Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 53
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of single high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) concentration of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS).Methods:This is a multicenter, prospective and observational clinical study. Patients with suspected ACS who were admitted into the emergency department of Fuwai Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Nanjing First Hospital from January 2017 to September 2020 were enrolled. hs-cTnI result at the time of visit was obtained from patients with suspected ACS. Patients were followed up for 30 days and patients were divided into no events group and events group according to the presence or absence of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events (acute myocardial infarction (including index), unplanned revascularization and cardiovascular death). The predictive value of single Hs-cTnI at different concentration thresholds on the adverse event was evaluated in terms of sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV) and 95% confidence interval ( CI). The best threshold was defined as: missed diagnosis rate <2% and NPV >99%. Patients were sub-grouped according to the confounders of hs-cTnI (sex, age, chest pain duration, estimated glomerular filtration rate), and Chi-square test was used to compare sensitivity and NPV among various subgroups. Results:A total of 1 461 patients were included. Among them, 387 patients (26.5%) had 30-day adverse cardiovascular events and 1 074 patients (73.5%) had no adverse cardiovascular events. Mean age was (62±12) years old and 905 were males (61.9%). When the concentration of hs-cTnI was less than 2 ng/L (limit of detection), the missed diagnosis rate of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events was 0.8% (3/387), the sensitivity was 99.2% (95% CI 97.6%-99.8%), and NPV was 98.7% (95% CI 96.0%-99.7%). When hs-cTnI concentration was less than 6 ng/L, the missed diagnosis rate was 1.8%, the sensitivity was 98.2% (95% CI 96.1%-99.2%), and NPV was 99.0% (95% CI 97.9%-99.6%). Subgroup analysis showed that the sensitivity and NPV of single hs-cTnI concentration <6 ng/L for 30-day cardiovascular adverse events were lower in patients with chest pain less than 3 h than those with chest pain time>3 hours ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Single hs-cTnI concentration less than 6 ng/L can predict the risk of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events in suspected ACS patients, but continuous monitoring is recommended for patients with chest pain onset≤3 hours.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012396

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the gene mutation of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter in inverted urothelial lesions of the bladder and its significance in differential diagnosis. Methods: From March 2016 to February 2022, a total of 32 patients with inverted urothelial lesions diagnosed in Department of Pathology at Qingdao Chengyang People's Hospital and 24 patients at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were collected, including 7 cases of florid glandular cystitis, 13 cases of inverted urothelial papilloma, 8 cases of inverted urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential, 17 cases of low-grade non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma, 5 cases of high-grade non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma, and 6 cases of nested subtype of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed for their clinical data and histopathological features. TERT promoter mutations were analyzed by Sanger sequencing in all the cases. Results: No mutations in the TERT promoter were found in the florid glandular cystitis and inverted urothelial papilloma. The mutation rates of the TERT promoter in inverted urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential, low grade non-invasive inverter urothelial carcinoma, high grade non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma and nested subtype urothelial carcinoma were 1/8, 8/17, 2/5 and 6/6, respectively. There was no significant difference in the mutation rate of TERT promoter among inverted urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential, low-grade non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma, and high-grade non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma (P>0.05). All 6 cases of nested subtype of urothelial carcinoma were found to harbor the mutation, which was significantly different from inverted urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential and non-invasive inverted urothelial carcinoma (P<0.05). In terms of mutation pattern, 13/17 of TERT promoter mutations were C228T, 4/17 were C250T. Conclusions: The morphology combined with TERT promoter mutation detection is helpful for the differential diagnosis of bladder non-invasive inverted urothelial lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Cystitis/genetics , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/diagnosis , Papilloma/diagnosis , Telomerase/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905312

