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Rev. chil. cir ; 64(4): 346-351, ago. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-646963


Introduction: Hydatidosis is an endemic disease in our country caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. The lung is the second most affected organ in humans. Objective: To review the results of surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatidosis in Hospital Base Osorno and analyze its presentation, surgical treatment and results of complicated and uncomplicated forms. Material and Methods: Retrospective case series of patients with pulmonary hydatidosis operated at the Surgery Department of Hospital Base Osorno between January 2001 and may 2011. Results: We reviewed data from 27 patients (21 men and 6 women) with 39 pulmonary hydatid cysts in total. The average age was 35 +/- 16.2. The average number of cysts per patient was 1.4 +/- 0.6. Four patients (15 percent) had bilateral disease. Fifteen patients (55.5 percent) had complicated cysts and 12 (44.5 percent) had uncomplicated cysts. Fever and cough were significantly more frequent in patients with complicated cysts (p < 0.05). Twenty nine pericystectomies with capitonaje were performed, 9 without capitonaje and one right lower lobectomy. There were no significant differences in morbidity and mortality between groups. Discussion: Pulmonary hydatidosis has a low frequency of occurrence, debuting mainly in young patients. Their complicated forms differ in some aspects of their presentation with uncomplicated cysts; however, in our series there were no differences in postoperative results.

Introducción: La hidatidosis es una enfermedad endémica en nuestro país, producida por el céstodo Echinococcus granulosus. El pulmón es el segundo órgano más afectado en el humano. Objetivo: Revisar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de la hidatidosis pulmonar en el Hospital Base Osorno y analizar su presentación, tratamiento quirúrgico y resultados de sus formas complicada y no complicada. Material y Métodos: Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes con hidatidosis pulmonar intervenidos en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Base Osorno entre enero de 2001 y mayo de 2011. Resultados: Se revisaron los datos de 27 pacientes (21 hombres y 6 mujeres) con 39 quistes hidatídicos pulmonares en total. El promedio de edad fue 35 +/- 16,2 años. El promedio de quistes por paciente fue de 1,4 +/- 0,6. Cuatro pacientes (15 por ciento) presentaron enfermedad bilateral. Quince pacientes (55,5 por ciento) presentaron quistes complicados y 12 (44,5 por ciento) no complicados. La fiebre y la tos fueron significativamente más frecuentes en los pacientes con quistes complicados (p < 0,05). Se realizaron 29 periquistectomías asociadas a capitonaje, 9 sin capitonaje y una lobectomía inferior derecha. No hubo diferencias significativas en cuanto a morbilidad ni mortalidad entre los grupos. Discusión: La hidatidosis pulmonar tiene una baja frecuencia de presentación, debutando principalmente en pacientes jóvenes. Sus formas complicadas difieren en algunos aspectos de su presentación con los quistes no complicados, sin embargo, en nuestra serie no se encontraron diferencias en los resultados postoperatorios.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/surgery , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Length of Stay , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 22(3): 195-203, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-647604


Introduction: Penetrating neck trauma is a rare disease, but with high severity that affects the Emergency Room Services. Morbidity and mortality are due to injury of vascular structures and the aerodigestive tract. Conservative or surgical management depends on hemodynamic stability, the affected cervical zone and the presence of clinical signs of alert. Objective: To describe cervical penetrating trauma managed in the emergency unit of the Hospital Base Osorno, between January 2004 and April 2011 and review the literature. Material and Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients with penetrating cervical trauma seen at our center in this period. Results: Twelve patients were treated, nine were male. The average age was 29 years, ranging from 4 to 55 years. Zone II was the most affected with 9cases. Eight were stab injuries. The main surgical indications were active bleeding, subcutaneous emphysema and air exiting from the wound. The average length of hospital stay was 3,9 days. One patient died. Conclusions: In our center, penetrating neck trauma is a rare disease, which usually requires a surgical approach, forcing the emergency surgeon to be aware of warning signs to determine the need for surgical exploration or conservative management.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Child , Middle Aged , Carotid Artery Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/surgery
Cuad. cir ; 25(1): 25-30, 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-695677


Introducción: La videotoracoscopía constituye un abordaje mínimamente invasivo del tórax de gran desarrollo en las últimas décadas, permitiendo la realización de prácticamente todos los procedimientos quirúrgicos del tórax. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia inicial con el uso de la videotoracoscopía, sus resultados y realizar una revisión de la literatura. Material y métodos: Se revisó una serie de casos retrospectiva de todos los pacientes intervenidos por vía videotoracoscópica en el Hospital Base Osorno, entre Octubre del 2005 y Septiembre del 2011. Resultados: Se realizaron 31 videotoracoscopías en 29 pacientes. Dieciocho (62 por ciento) pacientes fueron de sexo masculino y 11 (28 por ciento) de sexo femenino. La edad promedio fue de 46,2 +- 16 años de edad. Las indicaciones más frecuentes fueron: estudio de nódulos pulmonares sospechosos de metástasis, empiema pleural y derrame pleural en estudio. Los procedimientos realizados con mayor frecuencia fueron debridaje y aseo, biopsia incisional y biopsia en cuña de nódulos pulmonares. El tiempo operatorio promedio fue de 80,1 +- 43,4 minutos. El tiempo de hospitalización post operatoria promedio fue de 10 +- 10,1 días (rango 1 a 36 días). No hubo mortalidad perioperatoria en la serie. Discusión: Nuestros resultados son satisfactorios y acorde a los reportados en la literatura.

Introduction: the video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) is a minimally invasive approach to thoracic surgery with a great development in recent decades, allowing the performance of almost all thoracic surgical procedures. The aim of this study is to present our initial experience with the use of VATS, its results and review the literature. Material and methods: We reviewed a retrospective case series of all patients undergoing VATS in the Hospital Base Osorno between October 2005 and September 2011. Results: We performed 31 VATS in 29 patients. Eighteen (62 percent patients were male and 11 (28 percent female. The average age was 46.2 +- 16 years. The most frequent indications were: study of suspected pulmonary metastasis, pleural empyema and pleura effusion. The most frequently performed procedures were drainage, incisional biopsy and wedge biopsy of lung nodules. The mean operative time was 80.1 +- 43.4 minutes. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 10 +- 10.1 days (range 1 to 36 days). There was no mortality. Discussion: Our results are satisfactory and consistent with those reported in the literature.

Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Empyema, Pleural/surgery , Pneumothorax/surgery , Thoracoscopy/methods , Pleural Effusion/surgery , Length of Stay , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pericardial Window Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome