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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 395-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminary observe the clinical efficacy of vedolizumab (VDZ) in the treatment of active Crohn′s disease (CD).Methods:From March 2021 to October 2022, a total of 22 patients with active CD who received VDZ treatment at Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University were retrospectively enrolled. The general clinical data, laboratory indicators, imaging finding and endoscopic images of the patients were collected. The Crohn′s disease activity index (CDAI), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), clinical remission rate were evaluated at week 0, 2, 6 and 14 of VDZ administration. Meanwhile, the response rate under endoscopy and remission rate under endoscopy were evaluated after 14 weeks of VDZ administration. The related factors affecting the efficacy of VDZ were further analyzed. Kruskal-Wallis H test and Mann-Whithey U test were used for statistical analysis. The multiple logistic regression analysis was used to find the related factors affecting the clinical remission after VDZ treatment. Results:The CDAI at week 0, 2, 6 and 14 after treatment were 181.01 (160.11, 231.56), 148.05 (134.88, 200.52), 127.46 (91.44, 163.62), and 82.35 (63.50, 121.84), respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( H=34.23, P<0.001); there were statistically significant differences between week 0 and week 2, 6, 14 after treatment ( U=130.00, 80.00, 33.00; P=0.017, <0.001, and<0.001). The hs-CRP levels were 5.72 mg/L (3.59 mg/L, 11.10 mg/L), 2.86 mg/L (0.86 mg/L, 5.27 mg/L), 1.55 mg/L (0.86 mg/L, 9.89 mg/L) and 2.86 mg/L (0.86 mg/L, 3.12 mg/L), respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( H=9.69, P=0.021); there were statistically significant differences between week 0 and week 2, 6, 14 after treatment ( U=102.00, 109.00, 98.00; P=0.026, 0.045, and 0.011) .The level of ESR after 14 weeks of VDZ treatment was 8.00 mm/1 h (4.00 mm/1 h, 17.00 mm/1 h), which significantly decreased compared with that before treatment (17.00 mm/1 h(12.25 mm/1 h, 21.75 mm/1 h)), and the difference was statistically significant ( U=132.50, P=0.020). The clinical remission rates at week 2, 6 and 14 after VDZ treatment were 54.5% (12/22), 68.2% (15/22) and 86.4% (21/22), respectively, and the clinical response rates were 18.2% (4/22), 54.5% (12/22) and 95.5% (21/22), respectively. After 14 weeks of VDZ treatment, among 17 patients who underwent endoscopic re-examination, 9 patients achieved response under endoscopy and 3 patients achieved remission under endoscopy. Stenotic type and penetrating type of CD, previous use of glucocorticoids or immunosuppressants were risk factors of no clinical remission after VDZ treatment ( β=-4.586, -5.005 and -3.371; OR=0.010, 0.007 and 0.034; P=0.010, 0.025 and 0.045). While VDZ treatment for 14 weeks was a protective factor ( β=2.475, OR=11.885, P=0.011). Conclusions:VDZ can effectively relieve disease activity in patients with active CD. The disease behavior of CD, previous medication treatment of patients, and the duration of VDZ treatment may be related to the efficacy of VDZ.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of multiple endocrine gland dysfunction in patients with tumors after using immune checkpoint inhibitors(ICIs).Methods:Cases with two or more abnormalities of endocrine gland function after immunotherapy were collected from the Department of Endocrinology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University between January 2019 and January 2022. Clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging, treatment and prognosis were analyzed.Results:A total of 12 patients were included, 6 males and 6 females, aged(61.2±10.0) years old. All patients received programmed cell death protein-1(PD-1) monoclonal antibody therapy, and the time to endocrine abnormality ranged from 9 to 94 weeks after administration. All patients developed primary hypothyroidism, 11 of them had isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency, and 1 had primary adrenal insufficiency.Conclusion:ICIs can involve multiple endocrine glands simultaneously or successively, mainly manifested as primary hypothyroidism and isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency. It is essential to assess the function of the pituitary and target glands in patients treated with ICIs to improve the safety of immunotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics and changing trends of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated talaromycosis in Shanghai City.Methods:The clinical data of patients with AIDS-associated talaromycosis hospitalized at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University from Janauary 1, 2014 to December 31, 2021 were collected. The medical information included age, gender, place of origin, clinical symptoms, imaging manifestations, blood routine test, CD4 + T lymphocyte count. The chi-square test or Fisher exact probability test was used for statistical analysis. Univariate logistic regression was used to analyze the related risk factors for death. Results:From 2014 to 2021, a total of 12 165 AIDS patients were admitted, including 169 (1.4%) AIDS-assiociated talaromycosis patients. The proportions of AIDS-associated talaromycosis in AIDS inpatients from 2014 to 2021 were 1.8%(21/1 149), 1.1%(14/1 307), 1.3%(19/1 446), 0.9%(15/1 610), 1.2%(20/1 626), 1.2%(22/1 778), 1.7%(28/1 624) and 1.8%(30/1 625), respectively, which had not changed much. There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of AIDS-associated talaromycosis in AIDS inpatients in different years ( χ2=9.50, P=0.218). Among the 169 patients, 157 cases (92.9%) were male, with the age of (37.9±12.2) years, and 35 were from Jiangxi Province, 31 from Shanghai Municipality, 29 from Zhejiang Province, 17 from Anhui Province, 14 from Fujian Province, 11 from Jiangsu Province, eight from Hunan Province, four from Heilongjiang Province, three cases each from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guizhou Province and Henan Province, two cases each from Hubei Province, Shandong Province, Shanxi Province, Yunnan Province and Guangdong Province, and one case from Chongqing Municipality. Patients from non-traditional endemic areas did not find a clear history of living in traditional endemic areas. Of 169 patients, 143(84.6%) cases had fever, 73(43.2%) had respiratory symptoms, and 26(15.4%) had rash during the course of the disease, 147(87.0%) had pulmonary imaging abnormalities, 94(55.6%) were complicated by other pathogens, and 44(26.0%) had hepatosplenomegaly, 137(81.1%) had CD4 + T lymphocyte count <50/μL. Twenty-three patients died, with the total fatality rate of 13.6%. The overall mortality rate showed a downward trend year by year. There was a statistically significant difference in the case fatality rate of AIDS-associated talaromycosis in different years (Fisher exact probability test, P=0.046). The result of univariate logistic regression model showed that patients with platelet count<50×10 9/L had an increased risk of death (odds ratio ( OR)=3.33, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.13 to 9.81, P=0.029). Conclusions:The overall change of AIDS-associated talaromycosis inpatients in Shanghai is not significant, while the prevalence rate has increased slightly in recent two years. The case fatality rate is declining year by year. The proportions of patients without a history of living in or traveling to epidemic areas and without rash as the first manifestation are high, and the main clinical manifestation is multi-system damage. Patients with platelet count<50×10 9/L have an increased risk of death.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 855-858,863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in patients with HIV (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection, and analyze the relationship between Th17/Treg cytokines, CD4 + T lymphocytes and IRIS. Methods:HIV patients with TB infection admitted to Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu from June 2020 to June 2022 were divided into IRIS group (31 cases) and non IRIS group (93 cases) according to whether IRIS occurred after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The Demography data, clinical data and laboratory indicators of the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate the influencing factors of IRIS in HIV patients with TB infection.Results:There was no significant difference in Demography data between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the history of opportunistic infection between the IRIS group and the non IRIS group (χ 2=5.194, P<0.05). The levels of HIV RNA, interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-23 in the IRIS group were higher than those in the non IRIS group (all P<0.05). The levels of the γ interferon (IFN- γ), the transforming growth factor-β (TGF- β) and baseline CD4 + T lymphocyte count were lower than those in the non IRIS group (all P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IL-17 ( OR: 1.266, 95% CI: 1.095-1.464), IL-23( OR: 1.384, 95% CI: 1.120-1.710), and TGF- β( OR: 0.589, 95% CI: 0.436-0.797) were influencing factors for the occurrence of IRIS in HIV patients with TB infection (all P<0.05). Conclusions:For patients with high IL-17 levels, high IL-23 levels, and low TGF- β level of HIV complicated with TB infection, clinical prevention and control should be carried out as soon as possible to prevent the occurrence of IRIS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential categories of post-operative supportive care demand trajectory for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), analyze the influencing factors, and propose targeted interventions.Methods:This was a prospective observational study. A convenient sampling method was used to select 177 NSCLC patients who received surgical treatment in Shanghai Lung Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from January 2021 to February 2022. The Supportive Care Demand Scale for cancer patients was used to investigate the level of patients′supportive care demand 1 day before operation, 3 days after operation, 1 day before discharge, 1 week after discharge, 1 month after discharge, and 3 months after discharge, and the potential growth model was used to identify the trajectory category and multi category Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors.Results:Three supportive care demand trajectories were fitted out in this study, which were the continuous high demand group (46.33%), the slowly decreasing demand group (30.51%), and the low decreasing demand group (23.16%). With the potential category group 3, low demand reduction group as the reference category, Logistic regression analysis showed that high psychological distress, low social support, high disease stage, high comorbidities were more likely to enter the continuous high demand group ( OR = 0.826 to 18.526, all P<0.05), and high education level (college education and above and high school) were more likely to enter the slowly decreasing demand group ( OR = 6.076, 4.199, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The demand track of NSCLC patients for supportive care after surgery has population heterogeneity. Clinical medical staff should provide personalized social support and emotional support for patients with high disease stage, more complications and low education level in the early postoperative period.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989669