ABSTRACT

Gait adaptability refers to adjustments of gait to accomplish walking and to overcome environmental difficulties. According to the training environment, gait adaptability training in stroke rehabilitation can be divided into two categories: real environment and simulated environment. The simulated environment is divided into simple indoor and multimoding environment. Some technologies, such as virtual reality and augmented reality may provide safer and more efficient methods for gait adaptability training. Gait adaptability training can improve walking function and confidence of hemiplegic patients, and help them to return to community life and social participation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755600

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of group Ⅱ metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in cognitive decline caused by multiple administrations of ketamine in mice and the relationship with hippocampal glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) expression.Methods Forty-five SPF healthy female C57BL/6 mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 20-30 g,were randomized into 3 groups (n=15 each) using a random number table method:control group (group C),ketamine group (group K) and mGluR agonist LY354740 group (group L+K).In K and L+K groups,ketamine 30 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected three times a day at an 30-min interval for 14 consecutive days.LY354740 was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before the first injection of ketamine in group L+K.The equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.Morris water maze test was performed the day after the last administration.The mice were then sacrificed,and hippocampi were harvested to determine the expression of GSK3β,NR2A and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was shortened,the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased,the expression of GSK3β3 and NR2A was up-regulated,and the expression of PSD95 was down-regulated in group K (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group L+K (P>0.05).Compared with group K,the escape latency was significantly shortened,the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was prolonged,the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased,the expression of GSK3β and NR2A was down-regulated,and the expression of PSD95 was up-regulated in group L+K (P<0.05).Conclusion Group Ⅱ mGluRs are involved in the process of cognitive decline caused by multiple administrations of ketamine in mice,which is associated with up-regulated expression of hippocampal GSK-3β.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743232

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of HEART and GRACE scores for risk stratification and 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute chest pain in emergency department.Methods This is a prospective observational study.Patients with acute chest pain aged 18 years or older who were first diagnosed in our emergency department were enrolled from January 1,2016 to September 1,2017.The clinical data were collected,and HEART and GRACE scores were calculated.All causes of MACE in each patient were followed up for 30 days.Results This study included 1004 patients with acute chest pain for analysis.Finally this study enrolled 600 patients with an age range of 20-98 years (mean 63.28±15.47 years),351 males (58.5%) and 249 females (41.5%).The age,past history (smoking,coronary heart disease and diabetes),GRACE score and HEART score in MACE patients were significantly higher than those in non-MACE patients (P<0.05).The area under the ROC curve of HEART and GRACE scores were 0.817 (95% CI 0.771-0.863) and 0.739 (95% CI:0.687-0.791),respectively.The percent of patients with 30-day MACE with GRACE score and HEART score were 6.2% vs 4.1% in low-risk stratification,19.7% vs 15.1% in medium-risk stratification,and 35.1% vs 56.5% in high-risk stratification,respectively.Conclusions The HEART score is superior to the GRACE score in predicting 30-day MACE in patients with acute chest pain in emergency department.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712917

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the effect of GRACE scores on prediction of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events in acute chest pain patients.[Methods]A prospective,observational analysis was conducted in the patients with acute chest pain in Emergency Department(ED)from January 1,2016 through April 1,2016.Data including characteris-tics and GRACE scores were collected.All causes leading to MACE were followed up at 30th day after the onset of acute chest pain.[Results]Among a total of 209 patients presenting with acute chest pain enrolled in this study,110 were male (52.63%)and 99 were female(47.37%).The range of age was 20-98years old,and mean age was(65.28±16.85)years old.During follow-up period,12 patients had MACE,2 patients died in ED,3 patients died in hospital,6 patients died out of hospital,and 1 person was diagnosed with myocardial infarction. When compared with non-MACE group,factors including age,BMI,hospitalized patient number,and number of patients admitted in CCU as well as GRACE scores, were significantly higher in MACE group(P<0.05). The predictive ROC curve area of GRACE scores in 30-day MACE was 0.819(0.735 to 0.902). The optimal sensitivity and specificity were 0.92 and 0.65,respectively. The probability of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events in various GRACE score risk stratification was 0.95%(low-risk),6.67%(medi-um-risk),and 18.92%(high-risk),respectively.[Conclusion]The GRACE score was a useful predictor to the occur-rence of 30-day cardiovascular adverse events in acute chest pain patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709822

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of talin in activation of astrocytes in the spinal cord of rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP).Methods Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male SpragueDawley rats,aged 2-3 months,weighing 180-200 g,were assigned into 3 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),group DNP and siRNA group (group siR).Rat DNP model was established by injecting streptozotocin (STZ).Group siR received intraspinal injection of siRNA silence stalin at 3 days before injecting STZ,and the equal volume of blank plasmid was given instead in C and DNP groups.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 29-35 days after injection of STZ,the rats were then sacrificed and the lumbar spinal cords were removed for determination of the expression of integrin β1 (by Western blot),activation of astrocytes (by immunofluorescence) and contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group C,the MWT was significantly decreased at each time point after surgery,the expression of integrin β1 was up-regulated,and the rate of activated astrocytes and contents of TNF-α and IL-1 were increased in group DNP (P<0.05).Compared with group DNP,the MWT was significantly increased at each time point after surgery,the expression of integrin β1 was downregulated,and the rate of activated astrocytes and contents of TNF-α and IL-1 were decreased in group siR (P<0.05).Conclusion Talin is involved in activation of astrocytes in the spinal cord of rats with DNP.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709792

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in cognitive decline in aged mice with sepsis.Methods Forty-five SPF healthy aged female C57BL/6 mice,aged 10-12 months,weighing 20-30 g,were assigned into 3 groups (n=15 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sepsis group (group Sep) and NF-κB selective inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) group (group PDTC).Lipopolysaccharide 250 μg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 7 consecutive days in Sep and PDTC groups,and in addition PDTC 50 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally at 30 min before lipopolysaccharide injection once a day for 7 consecutive days in group PDTC.The equal volume of normal saline was given in group C.Five mice in each group were sacrificed at 2 h after the last administration,cardiac puncture was performed and blood samples were collected,and then the mice were sacrificed and hippocampi were harvested for determination of the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 in plasma and hippocampal tissues using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Cognitive function was assessed using open field,elevated plus maze and Morris water maze tests at 24 h after the last administration in the other mice left in each group.Results Compared with group C,the levels of TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6 in plasma and hippocampal tissues were significantly increased,the time of movement at the central region was shortened,the percentage of time spent in the open arms and number of entries into the open and closed arms were decreased,the escape latency was prolonged,the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was shortened,and the frequency of crossing the platform was decreased in group Sep (P<0.05).Compared with group Sep,the levels of TNF-α,IL-1β5 and IL-6 in plasma and hippocampal tissues were significantly decreased,the time of movement at the central region was prolonged,the percentage of time spent in the open arms and number of entries into the open and closed arms were increased,the escape latency was shortened,and the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was prolonged in group PDTC (P<0.05).Conclusion NF-κB is involved in cognitive decline in aged mice with sepsis.

9.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 102-104, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706507

ABSTRACT

Objective: The construct a pharmacy intravenous admixture service (PIVAS) for changing configuration of intravenous drugs from decentralized configuration to centralized allocation supply so as to guarantee the safety of clinical drugs of hospital. Methods: Through constructed PIVAS, adopted purified air-condition system and established fluid-layers room of different grade to achieve sterile environment for configuration of intravenous drugs. And the centralized allocation should be implemented as the characteristics of different drugs. Results: The PIVAS could reduce the waste of drugs and decrease their cost. At the same time, it guaranteed the safety of clinical medication of hospital on the bases of enhancing work efficiency of clinical nurse and reasonably resolving allocation of human resources. Conclusion: The PIVAS that changes the configuration of intravenous drugs from decentralized configuration to centralized allocation supply can positively and effectively promote the safety of clinical medication and increase work efficiency of nursing and care.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513071

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of complex sophorae injection combined with FOLFOX4 on Th17 cells, IL-17 and survival rate in patients with rectal cancer.Methods A total of 128 patients with rectal cancer were sellected in this study. The patients were divided into the control group (n=64) and observation group (n=64). The control group received the treatment of FOLFOX4 regimen, and the observation group received the treatment of FOLFOX4 regimen and sophorae injection. The Th17 cells were detected by flow cytometry, and IL-17 by ELISA assay.Results After treatment, the Th17 cells (11.28% ± 2.42%vs. 13.12% ± 3.15%,t=2.376) and IL-17 (16.58 ± 3.26 ng/mlvs. 21.84 ± 4.12 ng/ml,t=2.391) in observation group was lower than those in control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the effective rate (60.9%vs. 43.8%,χ2=2.384) and control rate (92.2%vs. 81.3%,χ2=2.371) in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The different levels of white blood cells (37.5%vs. 60.9%,χ2=2.417), anemia (35.9%vs. 59.3%,χ2=2.421), thrombocytopenia (34.4%vs. 62.5%,χ2=2.432), nervous system toxicity (15.6%vs. 37.5%,χ2=2.458), gastrointestinal tract reaction (21.9%vs. 43.8%,χ2=2.453), oral mucositis incidence (28.1%vs. 57.8%,χ2=2.451) in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). The 1 year survival rate was 79.7% (51/64) in observation group,, which was higher than that of 60.9% (39/64) in control group (χ2=2.414,P<0.05).Conclusions The complex sophorae injection combined with FOLFOX4 regimen can reduce Th17 cells and IL-17 in patients with rectal cancer, improve survival rate, and reduce the clinical toxicity of chemotherapy drugs.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789806

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND:To invent a novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) time point recorder to synchronously and automatically record the time and to identify its effectiveness in humans. METHODS:A CPR time point recorder was invented after the doctors were familiar with the traditional Utstein recovery registration mode and mastered the registration time points required. The progress of CPR was simulated. The standard and correct times were recorded, and the doctors performing the recovery collected the data about the times using our CPR time point recorder or the memory registration mode. RESULTS:The deviation times were 21.4±24.7 seconds for the memory group and 3.57±4.58 seconds for CPR time point recorder group. The deviation of times increased significantly depending on the increase of the operation items in the memory group. A similar phenomenon was found in the timer group but with a smaller difference (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: A CPR time point recorder could reduce the deviation of operate-time, especially after a long-time operation, and for procedures with more operating items, compared with the memory mode. It was a more advantageous and accurate method for the Utstein registration.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1541-1545, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667572

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of paeoniflorin on TNF-α induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction and its mechanisms.Methods The Caco-2 cells were cultured and the MTF assay was used to determine the effects of the paeoniflorin on Caco-2 cell activity.The Caco-2 cell intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunciton model was established through incubation of cells with TNF-α.The effects of paeoniflorin on intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunciton were studied.Results The transmembrane resistance in Caco-2 epithelial barrier was significantly reduced by TNF-α incubation;MLCK significantly increased,while tight junction protein occludin and ZO-1 significantly decreased by TNF-α.These changes were significantly reversed by paeoniflorin,which reduced MLCK expression and enhanced expression of occludin and ZO-1.The protective effects against epithelial barrier dysfunction could be abrogated by small interfering RNA(siRNA) of MLCK.Conclusions Paeoniflorin alleviates the epithelial barrier dysfunction induced by TNF-αthrough down-regulation of MLCK and enhancement of tight junction protein occludin and ZO-1.This study supplies a potential candidate drug for the clinical treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1509-1513,1519, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein on mouse psoriasis-like lesions induced by imiquimod (IMQ) . Methods:The level of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein was detected by ELISA after hydrodynamic injection of recombinant plasmids. The therapeutic groups were injected with mB7H4-Ig plasmids and control groups were injected with Flag-Ig plasmids following IMQ treatment. 5 days after treatment,the skin lesions were determined by hematoxylin-eosin staining and the percentage of immune cells in murine peripheral blood cells was measured by flow cytometric analysis. Results:The expression of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein was detected in mouse sera after hydrodynamic injection. Compared with control groups,mB7H4-Ig groups were alleviated,with decreased epidermal inflammation and lower PASI scores. The percentage of neutrophils in peripheral blood was reduced significantly in mB7H4-Ig groups,but the percentage of CD4+T cell was increased. Conclusion:mB7H4-Ig fusion protein improved imiquimod induced psoriasis-like lesions by inhibiting the inflammatory response,indicating the potential therapeutic strategy of B7H4-Ig fusion in psoriasis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1509-1513,1519, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein on mouse psoriasis-like lesions induced by imiquimod (IMQ) . Methods:The level of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein was detected by ELISA after hydrodynamic injection of recombinant plasmids. The therapeutic groups were injected with mB7H4-Ig plasmids and control groups were injected with Flag-Ig plasmids following IMQ treatment. 5 days after treatment,the skin lesions were determined by hematoxylin-eosin staining and the percentage of immune cells in murine peripheral blood cells was measured by flow cytometric analysis. Results:The expression of mB7H4-Ig fusion protein was detected in mouse sera after hydrodynamic injection. Compared with control groups,mB7H4-Ig groups were alleviated,with decreased epidermal inflammation and lower PASI scores. The percentage of neutrophils in peripheral blood was reduced significantly in mB7H4-Ig groups,but the percentage of CD4+T cell was increased. Conclusion:mB7H4-Ig fusion protein improved imiquimod induced psoriasis-like lesions by inhibiting the inflammatory response,indicating the potential therapeutic strategy of B7H4-Ig fusion in psoriasis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611055

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the expression of antisense hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (aHIF-1α) during brain injury after asphyxial cardiac arrest and resuscitation in rats.Methods Twenty-four pathogen-free healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 250-280 g,were divided into 3 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),cardiac arrest and resuscitation group (group R) and dexmedetomidine group (group D).Asphyxial cardiac arrest and resuscitation were performed in R and D groups.The rats were tracheally intubated without clipping the trachea in group S.Dexmedetomidine 4 μg/kg was injected via the tail vein at 5 min before clipping the trachea in group D,while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S and R groups.Neurological deficit was assessed and scored (NDS) at 12,24,48 and 72 h after recovery of spontaneous circulation (T1 4).The rats were sacrificed after assessing neurological deficit at T4,brains were removed and hippocampi were isolated for determination of cell apoptosis (by TUNEL),HIF-1α expression (by Western blot) and expression of HIF-1α and aHIF-1α mRNA in hippocampal tissues (using polymerase chain reaction).Apoptosis rate was calculated.Results Compared with group S,the NDS at each time point and apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons at T4 were significantly increased,and the expression of HIF-1α protein and mRNA and 5'aHIF-1α mRNA was up-regulated in R and D groups (P<O.05).Compared with group R,the NDS at T2.4 and apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons at T4 were significantly decreased,the expression of 5'aHIF-1α mRNA was down-regulated,and the expression of HIF-1α protein and mRNA was up-regulated in group D (P < 0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces brain injury after asphyxial cardiac arrest and resuscitation is related to down-regulation of 5'aHIF-1α expression in rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare the velvet antler polypeptide-collagen/chitosan composite materials,and to investigate its promotive effect on cicatrization of mandibular defect and possible mechanism.Methods:The collagen and chitosan solution were mixed.The composite material was prepared by glutaraldehyde crosslinking method.The microstructure of the composite material was observed by transmission electron microscope (SEM).The unilateral mandibular defect models of 36 rabbits were established.The rabbits were divided into experiment and control groups,and each group was divided into 4-,8-and 12-week subgroups,and there were 6 rabbits in each sub group.The rabbits in experiment group were implanted with velvet antler polypeptide-collagen /chitosan composite materials and the rabbits in control group were treated.4,8 and 12 weeks after operation,the histology of bone defect and peripheral nerve reconstruction of the rabbit models were detected by CT;the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bone tissue of the rabbits was detected by immunohistochemistry;the ultrastructure of bone defect was observed by SEM.Results:The structure of composite materials had layered folds and the inner diameter of the stent became larger and mainly dominated by sheet structure,which was the ideal structure of biological materials.4 weeks after operation,the new bone was formatted in experiment group,most of the new bone like-tissue materials were degraded,and the VEGF expression showed an increasing trend;8 weeks after operation,the trabecular bone in the bone defect of the rabbits in experiment group was increased obviously and the expression of VEGF was decreased.12 weeks after operation,the new bone formation and the density in experiment group was consistent with the normal tissue,and the expression level of VEGF returned to normal.At each the point after operation,the degree of bone defect healing and bone formation rate in experiment group were obviously prior to control group.Conclusion:Velvet antler polypeptide-collagen /chitosan composite material has the promotive effect on the fracture healing of mandibular defect of the rabbits and its possible mechanism may be related to promoting the expression of VEGF.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607270

