. We found 15 symptomatic MP patients with concomitant diseases that can cause phlebostasis. None of the asymptomatic had these diseases. Concomitant diseases that can cause elevated venous pressure might be associated with symptomatic MP. The severity of MP seems to be similar between men and women. Association of gender difference with the development of MP symptoms was uncertain.

3.
Kampo Medicine ; : 52-56, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689001

ABSTRACT

It is theoretically thought that Paeoniae Radix (shakuyaku) has a sour taste and astringent action in traditional Chinese medicine. To examine the practical taste of shakuyaku, 12 volunteers sampled the decoction of Paeoniae Radix Rubra (sekishaku) and Paeoniae Radix Alba (byakushaku). Each volunteer determined how sekishaku and byakushaku taste among “five tastes” : sweet, salty, bitter, sour, or spicy. Most volunteers chose bitter taste and none of them chose sour taste as the foremost taste of shakuyaku. At least in the modern age, shakuyaku may have little sour taste. In this article we discussed the astringent action and the muscle relaxant action of shakuyaku with reference to the sour taste.

4.
Kampo Medicine ; : 377-381, 2017.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688992

ABSTRACT

To estimate the incidence of liver injury related to Kampo medicine containing Scutellaria baicalensis, all medical records in our clinic were retrospectively examined. Among 2,430 patients who took Kampo medicine containing Scutellaria baicalensis, liver blood tests were performed in 1,547 cases (63.7%). The possibility of liver injury related to Kampo medicine containing Scutellaria baicalensis could not be denied in 19 cases (1.2%) among the 1,547 cases. The clinical features of liver injury in 19 cases were not different from those in previous reports. In agreement with the previous literature, this study also suggests that the incidence of liver injury related to Kampo medicine containing Scutellaria baicalensis is about 1%.

5.
Kampo Medicine ; : 250-254, 2017.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688977

ABSTRACT

A thirty-eight-year old woman with facial pain was diagnosed with trigeminal neuralgia, and treated with conventional carbamazepine therapy. Although the pain was alleviated to a certain degree, she visited our clinic to receive Kampo therapy. Judging from her facial injury in an accident thirty years ago, jidabokuippo was administered in addition to carbamazepine. The trigeminal neuralgia was then relieved, and Takagi's tender point in her abdomen was also reduced or disappeared. She could finally stop carbamazepine therapy. This case suggests that neuralgia patients with previous injury and Takagi's tender point can be treated with jidabokuippo.

6.
Kampo Medicine ; : 72-74, 2016.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378152

ABSTRACT

A 47-year-old woman visited our clinic, and thereafter she had taken various Kampo medicines until she turned 58 years old. She took each medicine, containing 1-3.5 g/day of glycyrrhiza, for one or two months. Hypertension or edema was not observed in those days. From the age of 60, she took 7.5 g of tokishigyakukagoshuyushokyoto, containing 2 g of glycyrrhiza, day after day. Hypertension or edema was not observed for 35 months. However, when she was 63 years old, pseudoaldosteronism with headache, hypertension, edema,and hypopotassemia was observed for the first time. This case suggests that administration period or patient's age influences the development of pseudoaldosteronism.

7.
Kampo Medicine ; : 67-71, 2016.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378151

ABSTRACT

Recently, basophil activation test (BAT) has been applied to the diagnosis of drug allergy. We performed BAT for various Kampo medicines taken by 12 cooperators to evaluate the concentration which arouse nonspecific reaction during incubation in BAT. When whole blood of each was incubated for 24 hours with each Kampo medicine, false positive results were frequently observed. After 1-hour incubation with Kampo medicine at high concentration (1/312.5), false positive results were sometimes observed. These results suggest that in the diagnosis of Kampo-medicine adverse reactions, BAT should be performed in the condition of 1-hour incubation with lower concentration (1/1250 or lower).

8.
Kampo Medicine ; : 197-202, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377179

ABSTRACT

Incidence of glycyrrhiza-induced pseudoaldosteronism is not well understood. We examined relationships between pseudoaldosteronism incidence and daily glycyrrhiza dose in previous clinical studies. The incidence in patients administered glycyrrhiza 1 g/day was 1.0% (mean). The incidence with 2 g/day, 4 g/day and 6 g/day were 1.7% (mean), 3.3% and 11.1% (mean), respectively. Thus a dose-dependent trend toward pseudoaldosteronism incidence was suggested by previous literature.

9.
Kampo Medicine ; : 369-373, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362630

ABSTRACT

We experienced two cases of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) improved with Kampo medicines that include uzu (i.e. uzu-zai).The pain from PHN was improved via the administration of an uzu-zai in these 2 cases, worsened by its discontinuation, and improved again by its re-introduction.Case 1 : A 76-year-old male suffering from PHN of the right L 2-3 area was administered uzukeishito and obtained pain reduction. After 12 months, his prescription was changed from uzukeishito to keishikaryoju-tsubuto. Then, after only 2 days his pain worsened again. Uzukeishito treatment was re-instated, and he again obtained pain reduction. Case 2 : An 82-year-old male suffering from PHN of the right C 4-5 area was given uzuto and obtained pain relief. After 3 months his prescription was changed from uzuto to keishikajutsubuto. Then, after only1week his pain worsened again. Uzuto was then re-introduced, and pain reduction was achieved again. These two cases led to two suggestions. First, that the uzu-zais were very effective against the PHN pain. Second, that this effect of an uzu-zai against PHN pain might be a symptomatic rather than a radical treatment.These two cases highlight the fact that the use of an uzu-zai was instrumental in reducing PHN-associated pain, but further studies will be needed to determine a dosage protocol, including when and at what pace uzu-zais might be reduced/discontinued.

10.
Kampo Medicine ; : 1133-1137, 2007.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379701

ABSTRACT

We report a case of recurring adhesive ileus that was successfully treated with shojokito (decoction) without inserting a nasogastric tube. The patient was a 75-year-old male who had been treated for abdominal symptoms in our department after a laparotomy. He visited our hospital mainly for complaints of abdominal pain and distention, was diagnosed with adhesive ileus because of a niveau image upon abdominal X-ray, and was hospitalized the same day. We diagnosed him as Yang syndrome and excess syndrome because he had thick yellow fur of the tongue, and administered shojokito. He broke wind at 40 minutes after administration of shojokito, and had bowel movement two hours later. Furthermore, he had mass diarrhea after another administration of this formula, and the niveau image disappeared the next day. It is often considered that an ileus develops with Cold, for which daikenchuto is prescribed frequently. However, in some cases cold purgative formulas such as jokito group may be effective, if such cases are Yang syndrome and excess syndrome, and present with yellow fur of the tongue.


Subject(s)
Intestinal Obstruction , Syndrome , Yin-Yang
11.
Kampo Medicine ; : 861-865, 2007.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379691

ABSTRACT

We report a case of an obstinate belch successfully treated with goshuyuto. The patient was a 74-year-old female. She had been hospitalized seven times in the past due to the belch, abdominal distention and anorexia, and had been prescribed various Kampo formulas. But her symptoms fluctuated up and down. The obstinate belch essentially disappeared after administering goshuyuto, and her appetite improved. Many of Kampo formulas that treat belchs are related to Shoyobyo (shao yang bing), but we consider that goshuyuto may be effective for a belch, which is yin-related and accompanied with stiffness and rigidity below the heart, and fullness in the chest and hypochondrium.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Kampo
12.
Kampo Medicine ; : 495-501, 2007.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379676

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of numbness and pain of neuropathy due to ANCA (antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody)-associated vasculitis successfully treated with Ogikeishigomotsuto. The first case was a 57-year-old female who complained of high fever, painful skin eruptions of the lower limbs, and proteinuria. Although the severe pain was reduced with steroid therapy, neuropathy-related numbness and pain remained widespread in her lower limbs. After we prescribed Ogikeishigomotsuto, most of her pain disappeared while her degree of numbness diminished by almost half in two weeks. In addition, her steroid therapy could be tapered off without adverse effect. The second case was an 82-year-old female with fever and myalgia. Although myalgia of the upper arm disappeared with steroid treatment, walking became difficult due to numbness from the lower legs, to the soles of her feet. With Ogikeishigomotsuto administration, she became better able to walk because her legs had warmed up, and the range of her numbness had decreased. These cases suggest that Ogikeishigomotsuto may be effective against numbness and neuropathic pain due to ANCA-associated vasculitis.


Subject(s)
Hypesthesia , Pain , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Vasculitis
13.
Kampo Medicine ; : 217-224, 2006.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-368513

ABSTRACT

We report three cases of pneumonia successfully treated with Kampo therapy. Case 1 was a 69-year-old female who was hospitalized with a fever and cough. Administration of Keishinieppiitto led to an improvement in her cough and a rapid reduction of fever, and we continued her treatment using Kampo medicine only. By the 7th day of admission, the infiltration shadow had disappeared, and on the 11th day, laboratory data on WBC and CRP had decreased to a normal range. Case 2 was a 66-year-old female who was hospitalized with cough, sputum and fever. She received modern western medical treatment, including antibiotics for one month, but her symptoms showed little improvement. After we administered Saiko-keishi-kankyo-to-go-Hange-koboku-to, her symptoms gradually improved. By the 15 th day of admission, her CRP levels had decreased to 0.7mg/dL, and the infiltrative shadow had disappeared. Case 3 was a 78-year-old male who was hospitalized with cough, sputum, anorexia and general malaise. A multiple nodular lesion in the lung was also detected by chest CT. Consequent diagnostic examinations were conducted, while providing him with Saikokeishito. Although the final diagnosis was pneumonia, of unknown etiology, his fever decreased and on further examination his laboratory data had improved. If a Kampo formula is selected in accordance with the diagnosis of Kampo medicine, we consider that pneumonia can be treated with Kampo medicine without the use of antibiotics.

14.
Kampo Medicine ; : 57-63, 2006.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-368510

ABSTRACT

We present a case of megacolon successfully treated with Kampo medicine. A 65-year-old male diagnosed with megacolon in 1999, came to our department in July 2003 complaining of severe abdominal distention. We successively used different Kampo formulae, in accordance with the diagnostic standard known as “SHO” which were: Daikenchu-to, Koboku-sanmotsu-to, Chukenchu-to, and Koboku-sanmotsu-to again. Daikenchu-to was only partly effective. Koboku-sanmotsu-to made the abdominal distention worse, forcing a change of drug. Chukenchu-to relieved the symptoms for some time, but the patient had to be hospitalized because of pseudoaldosteronism caused by the drug. Koboku-sanmotsu-to, however, worked smoothly on the second occasion and the symptoms disappeared. The efficacy of Koboku-sanmotsu-to was completely different on the two occasions it was used. This suggests that the pathological conditions were in a state of change, and these changes were identical to changes of SHO. This case reinforces the importance of detecting changes of the SHO accurately.

15.
Kampo Medicine ; : 947-951, 2005.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-368505

ABSTRACT

Ogikeishigomotsuto is a Kampo formula used for numbness or body pains. We experienced 29 cases in which attending physicians believed the drug would be effective. In 18 cases the drug was effective and in 11 cases it was not. We analyzed the difference in subjective symptoms between the responder group and the non-responder group. We concluded that some symptoms could be indicators for choosing the formula. Hypersensitivity to cold and heaviness of the whole body has previously been reported in many articles. In our cases, we observed a high incidence and specificity of the symptoms reported above, as well as arthralgia, dry skin and irritability in the responder group compared to the non-responder group. We believe these newly detected subjective symptoms can also be indicators for choosing Ogikeishigomotsuto.

16.
Kampo Medicine ; : 319-324, 2004.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-368458

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a 77-year-old female with subacute thyroiditis who was successfully treated with traditional herbal medicine (Kampo-therapy). On 18th December 2001, the patient was admitted to our hospital because of malaise and loss of appetite.<br>The patient complained of what she thought was a sore throat that began one month prior to admission, with a fever rising to 37.8°C 4 days before admission. Physical examination showed tenderness and swelling of the thyroid. Blood examination showed hyperthyroidism (TSH 0.02μIU/ml fT<sub>3</sub> 20.18ng/dl fT<sub>4</sub> 5.21ng/dl) and high inflammation (CRP 13.7 ESR 122mm/hr). We then diagnosed subacute thyroiditis and treated her with Kampo-therapy only. We arranged herbs according to the “Sho-kan-ron (_??__??__??_)” and gave her Keishi-ni-eppi-ichi-to (_??__??__??__??__??__??__??_) and Choi-joki-to (_??__??__??__??__??_). Four days after admission, her intermittent fever disappeared. After 10 days, her CRP became negative. After 13 days, almost all the symptoms had disappeared. Thyroid function (fT<sub>3</sub>, fT<sub>4</sub>) returned to normal after 17 days of Kampo-therapy. Subacute thyroiditis is a self limiting disease, but steroid therapy is often needed to reduce the symptoms and avoid thyrotoxicosis. In this case, the patient made a relatively quick recovery without steroid therapy. We suggest Kampo-therapy can be an effective treatment for subacute thyroiditis.

17.
Kampo Medicine ; : 951-956, 2003.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-368442

ABSTRACT

A case of ascites and pitting edema from hepatocellular carcinoma treated with Boi-shomoku-teireki-daio-gan-ryo was reported.<br>An 80-year-old female presented progressive gait disturbance and dysuria in April 2002. Neurological examination revealed paraparesis, hypesthesia inferior to lumber level and sphincter dysfunction. An MRI revealed a solid mass arising from lamina at the right Th 12, extending into the spinal canal. Surgery was performed, but paraparesis continued. In addition, the patient developed ascites and pitting edema of the legs. An abdominal CT suggested liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Some Kampo formulas were not effective. Boi-shomoku-teireki-daio-gan-ryo was administered on the basis of symptoms such as ascites, dry mouth and constipation, and then the pitting edema improved rapidly. In addition, the abdominal CT revealed the decrement of ascites. Unfortunately the treatment was effective for only one month. Ascites with malignant tumor is very difficult to treat. However, Boi-shomoku-teireki-daio-gan-ryo is clearly useful for treatment of ascites and edema.

18.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365208

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old man underwent an emergency operation for a ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Operations included bifurcated graft replacement of the abdominal aorta, oversewing of five lumbar arteries between L3 and L5, and ligation of the occluded inferior mesenteric artery. Because of the severe adhesions and arteriosclerotic changes over the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta and both common iliac arteries, prolonged aortic cross-clamp time was needed. In spite of stable his postoperative general condition, he suffered paresthesia and complete sensory loss on the left lower leg and the right sole. Moreover he was found to have paresis on the left leg and the right thigh. Knee and ankle deep-tendon reflexes were absent on the left. Lasègue's sign was positive bilaterally, which was more brisk on the left. There was no incontinence of urine and feces. EMG showed neurogenic polyphasic potentials on the lower extremities. MRI of the thoracolumbar spine and sacrum showed no evidence responsible for this neurological deficit, but IV-DSA revealed complete occlusion of the left common and internal iliac arteries. Following the active rehabilitation, he was able to walk unaided, but remained to have residual paresthesia on the left lower leg at his discharge. It was concluded that ischemic injuries to the cauda equina resulted in this rare complication, which seemed to be secondary to oversewing of critical lumbar arteries, prolonged aortic cross-clamp time, and the acute occlusion of the left common and internal iliac arteries.

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