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture and Tuina are the main non-drug therapies for low back pain, which are recommended by the guidelines. Acupuncture and Tuina can alleviate pain, which is regarded as conditional specific outcome, and improve mental, emotional problems, as non-conditional specific outcomes. There are some problems of the outcome assessment of acupuncture and Tuina treatment for pain such as insufficient evaluation of specific effect and unclear evaluation of characteristic outcome. Therefore, the key to above problems is to construct a Specific ouTcomE Assessment Modal of acupuncture and Tuina treatment for pain (STEAM-A&T) based on the qualitive and quantitative methods. By describing the experience, narrative expression, feelings and needs of patients who receiving acupuncture and Tuina treatment, the item banks of acupuncture and Tuina treatment effect are constructed, and the characteristic outcome of acupuncture and Tuina for pain will be screened, and then the relationship model among outcomes is constructed and optimized, which reflected the characteristics of acupuncture and Tuina for pain from multiple dimensions, multiple levels and multiple views. We reveal the relationship between the outcome of acupuncture and Tuina for pain. It will provide a new theory and methods for the construction of specific outcome assessment modal of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989571

ABSTRACT

Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a kind of rare clinical malignant tumor in the skin. Surgical treatment is the main treatment method, and the Mohs microsurgery is considered the first choice which can control the incision margin accurately and reduce the recurrence rate. Due to the insidious and multifocal nature of the disease, the postoperative recurrence rate is still high. The other treatment methods include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, photodynamic therapy, local drug therapy and laser therapy. Further research on the progress of EMPD treatment is helpful for the management and treatment of patients in clinical practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989550

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer has become the malignant tumor with the highest incidence rate among women, of which human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer accounts for about 15%-20%. With the development of anti HER2 targeted drugs, the survival and prognosis of HER2 positive breast cancer has significantly benefited. About 45%-55% of breast cancer patients have low HER2 expression, and these patients usually do not receive anti HER2 treatment. However, there is a significant difference between the biological behavior and prognosis of breast cancer with low HER2 expression and breast cancer with zero HER2 expression. It is helpful to differentiate and adopt corresponding treatment strategies to improve the prognosis of patients. At present, there have been many advances in targeted therapy of breast cancer with low HER2 expression, which provides a useful reference for precision treatment of breast cancer with low HER2 expression.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2162-2166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the pharmaceutical care model for elderly patients with drug-related problems (DRPs) based on the comprehensive medication management review (CMMR), and to observe the effect of pharmaceutical care under the model. METHODS The pharmaceutical care new model for elderly patients was established by concerning CMMR guidelines in Australia. In other words, clinical pharmacists receive medical care through referral by health practitioners and active consultation by patients or their caregivers. Visits were made by a combination of face-to-face and telephone interviews. Follow-up was carried out in the form of outpatient follow-up, telephone follow-up, appointment, and home guidance to know about the treatment of DRPs by healthcare practitioners or patients.Under this model, the occurrence status and classification of DRPs in elderly patients were studied through cross-sectional investigation. The effect of pharmaceutical care was evaluated from the aspects of hospitalization rate, adverse drug reaction (ADR) incidence,medication compliance, the number of medications, blood lipid level, etc., through self-before-after comparison. RESULTS In this study, a patient-centered, evaluation-intervention-reevaluation closed-loop pharmaceutical care model was formed. Among 317 study subjects, the average number of DRPs was 1.03 (0-7) cases. Compared before and after the intervention, the number of drug types increased from 2.00(0.00,3.00) to 2.00(1.00,3.00), but the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterin in patients decreased from 3.48 (2.58, 4.29) mmol/L to 3.11 (2.29,3.81) mmol/L (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in hospitalization rate, ADR incidence within or medication compliance. CONCLUSIONS CMMR-based pharmaceutical care model can effectively identify and manage the patients’ DRPs and reduce the level of blood lipid.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987122