ABSTRACT

[Objectives]To investigate the protective effects of recombinant Trichinella spiralis excretory-secretory 53ku pro-tein(rTsP53)on acute lung injuries in mice.[Methods]Thirty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into normal group. ALI group and rTsP53 group(n=10,respectively). Macrophages were harvested by bronchoalveolar lavage. Mortality in 72 hours was counted and compared. Pathological damage of lung tissues was observed by HE staining and graded by Smith score. Wet/dry ratio was measured. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid concertration of IL-6 and IL-4 was measured by ELISA. The mRNA expression of TNF-α,iNOS, IL-10 and Arg-1 in alveolar lavage macrophages was detected by RT-PCR.[Results]72 h mortality of ALI mice was 70%,which was reduced to 30% in mice received rTsP53 treatment. Compared with ALI mice,the pathological damage of in rTsP53 treated-mice was improved and Smith score was declined ,combined with descending W/D ratio. IL-6 level of alveolar lavage fluid was elevated in ALI mice compared with normal group. And alveolar lavage macrophage was polarized to M2 sub-type,appeared as higher mRNA expression of TNF-α and iNOS and lower level of IL-10 and Arg-1. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid concentration of IL-6 was declined and IL-4 was elevated in rTsP53-treated mice compared with ALI group. The macrophages of alveolar wash had higher mRNA expression of IL-10 and Arg-1,while lower level of TNF-α and iNOS,manifesting M2 polarization characteristics.[Conclusion]Recombinant T.spiralis P53 protein could protect mice from acute lung injuries induced by LPS via modulating M2 macrophage polarization,which play a role in depression of inflammatory reaction and tissue repairment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618851

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily investigate the protective effect of chronic clonorchis sinesis(Cs) infestation against sepsis in Sprague Dawley(SD) rats in order to explore its underlying mechanism.Methods Chronic Cs infestation model of SD rats was reproduced by intra-gastric administration with Cs ova.Twenty rats were randomly(random number) divided into normal group(n=10) and Cs group(n=10).The proportion of differentiation in M1 and M2 macrophages were detected by flow cytometry.The expressions of Arg-1(arginine-1),FIZZ 1,iNOs and TNF-αmRNA were examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR).The cecal ligation and puncture(CLP) procedure was performed to reproduce sepsis model of SD rats.Sixty rats were randomly(random number) divided into control group,SHAM group,CLP group,Mφ+CLP group,Cs-Mφ+CLP group,and Cs-CLP group.The cumulative mortalities were calculated.The pathological changes of the lung tissue in different groups were demonstrated by HE staining.The serum levels of cytokines TNF-α and IL-10 were detected by ELISA at 0,24,48 and 72 h after CLP procedure.Results Compared with M1 peritoneal macrophages differentiation in control group(91.9%),rat peritoneal macrophages were activated to M2 differentiation(95.1%) in chronic Cs infection group.RT-PCR assay showed expression of Arg-1 and FIZZ 1 mRNA were higher in M2 macrophages,and on the contrary, the expression of iNOS mRNA expression was higher in M1 macrophages.The expression of TNF-α mRNA in M1 was significantly higher than that in M2, whereas the expression of IL-10 mRNA in M2 was higher than that in M1.The cumulative mortality of septic rats 72 h after CLP procedure were much lower in both chronic Cs infestation group and M2 macrophages adoptive transfer group(CLP group 70%vs.Mφ+CLP group 50%vs.Cs-Mφ+CLP group 30%vs.Cs-CLP group 0%,P<0.05).In these two groups,the pathological damages in lung tissues were significantly improved.The serum level of TNF-α was decreased and the anti-inflammatory IL-10 level was increased significantly in these two groups with Cs compared with other groups.Conclusion M2 macrophages polarization induced by chronic Cs infestation with M2 phenotype gene and expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine gene play key role in increasing anti-inflammatory cytokines and decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokines to allerviate organ damage and ameliorating the survival rate in septic rats.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2341-2344, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617040

