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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924401


The patient was a 68-year-old woman who had undergone initial mitral repair at 24 years of age, and had undergone mitral replacement using the Björk-Shiley convexo-concave valve at 30 years of age. She developed exertional dyspnea 38 years after mitral replacement with hemolytic anemia. Precise examination revealed mitral stenosis and perivalvular leak. At the reoperation, severe calcified pannus was found at the ventricular side just beneath the mitral artificial valve, and made stenosis with the inadequate leaflet opening. The mitral valve remnant ring was severely calcified and the sawing ring was detached partially. Repeated valve replacement was successfully done by the reinforcement of the mitral valve ring with xenopericardium.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873933


We herein report a rare case of unruptured, giant left coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm and discuss surgical pitfalls associated with sinus of Valsalva aneurysms. A 63-year-old man was referred to us for clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment of a huge mass in the mediastinum. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed that the mass was a left coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with a diameter of 74×57 mm ; moreover, the left coronary artery originated from the aneurysmal wall. In addition, echocardiography showed moderate aortic regurgitation (AR) caused by dilatation of the aortic annulus. Based on these findings, the Bentall procedure was selected for the Valsalva aneurysm and significant AR. The orifice of the aneurysm was 15×15 mm in size, and the aortic wall of the left coronary sinus was relatively thin. The left main trunk was injured due to severe adhesion between the trunk and the aneurysm ; therefore, vein patch repair was performed with a saphenous vein graft. Since the aortic annulus of the left coronary cusp was fragile, proximal anastomosis of the composite graft to the lesion had to be placed in the fibrous continuity between the aortic and mitral valves. With respect to the proximal anastomosis at the aortic annulus of the left coronary cusp, the suture line was covered with a bovine pericardium patch as there were no remnants of the normal aortic wall. The postoperative course was uneventful, and postoperative CT revealed complete resection of the aneurysm with no evidence of stenosis of the left main trunk.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376100


Infective endocarditis in association with pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis is rarely observed. We report an 80-year-old man with infective endocarditis and pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis requiring reoperation due to aortic prosthetic valve dysfunction. He suffered from back pain as the initial symptom, and he was admitted to our hospital. On magnetic resonance imaging, vertebral osteomyelitis was revealed, and antibiotics were started. On blood sampling α-streptococcus was identified and infective endocarditis was diagnosed. He responded to the antibiotic treatment. Despite the improvement in his general condition and the inflammatory parameters of blood samples, the aortic prosthetic valve dysfunction progressed. On echocardiography, aortic regurgitation worsened to 4/4, and the ejection fraction decreased from 72 to 46%. As heart failure was apparent, we performed a redo aortic valve replacement. Tears were found in the leaflets of the removed prosthetic valve (Hancock II). The 21-mm Carpentier-Edwards PERIMOUNT valve (CEP Magna Ease TFX) was replaced. His post-operative course was uneventful, and intravenous administration of ampicillin was continued. Oral rifampicin was also continued. On the 69th post-operative day, he was discharged and was ambulatory. Although we have no evidence that the tissue valve deterioration had resulted from bacterial damage, we were able to confirm that the structural valve deterioration involved bacterial contact in this case. Patients with infective endocarditis and pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis should be treated cautiously regardless of whether or not the inflammation is controlled.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362980


We reported a rare case of aorto-left ventricular fistula with the unruptured aneurysm of the Valsalva sinus due to the infective endocarditis. Preoperatively trans-echocardiographic examination revealed the ruptured left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm protruded toward the left ventricule. Aorto-left ventricular fistula contiguous to the unruptured aneurysm of the right valsalva sinus, however, was detected at operation. Granulation tissue resembling healed infective vegetation was detected in the margin among the orifices of this fistula and Valsalva aneurysm. Pathological examination showed excessive accumulation of white blood cells, which suggested infective endocarditis.