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the diagnosis and treatment experience of portal vein aneurysm after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of two recipients with portal vein aneurysm after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were summarized based on literature review. Results Both two cases were diagnosed with intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm complicated with portal vein thrombosis and portal hypertension after liver transplantation. Case 1 was given with targeted conservative treatment and he refused to undergo liver retransplantation. Physical condition was worsened after discharge, and the patient eventually died from liver graft failure, kidney failure, lung infection, and septic shock. Case 2 received high-dose glucocorticoid pulse therapy, whereas liver function was not improved, and the patient was recovered successfully after secondary liver transplantation. Conclusions Long-term complication of portal vein aneurysm (especially intrahepatic type) after liver transplantation probably indicates poor prognosis. Correct understanding, intimate follow-up and active treatment should be conducted. Liver retransplantation may be a potential treatment regimen.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of peginterferon-α2b for treatment of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 107 patients with MPN, including 95 with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and 12 with polycythemia vera (PV), who all received peginterferon-α2b treatment for at least 12 months. The clnical and follow-up data of the patients were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of the treatment.@*RESULTS@#After receiving peginterferon- α2b treatment, both ET and PV patients achieved high hematological remission rates, and the total remission rates did not differ significantly between the two groups (86% vs 78%, P>0.05). In the overall patients, the spleen index decreased by 13.5% (95%CI: 8.5%-18.5%) after the treatment. The patients with hematological remission showed a significantly greater reduction of the total symptom score than those without hematological remission (P < 0.01). The median percentage of JAK2V617F allele load of PV patients decreased from 67.23% (49.6%-84.86%) at baseline to 19.7% (0.57%-74.6%) after the treatment, and that of JAK2V617F-positive ET patients decreased from 48.97% (0.45%-74.24%) at baseline to 22.1% (0.33%-65.42%) after the treatment. Mild adverse reactions (grade 1-2) were observed in both ET and PV groups without significant differences between them. The overall incidence of thrombotic events during the treatment was 2.8% in these patients, and no serious adverse reactions were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with chronic myelodysplasia, peginterferon-α2b treatment can achieve a high peripheral blood cell remission rate and maintain a long-term stable state with good effect in relieving symptoms such as splenomegaly. Peginterferon- α2b treatment caused only mild adverse reactions, which can be tolerated by most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasms , Alleles , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Spleen
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986840

ABSTRACT

Although it has become a consensus in the field of colorectal surgery to perform radical tumor treatment and functional protection under the minimally invasive concept, there exist many controversies during clinical practice, including the concept of embryonic development of abdominal organs and membrane anatomy, the principle of membrane anatomy related to right hemicolectomy, D3 resection, and identification of the inner boundary. In this paper, we analyzed recently reported literature with high-level evidence and clinical data from the author's hospital to recognize and review the membrane anatomy-based laparoscopic assisted right hemicolectomy for right colon cancer, emphasizing the importance of priority of surgical dissection planes, vascular orientation, and full understanding of the fascial space, and proposing that the surgical planes should be dissected in the parietal-prerenal fascial space, and the incision should be 1 cm from the descending and horizontal part of the duodenum. The surgery should be performed according to a standard procedure with strict quality control. To identify the resection range of D3 dissection, it is necessary to establish a clinical, imaging, and pathological evaluation model for multiple factors or to apply indocyanine green and nano-carbon lymphatic tracer intraoperatively to guide precise lymph node dissection. We expect more high-level evidence of evidence-based medicine to prove the inner boundary of laparoscopic assisted radical right colectomy and a more rigorous consensus to be established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Colectomy/methods , Dissection
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate anatomical morphology and classification of persistent descending mesocolon (PDM) in patients with left-sided colorectal cancer, as well as the safety of laparoscopic radical surgery for these patients. Methods: This is a descriptive study of case series. Relevant clinical data of 995 patients with left colon and rectal cancer who had undergone radical surgery in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from July 2021 to September 2022 were extracted from the colorectal surgery database of our institution and retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four (2.4%) were identified as PDM and their imaging data and intra-operative videos were reviewed. We determined the distribution and morphology of the descending colon and mesocolon, and evaluated the feasibility and complications of laparoscopic surgery. We classified PDM according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type 0: PDM combined with malrotation of the midgut or persistent ascending mesocolon; Type 1: unfixed mesocolon at the junction between transverse and descending colon; Type 2: PDM with descending colon shifted medially (Type 2A) or to the right side (Type 2B) of the abdominal aorta at the level of the origin of the inferior mesentery artery (IMA); and Type 3: the mesocolon of the descending-sigmoid junction unfixed and the descending colon shifted medially and caudally to the origin of IMA. Results: The diagnosis of PDM was determined based on preoperative imaging findings in 9 of the 24 patients (37.5%) with left-sided colorectal cancer, while the remaining diagnoses were made during intraoperative assessment. Among 24 patients, 22 were male and 2 were female. The mean age was (63±9) years. We classified PDM as follows: Type 0 accounted for 4.2% (1/24); Type 1 for 8.3% (2/24); Types 2A and 2B for 37.5% (9/24) and 25.0% (6/24), respectively; and Type 3 accounted for 25.0% (6/24). All patients with PDM had adhesions of the mesocolon that required adhesiolysis. Additionally, 20 (83.3%) of them had adhesions between the mesentery of the ileum and colon. Twelve patients (50.0%) required mobilization of the splenic flexure. The inferior mesenteric artery branches had a common trunk in 14 patients (58.3%). Twenty-four patients underwent D3 surgery without conversion to laparotomy; the origin of the IMA being preserved in 22 (91.7%) of them. Proximal colon ischemia occurred intraoperatively in two patients (8.3%) who had undergone high ligation at the origin of the IMA. One of these patients had a juxta-anal low rectal cancer and underwent intersphincteric abdominoperineal resection because of poor preoperative anal function. Laparoscopic subtotal colectomy was considered necessary for the other patient. The duration of surgery was (260±100) minutes and the median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-200) mL. The median number of No. 253 lymph nodes harvested was 3 (0-20), and one patient (4.2%) had No.253 nodal metastases. The median postoperative hospital stay was 8 (4-23) days, and the incidence of complications 16.7% (4/24). There were no instances of postoperative colon ischemia or necrosis observed. One patient (4.2%) with stage IIA rectal cancer developed Grade B (Clavien-Dindo III) anastomotic leak and underwent elective ileostomy. The other complications were Grade I-II. Conclusions: PDM is frequently associated with mesenteric adhesions. Our proposed classification can assist surgeons in identifying the descending colon and mesocolon during adhesion lysis in laparoscopic surgery. It is crucial to protect the colorectal blood supply at the resection margin to minimize the need for unplanned extended colectomy, the Hartmann procedure, or permanent stomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Mesocolon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colectomy/methods , Ischemia
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 279-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981005

ABSTRACT

Circadian clock is an internal mechanism evolved to adapt to cyclic environmental changes, especially diurnal changes. Keeping the internal clock in synchronization with the external clock is essential for health. Mismatch of the clocks due to phase shift or disruption of molecular clocks may lead to circadian disorders, including abnormal sleep-wake cycles, as well as disrupted rhythms in hormone secretion, blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, etc. Long-term circadian disorders are risk factors for various common critical diseases such as metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and tumor. To prevent or treat the circadian disorders, scientists have conducted extensive research on the function of circadian clocks and their roles in the development of diseases, and screened hundreds of thousands of compounds to find candidates to regulate circadian rhythms. In addition, melatonin, light therapy, exercise therapy, timing and composition of food also play a certain role in relieving associated symptoms. Here, we summarized the progress of both drug- and non-drug-based approaches to prevent and treat circadian clock disorders.


Subject(s)
Circadian Rhythm , Circadian Clocks , Melatonin/physiology
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1555-1559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980552

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effect of full-femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)on the treatment of high myopia based on propensity score matching.METHODS: A total of 48 cases(48 eyes)of high myopia patients who underwent SMILE surgery in our hospital from May 2019 to May 2021 were selected as the observation group, and 48 cases(48 eyes)of high myopia patients who underwent FS-LASIK surgery were matched using propensity score matching as the control group. Follow up for 6mo after surgery, the changes in cylindrical, central corneal thickness, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), corneal endothelial cell related indicators [percentage of hexagonal endothelial cells(6A), coefficient of variation(CV)of endothelial cell area, central corneal endothelial cell density(ECD)] and corneal biomechanical indicators [simulated Goldman intraocular pressure(IOPg), corneal hysteresis(CH), corneal resistance factor(CRF), corneal compensated intraocular pressure(IOPcc)] between the two groups were compared, and the incidence of complications in both groups of patients was recorded.RESULTS: Both groups of patients showed significant improvements in cylindrical and UCVA at 3 and 6mo after surgery, as well as decreased central corneal thickness, corneal endothelial cells, and corneal biomechanics related indicators. The changes in the observation group were more significant(all P&#x003C;0.05). During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the observation group and the control group(8% vs. 17%, P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: SMILE has a definite effect on patients with high myopia and is helpful to improve visual acuity.

17.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 197-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979342

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of fiber surface deposited with silicon dioxide films by atomic layer deposition on properties of dental fiber-reinforced composites.@*Methods @#SiO2 films were deposited on the surface of quartz fiber by atomic layer deposition(ALD). Then the quartz fiber was used to manufacture fiber resin composites, which were divided into four groups: A(no soaking agent removal), B(soaking agent removed), C(soaking agent removed and silanization), and D(soaking agent removed, 600 ALD cycles performed and then silanization). Scanning electron microscopy, water contact angle test, hygroscopicity test, CCK8 test and three-point bending test were used to investigate the properties of fiber resin composites.@*Results@#The surface morphology of the quartz fiber treated by ALD was smooth and had no obvious change compared with that before treatment. Moreover, the quartz fiber showed hydrophobicity after silanization. The results of three-point bending test revealed that the mechanical properties of fiber-resin composites modified by ALD were significantly improved(P<0.05). When viewed by scanning electron microscopy, a good interfacial bonding could be seen between quartz fibers and the resin matrix in Group D. In addition, it was found that Group D had low absorbability, low solubility and good biocompatibility. @*Conclusion@#It is shown that deposition of SiO2 films on the quartz fiber by ALD can significantly enhance the mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced composites.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1603-1610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978710

ABSTRACT

Cannabinoid receptors are one of the most expressed G protein-coupled receptors in the central nervous system, which are potential drug targets for inflammation, pain and drug abuse. Cannabinoid receptors are composed of type 1 receptor (CB1R), type 2 receptor (CB2R) and other receptors, of which CB1R plays a vital role in regulating central memory, cognition, and motor function. Therefore, screening CB1R agonists has potential value in treating nervous system diseases. In this study, the intracellular loop 3 (ICL3) domain of CB1R was replaced with a circular-permutated enhanced green fluorescent protein (cpEGFP). After infecting HEK 293T cells with lentivirus particles, we obtained a stable cell line that was overexpressed human CB1R-cpEGFP after puromycin selection. The interaction between receptor agonists and CB1R led to the change of receptor conformation, resulting in de-protonation of the EGFP, and enhancing the fluorescence intensity. Therefore, active CB1R compounds could be verified by measuring the fluorescence intensity. Using CB1R agonist arachidonyl-2′-chloroethylamide (ACEA) as a positive control to evaluate the reliability of this model, studies have shown that ACEA could induce receptor activation and increase fluorescence intensity, while antagonist rimonabant inhibited receptor activation with unchanged fluorescence intensity. In conclusion, this study successfully constructed a fluorescent probe screening model for CB1R agonists.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978465

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the principle and scientific connotation of Euodiae Fructus(EF) processed with Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma(Gly) by comparing the effects of unprocessed products of EF(UEF) and processed products of EF with the different proportions of Gly(GEFs) at toxic doses on oxidative stress and autophagy in the liver of mice. MethodSeventy mice were randomly divided into 7 groups, namely the control group, the UEF group, the group of the processed products of EF without Gly(PEF) and 4 groups of GEFs(the mass ratios of EF to Gly were 100∶3, 100∶6, 100∶12 and 100∶24, respectively, hereinafter referred to as the processed products of EF with the mass ratios of 100∶3, 100∶6, 100∶12 and 100∶24 of Gly). The mice were given purified water, the decoction of UEF, PEF and GEFs by gavage at a dose of 30 g·kg-1. PEF and GEFs were prepared according to the method under EF in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) were determined by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to evaluate the pathological changes of liver tissue, the level of reactive oxygen species(ROS) was detected by fluorescence method, the mRNA expression of heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), quinone oxidoreductase-1(NQO1), glutathione-S-transferase 1(GSTA1), Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-associated protein 1(Keap1) and p62 were measured by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR), western blot was used to detect the protein expression of phosphorylated mammal target of rapamycin(p-mTOR), phosphorylated ribosomal p70 S6 protein kinase(p-p70S6K), p62, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3Ⅰ(LC3Ⅰ) and LC3Ⅱ. ResultCompared with the control group, after 7 d of administration, the increase in body mass of mice in the UEF group began to slow down and the difference gradually increased, and the liver body index significantly increased(P<0.01), pathomorphological observation showed that the structure of hepatic lobules was disordered, and local hepatic sinuses were narrowed or disappeared, and there were inflammatory infiltration and local bleeding, the levels of ALT and AST in serum and ROS in liver tissue were significantly increased(P<0.01), and the expressions of Keap1, HO-1, NQO1, GSTA1, p62 mRNA and p-mTOR, p-p70S6K, p62 protein in liver tissue were significantly decreased(P<0.01), and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ was significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the UEF group, the body mass of mice increased, and the liver body index, the levels of ALT and AST in serum, and the level of ROS in liver tissue all decreased in the groups of PEF and GEFs. Among these groups, only the liver lobules in GEF(100∶6) group were intact, and the size of liver sinuses was close to that in the control group. The mRNA expressions of Keap1, HO-1, NQO1, GSTA1 and p62 in liver tissue showed an overall upward trend in the groups of PEF and GEFs. Among these groups, only the ones of the above mRNA in the GEF(100∶6) group had a significant increase(P<0.05, P<0.01). The protein expressions of p-mTOR, p-p70S6K, p62 and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ had a callback in the groups of PEF and GEFs, of which the protein expressions of p-mTOR, p-p70S6K and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in the GEF(100∶6) group and the expression of p62 protein in the GEF(100∶24) group had the largest callback. Except for p-mTOR protein, other protein expressions were statistically significant(P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionThe hepatotoxicity of EF is closely related to its ability to induce oxidative stress, which leads to pathological autophagy and hepatocyte damage. This ability can be reduced by the processing with different proportions of Gly, especially the ratio of 100∶6.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961845

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize the clinical features and prognosis of pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) in southern China, and to explore the diagnostic value of metagenomic next generation sequencing (mNGS) in PM. MethodsThe clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients diagnosed with PM in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2019 to January 31, 2022 who had undergone mNGS detection in lung tissue or alveolar lavage fluid were collected retrospectively. A total of 14 patients with PM were included, including 4 patients with confirmed diagnosis and 10 patients with clinical diagnosis. ResultsAll patients had underlying medical conditions, with hematological malignancies and diabetes being the most common. The most common symptoms were fever (n = 10), cough (n = 9) and shortness of breath (n = 9). Consolidation was the most common sign of chest CT, followed by mass, mostly with cavity. On laboratory tests, decreased CD4+T lymphocytes, elevated CD8+T lymphocytes, and decreased CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and presentation with pleural effusion indicate poor prognosis. The positive rate of mNGS diagnosis was 78.5%, which was significantly higher than that of histopathology (50%), fungus rapid fluorescence staining (61.5%) and fungal culture (23.1%) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. ConclusionsPulmonary mucormycosis is more likely to occur in patients with underlying diseases or who are immunocompromised. The clinical manifestations lack specificity. The low CD4/CD8 ratio and presentation of pleural effusion on CT imaging indicate poor prognosis of patients. mNGS is a rapid, convenient and sensitive method for the diagnosis of PM, which has advantages in the diagnosis of pulmonary mucormycosis.

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