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the HEART risk score in predicting 30-day major adverse cardiovascu-lar events (MACE)for the patients presenting to Emergency Department (ED) with acute chest pain. Methods Patients presented in our ED with acute chest pain were enrolled from January,2016 to April,2016. All cause MACE of each patient were followed up at 30 days by Health insurance information management System and call . Results Total 209 patients were enrolled(mean age 65.28 ± 16.85 years;52.63%male). The age,hypertension, ratio of ACS,SpO2,in-patient number HEART score in MACE subject were significantly higher than that in non MACE patients(P<0.05). The blood pressure at admission of MACE patients was significantly decrease than that in non MACE patients(P<0.05). The MACE within 30 days was 5.74%. The respective areas under the curve (AUC)for 30-day MACE(95% CI)was 0.908(0.846 ~ 0.974). The percent of patients with 30-day MACE with HEART scores between 0% and 3,4 ~ 6,and 7 ~ 10 was 0%,2.5%,and 27%,respectively. Conclusion HEART score can be simple,rapid and accurate prediction of emergency department of patients with acute chest pain within 30 days of MACE,effective elimination of low-risk patients with MACE,it plays a very important role for disease assessment and diagnosis and treatment process in emergency department.

20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 105-113, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Urapidil is putatively effective for patients with hypertension and acute heart failure, although randomized controlled trials thereon are lacking. We investigated the efficacy and safety of intravenous urapidil relative to that of nitroglycerin in older patients with hypertension and heart failure in a randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (>60 y) with hypertension and heart failure were randomly assigned to receive intravenous urapidil (n=89) or nitroglycerin (n=91) for 7 days. Hemodynamic parameters, cardiac function, and safety outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Patients in the urapidil group had significantly lower mean systolic blood pressure (110.1±6.5 mm Hg) than those given nitroglycerin (126.4±8.1 mm Hg, p=0.022), without changes in heart rate. Urapidil was associated with improved cardiac function as reflected by lower N terminal-pro B type natriuretic peptide after 7 days (3311.4±546.1 ng/mL vs. 4879.1±325.7 ng/mL, p=0.027) and improved left ventricular ejection fraction (62.2±3.4% vs. 51.0±2.4%, p=0.032). Patients given urapidil had fewer associated adverse events, specifically headache (p=0.025) and tachycardia (p=0.004). The one-month rehospitalization and all-cause mortality rates were similar. CONCLUSION: Intravenous administration of urapidil, compared with nitroglycerin, was associated with better control of blood pressure and preserved cardiac function, as well as fewer adverse events, for elderly patients with hypertension and acute heart failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Cause of Death , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics , Hypertension/drug therapy , Injections, Intravenous , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Nitroglycerin/administration & dosage , Peptide Fragments/blood , Piperazines/administration & dosage , Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL